• Title, Summary, Keyword: Monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)

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Effects of Curculiginis Rhizoma Pharmaco-Acupuncture at $ST_{36}$ on Monosodium Iodoacetate(MIA)-induced Osteoarthritic Rats (족삼리의 선모(仙茅)약침이 Monosodium Iodoacetate로 유발한 골관절염 흰쥐에 미치는 영향)

  • Ji, Min Jung;Lim, Seong Chul;Kim, Jae Soo;Lee, Hyun Jong;Lee, Yun Kyu
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.53-66
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate effects of Curculiginis Rhizoma pharmaco-acupuncture at $ST_{36}$ on monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritic rats. Methods : Twenty rats were divided into four groups consisting of 5 rats: rats receiving no injection(normal), rats injected with monosodium Iodoacetate(MIA, control), rats injected with MIA and normal saline(N-S), and rats injected with MIA and Curculiginis Rhizoma (CRPA). N-S and CRPA were administered once a day at $ST_{36}$ during 21 days. After that we examined the weight-bearing ability of hind paws, liver and kidney function, immunocell, cytokines, proteins, and gene expression of cytokines. Injury of synovial tissue was measured by H & E, Safranin O immunofluorescence. Results : The weight-bearing ability of the hind paws, Serum TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, PGE2, LTB4, DPD, Osteocalcin, Protein COX-2 of CRPA decreased significantly. Protein Arachidonate 5 lipoxygenase of CRPA was decreased, but not significantly. Expression of gene COX-2, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, NOS2 of CRPA decreased. In histological observations, CRPA was improved, compared with other control groups. Conclusions : It can be suggested that Curculiginis Rhizoma pharmaco-acupuncture at $ST_{36}$ has anti-inflammatory and pain relief effects on monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritic rats.

The Protective Effects of Mahaengeuigam-Tang against Monosodium Iodoacetate induced Osteoarthritis in Rats (마행의감탕(麻杏薏甘湯)이 골관절염 유발 흰쥐의 apoptosis 기전에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bum Hoi
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.283-294
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : Mahaengeuigam-Tang (MHEGT) has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of rheumatic aerthritis, rheumatisim, eczema and asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of MHEGT for cartilage protection in monosodium iodoacetate(MIA)-induced osteoarthritis, particularly focusing on apoptosis. Method : Thirty young male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. Rats were intra-articularly injected with 2 mg MIA in a total volume of 50 ㎕ saline. In MHEGT group, MHEGT extract was orally administered once daily to MIA-induced osteoarthritis rats, and rats of control group were given with saline only. At 4 weeks after MIA injection, all animals were sacrificed, and the histological changes and articular thickness were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Moreover, the immunohistochemical analyses of BAX and Bcl-2 were carried out. Results : The histomorphological examinations revealed that MHEGT reduced MIA-induced cartilage damage. And, MHEGT ameliorated the severity of cartilage surface damages after MIA injection. Furthermore, MHEGT suppressed the MIA-induced increases of pro-apoptotic BAX protein and increased the protein expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein. Conclusion : These findings indicate that MHEGT protects against MIA-induced cartilage damage by inhibition of the apoptotic pathway, demonstrating significant protection of cartilage against osteoarthritis. These results suggest that MHEGT may potentially have clinical applications in the treatment of osteoarthritis.

Effect of Angelica gigas extract powder on progress of osteoarthritis induced by monosodium iodoacetate in rats (참당귀 추출분말이 Monosodium Iodoacetate로 유발된 흰쥐의 골관절염에 대한 효과)

  • Kwon, Jin-Hwan;Han, Min-Seok;Lee, Bu-Min;Lee, Yong-Moon
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 2015
  • To study the efficacy of extract powder of Angelica gigas in preventing and treating degeneration of the articular cartilage in rats with monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis, A total of 30 six-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control group, untreated group and Angelica gigas treated group, with 10 rats in each group. During the treatment period, body weight were measured in each four days interval from starting date. The rat were sacrificed at the end of 3rd week after daily administration of Angelica gigas and then rat tibia articular cartilage was removed. In articular cartilages, glycosaminoglycan (GAG) amount increased by MIA treatment were reduced while proteoglycan (PG) amount decreased by MIA treatment were fairly recovered by Angelica gigas treatment, respectively. The content of TNF-a was also slightly reduced sections of the cartilage were stained with safranin-0 were also partially recovered by Angelica gigas treatment. By HPLC analysis, the content of main compounds decursin and decursinol angelate was analyzed as $10.5{\pm}0.2%$ of total extracts.

