• Title, Summary, Keyword: Motor recovery

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Kinematic Analysis in Reaching Depending on the Localized Vibration Duration in Persons With Hemiparetic Stroke (국소 진동자극이 편마비 뇌졸중 환자의 팔 뻗기 수행에 미치는 영향에 대한 운동학적 분석)

  • Yoo, Eun-Young;Park, Ji-Hyuk;Kwon, Jae-Sung;Cho, Sang-Yoon;Lee, Bo-Mi;Kim, Yeong-Jo;Kim, Jae-Nam;Kim, Sun-Ho
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.79-88
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    • 2018
  • Objective : Localized vibration has been shown to have a positive effect on recovery of upper-limb motor function in patients with hemiparetic stroke, but there has been little research on kinematic analysis for qualitative changes in movement. This study investigated kinematic changes in elbow motion during reaching after localized vibration in persons with hemiparetic stroke. Methods : This study used a one-group, cross-over trial design. Ten chronic stroke patients randomly received localized vibrations on the affected biceps brachii for 5, 10, or 20 min, at 70 Hz. Kinematic analysis of reaching was measured using a 3-D motion analysis system. Variables included peak angular velocity, time to peak angular velocity, and movement units during elbow motion. Result : Affected side elbow motion during reaching was faster, smoother, and more efficient after 20 min localized vibration. Peak angular velocity increased (p<0.05), and time to peak angular velocity (p<0.05) and the movement unit were significantly decreased (p<0.05) during elbow motion for reaching. Conclusion : Localized vibration can improve kinematic components during reaching motion in persons with hemiparetic stroke.

Effects of Added Tong's Acupuncture on NIB Stroke Scale and MBI in Stroke Patients (동씨침(董氏鍼)을 가미(加味)한 치료(治療)가 중풍환자(中風患者)의 NIH Stroke Scale과 MBI상의 기능 회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Tai-sung;Son, In-seok;Kim, Cheol-hong;Seo, Jung-chul;Youn, Hyoun-min;Jang, Kyung-jeon;Song, Choon-ho;Abn, Chang-beohm
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2002
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tong's acupuncture on recovery of motor disorders in stroke patients. Methods : Twenty two patients with poststroke-hemiplegia were randomized into two groups. Ten patients(test group) treated by 2 methods-tong's acupuncture and body acupuncture. The other twelve patients(control group) treated only by body acupuncture. The activity of daily living was measured with a National Institutes of Health stroke scale(NlHSS) and Modified Barthel Index(MBI). The therapy was performed one a day for 2 weeks. Results: In terms of score of NIHSS. the test group showed statistically meaningful decrease after 2 week treatment. but the control group showed statistically meaningful decrease after I week(p<0.05). And in terms of score of MBI. the test group showed statistically meaningful increase after 2 week treatment. but the control group showed statistically meaningful increase after I week(p<0.05). There was no statistically meaningful difference after 1 and 2 week treatment between the groups. Conclusions: These results support that test group has almost same effectness compared with control group in improvement of the activity of daily living of poststroke-hemiplegic patients.

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Environmental Health Strategies in Korea (우리 나라의 환경정책 방향)

