• Title, Summary, Keyword: Motor recovery

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Vibration-free Control of Double Integrator Typed Motor via Loop Transfer Recovery (루프 전달 회복을 통한 이중 적분 모터의 무진동 제어)

  • Suh, Sang-Min
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.900-906
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    • 2010
  • This note proposes vibration-free motor control through modified LQG/LTR methodology. A conventional LQG/LTR method is a design tool in the frequency domain. However, unlike the conventional one, the proposed one is a time response based design method. This feature is firstly designed by parameterized settling time control gain through the target loop design procedure and the feature is secondly realized by loop transfer recovery. In order to show convergence to the target loop transfer functions, asymptotic behaviors of the open and the closed loop transfer functions are shown. At the conclusion, it is verified that the proposed method is robustly stable to parametric uncertainties through ${\mu}$-plot.

Brain Plasticity and Stroke Rehabilitation (뇌가소성과 뇌졸중 재활)

  • Kim, Sik-Hyun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2008
  • Purpose : This article reviewed the advances in the understanding of the effect of motor rehabilitation and brain plasticity on functional recovery after CNS damage. Methods : This is literature study with Pubmed, Medline and Science journal. Results : The inability of CNS neurons to regenerate is largely associated with nonneuronal aspects of the CNS environment. Especially, this neuronal growth inhibition is mediated by myelin associated glycoprotein, olygodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein, and NOGO. Enriched environment, motor learning, forced limb use have been utilized in scientific studies to promote functional reorganization and brain plasticity. Especially, enriched environment and motor enrichment may prime the brain to respond more adaptively to injury, in part by expressed neurotrophic factors. Conclusions : These reviews suggest that activity-induced neural plasticity occur in damaged brain areas in order to functional reorganization, where it could contribute to motor recovery, and represent a target for stroke rehabilitation.

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Medial Reorganization of Primary Motor Cortex in Patient with Traumatic Brain Injury: a fMRI Case Study (외상성 뇌손상 환자에서 대뇌피질의 재조직화: 사례보고)

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Kwon, Yong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.421-428
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    • 2005
  • The tenn 'Brain plasticity' has been identified that our central nervous system is continuously being adapted and modulated according to environmental needs and demands, and has been used to encompass the multifarious mechanisms related to learning, development, and recovery from damage to the nervous system. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate cortical reorganization in a 26-year-old right-handed hemiparetic patient with traumatic primary motor cortex (M1) injury, using functional MRI (fMRI). The unaffected (left) primary sensori-motor cortex centered on the precentral knob was activated during unaffected (right) hand movements. However, the medial area of the injured M1 was activated during affected (left) hand movements. It seems that the motor function of the affected hand in this patient was reorganized into the medial area of the injured precentral knob. These investigations provide a great useful information and clinical evidences with the specialized clinician in stroke physical therapy about patient's prognosis and therapeutic guidelines.

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Combination of Transcranial Electro-Acupuncture and Fermented Scutellaria baicalensis Ameliorates Motor Recovery and Cortical Neural Excitability Following Focal Stroke in Rats (경두개 전침과 발효황금 병행 투여가 흰쥐의 허혈성 뇌세포 손상에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Min Sun;Koo, Ho;Choi, Myung Ae;Moon, Se Jin;Yang, Seung Bum;Kim, Jae-Hyo
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.187-202
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : Non-invasive transcranial electrical stimulation is one of therapeutic interventions to change in neural excitability of the cortex. Transcranial electro-acupuncture (TEA) can modulate brain functions through changes in cortical excitability as a model of non-invasive transcranial electrical stimulation. Some composites of fermented Scutellaria baicalenis (FSB) can activate intercellular signaling pathways for activation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor that is critical for formation of neural plasticity in stroke patients. This study was aimed at evaluation of combinatory treatment of TEA and FSB on behavior recovery and cortical neural excitability in rodent focal stroke model. Methods : Focal ischemic stroke was induced by photothrombotic injury to the motor cortex of adult rats. Application of TEA with 20 Hz and $200{\mu}A$ in combination with daily oral treatment of FBS was given to stroke animals for 3 weeks. Motor recovery was evaluated by rotating bean test and ladder working test. Electrical activity of cortical pyramidal neurons of stroke model was evaluated by using multi-channel extracellular recording technique and thallium autometallography. Results : Compared with control stroke group who did not receive any treatment, Combination of TEA and FSB treatment resulted in more rapid recovery of forelimb movement following focal stroke. This combination treatment also elicited increase in spontaneous firing rate of putative pyramidal neurons. Furthermore expression of metabolic marker for neural excitability was upregulated in peri-infract area under thallium autometallography. Conclusions : These results suggest that combination treatment of TEA and FSB can be a possible remedy for motor recovery in focal stroke.

Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training on Motor Skills Recovery in Sciatic Nerve Crush-Induced Rats

  • Kim, Ki-Hyun;Shin, Hyung-Soo;Jung, Nam-Jin;Hwangbo, Gak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2020
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of mild-intensity exercise (MIE) and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) on the recovery of the motor function over time in sciatic nerve crush injury rats. METHODS: The MIE group ran on a treadmill at a speed of 8.3 m/min to perform low-intensity training with maximum oxygen uptakes ranging from 40 to 50%. The HIIE group ran on the treadmill at a speed of 25 m/min to perform high-intensity training with a maximum oxygen uptake of 80%. The interval training was performed based on a 1:1 work-to-rest ratio. The effects of each form of exercise on the rats' walking abilities following their recovery from the peripheral nerve injuries were evaluated based on the results of behavior tests performed at one and 14 days. RESULTS: According to the test results, the MIE group showed significant improvements in the rats' ankle angle in the initial stance phase, and in the ankle and knee angles in the toe-off phase (p<.05). The HIIE group exhibited significant improvements in the ankle and knee angles in the initial stance phase, SFI(p<.05). CONCLUSION: The state of such patients can be improved by applying the results of this study in that MIE and HIIE on a treadmill can contribute to the recovery of the peripheral nerve and motor skill. In particular, MIE is used as a walking functional training in the toe-off stance phase, while HIIE is suitable in the initial stance stage.

Effects of Electroacupuncture on Activity of GOT, GPT, LDH and Functional Recovery in the Motor Injury Rats by the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-hydroxydopamine에 의한 운동손상 흰 쥐에서 전침이 GOT, GPT, LDH 활성도 및 기능회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Mi-Sook;Rho, Min-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.265-272
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : This study was investigated the effect of electroacupuncture stimulation on the change of blood biochemical components in the rat spinal cord injury(SCI) damaged by the 6-hydroxydopamine. Methods : SCI model rats were damaged in L1-L2 injected with 6-hydroxydopamine. The thirty Sprague-Dawley adult male rats were randomly divided into normal group, control group and electroacupuncture group. Experimental groups were applied as electroacupuncture(Es-160, ITO, Japan) for 15minutes during the low frequency(2 Hz) stimulation to zusanli. The enzyme concentration levels analysis of the hematological changes were measured of Glutamate Oxaloacetate Transaminase(GOT), Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase(GPT), Lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) and motor function recovery change was evaluated by the rota-rod test. Results : This study were as follow : The concentration of GOT, LDH in experimental group was lower than control group(p<.05). The experimental group showed increase of motor function recovery more in compared to control group(p<.05). Conclusion : The results of this study showed that electroacupuncture to zusanli point have an effect on functional recovery after the 6-hydroxydopamine induced SCI in rats.

Effect of Visual neglect for hemiplegia to motor recovery (시각무시가 편마비 환자의 운동 기능회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.18-29
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study by examine the effect of visual neglect on hemiplegia motor recovery are showing trouble which can be raised by visual neglect and helping the patient's ADL and functional recovering. Among the patients who are being taken physical therapy in many other hospitals in Busan From February 1st 2002 to august 31st, we chose 20 patients as control group who did not have symptoms of visual neglect and 20 other patients who did have as case group. We used Albert's test and line bisection as visual neglect test, and MAS as motor recovery. The average age of the patient group is 51.55 and that of control is 44.9. The men's rate is higher than women' s in both groups. Although the rate of left hemiplegia is higher than right hemiplegia in case group, that of right hemiplegia is higher than left hemiplegia in control group. There is much lesion site of basal ganglia in case group. There is the most amount of transformation of MAS when visual neglect is shorter than 1.5centimeter. Each change of MAS point before and after therapy in case group and control group is revealed $6.5{\pm}4.37$ and $12.5{\pm}5.95$.