Effects of Gyeonbi-Tang Treatment on the Monosodium Iodoacetate-induced Mild Osteoarthritis in Rats (견비탕(蠲痺湯)이 Monosodium Iodoacetate로 유발된 골관절염의 초기변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Dong-Soo;Kim, Soon-Joong;Jeong, Su-Hyeon;Seo, Il-Bok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2011
  • This study was to investigate the effects of Gyeonbi-Tang Treatment on the monosodium iodoacetate(MIA)-induced mild osteoarthritis in rats. Arthritis was induced by injection of MIA(0.25 mg) into knee joints of rats. Arthritic rats were divided into control(n=8) and treated(n=8) group. Control group was taken distilled water and treated group was taken extracts of Gyeonbi-Tang by orally for 20days. Body weights were measured at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 days after MIA injection. At the end of experiment(20day after MIA injection), gross and histopathological examination on the articular structures of knee joints were performed. Proteoglycan(PG) contents in articular cartilages were analysed. And also, tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$(TNF-${\alpha}$) and interleukin-1${\beta}$(IL-1${\beta}$) contents in synovial fluids were measured by ELISA method. Body weights of the treated group were significantly increased compared with control group at 15, 20 days after injection. Grossly, the severity of osteoarthritis in the treated group were alleviated compared with control group. PG contents in articular cartilages of the treated group were increased compared with control group. Histopathologically, osteoarthritic scores of the treated group was decreased compared with the control group. TNF-${\alpha}$ contents in synovial fluids of the treated group were significantly decreased compared with control group. On the basis of these results, we concluded that Gyeonbi-Tang Treatment has anti-arthritic effects on the monosodium iodoacetate-induced mild osteoarthritis in rats. And it's effects were related with reduced secretion of TNF-${\alpha}$ from synovial membranes.

Effects of Imyo-san Treatment on the Monosodium Iodoacetate-induced Osteoarthritis in Rats (이묘산(二妙散)이 흰쥐의 Monosodium Iodoacetate 유발 골관절염에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Hee-Bin;Kim, Soon-Jooog;Seo, Il-Bok;Jeong, Su-Hyeon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was to investigate the effects of Imyo-san treatment on the monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis in rats. Methods : Arthritis was induced by injection of monosodium iodoacetate(MIA)(0.5 mg) into both knee joint cavities of rats. Arthritic rats were divided into control(n=8) and treated(n=8) group. Control group was taken distilled water and treated group was taken extracts of Imyo-san by orally for 20 days. At the end of experiment(20day after MIA injection), gross and histopathological examination on the articular structures of knee joints were performed. Blood cell counts and proteoglycan(PG) contents in articular cartilages were analysed. And also, tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$($TNF-{\alpha}$) and interleukin-$1{\beta}$($IL-1{\beta}$) contents synovial fluids were measured by enzyme-liked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method. Results : 1. Body weight(g) of the treated group were increased significantly compared with control group at 15 and 20 days after injection. 2. Grossly, degree of osteoarthritis in the treated group was alleviated compared with the control group. 3. PG content in articular cartilage of the treated group was increased significantly compared with the control group. 4. Histopathologically, osteoarthritic scores of the treated group was decreased significantly compared with the control group. 5. $TNF-{\alpha}$ content in synovial fluid of the treated group was decreased significantly compared with the control group. Conclusions : On the basis of these results, we suggested that Imyo-san has inhibiting effects on the progression of arthritis in MIA-induced osteoarthritis model.

