• Title, Summary, Keyword: Multiplex allele specific PCR

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Rapid differentiation of Hanwoo and Holstein meat using multiplex allele specific polymerase chain reaction protocols (Multiplex allele specific PCR 방법을 이용한 한우고기와 젖소고기의 신속한 판별)

  • Koh, Ba-Ra-Da
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.351-357
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    • 2005
  • Here I describe a multiplex allele specific PCR-based approach for the rapid detection between Hanwoo and Holstein meat associated with Melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene. Specific and universal oligonucleotide primers were used in combination to detect the presence of a single nucleotide polymorphism within the bovine MC1R DNA sequence. The presence of the bovine MC1R gene is indicated by the production of a single control PCR product, whilst positive samples generate an alternative smaller specific product over the same region. The mutations in MC1R104 codon revealed depending on the presence or absence of an indicative fragment amplified from the wild-type allele of this codon. As little as 0.39 ng and 1.56 ng of genomic DNA of Hanwoo and Holstein could be detected by MAS-PCR assay, respectively. This technique, which is widely used in human genetic screening, provides a reliable and sensitive result that has not been documented for the identification of bovine coat color. The MAS-PCR assay approach was proven to be useful in complementing routine beef DNA analysis for differentiation of these MC1R variants and it would facilitate the screening of deceiving sales of Holstein meat in the butcher shop.

Individual Identification using The Multiplex PCR with Microsatellite Markers in Swine

  • Kim, Lee-Kung;Park, Chang-Min;Park, Sun-Ae;Kim, Seung-Chang;Chung, Hoyoung;Chai, Han-Ha;Jeong, Gyeong-Yong;Choi, Bong-Hwan
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.205-211
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    • 2013
  • The swine is one of the most widespread mammalian throughout the whole world. Presently, many studies concerning microsatellites in swine, especially domestic pigs, have been carried out in order to investigate general diversity patterns among either populations or breeds. Until now, a lot of time and effort spend into a single PCR method. But simple and more rapid multiplex PCR methods have been developed. The purpose of this study is to develop a robust set of microsatellites markers (MS marker) for traceability and individual identification. Using multiplex-PCR method with 23 MS marker divided 2 set, various alleles occurring to 5 swine breed (Berkshire, Landrace, Yorkshire, Duroc and Korea native pig) used markers to determine allele frequency and heterozygosity. MS marker found 4 alleles at SW403, S0227, SWR414, SW1041 and SW1377. The most were found 10 alleles at SW1920. Heterozygosity represented the lowest value of 0.102 at SWR414 and highest value of 0.861 at SW1920. So, it was recognized appropriate allele frequency for individual identification in swine. Using multiplex-PCR method, MS markers used to determine individual identification biomarker and breed-specific marker for faster, more accurate and lower analysis cost. Based on this result, a scientific basis was established to the existing pedigree data by applying genetics additionally. Swine traceability is expected to be very useful system and be conducted nationwide in future.

Paternity Diagnosis using The Multiplex PCR with Microsatellite Markers in Dogs

  • Kim, Seung-Chang;Jang, Hong-Chul;Kim, Lee-Kyung;Lim, Da-Jeong;Lee, Seung-Hwan;Cho, Yong-Min;Kim, Tae-Hun;Seong, Hwan-Hoo;Oh, Sung-Jong;Choi, Bong-Hwan
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.399-405
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    • 2011
  • The number of abandoned dogs is increasing with the worsening of the economy and the rising of feed value. It was becoming a serious social problem because of the disease transmission and destruction of natural ecosystems by abandoned dogs been wild animal. In order to solve these problems, companion dogs necessary to secure its own genetic information and to establish the systematic tracking system. Using multiplex-PCR method with 27 microsatellite marker (MS marker) divided 3 set, various alleles occurring to 6 dog breed (Labrador Retriever, German Shepherd, English Springer Spaniel, Belgian Malinois, Jindo Dog, PoongSan Dog) make use of markers to determine allele frequency and heterozygosity. MS marker FH2834 and FH2790 have only two allele and most were found in 13 alleles at FH3381 and FH3399. Average heterozygosity of MS marker is 0.534 and especially, heterozygosity represented the highest value of 0.765 at FH3381. So, it was recognized appropriate allele frequency for individual identification and paternity diagnosis in companion dogs. Using multiplex-PCR method with MS marker, various alleles occurring to dog breed make use of markers to deter mine individual identification and paternity diagnosis, traits associated biomarkers and breed-specific marker for faster, more accurate and ways to reduce the analysis cost. Based on this result, a scientific basis was established to the existing pedigree data by applying genetics additionally. Animal registration system is expected to be conducted nationwide in future. The method expects to very useful this system.

