• Title, Summary, Keyword: Musca domestica

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Insecticidal activity of native plant extracts against Culix pipiens pallens and Musca domestica (자생식물 추출물의 모기 및 집파리에 대한 살충활성)

  • Kyung, Suk-Hun;Yoon, Young-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.46-50
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    • 1999
  • Methanol extracts of 9 kinds of native medicinal plants(Taraxacum platycarpum, leaf; Pinus densiflora, leaf; Artemisia prinseps, leaf; Allium tuberosum, leaf; Cassia obtussifolia, whole; Sophora angestifolia, root; Stemonae sessilifolia, root; Lonicera japonica stem, leaf, flower; and Clivia miniata) were investigated for insecticidal effect. Methanol extracts of Pinus densiflora leaves and Sophora angestifolia radix showed relatively good insecticidal activity against Culex pipiens pallens larvae. Strong larvicidal activity against the Musca domestica larvae was produced from methanol extracts of Taraxacum platycarpum leaves and Allium tuberosom leaves. while Stemonae radix showed moderate activity. All materials tested revealed little or weak insecticidal activity against M. domestica adults.

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Biological Control Efficacy of an Entomopathogenic Nematode, Heterorhabditis megidis, Against Housefly, Musca domestica, and Flower Beetle, Gametis jucunda (메기디스 곤충병원선충(Heterorhabditis megidis)을 이용한 집파리와 풀색꽃무지의 생물적 방제 효과)

  • Kang Sangjin;Han Sang-Chan;Choi Kyunghee;Lee Soonwon;Kim Yonggyun
    • The Korean Journal of Soil Zoology
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    • v.8 no.1_2
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2003
  • An endemic entomopathogenic nematode, Heterorhabditis megidis, was evaluated by its control efficacies against housefly, Musca domestica, and flower beetle, Gametis jucunda. In Petri-dish assay, the pathogenicity of H. megidis showed 456.4 infective juveniles/larva (IJs/larva) in median lethality (LC$_{50}$) against the second instar larvae of M. domestica and 238.9 IJs/larva against the second instar larvae of G. jucunda. This was contrasted with those of the other well-known entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema carpocapsae, which showed 115.9 IJs/larva against M. domestica and 388.6 IJs/larva against G. jucunda. In field experiment, H. megidis were applied per square meter of pork farm with 1,000,000 IJs of H. megidis or apple orchard with 370,000 IJs, which were infested with M. domestica or G. jucunda, respectively. H. megidis showed 56.9% and 57.3% of control efficacies against M. domestica and G. jucunda, respectively. These results suggest a promising control technique in the field using H. megidis against M. domestica and G. jucunda.a.

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Effects of some insect growth regulators on adult and egg viability of the house fly, Musca domestica L. applied via larval medium (유충의 먹이에 처리한 IGR계 살충제가 집파리의 성충과 부화율에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chung-Gyoo;Kim, Doo-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.78-83
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    • 1999
  • Sublethal effects of imidacloprid (30 and 100 ppm) and insect growth regulators; flufenoxuron (3 and 10 ppm), triflumuron (10 ppm), and teflubenzuron (3 ppm), were tested by treatment via larval rearing medium of a housefly, Musca domestica, in laboratory. Pupal weight was significantly reduced by treatment to the 3rd larvae with high concentrations of imidacloprid (100 ppm) and flufenoxuron (10 ppm), and the adults that survived the flufenoxuron 10 ppm treatment deposited significantly fewer eggs compared with controls and other treatments. Adult longevity and egg viability, however, were not affected by any of the treatments.

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Resistance of Larvae Houseflies to Insecticide in Korea (집파리 (Musca domestica L.) 유충에 대(對)한 몇가지 살충제 저항성연구(抵抗性硏究))

  • Lee, W.H.;Yoo, Y.H.;Bin, S.D
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.47-49
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    • 1970
  • Laboratory susceptibility tests with various insecticides against houseflies(Musca domestica L.) were simultaneously conducted with larvae. As a result of these experment the following conclusion has been obtained. 1. The relative ratio to various insecticidal effects were naled>DDVP>diazinon>${\gamma}-BHC$>malathion>dieldrin>DDT in houseflies larvae. 2. It was noted that resistance to various insecticides in larvae was in proportion to resistance in adults.

