• Title, Summary, Keyword: Municipal Solid Waste Management

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Municipal solid waste management in Aba, Nigeria: Challenges and prospects

  • Ezechi, Ezerie Henry;Nwabuko, Chima George;Enyinnaya, Ogbonna Chidi;Babington, Chibunna John
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 2017
  • Solid waste disposal and management is a critical problem in Nigeria. Annually, a huge quantity of municipal solid waste is generated in Aba. Municipal solid waste disposal in Aba poses severe challenge to environmental safety, public health and welfare of citizens. The situation is made worse by the indiscriminate dumping of refuse at roadsides, streets, waterways and empty lands. The impact of this waste management practice in Aba is environmental deterioration. Efforts to improve waste management in Aba have not recorded significant success. This paper therefore aims to highlight the challenges facing the waste management sector in Aba and proffer solutions on how to improve the sector.

A comprehensive optimization model for integrated solid waste management system: A case study

  • Paul, Koushik;Chattopadhyay, Subhasish;Dutta, Amit;Krishna, Akhouri P.;Ray, Subhabrata
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.220-237
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    • 2019
  • Solid waste management (SWM) is one of the poorly rendered services in developing countries - limited resources, increasing population, rapid urbanization and application of outdated systems leads to inefficiency. Lack of proper planning and inadequate data regarding solid waste generation and collection compound the SWM problem. Decision makers need to formulate solutions that consider multiple goals and strategies. Given the large number of available options for SWM and the inter-relationships among these options, identifying SWM strategies that satisfy economic or environmental objectives is a complex task. The paper develops a mathematical model for a municipal Integrated SWM system, taking into account waste generation rates, composition, transportation modes, processing techniques, revenues from waste processing, simulating waste management as closely as possible. The constraints include those linking waste flows and mass balance, processing plants capacity, landfill capacity, transport vehicle capacity and number of trips. The linear programming model integrating different functional elements was solved by LINGO optimization software and various possible waste management options were considered during analysis. The model thus serves as decision support tool to evaluate various waste management alternatives and obtain the least-cost combination of technologies for handling, treatment and disposal of solid waste.

Modeling the socio-economic waste generation factors: A case study of Faridabad (Haryana State, India)

  • Satija, Ajay;Singh, Dipti;Singh, Vinai Kumar
    • Proceedings of the Jangjeon Mathematical Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.689-701
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    • 2018
  • Municipal Solid Waste Management is an extremely complex task especially in Metropolitan cities. An accurate planning is required for its sustainable development. Such planning requires waste generated data as well as waste collected data. A number of socioeconomic factors are responsible for its generation. The aim of present research is to establish various significant correlations between socioeconomic factors such as population, urban population, literacy rate, per capita income and municipal solid waste (MSW) by regression analysis. The study is based on waste collected data of fastest growing metropolitan city Faridabad (Haryana State, India). The significant correlations between socioeconomic factors and MSW have been validated by p-value (< 0.05), high value of adjusted $R^2$ and minimum values of root mean square error (RMSE). Further the time series analysis has been performed to forecast the waste (collection) up to year 2019. The present study would be extremely beneficial for waste management authorities as well as policy makers of Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF).

Appropriate Technologies for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Bantayan Island, Philippines

  • Yu, Kwang Sun;Thriveni, Thenepalli;Jang, Changsun;Whan, Ahn Ji
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2017
  • In general, solid waste arises from lots of human activities such as domestic, agricultural, industrial, commercial, waste water treatment, construction, and mining activities etc. If the waste is not properly disposal and treated, it will have a negative impact to the environment, and hygienic conditions in urban areas and pollute the air with greenhouse gases (GHG), ground water, as well as the soil and crops. In this paper, the Carbon Resources Recycling Appropriate Technology Center feasibility studies are reported at Bantayan Island, Philippines on the municipal solid waste management. The present objective of our study is to characterize the municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash and case study of MSWI production status in Bantayan, Philippines. Currently, wide variety of smart technologies available for MSWI management in developed countries. Recycling is the other major alternative process for MSWI landfill issues. In this paper, the feasibility studies of applied appropriate technologies for the municipal solid waste generation in Bantayan Island, Philippines are reported.

Characterization of household solid waste and current status of municipal waste management in Rishikesh, Uttarakhand

  • Rawat, Suman;Daverey, Achlesh
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2018
  • The municipal solid waste (MSW) management system in one of the Class II Indian cities i.e. Rishikesh was studied and analysed to identify the key issues in solid waste management in the city. A total of 329 solid waste samples from 47 households were collected to characterize the household solid waste (HSW). The average (HSW) generation rate was 0.26 kg/c/d and it was composed of organic waste (57.3%), plastics (14%), paper (10.9%), and glass and ceramic (1.3%) and other materials (16.5%). There was an inverse relationship between household waste generation rate and family size (p < 0.05). The MSW management system practiced in Rishikesh is unsound. There is no waste segregation at source, no provisions of composting and no recycling by formal sector. The collection and transportation of waste is inadequate and inappropriate. Collected waste is dumped in open dumping site without scientific management. Following are some recommendations for developing a sustainable solid waste management system in Rishikesh city: (1) sensitize people for segregation at source; (2) promote reduction, reuse and recycling of wastes; (3) promote community based composting; (4) provision for 100% door to door collection and; (5) formalize the informal sectors such as rag pickers and recycling industries.

