• Title, Summary, Keyword: Motor Block unit

Search Result 10, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

The Life Cycle Cost Estimation for Domestic Products Motor Block of KTX-1 Considering Periodic Maintenance (유지보수정보 주기를 고려한 KTX-1 모터블럭 개발품의 수명주기비용 예측)

  • Yun, Cha-Jung;Noh, Myoung-Gyu;Kim, Jae-Moon
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • /
    • v.62 no.2
    • /
    • pp.288-292
    • /
    • 2013
  • This paper presents the result of life-cycle cost (LCC) estimation for domestic products propulsion control system (motor block unit) of KTX-1 considering periodic maintenance. Life cycle costing is one of the most effective approaches for the cost analysis of long-life systems such as the KTX-1. Life cycle costing includes the cost of concept design, development, manufacture, operation, maintenance and disposal. To estimate LCC for domestic products motor block unit, it was analyzed physical breakdown structure (PBS) on motor unit in view of maintenance cost and unit cost etc. As a results, life cycle cost on motor block unit increased moderately expect for periodical time when major parts are replaced at the same time. hereafter this results will be reflected in the domestic products being developed.

Dynamic Analysis of HDD Spindle Motor Unit; Cover. Base (HDD 스핀들 모터 유니트 및 커버, 베이스의 동특성 해석)

  • 이성진;이장무
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.832-936
    • /
    • 1996
  • In this paper, we study a dynamic characteristics of HDD. HDD is constructed by spindle motor/disk unit, cover, base, E-block arm/suspension unit, and rotary actuator/voice coil motor. First, we make a FE model of spindle motor/disk unit and analyzed natural frequency/mode analytically and experimentally. Especially, the change of natural frequecy of spindle motor unit according to change of B.C is considered. Second, FE model of cover, base is made. Third, we assemble the above three FE mode, we get HEE assembly and dynamic analysis of HDD assembly is accomplished.

  • PDF

The Effect of Dual-task Training on a Serial Reaction Time Task for Motor Learning

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Park, So Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.24 no.6
    • /
    • pp.405-408
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: We examined the effect of dual-task and single-task training on serial reaction time (SRT) task performance to determine whether SRT is based more on motor or perception in a dual-task. Methods: Forty healthy adults were divided into two groups: the dual-task group (mean age, $21.8{\pm}1.6$ years) and the single-task group (mean age, $21.7{\pm}1.6$ years). SRT task was conducted total 480 trial. The four figures were presented randomly 16 times. A unit was set as 1 block that would repeat 10 times. Thus, there were a total of 160 trials for each of the three color conditions. The dual-task group performed an SRT task while detecting the color of a specific shape. The end of the task, subjects answered the specific shape number; the single-task group only performed the SRT task. The study consisted of three parts: pre-measurement, task performance, and post-measurement. Results: Differences of pre and post reaction time between two group was higher for the dual-task group as compared to the single task group and there was a significant interaction between time and group (p<0.05). Conclusion: Our results indicate that. short term period SRT is not quiet effective under dual-task conditions, individuals need additional cognitive processes to successfully navigate a task This suggests that dual-task training might not be appropriate for motor learning enhancement, at least when the training is over a short period.

Case Based Diagnosis Modeling of Dark Current Causes and Standardization of Diagnosis Process (사례기반의 암전류 원인 진단 모델링 및 표준화)

  • Jo, Haengdeug
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.149-156
    • /
    • 2017
  • Various kinds of accessories(e.g., clock, radio, automatic door locks, alarm devices, etc.) or unit components (e.g., black box, navigation system, alarm, private audio, etc.) require dark current even when the vehicle power is turned off. However, accessories or unit components can be the causes of excessive dark current generation. It results in battery discharge and the vehicle's failure to start. Therefore, immediate detection of abnormal dark current and response are very important for a successful repair job. In this paper, we can increase the maintenance efficiency by presenting a standardized diagnostic process for the measurement of the dark current and the existing problem. As a result of the absence of a system to block the dark current in a vehicle, diagnosis and repair were performed immediately by using a standardized dark current diagnostic process.

The impact of magnesium sulfate as adjuvant to intrathecal bupivacaine on intra-operative surgeon satisfaction and postoperative analgesia during laparoscopic gynecological surgery: randomized clinical study