  • 조병극
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1992
  • Since 1960's along with industrialization and urbanization, economic growth has been . achieved, however, at the same time, environmental condition has been seriously deteriorated. . Currently, volume of wastewater has been increasing at annual rate of 7% in sewage and 20% in industrial wastewater. However, the nation's sewage treatment serves only 33% of the municipal wastewater as of 1991. Major portion of air pollutants comes from combustion of oil and coal which comprise 81% of total energy use and emission gases from motor vehicles increasing at an accelerated rate. It is known that Korea generates the highest amount of waste per capta. Nevertheless, it is not sufficient to reduce the volume of waste by means of resources recovery and recycling. Recognizing the importance of global environmental problems such as ozone layer depletion, global warming and acid rain, international society has been making various efforts since the 1972 Stockholm conference. In particular, it is expected that the Rio conference which has adopted the Rio declaration and Agenda 21 will form a crucial turning point of the emerging new world order after the Cold War confrontation. To cope with such issues as domestic pollution and global environmental problems, the fundamental national policy aims at harmonizing "environmental protection and sustainable development". The Ministry of Environment has recently set up a mid-term comprehensive plan which includes annual targets for environmental protection. According to the government plan, gradual improvement of various environmental conditions and specific measures to achieve them is planned in time frame. Additional sewage treatment plants will be constructed in urban areas with the target to treat 65% of the nation's municipal sewage by 1996. Supply of clean fuels such as LNG will also be expanded starting from large cities as a cleaner substitute energy for coal and oil. In parallel with expansion of LNG, emphasis will be placed on installation of stack monitoring system. Due to the relatively limited land, government's basic policy for solid waste treatment is to develop large scale landfill facilities rather than small sized ones. Thirty three regional areas have been designated for the purpose of waste management. For each of these regions, big scale landfill site is going to be developed. To increase the rate of waste recycling the government is planning to reinforce separate collection system and to provide industries with economic incentives. As a part of meeting the changing situation on global environmental problems after UNCED, and accommodation regulatory measures stipulated in the global environmental conventions and protocols, national policy will try to alter industrial and economic structure so as to mitigate the increasing trends of energy consumption, by encouraging energy conservation and efficiency. In this regard, more attention will be given to the policy on the development of the cleaner technology. Ultimately, these policies and programs will contribute greatly to improving the current state of national public health.

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EMG and Muscle Force of Intermittent Submaximal Constructions between Weight Lifters and Non-Weight Lifters (Weight Lifters와 Non-Weight Lifters 사이의 간헐적인 최대하 수축에서 근전도와 근력의 비교)

  • Sung, Paul S.
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1997
  • Skeletal muscle fatigue is often associated with diminished athletic performance and inability to maintain an expected force output as a function of time. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of duration of exercise on skeletal muscle fatigue between Weight Lifters(WL) and Non-Weight Lifters(NWL). There were twelve normal healthy adult volunteers, ranging in age from 18 to 35 years. The group consisted of six NWL and six WL. Randomized cross-over design was set up and work-rest cycle was 8 minutes work and 1 minute rest based on 15% MVC. Muscle fatigue was measured by the amount of force produced by the wrist flexor muscle and EMG amplitude over time. Repeated measures ANOVAs($2{\times}4$) were used to determine two types of subjects(WL, NWL) during four different duration of exercises(16, 32, 48, 64 minutes). The force decreased over time in NWL and WL, but there was no significant difference(F=2.83, p>0.05). However, the EMG amplitude increased in WL(0.8200) and NWL(0.6348). The WL exhibited an increase in EMG at the end of the period, especially at 48 minutes of exercises than did the NWL(F=9.58, p<.05). This suggests the WL were able to adjust to prolonged effort with adaptations in neural effect over time, resulting in higher EMG amplitude. That is, WL may be able to learn to recruit more motor units with training. It is important to the degree of neuromuscular fatigue and the time needed for recovery may differ considerably between WL and NWL, there is a need to plan proper strength training or rehabilitation protocols to match with the requirements in different characteristics of groups.

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Clinical Application of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in a Dog with Intervertebral Disc Disease (추간판 탈출증이 발생한 개에서 동종의 지방유래 줄기세포의 임상적 적용)

  • Kim, Young-Ki;Lee, Seung-Yong;Park, Se-Jin;Lee, Scott-S.;Kim, Jin-Hyun;Lee, Hee-Chun;Chang, Hong-Hee;Lee, Hyo-Jong;Yeon, Seong-Chan
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2011
  • A 5-year old, intact male, Cocker spaniel dog was referred with paraplegia and loss of deep pain perception. Physical, neurological examinations, radiography, and computed tomography were evaluated. Based on the clinical examinations, the dog was diagnosed with severe disc herniation ($L_2$ to $L_3$ intervertebral disc space). On the next day of presentation (6 days after loss of deep pain perception), hemilaminectomy was performed. After decompression of spinal cord and removal of herniated disc materials, $1{\times}10^6$ canine allogenic adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) diluted by $50{\mu}l$ saline were directly applied to the injured site of the spinal cord. Ten weeks of follow-up after surgery, full recovery of deep pain perception and motor function were evaluated in both hind limbs. Based on the result, we suggest that the transplantation of allogenic adipose tissue-derived MSCs to dogs with spinal cord injuries could be a considerable method to expect better clinical outcomes in veterinary practice.

