• Title, Summary, Keyword: Multi-stress Accelerated Degradation Test

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Evaluation of the Degradation Trend of the Polyurethane Resilient Pad in the Rail Fastening System by Multi-stress Accelerated Degradation Test (복합가속열화시험을 통한 레일체결장치 폴리우레탄 탄성패드의 열화 경향 분석)

  • Sung, Deok-Yong;Park, Kwang-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.466-472
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    • 2013
  • The use of a concrete track is gradually growing in urban and high-speed railways in many part of the world. The resilient pad, which is essentially when concrete tracks are used, plays the important role of relieving the impact caused by train loads. The simple fatigue test[1] to estimate the variable stiffness of resilient pads is usually performed, but it differs depending on the practical conditions of different railways. In this study, the static stiffness levels of used resilient pads according to passing tonnages levels were measured in laboratory tests. Also, the simple fatigue test and the multi-stress accelerated degradation test for new resilient pads were performed in a laboratory. The static stiffness of the used pad was compared with the results of tests of usage times and cycles. The results of the comparison showed that the variable static stiffness levels of the used pad were similar to results of the multi-stress accelerated degradation test considering the fatigue and heat load. With a T-NT equation related to the degree of the multi-stress accelerated degradation, a model of multi-stress accelerated degradation for a resilient pad was devised. It was found through this effort that the total acceleration factor was approximately 2.62. Finally, this study proposes an equation for a multi-stress accelerated degradation model for polyurethane resilient pads.

Multiple accelerated degradation test and failure analysis for $Ni-BaTiO_3$ MLCCs ($Ni-BaTiO_3$ MLCCs에 대한 복합 가속 열화 시험 및 고장 분석)

  • Kim, Jung-Woo;Kim, Jin-Seong;Lee, Hee-Soo;Kang, Do-Won;Kim, Jeong-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.102-105
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    • 2009
  • The accelerated life time test of the MLCCs with different $BaTiO_3$ particle sizes were conducted at $150^{\circ}C$, 75 V condition and the effect of $BaTiO_3$ particle size on the breakdown voltage and degradation characteristics of MLCCs was investigated. The MLCCs were prepared by using the $BaTiO_3$ particles having the size of $0.525{\mu}m$, $0.555{\mu}m$, $0.580{\mu}m$ and Ni-electrode, respectively. The MLCCs which have the particle size of $0.525{\mu}m$, $0.555{\mu}m$, and $0.580{\mu}m$, respectively were confirmed to meet the standard requirements of X5R(change capacitance within ${\pm}15%$ at $-55{\sim}85^{\circ}C$) by TCC(Temperature Coefficient of Capacitance). The effect of the $BaTiO_3$ particle size on the insulation resistance behavior of MLCCs was confirmed by BDV(Breakdown Voltage) measurements and the cause and degree of degradation of MLCCs were characterized by XPS analysis after the accelerated life test. The MLCCs with $0.525{\mu}m-BaTiO_3$ showed better insulation resistance and BDV characteristics compare to other MLCCs and XPS analysis revealed that the MLCCs degradation is caused by the NiO peak and $BaTiO_3$ peak decrease.