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Surgical versus Conservative Treatment for Lumbar Disc Herniation with Motor Weakness

  • Choi, Hong-Seok;Kwak, Kyung-Woo;Kim, Sang Woo;Ahn, Sang Ho
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2013
  • Objective : The aim of this study is to assess outcomes during first one year for patients with severe motor weakness caused by lumbar disc herniation that underwent surgical or nonsurgical treatment. Methods : The 46 patients with motor weakness because of lumbar disc herniation who were treated at neurosurgical department and rehabilitation in our hospital from 2006 to 2010, retrospectively. Each group had 26 surgical treatments and 20 conservative treatments. We followed up 1, 3, 6 months and 12 month and monitored a Visual Analogue rating Scale (VAS) of back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and degree of motor weakness. We analyzed the differences between surgical and nonsurgical groups using Mann-Whitney U test and repeat measure ANOVA in each follow-up periods. Results : In the recovery of motor weakness, surgical treatment uncovered a rapid functional recovery in the early periods (p=0.003) and no difference between groups at the end of follow-up period was found (p>0.05). In VAS of back and leg, the interaction between time and group was not found (p>0.05) and there was no difference between groups (p>0.05). In ODI, the interaction between time and group was not found (p>0.05) and there was no difference between groups (p>0.05). Conclusion : Surgical treatment for motor weakness caused by herniated intervertebral disc resulted in a rapid recovery in the short-term period, especially 1 month. We think early and proper surgical treatment in a case of motor weakness from disc herniation could be a good way for providing a chance for rapid alleviation.

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Combined with Task Oriented Training to Improve Upper Extremity Function After Stroke

  • Kim, Myoung-Kwon
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.170-173
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in conjunction with task oriented training, on cortical excitability and upper extremity function recovery in stroke patients. This study was conducted with 31 subjects who were diagnosed as a hemiparesis by stroke. Participants in the experimental (16 members) and control groups (15 members) received rTMS and sham rTMS, respectively, during a 10 minutes session, five days per week for four weeks, followed by task oriented training during a 30 minutes session, five days per week for four weeks. Motor cortex excitability was performed by motor evoked potential and upper limb function was evaluated by motor function test. Both groups showed a significant increment in motor function test and amplitude, latency in motor evoked potential compared to pre-intervention (p < 0.05). A significant difference in post-training gains for the motor function test, amplitude in motor evoked potential was observed between the experimental group and the control group (p < 0.05). The findings of the current study demonstrated that incorporating rTMS in task oriented training may be beneficial in improving the effects of stroke on upper extremity function recovery.

A Study of Psychological Distress, Anxiety and Depression on Motor Recovery of Acute Bell's Palsy Patients' Facial Muscle (불안 및 우울이 급성기 벨마비 환자의 안면근 운동기능 회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Eun Seok;Lee, Sang Hoon;Nam, Sang Soo;Kim, Yong Suk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.149-158
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of anxiety and depression on motor recovery of acute Bell's palsy to estimate how much psychological factors affect the clinical prognosis. Methods : A total of 20 inpatients with acute unilateral Bell's palsy within 1 week of onset participated in this study. The severity of participants' facial palsy was measured by Yanagihara(Y-system) score, FDI and House-Brackmann scale at the time of 1 week and 3 weeks from the onset. The motor recovery of acute Bell's palsy is defined as ${\Delta}Y$-system during 2 weeks. Beck anxiety scale(BAI) and the center for epidermiologic studies depression scale(CES-D) were adopted to assess anxiety and depression, respectively. Correlation analysis and linear regression analysis were conducted between ${\Delta}Y$-system and prognostic factors including anxiety and depression. Results : Significant associations were found between ${\Delta}Y$-system and depression(CES-D) but no significant associations were found between ${\Delta}Y$-system and other prognostic factors, hypertension, diabetes, postauricular pain, disgeusia, age, degree of initial palsy and anxiety(BAI). And a regression equation with 0.295 for coefficient of determination was obtained. Through this analysis, the ${\Delta}Y$-system can be predicted using regression equation which cover 29.5 % of depression index(CES-D). Conclusion : Depression is a significant clinical prognostic factor on motor recovery of acute Bell's palsy. So, Bell's palsy treatment should be combined with psychological care and support.