A Clinical Study of Facial Paralysis (안명신경 손상 환자의 임상적 고찰)

  • Huh, Choon-Bok;Suh, Tae-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.643-650
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    • 1998
  • Facial nerve is subject to injury at any point in the course from the cerebral cortex to the motor end plate in the face, so many etiologic varieties of facial paralysis may be encountered, including trauma, viral infection and the idiopathic. Authors have studied 39 cases of facial paralysis which had experienced of treatment in our department from March, 1996 to March, 1997 at Dong San Medical Center. The results obtained are as follows : 1) The highest age incidence showed 10 cases(24.6%) in 3rd decade 2) Among the total of 39 cases, male were 21 cases(53.8%) and female were 18cases(46.2%). 3) At the involved side, left side were 19 cases(48.7%) and right side were 18 cases(46.2%). 4) The causes of facial paralysis were; idiopathic (Bell's palsy) in 19 cases(48.7%) infectious in 6 cases(15.4%) neoplastic in 6 cases(15.4%) traumatic in 5 cases(12.9%) metabolic in 2 cases(5.1%) congenital in 1 cases(2.6%) 5) In time interval between onset of symptom and treated initial date, 26 cases(66.7%) in below 10 days and 8 cases(20.5%) in 11-20 days 6) Correlation of recovery rate according to the treated duration did not differ significantly 7)Result after treatment were satisfactory

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Effects of the Symmetric Upper Extremity Motion Trainer on the Motor Function Recovery after Brain Injury: An fMRI Study (뇌손상 후 운동신경기능 회복에 대한 대칭형 상지 운동기구의 효과: 기능적 뇌 자기공명영상 연구)

  • Tae Ki-Sik;Choi Hue-Seok;Song Sung-Jae;Kim Young-Ho
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2005
  • The effect of the developed symmetric upper extremity motion trainer on the cortical activation pattern was investigated in three chronic hemiparetic patients using both fMRI and Fugl-Meyer test. The training program was performed at 1 hr/day, 5 days/week during 6 weeks. Fugl-Meyer tests were performed every two weeks during the training. fMRI was performed at 3T scanner with wrist flexion-extension in two different tasks before and after the training program: the only unaffected hand movement (Task 1) and passive movements of affected hand by the active movement of unaffected hand (Task 2). fMRI studies in Task 1 showed that cortical activations decreased in ipsilateral SMC but increased in contralateral SMC. Task 2 showed cortical reorganizations in bilateral SMC, PMA and SMA. Therefore, it seems that the cortical reorganization in chronic hemiparetic patients can be induced by the training with the developed symmetric upper extremity motion trainer.

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A Systematic Review of Modified Constraint- Induced Movement Therapy in Children With Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy (뇌성마비 유형 중 편마비 아동을 위한 수정된 강제유도 운동치료의 효과에 대한 체계적 고찰)

  • Hong, So-Young;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2012
  • Objective : This research investigated the intervention effects, protocol of modified constraint-induced movement therapy in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Methods : For the key words of a database search, "Cerebral Palsy", "Hemiplegia", "Constraint Induced Movement Therapy", "modified Constraint Induced Movement Therapy" were used. We examined papers published in journals from January 2001, when the modified Constraint Induced Movement Therapy was first suggested, to May 2011, using PubMed, Medline. Ovid. Results : A total of 10 papers were analyzed and results of modified Constraint Induced Movement Therapy were an effective therapeutic method to improve motor function, quality of movement and that they also increased the frequency of functional use of the affected hands of hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Conclusion : This paper conducted a systematic review of the research literature reporting on the effects of modified constraint-induced movement therapy in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Analysis of the fewer number of papers, there was limitation that we consider studies at all levels of evidence. However the restraint methods should be decided according to the characteristics of the individually and apply a variety of therapeutic activities, there is positive support for the use of modified constraint-induced movement therapy to improve the recovery of the paretic upper extremity with cerebral palsy.