Rapid Origin Determination of the Northern Mauxia Shrimp (Acetes chinensis) Based on Allele Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction of Partial Mitochondrial 16S rRNA Gene

  • Kang, Jung-Ha;Noh, Eun-Soo;Park, Jung-Youn;An, Chel-Min;Choi, Jung-Hwa;Kim, Jin-Koo
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.568-572
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    • 2015
  • Acetes chinensis is an economically important shrimp that belongs to the Sergestidae family; following fermentation, A. chinensis' economic value, however, is low in China, and much of the catch in China is exported to Korea at a low price, thus leading to potential false labeling. For this reason, we developed a simple method to identify A. chinensis' origin using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified from partial (i.e., 570 bp) DNA sequence analysis of the mitochondrial 16s rRNA gene in 96 Korean and 96 Chinese individual shrimp. Among 10 SNP sites, four sites were observed in populations from both countries, and two sites located in the middle with SNP sites at their 3'-ends were used to design allele-specific primers. Among the eight internal primers, the C220F primer specific to the Chinese A. chinensis population amplified a DNA fragment of 364 bp only from that population. We were able to identify the A. chinensis population origin with 100% accuracy using multiplex PCR performed with two external primers and C220F primers. These results show that the 16S rRNA gene that is generally used for the identification of species can be used for the identification of the origin within species of A. chinensis, which is an important finding for the fair trade of the species between Korea and China.

Discrimination of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) cultivar Chunpoong and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) using the auxin repressed protein gene

  • Kim, Jong-Hak;Kim, Min-Kyeoung;Wang, Hongtao;Lee, Hee-Nyeong;Jin, Chi-Gyu;Kwon, Woo-Saeng;Yang, Deok-Chun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.395-399
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    • 2016
  • Background: Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng) is one of the most important medicinal plants in the Orient. Among nine cultivars of P. ginseng, Chunpoong commands a much greater market value and has been planted widely in Korea. Chunpoong has superior quality "Chunsam" ($1^{st}$ grade ginseng) when made into red ginseng. Methods: A rapid and reliable method for discriminating the Chunpoong cultivar was developed by exploiting a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the auxin repressed protein gene of nine Korean ginseng cultivars using specific primers. Results: An SNP was detected between Chunpoong and other cultivars, and modified allele-specific primers were designed from this SNP site to specifically identify the Chunpoong cultivar and P. quinquefolius via multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Conclusion: These results suggest that great impact to prevent authentication of precise Chunpoong and other cultivars using the auxin repressed protein gene. We therefore present an effective method for the authentication of the Chunpoong cultivar of P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius.

PCR Technique for Determining Jeju Black Cattle, Hanwoo and Imported Beef (흑한우와 한우 및 수입우를 판별하기 위한 multiplex PCR 기술)

  • Kim, Chan-Su;Ko, Jung-Moon;Cha, Hyeon-Cheol;Park, Joong Kook;Jeong, Joon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.910-914
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    • 2014
  • For the identification of the Jeju black cattle, Hanwoo and imported beef, we performed a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) associated with microsatellite (MS) and melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene. The MC1R gene plays an important role in regulation of the melanin synthesis within mammalian melanocytes. MC1R encoded by extension (E) locus was almost fixed with recessive red e allele in the Hanwoo. We estimated that the specific genotypes ($E^+/E^+$, $E^+/e$) of MC1R gene were characteristic genotypes of Jeju black cattle. But the PCR products resulted from using the MC1R gene derived primers only are not sufficient to identify Jeju black cattle from other relatives. We performed two times of successive multiplex PCR to provide a more accurate result for the identification of Jeju black cattle. The results suggest that two types of successive multiplex PCR methods using MC1R gene and Microsatellite derived primer set will be more useful to identification of Jeju black cattle, Hanwoo and imported beef.

CYP1A1 (Ile462Val), CYP1B1 (Ala119Ser and Val432Leu), GSTM1 (null), and GSTT1 (null) Polymorphisms and Bladder Cancer Risk in a Turkish Population

  • Berber, Ufuk;Yilmaz, Ismail;Yilmaz, Omer;Haholu, Aptullah;Kucukodaci, Zafer;Ates, Ferhat;Demirel, Dilaver
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.3925-3929
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    • 2013
  • We aimed to investigate bladder cancer risk with reference to polymorphic variants of cytochrome p450 (CYP) 1A1, CYP1B1, glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1, and GSTT1 genes in a case control study. Polymorphisms were examined in 114 bladder cancer patients and 114 age and sex-matched cancer-free subjects. Genotypes were determined using allele specific PCR for CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 genes, and by multiplex PCR and melting curve analysis for GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes. Our results revealed a statistically significant increased bladder cancer risk for GSTT1 null genotype carriers with an odds ratio of 3.06 (95% confidence interval=1.39-6.74, p=0.006). Differences of CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and GSTM1 genotype frequencies were not statistically significant between patients and controls. However, the specific combination of GSTM1 null, GSTT1 null, and CYP1B1 codon 119 risk allele carriers and specific combination of GSTM1 present, GSTT1 null, and CYP1B1 432 risk allele carriers exhibited increased cancer risk in the combined analysis. We did not observe any association between different genotype groups and prognostic tumor characteristics of bladder cancer. Our results indicate that inherited absence of GSTT1 gene may be associated with bladder cancer susceptibility, and specific combinations of GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP1B1 gene polymorphisms may modify bladder cancer risk in the Turkish population, without any association being observed for CYP1A1 gene polymorphism and bladder cancer risk.