Effects of Achyranthis Japonicae Radix-containing mixture on monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis in rats (우슬(牛膝) 등 복합 추출물의 monosodium iodoacetate로 유발한 흰쥐 골관절염에 대한 효과)

  • Kim, Myung-Gyou;Seo, Il-Bok;Leem, Kang-Hyun;Jeong, Taejin;Kim, Jinseok
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The present study was designed to determine the effects of mixture of Achyranthis Japonicae Radix, Scutellariae Radix, and Acanthopanacis Cortex on monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis in rats. The mixture was composed of Achyranthis Japonicae Radix, Scutellariae Radix, and Acanthopanacis Cortex extracts. Methods : Arthritis was induced by injection of MIA into knee joints of rats. At the end of experiment, gross examination on the articular structures of knee joints were performed. Proteoglycan (PG) contents in articular cartilages were analysed as well. Tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}$($TNF-{\alpha}$) and $interleukin-1{\beta}$ ($IL-1{\beta}$) contents in synovial fluids were measured by ELISA method and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), MMP9, and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1) mRNA were measured by a realtime PCR. Results : The surfaces of the articular cartilage were observed. The severity of osteoarthritis in the treated group were alleviated compared with control group. PG contents in articular cartilages of the treated group were increased compared with control group. $IL-1{\beta}$ contents in synovial fluids of the treated group were significantly decreased compared with control group. MMP2 and MMP9 mRNA contents in articular cartilages were significantly decreased compared with control group and TIMP1 mRNA contents were increased compared with control group. Conclusions : On the basis of these results, we concluded that Achyranthis Japonicae Radix-containing mixture treatment has anti-arthritic effects on the MIA-induced osteoarthritis in rats. And the effects were related with the reduction of $IL-1{\beta}$ in synovial membranes and the consequent reduction of MMP2 and MMP9 expressions.

Effects of aqueous extract from Taxillus chinensis on monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis in rats (Monosodium iodoacetate로 유도된 골관절염 동물모델에서 상기생 물추출물의 효과)

  • Kim, Joong Sun;Lee, A Yeong;Moon, Byeong Cheol;Kim, Hyo Seon;Kim, Wook Jin;Kim, Chul;Choi, Goya;Kim, Seung-Hyung;Chun, Jin Mi
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of an aqueous extract from Taxillus chinensis (DC.) Danser (TCE) in Monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis (OA) rat model. Methods : Sprague Dawley male rats were divided into the following four groups (n=6 per group): Normal (saline control), MIA (MIA-induced OA with vehicle), TCE (MIA-induced with TCE treatment), and IM (MIA-induced with indomethacin treatment). Rats in which OA was induced by MIA were treated with TCE (200 mg/kg) or indomethacin (1 mg/kg) for 4 weeks. Weight-bearing on the hind legs and body weights were measured weekly. At the end of the experiment (3 weeks after MIA injection), serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels were measured to assess the liver toxicity induced by TCE. Its effects on serum inflammatory cytokine levels and tissue histopathology were also evaluated. Results : TCE restored the hind limb weight-bearing distribution. Serum levels of Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) and Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) were significantly higher in the MIA group than in the Normal group, but serum IL-6 levels were significantly lower in the TCE group. In the TCE group, the synovial membrane was protected in hematoxylin and eosin and Safranin-O staining, respectively. Conclusions : TCE recovered the hind paw weight bearing distribution, inhibited the production of inflammatory cytokine, and protected synovial tissue and cartilage in the OA rat model. Therefore, TCE appears to be an effective therapeutic agent for treating OA and OA-related symptoms.

