• Title, Summary, Keyword: Monitoring Indicators

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The Cost Monitoring of Construction Projects through Earned Value Analysis

  • Waris, Muhammad;Khamidi, Mohd Faris;Idrus, Arazi
    • Journal of Construction Engineering and Project Management
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.42-45
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    • 2012
  • In construction industry, the term 'procurement' is considered as a project based job where clients and contractors are always keen to observe performance indicators. These indicators represent financial and non-financial efficiency of project activities. Among these, the monitoring of financial indicators such as cost monitoring is an ongoing process and its importance cannot be undermined during the project life cycle. It can be monitored by using traditional approach of direct reporting of actual cost against budget. However, the comparison of budget versus actual spending does not indicate the worth of the work which is completed at any given time. This approach does not represent the true cost performance of the project. Because of these limitations, this paper discusses the applications of Earned Value Analysis (EVA) for cost monitoring of construction projects in Malaysia. Besides traditional approach, EVA is a three-dimensional approach that compares three cost indicators i.e. the budgeted value of work scheduled with the earned value of physical work completed and the actual cost of work completed. Therefore, cost monitoring by EVA is an objective measure of actual work performed. This paper uses a case study, an example application of EVA as a cost monitoring tool. This case study reaffirms the benefits of using EVA for project cash flow analysis and forecasting.

The Study on Elaboration and Applications of the Urban Regeneration Monitoring Indicators - Based on Foreign Cases - (도시재생사업 모니터링 지표 구축 및 적용 방안 연구 - 해외 도시재생 모니터링 지표 고찰을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Min-Ah;Choi, Ji-In;Yang, Dong-Suk
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2013
  • The necessity of urban regeneration is recently increasing because of the deterioration existing urban area and the slowdown of new development operations. The urban regeneration is differentiated from other private operations by its public characters, which is the basis of public support. This character demands verification of the adequacy for public finance support by monitoring urban regeneration planning and operation. Therefore, this study aims to show the monitoring indicators and its application in legal system for urban regeneration through the examination of foreign countries cases. London, San Francisco, and France urbanism regulation and planning system show the measure for introducing urban regeneration monitoring system into korean urbanism institution. This study is significant by suggesting the circulation structure of urban regeneration by linking planning, operations and monitoring phases. The monitoring system permits improvement of urban regeneration by clarifying objects and ameliorating efficiency by continuos observation and application of its evaluation.

Evaluation of Total Parenteral Nutrition in Tertiary Hospital (3차병원에서의 TPN 사용의 적정성 점토)

  • Min, Kyoung A;Sohn, Ki Ho;Suh, Ok Kyung;Choi, Kyung Eob
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 1998
  • A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the appropriateness of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for 200 hospitalized adult patients in Samsung Medical Center from January 1st in 1995 to June 31st in 1997. Standard criteria were modified and determined from those stated by AJHP (American Journal of Health System Pharmacy) and ASPEN (American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition). The justification for indications was appropriate in $35\%,\;44\%,\;and\;32\%$ of the patient's in 1995, 1996, and 1997, respectively, without significant improvement over the last two and half years. Before and during the administration of TPN, several monitoring indicators were well documented, and monitoring frequencies were increased over two and half years period. However, the majority of the monitoring indicators were not found in the standard criteria range of $90\%$. The monitoring indicators for electrolyte balance, $PO_4$ and Mg, were not measured appropriately and resulted in the complications which could have been prevented. The indicator for lipid tolerance, triglyceride and the indicator for hemorrhagic incidence, prothrombin time (PT), were not well documented in comparison with other indicators. The indicators for the improvement in nutritional status, albumin and total protein, were appropriate in $90\%$ of the patients. Determination of TPN formula was based on the laboratory data and chart reviews, and it was appropriate in $98\%$. But the administration of lipid and vitamin K for the prevention of essential fatty acid deficiency and hemorrhage, respectively, was not carried out appropriately when the administration of TPN was prolonged, lasting more than 7 days. When a patient returned to oral or enteral feeding, TPN was terminated. However, increase in albumin level or weight was rarely observed. In conclusion, healthcare professionals should all work as a team and active participation to provide optimized nutrition support for partners.