A Color-Reaction-Based Biochip Detection Assay for RIF and INH Resistance of Clinical Mycobacterial Specimens

  • Xue, Wenfei;Peng, Jingfu;Yu, Xiaoli;Zhang, Shulin;Zhou, Boping;Jiang, Danqing;Chen, Jianbo;Ding, Bingbing;Zhu, Bin;Li, Yao
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.180-189
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    • 2016
  • The widespread occurrence of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis places importance on the detection of TB (tuberculosis) drug susceptibility. Conventional drug susceptibility testing (DST) is a lengthy process. We developed a rapid enzymatic color-reaction-based biochip assay. The process included asymmetric multiplex PCR/templex PCR, biochip hybridization, and an enzymatic color reaction, with specific software for data operating. Templex PCR (tem-PCR) was applied to avoid interference between different primers in conventional multiplex-PCR. We applied this assay to 276 clinical specimens (including 27 sputum, 4 alveolar lavage fluid, 2 pleural effusion, and 243 culture isolate specimens; 40 of the 276 were non-tuberculosis mycobacteria specimens and 236 were M. tuberculosis specimens). The testing process took 4.5 h. A sensitivity of 50 copies per PCR was achieved, while the sensitivity was 500 copies per PCR when tem-PCR was used. Allele sequences could be detected in mixed samples at a proportion of 10%. Detection results showed a concordance rate of 97.46% (230/236) in rifampicin resistance detection (sensitivity 95.40%, specificity 98.66%) and 96.19% (227/236) in isoniazid (sensitivity 93.59%, specificity 97.47%) detection with those of DST assay. Concordance rates of testing results for sputum, alveolar lavage fluid, and pleural effusion specimens were 100%. The assay provides a potential choice for TB diagnosis and treatment.

Development of a single-nucleotide-polymorphism marker for specific authentication of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng Meyer) new cultivar "G-1"

  • Yang, Dong-Uk;Kim, Min-Kyeoung;Mohanan, Padmanaban;Mathiyalagan, Ramya;Seo, Kwang-Hoon;Kwon, Woo-Saeng;Yang, Deok-Chun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2017
  • Background: Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng) is a well-known medicinal plant of Oriental medicine that is still in practice today. Until now, a total of 11 Korean ginseng cultivars with unique features to Korean ginseng have been developed based on the pure-line-selection method. Among them, a new cultivar namely G-1 with different agricultural traits related to yield and content of ginsenosides, was developed in 2012. Methods: The aim of this study was to distinguish the new ginseng cultivar G-1 by identifying the unique single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at its 45S ribosomal DNA and Panax quinquefolius region than other Korean ginseng cultivars using multiplex amplification-refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). Results: A SNP at position of 45S ribosomal DNA region between G-1, P. quinquefolius, and the other Korean ginseng cultivars was identified. By designing modified allele-specific primers based on this site, we could specifically identified G-1 and P. quinquefolius via multiplex PCR. The unique primer for the SNP yielded an amplicon of size 449 bp in G-1 cultivar and P. quinquefolius. This study presents an effective method for the genetic identification of the G-1 cultivar and P. quinquefolius. Conclusion: The results from our study shows that this SNP-based approach to identify the G-1 cultivar will be a good way to distinguish accurately the G-1 cultivar and P. quinquefolius from other Korean ginseng cultivars using a SNP at 45S ribosomal DNA region.

Diagnosis of human genetic mutations based on DNA microarray technology

  • Park, Hyun-Gyu
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.17-17
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    • 2005
  • In this presentation, we will discuss several recent achievements developed in my laboratory for microarray-based diagnosis of human genetic mutations including HNF-1 and BRCA1 mutations. To determine the presence of the genetic mutations in a human sample, we prepared allele-specific oligonucleotide chips from selected mutation sites and generated target probes using a tow-step method for Cy-3 DNA $samples^{1)}$ or in vitro transcription of promoter-tagged PCR products for Cy-3 RNA $samples^{2)}$. Hybridization of the target probes to the chips successfully identified all of the genotypes for the tested sites. For more reliable diagnosis, we also employed single base extension (SBE) reaction and zip-code microarray technique for our strategy. Particularly we developed an efficient PNA zip-code microarray for the detection of $HNF-1{\alpha}$ $mutations^{3)}$. Using multiplex SBE reactions and zip-code strategy, we were able to correctly diagnose several mutation sites in exon 2 of $HNF-1{\alpha}$ with a wild-type and mutant including a MODY3 patient. These works represent successful applications of DNA microarray technology for the diagnosis of human genetic mutations.

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