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Effects of Treadmill Exercise on Alpha-synuclein Mutation and Activated Neurotrophins in Nigrostriatal Region of MPTP-induced Parkinson Models (MPTP 파킨슨 모델의 트레드밀 운동이 알파시누크린 변성과 흑질선조체내 신경성장인자 활성화에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jae-Sung;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Yoon, Sung-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.73-88
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : Neuronal changes that result from treadmill exercise for patients with Parkinson's disease(PD) have not been well documented, although some clinical and laboratory reports suggest that regular exercise may produce a neuroprotective effect and restore dopaminergic and motor functions. However, it is not clear if the improvements are due to neuronal alterations within the affected nigrostriatal region or result from a more general effect of exercise on affect areas and motivation. In this study, we demonstrate that motorized treadmill exercise improves the neuronal outcomes in rodent models of PD. Methods : We used a chronic mouse model of parkinsonism, which was induced by injecting male C57BL/6 mice with 10 doses(Every 12 hour) of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (30 mg/kg) and probenecid (20 mg/kg) over 5 days. These mice were able to sustain an exercise training program on a motorized rodent treadmill at a speed of 18 m/min, $0^{\circ}$ of inclination, 40 min/day, 5 days/week for 4 weeks. At the end of exercise training, we extracted the brain and compared their neuronal and neurochemical changes with the control(saline and sedentary) mice groups. Synphilin protein is the substance that manifestly reacts with ${\alpha}$-synuclein. In this study, we used Synphilin as a manifest sign of recovery from neurodegeneration. We analyze the brain stems of the substantia nigra and striatum region using the western blotting technique. Results : There were no expression of synphilin in the saline-induced groups. The addition of MPTP(1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine) greatly accelerated synphilin expression which meant an aggregation of ${\alpha}$-synuclein. But, the MPTP-induced treadmill exercise group showed significantly lower expression than the MPTP-induced sedentary group. This means treadmill exercise has a definite effect on the decrease of ${\alpha}$-synuclein aggregation. Conclusions : In this study, our results suggest that treadmill exercise promoted the removal of the aggregation of ${\alpha}$-synuclein, resulting in protection against disease development and blocks the apoptotic process in the chronic parkinsonian mice brain with severe neurodegeneration.

Risk Factors of Neurologic Complications After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (관상동맥 우회수술후 신경계 합병증의 위험인자)

  • Park, Kay-Hyun;Chae, Hurn;Park, Choong-Kyu;Jun, Tae-Gook;Park, Pyo-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.32 no.9
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    • pp.790-798
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    • 1999
  • Background: As the early outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) has been stabilized, neurologic complication has now become one of the most important morbidity. The aim of this study was to find out the risk factors associated with the neurologic complications after CABG. Material and Method: In 351 patients who underwent CABG, the incidence and features of neurologic complications, with associated perioperative risk factors, were retrospectively reviewed. Neurologic complication was defined as a new cerebral infarction confirmed by postoperative neurologic examination and radiologic studies, or delayed recovery of consciousness and orientation for more than 24 hours after the operation. Result: Neurologic complications occurred in 18 patients(5.1%), of these nine(2.6%) were diagnosed as having new cerebral infarctions(stroke). Stroke was manifested as motor paralysis in four patients, mental retardation or orientation abnormality in four, and brain death in one. Statistical analysis revealed the following variables as significant risk factors for neurologic complications by both univariate and multivariate analyses: cardiopulmonary bypass longer than 180 minutes, atheroma of the ascending aorta, carotid artery stenosis detected by Duplex sonography, and past history of cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack. Age over 65 years, aortic calcification detected by simple X-ray, and intraoperative myocardial infarction were significant risk factors by univariate analysis only. Neither the severity of carotid artery stenosis nor technical modifications such as cannulation of the aortic arch or single clamp technique, which were expected to affect the inciden e of neurologic complications, had significant relationship with the incidence. Conclusion: This study confirmed the strong association between neurologic complications after CABG and atherosclerosis of the arterial system. Therefore, to minimize the incidence of neurologic complications, systematic evaluation focused on atherosclerotic lesions of the arterial system followed by adequate alteration of operative strategy is needed.

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