• Title, Summary, Keyword: Motor recovery

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A study on optimum design and high efficiency operation for commutatorless Kramer type slip power recovery system of induction motor (유도전동기의 무정류자 크레므형 슬립전력회수 시스템의 적정설계 및 고효율화 운전에 관한 연구)

  • 유춘식;홍순일;노창주;이형기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 1987
  • In this dissertation, a complete model of commutatorless static Kramer type slip power recovery system of 3.phi. induction motor has been designed and tested in the laboratory, and the experimental results are compared with the numerical values. The main results of this study are summerized as follows. (1) Maintenance and repair of the mechanical commutator is obviated by adopting a thyristor commutator in place of the mechanical commutator in the conventional Kramer system. (2) The experimental results of developed torque, and stator current are generally coincided with the numerical values obtained by the derived equation, proving their validity. (3) This system is simulated and the following operational characteristics are obtained with suitable design values : (a) The speed control range of 7:1 is obtained when the turn ratio of induction motor is lowered to about 3:1 to 4:1 and the generating constant of auxiliary synchronous motor is increased to 120-175 range. (b) Its efficiency can be increased to 75-85%, the range for static Scherbius system and its power factor takes values in the range of 65-85%, which is twice of the range for static Scherbius system.

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A Study on the High Performance Slip Power Recovery System in Induction Motor (유도전동기의 고성능 슬립전력 회수방식에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Han-Ung;Park, Seong-Jin;An, Jin-U;Park, Jin-Gil;Kim, Cheol-U;Hwang, Myeong-Mun
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
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    • v.48 no.8
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    • pp.431-439
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    • 1999
  • Among the variable-speed AC motor drive systems, the static slip power recovery system has been widely adopted in large power drives because a high efficiency drive can be obtained by recovering the slip power to the AC line. Although many improvements have been made in this system, several problems also remain such as the need of transformer in inverter AC side, which results in limiting speed control range and increasing the losses, production of reactive power by the control of inverter firing angle, harmonics in line currents, and so on. This paper presents the novel high performance slip power recovery system using the boost converter and small size filter in the rotor circuit, which recovers slip power of a wound rotor induction machine to AC supply efficiently with the aid of the boost converter, in which most of the problems in conventional system can be solved. The speed can be controlled by the duty ratio of the converter switch, not by inverter firing angle. As a results, the proposed system can operate in high power factor and the harmonic currents caused by the inverter and rectifier can be considerably suppressed. The validity of the proposed system verified by demonstrating the good agreement in the simulation and experimental results.

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Sensory and Motor Behavior Evidences Supporting the Usefulness of Conditioned Medium from Dental Pulp-Derived Stem Cells in Spinal Cord Injury in Rats

  • Asadi-Golshan, Reza;Razban, Vahid;Mirzaei, Esmaeil;Rahmanian, Abdolkarim;Khajeh, Sahar;Mostafavi-Pour, Zohreh;Dehghani, Farzaneh
    • Asian Spine Journal
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.785-793
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    • 2018
  • Study Design: Experimental animal study. Purpose: This study aimed to assess effects of conditioned medium (CM) of dental pulp-derived stem cells loaded in collagen hydrogel on functional recovery following spinal cord injury (SCI). Overview of Literature: SCI affects sensory and motor functions, and behavioral recovery is the most essential purpose of therapeutic intervention. Recent studies have reported that CM from dental pulp-derived stem cells has therapeutic benefits. In addition, collagen hydrogel acts as a drug delivery system in SCI experiments. Methods: Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) were cultured, and SHED-CM was harvested and concentrated. Collagen hydrogel containing SHED-CM was prepared. The rats were divided into five groups receiving laminectomy, compressive SCI with or without intraspinal injection of biomaterials (SHED-CM), and collagen hydrogel with or without SHED-CM. Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scoring, inclined plane, cold allodynia, and beam walk tests were performed for 6 weeks to assess locomotor, motor, sensory, and sensory-motor performances, respectively. Results: Scores of the rats receiving SHED-CM loaded in collagen hydrogel were significantly better than those of the other injured groups at 1-week post-injury for BBB, 2 weeks for inclined plane, 2 weeks for cold allodynia, and 4 weeks for beam walk tests (p<0.05). The differences remained significant throughout the study. Conclusions: Intraspinal administration of SHED-CM loaded in collagen hydrogel leads to improved functional recovery and proposes a cell-free therapeutic approach for SCI.