Municipal Solid Waste Management: Challenges and Opportunities in Nepal

  • Gurung, Anup;Oh, Sang-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.421-427
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    • 2012
  • Nepal is one of the least urbanized countries in the world where more than 80% of the total population live in rural areas. In recent years, the rate of urbanization became rampant which ultimately accelerated immense pressure on municipal services, especially on managing the ever increasing amount of wastes. Due to lack of technology, infrastructure and financial capacity management of increasing amount of solid waste has become a major challenge in municipalities of Nepal. The indiscriminate dumping of solid wastes already affected the urban environment by creating a serious occupational health and environmental hazard to the vicinity of the dumping sites. However, there is great possibility of recovering methane from the landfill sites since the typical Nepalese municipal solid waste contains more than 65% of organic wastes. Despite having enormous potential of generating electricity from hydropower, Nepal is facing acute shortage of energy. Therefore, comprehensive scientific research and development is necessary for making solid waste to environmentally friendly by converting waste to the energy.

Methane emission from municipal solid waste dumpsites: A case study of Chennai city in India

  • Srinivasan, Pavithrapriya;Andimuthu, Ramachandran;S.N., Ahamed Ibrahim;Ramachandran, Prasannavenkatesh;Rajkumar, Easwari;Kandasamy, Palanivelu
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2020
  • The indiscriminate growth in global population poses a threat to the world in handling and disposal of Municipal solid waste. Rapid urban growth increases the production, consumption and generation of Municipal solid waste which leads to a drastic change in the environment. The methane produced from the Municipal Solid waste accounts for up to 11% global anthropogenic emissions, which is a major cause for global warming. This study reports the methane emission estimation using IPCC default, TNO, LandGEM, EPER and close flux chamber from open dump yards at Perungudi and Kodungaiyur in Chennai, India. The result reveals that the methane emission using close flux chamber was in the range of 8.8 Gg/yr-11.3 Gg/yr and 6.1Gg/yr to 9.1 Gg/yr at Kodungaiyur and Perungudi dump yard respectively. The per capita waste generation was estimated based on waste generation and population. The waste generation potential was projected using linear regression model for the period 2017-2050. The trend of CH4 emission in the actual field measurement were increased every year, similarly the emission trend also increased in IPCC default method (mass balance approach), EPER Germany (zero order decay model) where as TNO and Land GEM (first order decay model) were decreased. The present study reveals that Kodungaiyur dump yard is more vulnerable to methane emission compared to Perungudi dump yard and has more potential in waste to energy conversion mechanisms than compare to Perungudi dump yard.

Systematic investigation of heavy metals from MSWI fly ash and bottom ash samples

  • Ramakrishna., CH;Thriveni., T;Ahn, Ji Whan
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2017
  • Disposal of municipal solid waste has become a major problem in many countries around the world. As landfill space for the disposal of ash from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) becomes scarce, numerous reports and researches address the various environmental issues about the municipal solid waste incineration waste management and other particulate matters with the range of 10 ~ 2.5. Although in many developing and industrialization countries landfill with the disposal of municipal solid waste, open incineration has become a common practice. Large municipal waste incinerators are major industrial facilities and have the potential to be significant sources of environmental pollution. Despite the significant volume reduction from incineration, waste recycling is important to ensuring the future welfare of mankind. The main goal of the present work is the physical and chemical characterization of the local incineration bottom ash towards its eventual re-utilization. In this paper, we reported the studies on physical and chemical characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash and bottom ash containing particulate matter whose particulate sizes are lower than $PM_{10}$, $PM_{2.5}$ and heavy metal were investigated.

The review of municipal solid waste management in Nigeria: the current trends

  • Iorhemen, Oliver T.;Alfa, Meshach I.;Onoja, Sam B.
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.237-249
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    • 2016
  • The management of municipal solid waste (MSW) is essential for every community; and, it is currently a major challenge in Nigeria. This paper provides an overview of the current MSW management trends in Nigeria and proposes new sustainable MSW management systems. Across Nigerian cities, MSW management is characterized by inefficient collection and transportation to disposal sites. Collection services do not reach some unplanned areas and slums due to poor street network. Even some planned areas are not reached by collection services. The informal sector contributes to waste collection, resource recovery and recycling; however, their activities are not recognized by the governments. Markets exist for recovered materials but more efforts need to be geared towards intensive recovery of materials and expansion of these markets. Despite the high proportion of putrescible matter in MSW, the only form of treatment commonly used currently is open burning for volume reduction. The high organic fraction presents a great opportunity for composting and anaerobic digestion. Ultimate disposal is currently done in open dumpsites. This needs to be upgraded to engineered landfills that are properly sited and adequately operated by well trained personnel. There is an emerging waste stream of concern, electronic-waste (e-waste), that requires urgent sustainable management as e-waste are currently co-disposed with other waste streams or burnt in the open posing detrimental health impacts.

A Study on the Regionalization of the Municipal Solid Waste Management System Using a Mathematical Programming Model (수리계획모형을 활용한 대도시 폐기물 관리 시스템의 광역화 운영 계획에 관한 연구)

  • 김재희;김승권;이용대
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.65-76
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    • 2003
  • The increased environmental concerns and the emphasis on recycling are gradually shifting the orientation of municipal solid waste (MSW) management. This paper is designed to evaluate regionalization programs for MSW management system. We developed a mixed intiger network programming (MIP) model to identify environment-friendly, cost-effective expansion plans for regionalization scenarios considered. The MIP model is a dynamic capacity expansion model based on the network flow model that depicts the MSW management cycle. In particular, our model is designed to determine the optimal form of regionalization using binary variables. We apply this model to assess the regionalization program of Seoul Metropolitan City, which includes three scenarios such as 1) districting, 2) regionalization with neighboring self-governing districts, and 3) g1obalization with all districts. We demonstrate how our model can be used to plan the MSW system. The results indicate that optimal regionalization with nearby self-governing districts can eliminate unnecessary landfills and expansions if jurisdictional obstacles are removed.