Effects of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma Pharmacopuncture on Monosodium Iodoacetate-induced Osteoarthritis Rats (강황(薑黃) 약침이 Monosodium Iodoacetate 유도 골관절염 흰쥐에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Hoon;Woo, Chang-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.115-133
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    • 2019
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture on the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis rats. Methods Osteoarthritis was induced by injection of MIA ($50{\mu}L$ with 80 mg/mL) into knee joint cavity of rats. Rats were divided into 6 groups. Normal group was injected by normal saline into knee joint cavity only. Control group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and orally administered with distilled water. Normal Saline group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with normal saline $100{\mu}L$. Positive comparison group was injected with MIA and orally administered with indomethacin 5 mg/kg. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture low concentration (CL) group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture low concentration $100{\mu}L$. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture high concentration (CH) group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture high concentration $100{\mu}L$. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture was injected at ST35 and EX-LE4 each group (CL, CH). After that, hind paw weight distribution was measured and oxidative stress biomarker in serum, liver function biomarker in serum, western blot analysis were measured. Histological analysis of knee joint tissue was performed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, Safranin-O staining and Masson's trichrome staining. Results Hind paw weight distribution was significantly improved in both group. alanine aminotransferanse and aspartate aminotransferase were decreased significantly in CH group compare with Indomethacin threated group. Antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase, Catalase and heme oxygenase-1 were increased in CH group compare with control group. Inflammatory cytokine cyclooxygenase-2, inducible nitric oxide synthase and interleukin-1 beta were decreased significantly in CH group. Histological analysis result shows that protective effects of joint and cartilage were observed in both CH and CL groups in a concentration-dependent. Conclusions The result suggest that Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture has anti-oxidation effect, anti-inflammatory effect and also can prevent progression of osteoarthritis and protect joint cartilage.

Effects of Bee-venom Treatment on the Monosodium iodoacetate-induced Osteoarthritis in Rats (봉독약침이 Monosodium Iodoacetate로 유발된 흰쥐의 골관절염에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Mun;Kim, Soon-Joong;Seo, Il-Bok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.1154-1162
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    • 2007
  • This study was to investigate the effects of Bee-venom Treatment on the monosodium iodoacetate(MIA)- induced osteoarthritis in rats. Arthritis was induced by injection of MIA(0.5 mg) into knee joints of rats. Arthritic rats were divided into control(n=8) and treated(n=8) group. Control group was injected with normal saline once a day for 20 days, while treated group was injected with Bee-venom extract once a day for same duration. Body weights were measured at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 days after injection. At the end of experiment, gross and histopathological examination on the articular cartilages of the knee joints were performed. Proteoglycan contents of articular cartilages were analysed by safranine O staining method. The contents of $TNF-{\alpha}$, $IL-1{\beta}$ and IL-6 in synovial fluids were analysed by ELISA method. And also, COX-2 and iNOS immunohistochemical examination on the knee joints were performed. Body weights of the treated group were increased compared with control group at 20 days after injection. Grossly, the severity of osteoarthritis in the treated group were alleviated compared with control group. PG contents in articular cartilages of the treated group were significantly increased compared with control group. Histopathologically, degenerative and necrotic lesion of articular cartilages in the treated group were alleviated compared with those of the control group. $TNF-{\alpha}$ contents in synovial fluids of the treated group were decreased compared with control group. Positive reactions of COX-2 in chondrocytes and synovial membranes of the treated group were decreased compared with the control group. On the basis of these results, we concluded that Bee-venom treatment has anti-arthritic effects on the monosodium iodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis in rats. And it's effects were related with reduced secretion of $TNF-{\alpha}$ and COX-2 from osteoarthritic chondrocytes and synovial membranes.

Inhibitory Effect of Sparassis crispa (Wulf.) Extract on Monosodium Iodoacetate Induced Osteoarthritis (꽃송이버섯 추출물의 Monosodium Iodoacetate로 유도된 골관절염 억제 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Nam;Roh, Seong-Soo;Jeong, Gil-Saeng
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.262-269
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    • 2018
  • Sparassis crispa (Wulf.) is an edible/medicinal mushroom and has been reported to biological activities such as antitumor, anti-angiogenesis, antioxidant and wound healing. However, there have not been many researches on osteoarthritis of S. crispa. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of S. crispa extract on rats with osteoarthritis induced by MIA. Osteoarthritis is a gradually developmental disease that early stage, causes joint stiffness and complains of joint pain. In addition, it gives rise to edema and hypo-function. The results of this study, S. crispa extract effectively inhibited ROS production, increased the production of antioxidant protein SOD and catalase in knee joint cartilage tissue. In addition, S. crispa extract inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enzymes such as NOX4 and $P47^{phox}$, which are involved in the expression of COX-2, iNOS and the production of ROS. Also, S. crispa extract inhibited the destruction of synovial tissue, cartilage tissue and proteoglycans in articular cartilage in rats.