The Change of the Important Blood Factors According to the Recovery of Motor Function with Ischemic Stroke Patients (허혈성 뇌졸중 환자의 운동기능회복에 따른 중요 혈액인자들의 변화)

  • Kim, Myung-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2008
  • Background: This study had been carried out with 18 ischemic stroke patients as its object for about eight months from October, 2006 to May, 2007 in order to observe the recovery of motor function and the change of important blood factors according to the different quantitative exercises. Methods: Subjects were assigned randomly either experimental group (n=19) or the control group (n=19), when the study began the halfway on this study dropout 20 patients, and final subjects remained experimental group's 9 patients and control group's 9 patients. Both groups received thermotherapy and functional electrical stimulation (FES), also taken different quantitative exercise therapy (experimental group 180 minutes, control group 80 minutes). Subjects were assessed for upper and lower extremities motor function Fugl-Meyer Scale; FMS), blood test (white blood count; WBC, low density lipoprotein -cholesterol; LDL-C, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol; HDL-C, Troponin) during pretest, after 2 months, after 3 months. Results: The results of this study were as follows; 1. FMS has no statistically significant difference with intergroup(p>.05). But there was a statistically significant difference with each groups (p<.05). 2. WBC has no statistically significant difference with intergroup (p>.05). But there was a statistically significant difference in control group (p<.05), without experimental group (p>.05). 3. LDL-C has no statistically significant difference with intergroup (p>.05). But there was a statistically significant difference in control group (p<.05), without experimental group (p>.05). 4. HDL-C has no statistically significant difference with intergroup (p<.05). But there was a statistically significant difference with each groups (p>.05). 5. Troponin Ⅰ has no statistically significant difference with intergroup (p>.05). Also there was no statistically significant difference with each groups (p>.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that different quantitative exercises has no effect on FMS, LDL-C, HDL-C, WBC, Troponin Ⅰ with ischemic stroke patients. But the treatment period that there's less correlation between the recovery of motor function and the different quantitative exercise, also less correlation between the change of important blood factors and the different quantitative exercises with ischemic stroke patients.

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Effects of Yanghyuljanggeungunbo-tang(Yangxuezhuangjinjianbu-tang) and Electrical Acupuncture on the Spinal Nerve Injury and the Motor Function (양혈장근건보탕(養血壯筋健步湯)과 전침의 병용치료가 손상된 척수신경 및 운동기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Sul, Jae-Uk;Chu, Min-Kyu;Kim, Sun-Jong;Choi, Jin-Bong;Shin, Mi-Suk;Kim, Soo-Ik
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Yanghyuljanggeungunbo-tang(Yangxuezhuangjinjianbu-tang, YGKT) and electrical acupuncture treatment in spinal cord injury(SCI)-induced rats. Methods : The subjects were divided into 5 groups ; Normal, Control-no treatment after SCI, Experimental I(Exp. I)-taken with YGKT 500 mg/kg $0.5m{\ell}$ daily after SCI. Experimental II(Exp. II)-taken with electrical acupuncture after SCI and Experimental III(Exp. III)-taken with YGKT 500 mg/kg $0.5m{\ell}$ and electrical acupuncture after SCI. After each operation, the present author observed cytological changes, the motor behavior recovery and nerve regeneration by analysis of the motor behavior tests, EMG, hematological(AST, ALT, WBC), histological and immunological changes. Rats were tested by Motor behavior test at 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th and 21st day. Results : 1. All the experimental groups were improved compared with control group in the motor behavior tests including Tarlov test, Basso-Beattle-Bresnahan locomotor rating scale, modified inclined plane test, open field test, grid walk test and narrow beam test. Especially Exp. III was significantly improved among other groups. 2. In EMG test, H and M wave were significantly increased in Exp. III. 3. All the experimental groups were significantly decreased compared with control group in AST, ALT and WBC. 4. NGF, BDNF and Trk B of spinal cord gray matter in all the experimental groups were increased compared with control group. Especially, Exp. III was more effective. 5. In histological observations, muscle contraction and denaturation of gastrocnemius muscle of all the experimental groups were inhibited. Especially, those of Exp. III was more effective. On the observations of liver and kidney, cell atrophy and apoptosis of all the experimental groups were decreased compared with control group. Especially, those of Exp. III was more effective. Conclusions : It can be suggested that YGKT and electrical acupuncture may improve motor behavior, EMG, hematological, histological and immunological findings in SCI-induced rats. Especially, combination of these two treatments will be somewhat better in spinal nerve recovery and motor function improvement.