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The Current State of and Barriers to Quality Measurement, and Quality Managers' Reported Evaluation on Quality Indicators in Korea (국내 질 향상부서 중심의 질 지표 측정 현황, 장애요인과 평가)

  • Hwang Jee-In
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.26-45
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study were to Identify the .level of measurement on quality Indicators and evaluate the existing indicators in order to determine the priority of quality indicators' application in Korean general hospitals. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire. The subjects were quality managers working at general hospital having over 300 beds. The criteria were relevance, reliability, precision, impact, application, and preference to evaluate quality indicators. According to these six criteria, each indicator was evaluated on a five point scale(5: excellent, 1: poor). The response rate was $40.4\%$. The hospitals have monitored the average of 3.8 indicators(median 4). The indicators such as return to operating room, unplanned readmission, cancellation of booked operations, death, hospital infection, cesarean section rate, volume per disease or procedure, readmission, re-operation, blood transfusion, and post-procedural complications were frequently measured. The top ten quality indicators in the evaluation by its relevance, validity, reliability, impact, preference and application were decubitus ulcer, clean wound infection, fall, unplanned return to operation room, transfusion reactions, foreign body left In during procedure, unplanned readmission, wound infection after contaminated surgery, postoperative hemorrhage/hematoma, and cesarean section rate in order. The high priority quality indicators frequently measured could be used as primary national indicators. Standardized guidelines about monitoring indicators and the utilization will preliminarily be needed to compare and reuse the data for various purposes and improve the quality of care continuously.

Investigation of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles as Acid-base pH Indicators and Their Transition pH Ranges

  • Jung, Byoung Gue;Jo, Jihee;Yu, Jin Won;Lim, Jong Kuk
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.35 no.12
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    • pp.3595-3600
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    • 2014
  • Monitoring of pH, especially under highly alkaline conditions, is necessary in various processes in the industrial, biotechnological, agricultural, and environmental fields. However, few pH indicators that can function at highly alkaline levels are available, and most of which are organic-based pH indicators. Several years ago, it was reported that gold nanoparticles prepared using trisodium citrate dihydrate were rapidly aggregated at pH values higher than ~12.7. A shift of surface plasmon resonance for such aggregated gold nanoparticles can be applied to pH indicators, allowing for the substitution of traditional organic-based pH indicators. The most important characteristic of pH indicators is the transition pH range. Herein, gold and silver nanoparticles are prepared using different reducing agents, and their transition pH ranges are examined. The results showed that all nanoparticles prepared in this study exhibit similar transition pH ranges spanning 11.9-13.0, regardless of the nanoparticle material, reducing agents, and concentration.

Wearable Devices in Medical Internet of Things: Scientific Research and Commercially Available Devices

  • Haghi, Mostafa;Thurow, Kerstin;Stoll, Regina
    • Healthcare Informatics Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.4-15
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Wearable devices are currently at the heart of just about every discussion related to the Internet of Things. The requirement for self-health monitoring and preventive medicine is increasing due to the projected dramatic increase in the number of elderly people until 2020. Developed technologies are truly able to reduce the overall costs for prevention and monitoring. This is possible by constantly monitoring health indicators in various areas, and in particular, wearable devices are considered to carry this task out. These wearable devices and mobile apps now have been integrated with telemedicine and telehealth efficiently, to structure the medical Internet of Things. This paper reviews wearable health care devices both in scientific papers and commercial efforts. Methods: MIoT is demonstrated through a defined architecture design, including hardware and software dealing with wearable devices, sensors, smart phones, medical application, and medical station analyzers for further diagnosis and data storage. Results: Wearables, with the help of improved technology have been developed greatly and are considered reliable tools for long-term health monitoring systems. These are applied in the observation of a large variety of health monitoring indicators in the environment, vital signs, and fitness. Conclusions: Wearable devices are now used for a wide range of healthcare observation. One of the most important elements essential in data collection is the sensor. During recent years with improvement in semiconductor technology, sensors have made investigation of a full range of parameters closer to realization.