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Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Chirosia Rondani (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in Korea (한국산 양치꽃파리속의 분류학적 재검토)

  • Suh, Sang-Jae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.1031-1035
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, a total of 11 species of the genus Chirosia are treated. Among them, a species, Chirosia flavipennis (Fallen, 1823), is newly added to Korean fauna. The keys to Korean species, host plants and domestic localities are given. Some illustrations of male genitalic features are included. The cladistic analysis of the Korean species is performed using Musca domestica (Muscidae), Scathophaga stercoraria (Scathophagidae), Delia platura (Anthomyiidae) and Anthomyia angulata (Anthomyiidae) as outgroups.

Linkage Group Analysis of Profenofos Resistance in the Housefly(Diptera: Mucsidae) (Profenofos에 대한 집파리(Musca domestica L.) 저항성 유전자의 연쇄군 해석)

  • 박정규;정야준부;안용준
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 1996
  • The profenofos-resistant P-Pro strain of house fly (Muscn domestica L.) was derived from the pyraclofos-resistant strain by selecting with profenofos for 7 generations. The resistance was shown to be incompletely dominant by the reciprocal crosses between the resistant and susceptible strains. Linkage group analysis for the dominant factor responsible for this resistance was carried out by the F, male-backcross method, using susceptible multi-chromosomal marker strain. The major factors for profenofos resistance were located on the second and the fifth chromosome and the other chromosomes had a little effect on the development of this resistance. The male determining factor (M) was linked to the third chromosome in this strain.

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Effect on Egg Hatch Inhibition of Benzoylphenylureas Treated to Different Aged House Fly, Musca Domestica L. (발육시기가 다른 집파리 성충에 처리한 BPUs계 살충제의 알에 대한 부화억제 효과)

  • 박정규;강창헌;김경옥;강창훈
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.117-122
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    • 2000
  • The chemosterilizing effects of 4 benzoylphenylureas (BPUs), were tested on the adult house fly at different developmental stages. The male and female flies before insemination (I-day-old) or with fully developed ovaries (5-day-old) were exposed to the flask surface coated with BPUs solution (300 ppm) for 24 hrs. None of the eggs layed by the 5-day-old flies on the next day of exposure to either flufenoxuron or teflubenzuron hatched to larvae. The eggs layed by the 5-day-old flies exposed to either triflumuron or diflubenzuron also showed a significantly reduced hatchability of 23%. The first egg batches layed by 1-day-old flies exposed to flufenoxuron showed hatchability of only 1%. These results indicate that the BPUs applied were effective in egg sterilization irrespective of developmental stage of house fly. The effect of flufenoxuron was the most pronounced and lasted for 5 days after exposure.

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Effects of several insect growth regulators on the development of housefly, Musca domestica L., larvae (IGR계 살충제가 집파리 유충의 발육에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chung-Gyoo
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.137-146
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    • 1998
  • Laboratory tests were carried out to evaluate the effect of several insecticides with insect growth regulator (IGR) properties on the larval development of housefly, Musca domestica, which was collected at a large pigpen in Hamyang, Gyeongnam, Korea in 1997. Commercial formulations of the chemicals were diluted with tap water into a range of concentrations, and mixed with larval media. In addition to the IGRs, imidacloprid 5% WP was tested, too. The IGRs treated at the 2nd instar stage induced higher larval mortalities than percentages of malformed pupae. The result were, however, opposite when the IGRs were treated at the 3rd instar stage. Overall mortality resulting from larval death and malformed pupae was dependent on concentration. Diflubenzuron, teflubenzuron, triflumuron, flufenoxuron, tebufenozide, and imidacloprid, treated to the 2nd instar larvae, showed mortality over 95 % at concentrations of 5 ppm, 3 ppm, 30 ppm, 5 ppm, over 1000 ppm, 1000 ppm, respectively. Higher concentrations were needed to get the same level. of mortality in the 3rd instar larvae as that in the 2nd larvae. Overall mortality over 95% at the 3rd instar could be get at concentrations of 100 ppm, 10 ppm, 300 ppm, 10 ppm of diflubenzuron, teflubenzuron, triflumuron, flufenoxuron, respectively. Tebufenozide (1,000 ppm) and imidacloprid (300 ppm) were less effective than the other chemicals, showing only 36.7% and 86.7% mortalities, respectively. The chemicals also affected pupal weight at high concentrations. Decrease of pupal weight was distinct at high concentrations of teflubenzuron, flufenoxuron, tebufenozide, imidacloprid. Diflubenzuron and triflumuron were less effective. From these results it could be concluded that the IGR insecticides can be used as control agents by interfering with moulting and pupation process of housefly, by reducing pupal weight which could be resulted in low fertility and less oviposition.

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