Increased Intraoperative Motor Evoked Potentials and Motor Recovery after Spinal Cord Tumor Removal (척수 종양 제거 술 중 운동유발전위의 호전과 근력 호전의 관계)

  • Pyo, Soeun;Park, Yoon Ghil;Park, Jinyoung;Ko, Eu Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean association of EMG-electrodiagnostic medicine
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 2018
  • Objective: To evaluate whether the increase of the amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) during surgery can imply favorable prognosis postoperatively in spinal cord tumor surgery. Method: MEPs were monitored in patients who underwent spinal cord tumor surgery between March 2016 and March 2018. Amplitude changes at the end of monitoring compared to the baselines in limb muscle were analyzed. Minimum and maximum changes were set to $MEP_{min}$ (%) and $MEP_{max}$ (%). Strengths of bilateral 10 key muscles which were documented a day before ($Motor_{pre}$), 48 h ($Motor_{48h}$) and 4 weeks ($Motor_{4wk}$) after the surgery were reviewed. Results: Difference of $Motor_{48h}$ from $Motor_{pre}$ ($Motor_{48h-pre}$) and $Motor_{4wk}$ from $Motor_{pre}$ ($Motor_{4wk-pre}$) positively correlated with $MEP_{min}$, suggesting that smaller the difference of MEPs amplitude, less recovery of muscle strength. There was a negative correlation between the amount of bleeding and $MEP_{min}$, indicating that the greater the amount of bleeding, the smaller the $MEP_{min}$, implying that MEPs amplitude is less likely to improve when the amount of bleeding is large. It also showed significant difference between patients with improved or no change of motor status and patients with motor deterioration after surgery according to anatomical tumor types. Conclusion: Improve of muscle strength was less when the increase of MEPs amplitude was small, and improvement of MEPs amplitude was less when the amount of bleeding was large. Correlation between changes of status of muscle strength after surgery and tumor types was observed. With amplitude increase in MEPs monitoring, restoration of muscle strength can be expected.

Effects of Coptidis Rhizoma on the Anti-inflammation and Motor Recovery in Photothrombotic Brain Infarction Model in Rats (광화학적 뇌경색 백서 모델에서 황련의 항염증 및 운동기능 회복에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Su-Kyung;Lee, In;Shin, Sun-Ho;Kim, Eun-Young;Shin, Byung-Cheul
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.179-189
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : Coptidis Rhizoma (Coptis japonica MAKINO; CR) is a well known crude drug as antimicrobial, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant activity. However, there is no study of the effect of CR on brain infarction and it's mechanism. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on ischemic stroke induced by photothrombotic infarction by evaluating the functional & neuronal recovery after brain infarction. Materials & Methods : Male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 g) were induced photothrombotic brain infarction on sensorimotor cortex, and brain infarction volume by image J software (NIH, USA) after Nissl stain, also single pellet reaching task as a functional motor recovery were observed. After orally pretreated by CR (500 mg/kg) or normal saline as a sham control before 7 days from the time of photothrombotic infarction, rats were sacrificed. After then we analysed anti-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-$\alpha$, IL-6, IL-1$\beta$), by RT-PCR and ELISA method, and immunohistochemistry (GFAP, connexin-43) as a marker of neural plasticity. Results : CR (100, 250, 500 mg/kg) decreased the infarction volume dose-dependently, however the effect of 500mg/kg of CR (CR 500) showed the best (P=0.051). Also, CR 500 decreased the infarction volume time-dependently, the most effective time was 3-7 days after stroke. Photothrombosis increased inflammatory cytokines after infarction, CR 500 suppressed significantly mRNA expression of IL-1$\beta$, IL-6 and TNF-$\alpha$. In serum, CR 500 decreased the amount of IL-1$\beta$, 12h, 24h and 48h respectively (p < 0.05), also decreased that of IL-6 and TNF-$\alpha$, 12h respectively (p < 0.05) after infarction. The more astrocytes were observed and neural plasticity was facilitated in the rat brain of CR 500 than that of sham control in immunohistochemistry. Conclusions : This results suggest that CR decrease infarction volume and improve functional motor recovery in acute stage in photothrombotic ischemic infarction model in the mechanism of anti-inflammation and promoting neural plasticity.

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Electronic Throttle Body Model Allowing for Non-linearity of DC Motor Driver (DC 모터 드라이버의 비선형성을 고려한 전자식 스로틀 바디 모델)

  • Jin, Sung-Tae;Kang, Jong-Jin;Lee, Woo-Taik
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2008
  • This paper proposes an Electronic Throttle Body (ETB) model considering a non-linearity of DC motor driver which is integrated with a H-bridge and a gate driver. A propagation delay and reverse recovery time of switching components cause non-linear characteristic of DC motor driver. This non-linearity affects not only the amateur voltage of DC motor, but also entire behaviour and parameters of ETB. In order to analyze the behavior of ETB more accurately, this non-linear effect of DC motor driver is modeled. The developed ETB model is validated by use of the step response and ramp response experiments, and it shows relatively accurate results compared with linear DC motor driver model.