The Construction of the Domains and Indicators Measuring and Monitoring Children's Well-Being in Korea (한국의 아동 웰빙 지표 구축을 위한 기초 연구 : 아동 웰빙 지표의 영역과 세부 지표를 중심으로)

  • Kong, In-Sook;Kim, Sun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.183-203
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    • 2012
  • While efforts to measure and monitor children's well-being have gained increasing recognition across the OECD, there has been relatively little research on the subject of indicators of children's well-being in Korea. This study was undertaken in order to develop the domains and indicators which can be used to measure the quality of life of Korean children from birth to age 17 and to put forward a possible well-being index for Korean children. The 35 indicators of well-being were grouped into eight domains and were designed for this study, using previous research on key child indicators for Korea and the child well-being index in foreign countries, such as the FCD-Land Index, Kids Count, the index of child well-bing in the European Union and OECD area. These domains are composed of the following : economic well-being, health, education, spiritual/emotional well-being, children's relationships, civic participation, safety/risk behavior, and housing and environment. The establishment of a Korean children's well-being index requires access to and use of national statistical data analyzed annually by the government as well as a general consensus regarding such issues as scope and its indicators.

A Study on the Diagnosis Indicators and checklist for Urban Regeneration Projects by LH (LH형 도시재생사업 진단 지표 및 체크리스트 개발)

  • Park, Dong Sun;Lee, Young Eun;Kim, Ho Chang
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest diagnosis indicators and checklist for urban regeneration projects by Korea Land & Housing Corporation(LH). There are already deprivation indices in the Urban Regeneration Act but not any additional guidelines in the practical aspect. In order to use the diagnosis indicators, the central government should supply more specific checklist to the actors in the regeneration field. The key actor of many stakeholders is LH as an operator and implementer in the regeneration projects. So far, LH has developed housing and cities and there haven't been any obvious changes to realize public benefit in the deteriorated area. From now on, It has to plan, implement, and manage a lot of regeneration projects entirely. Therefore, It is necessary to develope and apply the diagnosis indicators and checklist based on projects. This paper came up with the 6 factors related with LH business field : housing, urban infrastructure, public service, private service, environment, and smart city. For these, 32 diagnosis indicators and 72 checklists were selected that can include both physical and qualitative indicators. These can be used not only for the selection of regeneration projects but also for the process monitoring such as planning and implementation.

A study on the development of SRI(Security Risk Indicator)-based monitoring system to prevent the leakage of personally identifiable information (개인정보 유출 방지를 위한 SRI(Security Risk Indicator) 기반 모니터링 시스템 개발)

  • Park, Sung-Ju;Lim, Jong-In
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.637-644
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    • 2012
  • In our current information focused society, information is regarded as a core asset and the leakage of customers' information has emerged as a critical issue, especially in financial companies. It is very likely that the technology that safeguards which is currently in commercial use is not focused at an enterprise level but is fragmented by function or by only guards portions of a customer's personal information. Therefore, It is necessary to study the systems which monitor the indicators of access at an enterprise level in order to preemptively prevent the compromise of such data. This study takes an enterprise perspective on such systems for a financial company. I will focus on examination of the methods of implementation of the monitoring system, the application of pattern analysis and examination of Security Risk Indicators (SRI). A trial of the monitoring system provided security managers and related departments with proper screening capabilities of information. Therefore, it is possible to establish a systemic counter-plans based on detectable patterns.

A Study on Construction of Integrated National R&D Monitoring System (국가R&D 종합모니터링시스템 구축에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Ki-Seok;Park, Man-Hee;Kim, Young-Kuk
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.25-37
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    • 2009
  • This Study constructs a dashboard system to synthetically and systematically monitor national R&D information based on data warehouse. Managing the national R&D statistics and trend is important since it provides data for policies and decision making for national R&D. Many agencies related to national R&D information collect the basic R&D statistic data which provides the basis of logical decision making and R&D policies. The data has not well been used. The data has not been consistently collected nor managed. The raw data has not been organized nor processed to meet various demands. The needs has been arisen for a consistent national R&D monitoring system to increase the relevance, accessibility and efficiency of data for various users. This study selects 25 key indicators based on the user requirements and designs data warehouse for supporting the indicators using star schema. The dashboard system is developed in this study provides the infrastructure of monitoring national R&D information and analytic environment of supporting statistical analysis and time-series data analysis.