• Title, Summary, Keyword: Motorized wheel

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A New Multimachine Robust Based Anti-skid Control System for High Performance Electric Vehicle

  • Hartani, Kada;Draou, Azeddine
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.214-230
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents a high performance sensor less control four motorized wheels for electric vehicle. Firstly, we applied a sensor less master-slave DTC based control to both the two in wheel motors by using sliding mode observer for its quick response and its high reliability in electric vehicle application. Secondly, to overcome the possible loss of adherence of one of the four wheels which is likely to destabilize the vehicle a solution is proposed in this paper. Thirdly, a Fuzzy logic anti-skid control structure well adapted to the non-linear system is used to overcome the main problem of power train system in the wheel road adhesion characteristic. Various Simulation results have been include in this paper to show that the proposed control strategy can prevent vehicle sliding and show good vehicle stability on a curved path.

Design of the Motorized Wheel Chair(INMEL-1) Controlled by Response Type Voices (응답형 음성제어 전동 휠체어(INMEL-1)의 설계)

  • 정동명;홍승홍
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.231-240
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    • 1987
  • This Paper introduces a new design of motorized wheel chair for the disabled, which is intended to improve the quality of the disabled's indoor life. This vehicle was based on high manoeuvrability of the omnidirectional drive and saftey. Usually, the vehicle controlled by a joystick but also the voice control system to be prepared for the severely disabled. This voice control system responds to the result of voice recognition, state of system or warning of dangers with voices, which has real time response and 95.3% recognition ratio and satisfactory synthesis voice Quality Therefore this system is able to provide independency in driving and the disabled's daily life.

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The Design of a "Motorized Wheelchair(INMEL-5)" for Loading in the Car (차량 탑재용 전동휠체어(INMEL-5)의 설계(1))

  • 정동명;홍승홍
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 1990
  • The main concepts in the design and construction of an motorized wheelchair for loading in the tar which is intended to drive a disabled to long distance. The wheelchair is basically a powered and folding, so it is designed to motorized manual wheel- chair by modularity method. The wheelchair hrs been installed with a power motor module, battery module, and drive & control module. The goal of this project is to develop a wheelchair that has multifunction and operated disabled who has variety impairment. So we ave currently working. Experimental results of the system approach our purpose, which is improved maneuverability, safety and can be loaded.

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Sensorless Fuzzy Direct Torque Control for High Performance Electric Vehicle with Four In-Wheel Motors

  • Sekour, M'hamed;Hartani, Kada;Draou, Azeddine;Allali, Ahmed
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.530-543
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    • 2013
  • This paper describes a control scheme of speed sensorless fuzzy direct torque control (FDTC) of permanent magnet synchronous motor for electric vehicle (EV). Electric vehicle requires fast torque response and high efficiency of the drive. Speed sensorless FDTC In-wheel PMSM drives without mechanical speed sensors at the motor shaft have the attractions of low cost, quick response and high reliability in electric vehicle application. This paper presents a new approach to estimate the speed of in-wheel electrical vehicles based on Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS). The direct torque control suffers in low speeds due to the effect of changes in stator resistance on the flux measurements. To improve the system performance at low speeds, a PI-fuzzy resistance estimator is proposed to eliminate the error due to changes in stator resistance. High performance sensorless drive of the in-wheel motor based on MRAS with on line stator resistance tuning is established for four motorized wheels electric vehicle and the whole system is simulated by matalb/simulink. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the new control strategy. This proposed control strategy is extensively used in electric vehicle application.

Analysis of Dynamic Behavior for Design Review of the Korean High Speed Prototype Test Train (한국형 고속전철 시제차량 설계검증을 위한 동특성 해석)

  • ;;Johannes Picht
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1232-1240
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    • 2001
  • In this study. a computer simulation of the Korean High Speed Prototype Test Train was performed to investigate the dynamic behavior(running stability. safety and comfort) in detail design process. The simulation model which was prepared by ADAMS/Rail V10.l consists of power car and middle car assembly (2 motorized cars + 3 trailer cars). The nonlinear analysis takes into account the full vehicle model including wheel/rail contact and the influence of disturbed track. Throughout the dynamic calculation of KHST on the straight and the curved track. accelerations in car body. ride comforts and wheel rail forces were investigated.

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A Survey Study on the development of Omni-Wheel Drive Rider Robot with autonomous driving systems for Disabled People and Senior Citizens (자율주행 탑승용 옴니 드라이브 라이더 로봇 개발에 대한 장애인과 고령자의 욕구조사)

  • Rhee, G.M.;Kim, D.O.;Lee, S.C.
    • Journal of rehabilitation welfare engineering & assistive technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2012
  • This study provides development information on Omni-Wheel Drive Rider Robot, futuristic electric scooters, with autonomous driving systems that are used for people including the disabled and senior. Also, it is meaningful in suggesting alternatives to replace motorized wheelchairs or electric scooters for the future. Prior to development of Omni-Wheel Drive Rider Robot with autonomous driving systems, it surveyed 49 people, including 18 people who own electric scooters and 31 senior people who have not. The summary of the survey is as follows. First, inconveniences during riding and exiting and short mileage due and safety driving to problems of recharging batteries are the most urgent task. For these problems, the study shows that charging time of batteries, mileage, armrests, footrests, angle of a seat are the primary considerations. Second, drivers prefer joystick over steering wheels because of convenience in one-handed driving against dangers from footrest and carriageways sloping roads, paving blocks. One-handed driving can reduce driving fatigues with automatic stop systems. Moreover, the study suggests many design factors related to navigation systems, obstacle avoidance systems, omni-wheels, automatic cover-opening systems in rainy.