Effects of Electroacupuncture on the Hemiplegic Upper Extremity after Stroke (중풍 환자의 상지마비에 대한 전침치료의 효과)

  • 류순현;이경섭;김태경;최요섭;윤상필;장종철;문상관;고창남;조기호
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.180-189
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    • 2002
  • Background and Purpose : The hemiplegic upper extremity is affected in many stroke patients, and recovery is often poor. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) in enhancing the upper extremity motor and functional recovery of ischemic stroke patients. Subjects and Methods : Forty ischemic stroke patients (the upper extremity Fugl-Meyer motor scale (FM) score lower than 46, lesion location within middle cerebral artery territory) within 2 weeks of stroke onset were randomly allocated to either an EA group that received EA treatment or a control group that received only routine ward care. The EA was applied at Quchi-Shousanli (LI11-LI10), Waiguan-Hegu (TE5-LI4) points on the hemiparetic side six times per week for 4 weeks. The frequency of stimulation was 25-50Hz and the intensity was set at a level sufficient to induce muscle contraction. EA treatment was given for 30 minutes and all patients of both groups received standard rehabilitation program. Outcomes were assessed, in a blind manner, before treatment began and at 4 weeks after treatment, with the FM, the Motor Power score (MP) for shoulder/elbow, and the subsection of the Modified Barthel Index (MBI) for drinking/feeding/dressing upper body/grooming. Results : These 2 groups had comparable clinical characteristics, lesion location, lesion size, and pretreatment impairment scores. By the end of treatment, the EA group showed significantly more improvement than the control group in the subsection of the FM for shoulder/elbow/coordination (6.4 vs. 3.7; P=0.047) and the MP for shoulder/elbow (5.3 vs. 3.3; P=0.008). The subsection scores of the MBI for drinking/feeding/dressing upper body/grooming were not significantly different between two groups. No adverse effects due to treatment were found Conclusion : These results suggest that EA enhances the upper extremity motor recovery of acute stroke patients. However, this study failed to demonstrate any significant functional benefit related with upper extremity. Future study should be carried out in a larger sample size and use the functional outcome measure that is more specific and sensitive to the upper extremity.

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Effects of Yanghyuljanggeungunbo-tang(Yangxuezhuangjinjianbu-tang) and Cervi Cornu Parvum Pharmaco-Acupuncture on the Motor Function Recovery and Nerve Regeneration in Rats Induced Spinal Cord Injury (양혈장근건보탕(養血壯筋健步湯)과 녹용약침(鹿茸藥鍼)이 척수손상 유발 흰쥐의 운동기능 회복 및 신경재생에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Ji-Yong;Sul, Jae-Uk;Kim, Sun-Jong;Choi, Jin-Bong;Shin, Mi-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.27-49
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Yanghyuljanggeungunbo-tang(Yangxuezhuangjinjianbu-tang) and Cervi Cornu Parvum pharmaco-acupuncture in Spinal Cord Injury(SCI)-induced rats. Methods : The subjects were divided into 5 groups ; Normal, Control no treatment after SCI, Experimental I taken with Yanghyuljanggeungunbo-tang (Yangxuezhuangjinjianbu-tang) 500 mg/kg $0.5m{\ell}$ daily after inducing SCI. Experimental II taken with Cervi Cornu Parvum pharmaco-acupuncture at Taegye(KI3) and $Yangnungch{\acute{o}}n$(GB34) after inducing SCI and Experimental III taken with Yanghyuljanggeungunbo-tang(Yangxuezhuangjinjianbu-tang) 500 mg/kg $0.5m{\ell}$ and Cervi Cornu Parvum pharmaco-acupuncture at KI3 and GB34 to SCI-induced rats. After each operation, the present author observed the motor behavior recovery and nerve regeneration by analysis of the motor behavior tests, EMG, hematological(AST, ALT, WBC), histological and immunological changes. Rats were tested at modified Tarlov test at the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th day, and Motor behavior test at 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th, 21st day. Results : Results are as follows. 1. All the experimental groups were improved compared with control group in the motor behavior tests including Tarlov test, Basso-Beattle-Bresnahan locomotor rating scale, modified inclined plane test, open field test, grid walk test and narrow beam test. Especially Experimental III was improved significantly among other groups. 2. In EMG test, H wave appeared weak only in Experimental III. And M wave was increased significantly in Experimental III. 3. All the experimental groups were significantly decreased compared with control group in serum AST, serum ALT and serum WBC tests. 4. significantly decreased in Tumor Necrosis Factor-${\alpha}$ test compared with the first day of SCI. 5. Muscle contraction and denaturation of all the experimental groups were inhibited in histological observations of gastrocnemius muscle. Especially, those of experimental III was more effective. 6. NGF and BDNF of spinal cord gray matter in all the experimental groups were increased compared with control group. Especially, those of experimental III was more effective. Conclusions : As above, it can be suggested that Yanghyuljanggeungunbo-tang(Yangxuezhuangjinjianbu-tang) and Cervi Cornu Parvum pharmaco-acupuncture may improve motor behavior, EMG, hematological, histological and immunological findings in Spinal Cord Injury(SCI)-induced rats. Especially, effects will be somewhat better in combination of these two treatments.