  • Mohamed, Khaled Salah;Abd-Elshafy, Sayed Kaoud;El Saman, Ali Mahmoud
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.207-213
    • /
    • 2017
  • Background: Surgeon satisfaction and patient analgesia during the procedure of laparoscopic surgery are important issues. The aim of this work was to study if an intrathecal (IT) Bupivacaine combined with Magnesium sulfate may or may not provide good surgeon satisfaction in addition to improvement of intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. Methods: Sixty female patients were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled clinical trial study. All patients were operated for gynecological laparoscopic surgery under spinal anesthesia. Patients were divided into two groups (Bupivacaine and Magnesium). Group Bupivacaine (30 patients) received intrathecal Bupivacaine 0.5% only (15 mg), while 30 patients in group Magnesium received intrathecal Bupivacaine (15 mg) in addition to intrathecal Magnesium sulfate (50 mg). The sensory block level, the intensity of motor block, the surgeon satisfaction, the intraoperative visual analog scale (VAS) for pain assessment, the postoperative VAS, and side effects were recorded during the intraoperative period and within the first 24 hours after surgery in the post-anesthesia care unit. Results: Surgeon satisfaction, intraoperative shoulder pain, postoperative pain after 2 h, and perioperative analgesic consumption (ketorolac) were significant better in group Magnesium than in group Bupivacaine. (P < 0.05). The onset of motor and sensory blocks was significant longer in group Magnesium than the other one. The incidence of PONV, pruritus and urinary retention was insignificant statistically between both groups. Conclusions: Magnesium sulfate if used intrathecally as an adjuvant to Bupivacaine would provide a better surgeon satisfaction and would improve the analgesic effect of spinal anesthesia used for gynecological laparoscopic surgery.

Standard Wire Harness Designs in Commercial Vehicles Based on Control Types and Functional Blocks (동작 방식과 기능별 회로 분류에 기반한 상용차 배선 회로 표준화 방안)

  • Lim, Hansang;Bae, Seung-Deuk;Jung, Do Hwan;Jeong, Hyun Chul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.96-105
    • /
    • 2013
  • This paper presents a standardization method for designing wire harness systems, based on the control types and functional blocks, for use in commercial vehicles. With a rapid increase in the installation of systems with added new features, it is very important to develop a reliable wire harness design in a short time by standardizing wire harness designs and reusing the standard design. Because the function of a system, particularly, for commercial vehicles, varies significantly on the basis of the requirements, regulations, and options, it is not effective to establish one standard design for one system. In addition, a system with the same function may differ in terms of the input conditions and output loads on the basis of the installed vehicle types, and it is not practical to standardize a harness design targeting an entire system. In this study, the wire harness designs of a system were classified into six categories based on the control types of the system: switch driven, control of a switch, control of an electronic control unit, unit driven, control of a unit, and connector operation. Then, a wire harness design of each system was divided into three blocks according to their functions: the control, drive, and monitoring blocks. The standard wire harness designs were made for each functional block of each control type. The advantage of this proposed method is that an effective and practical design can be obtained, which covers the diversities in the same system for different grades of commercial vehicles with a reduction in the number of wire harness supplements.

Development of Bipolar Plate Stack Type Microbial Fuel Cells

  • Shin, Seung-Hun;Choi, Young-jin;Na, Sun-Hee;Jung, Seun-ho;Kim, Sung-hyun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.281-285
    • /
    • 2006
  • Microbial fuel cells (MFC) stacked with bipolar plates have been constructed and their performance was tested. In this design, single fuel cell unit was connected in series by bipolar plates where an anode and a cathode were made in one graphite block. Two types of bipolar plate stacked MFCs were constructed. Both utilized the same glucose oxidation reaction catalyzed by Gram negative bacteria, Proteus vulgaris as a biocatalyst in an anodic compartment, but two different cathodic reactions were employed: One with ferricyanide reduction and the other with oxygen reduction reactions. In both cases, the total voltage was the mathematical sum of individual fuel cells and no degradation in performance was found. Electricity from these MFCs was stored in a supercapacitor to drive external loads such as a motor and electric bulb.

The Life Cycle Cost Estimation using the Maintenance Information of a Propulsion Control System in the High Speed Train(KTX-1) (고속철도차량(KTX-1) 추진제어장치의 유지보수정보를 이용한 수명주기비용 예측)

  • Kim, Jae-Moon;Yun, Cha-Jung;Kim, Yang-Su;Jang, Jin-Yeong;Lee, Jong-Seong
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • /
    • v.60 no.11
    • /
    • pp.2176-2181
    • /
    • 2011
  • This paper estimates the life cycle cost(LCC) of a propulsion control system using the maintenance information in the high speed train(KTX-1). Life cycle costing is one of the most effective approaches for the cost analysis of long-life systems such as the KTX-1. Until now, most life cycle cost of the system has been studied as a whole system viewpoint. But in case of railway industry, LCC studies are needed on the subsystem like a propulsion control system because subsystems are developed continuously localization. This paper proposes the life cycle cost model which fitted to estimate life cycle cost (LCC) using maintenance information manual. As a result, LCC on propulsion control system increased moderately expect for periodical time when major parts are replaced at the same time. Results will be reflected in the development of domestic products.