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The design & implementation of intelligent motorized wheelchair (지능형 전동 휠체어의 설계 및 구현)

  • 강재명;강성인;김정훈;류홍석;김관형;이상배
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.10-13
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    • 2002
  • In this study, we used a 16-bit microprocessor, 80C196KC for a control part in order to develop a multi-functional wheel-chair system, and implemented a joy-stick to control this system. For the complete system, we used a commercial electromotive wheelchair as a basic plant, and applied an encoder to get the rotating number of the motor to transfer data to the MCU to control the motor. We used PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) method to control the wheel-chair motor where a H-bridge circuit was configured. We used the fuzzy control algorithm for the operation of DC motor, which was attached to the electromotive wheelchair and manipulated following the change of the joystick position while a user was controlling the Joystick. He also could control the speed and direction of DC motor as well as control position information.

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Noise Prediction of Korea High Speed Train (KHST) and Specification of Sub-components (한국형 고속전철 차량소음 예측 및 부품 소음관리방안)

  • ;;;H.W. Thrane
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.917-923
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    • 2002
  • KITECH and ODS performed a study of internal and external noise prediction of the KHST test train. The object of this study was 3 kind of cars; trailer car(TT2), motorized car(TM1) and power car(TP1) and the predicted noise was calculated for the two different driving speeds in free field and tunnel conditions. Data of carbody design and noise sources were delivered from each manufactures. Some of noise sources which were not available in project team, were chosen by experiences of ODS. Internal noise level of each car were predicted for two cases i.e, at 300 km/h and 350 km/h. In addition sound transmission path and dominant noise sources were also investigated of each section of car, which is circular shell typed part of whole carbody. In case of TT2, the dominating sound transmission path is floor in terms or structure-borne noise and air-borne noise. The main noise sources are structure-borne noise from the yaw-damper and air-borne noise from the wheel/rail contact, whereas the dominating sound transmission path of TM1 are floor and sidewall below the window in terms of structure-borne noise. The main noise sources of TM1 are structure-borne noise from motor/gear unit and the yaw-damper in the free field, and air-borne noise from the wheel/rail contact and structure-borne noise from motor/gear unit in the tunnel. Through the external noise prediction for the KHST test train formation, the noise form the wheel/rail contact is estimated as one of the major sources. In addition, the noise specification of sub-component was proposed for managing each sub-surpplier to reach the KHST noise requirement. The specification provide the sound power of machinery part and transmission loss of component of carbody structure. The predicted noise level in each case exceeded the required limit. Through this study, the noise characteristics of the test train were investigated by simulation, and then the actual test will be performed in near future. Both measured and calculated data will be compared and further work for noise reduction will be continued.

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Noise Prediction of Korea High Speed Train (KHST) and Specification of Sub-components (한국형 고속전철 차량소음 예측 및 부품 소음관리방안)

  • ;;;H.W. Thrane
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.758-765
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    • 2002
  • KITECH and ODS performed a study of internal and external noise prediction of the Korean high speed prototype test train(HSR 350X). The object of this study was 3 kinds of cars, trailer car(TT2), motorized car(TMI ) and power car(TPI) and the predicted noise was for the two different driving speeds in free field and tunnel conditions. Data of carbody design and noise sources were delivered from manufactures. Some of noise sources which were not available in the project team, were chosen by experiences of ODS. Internal noise level of each car was predicted for two cases i.e, at 300 km/h and 350 km/h. In addition sound transmission path and dominant noise sources were also investigated for each section of the car, which is circular shell typed part of whole carbody. In case of TT2, the dominating sound transmission path is the (floor in terms of structure-borne noise and air-borne noise. The main noise sources are structure-borne noise from the yaw-damper and air-borne noise from the wheel/rail contact, whereas the dominating sound transmission path of TMI are floor and sidewall below the window in terms of structure-borne noise. The main noise sources of TMI are structure-borne noise from motor/gear unit and the yaw-damper in the free field, and air-borne noise from the wheel/rail contact and structure-borne noise from motor/gear unit in the tunnel. Through the external noise prediction for the KHST test train formation, the noise form the wheel/rail contact is estimated as one of the major sources. In addition, the noise specification of sub-component was proposed for managing each sub-surpplier to reach the KHST noise requirement. The specification provide the sound power of machinery part and transmission loss of component of carbody structure. The predicted noise level in each case exceeded the required limit. Through this study, the noise characteristics of the test train were investigated by simulation, and then the actual test will be performed in near future. Both measured and calculated data will be compared and further work for noise reduction will be continued.