A Case of Operational Efficiency Improvement in EPS Motor Manufacturing Process Using IE Technique (IE 기법을 활용한 EPS 모터 제조공정의 운영효율성 향상 사례)

  • Kim, Jung Suop;Lee, Ji Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.18 no.7
    • /
    • pp.63-72
    • /
    • 2017
  • This paper proposes a procedure to improve the operational efficiency of the automotive parts manufacturing process by applying classical IE techniques composed of process analysis, work method analysis, and motion analysis, and a specific application case is outlined. The proposed procedure was developed originally by the Task Force organized in L company's automotive parts manufacturing business unit. The balance efficiency and production capacity were used as measures of operational efficiency. The developed procedure follows the general procedure of analyzing the phenomenon at the manufacturing shop, deriving an improvement solution to solve the problem, evaluating each derived alternative, and implementing it to the field to achieve productivity improvement. Among the methods used in each phase of the procedure, function analysis used in the waste discovery phase and R&R evaluation method used in the alternative assessment phase are unique techniques developed by L company's TF. The R&R Evaluation method techniques are described in detail because this method is highly applicable and extensible. A case of applying developed procedures to improve the EPS motor manufacturing process is discussed. As a result, the line balance efficiency and production capacity were increased to a satisfactory level.

Integrated Rotary Genetic Analysis Microsystem for Influenza A Virus Detection

  • Jung, Jae Hwan;Park, Byung Hyun;Choi, Seok Jin;Seo, Tae Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.88-89
    • /
    • 2013
  • A variety of influenza A viruses from animal hosts are continuously prevalent throughout the world which cause human epidemics resulting millions of human infections and enormous industrial and economic damages. Thus, early diagnosis of such pathogen is of paramount importance for biomedical examination and public healthcare screening. To approach this issue, here we propose a fully integrated Rotary genetic analysis system, called Rotary Genetic Analyzer, for on-site detection of influenza A viruses with high speed. The Rotary Genetic Analyzer is made up of four parts including a disposable microchip, a servo motor for precise and high rate spinning of the chip, thermal blocks for temperature control, and a miniaturized optical fluorescence detector as shown Fig. 1. A thermal block made from duralumin is integrated with a film heater at the bottom and a resistance temperature detector (RTD) in the middle. For the efficient performance of RT-PCR, three thermal blocks are placed on the Rotary stage and the temperature of each block is corresponded to the thermal cycling, namely $95^{\circ}C$ (denature), $58^{\circ}C$ (annealing), and $72^{\circ}C$ (extension). Rotary RT-PCR was performed to amplify the target gene which was monitored by an optical fluorescent detector above the extension block. A disposable microdevice (10 cm diameter) consists of a solid-phase extraction based sample pretreatment unit, bead chamber, and 4 ${\mu}L$ of the PCR chamber as shown Fig. 2. The microchip is fabricated using a patterned polycarbonate (PC) sheet with 1 mm thickness and a PC film with 130 ${\mu}m$ thickness, which layers are thermally bonded at $138^{\circ}C$ using acetone vapour. Silicatreated microglass beads with 150~212 ${\mu}L$ diameter are introduced into the sample pretreatment chambers and held in place by weir structure for construction of solid-phase extraction system. Fig. 3 shows strobed images of sequential loading of three samples. Three samples were loaded into the reservoir simultaneously (Fig. 3A), then the influenza A H3N2 viral RNA sample was loaded at 5000 RPM for 10 sec (Fig. 3B). Washing buffer was followed at 5000 RPM for 5 min (Fig. 3C), and angular frequency was decreased to 100 RPM for siphon priming of PCR cocktail to the channel as shown in Figure 3D. Finally the PCR cocktail was loaded to the bead chamber at 2000 RPM for 10 sec, and then RPM was increased up to 5000 RPM for 1 min to obtain the as much as PCR cocktail containing the RNA template (Fig. 3E). In this system, the wastes from RNA samples and washing buffer were transported to the waste chamber, which is fully filled to the chamber with precise optimization. Then, the PCR cocktail was able to transport to the PCR chamber. Fig. 3F shows the final image of the sample pretreatment. PCR cocktail containing RNA template is successfully isolated from waste. To detect the influenza A H3N2 virus, the purified RNA with PCR cocktail in the PCR chamber was amplified by using performed the RNA capture on the proposed microdevice. The fluorescence images were described in Figure 4A at the 0, 40 cycles. The fluorescence signal (40 cycle) was drastically increased confirming the influenza A H3N2 virus. The real-time profiles were successfully obtained using the optical fluorescence detector as shown in Figure 4B. The Rotary PCR and off-chip PCR were compared with same amount of influenza A H3N2 virus. The Ct value of Rotary PCR was smaller than the off-chip PCR without contamination. The whole process of the sample pretreatment and RT-PCR could be accomplished in 30 min on the fully integrated Rotary Genetic Analyzer system. We have demonstrated a fully integrated and portable Rotary Genetic Analyzer for detection of the gene expression of influenza A virus, which has 'Sample-in-answer-out' capability including sample pretreatment, rotary amplification, and optical detection. Target gene amplification was real-time monitored using the integrated Rotary Genetic Analyzer system.

  • PDF