• Title, Summary, Keyword: Musical Number

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The Development of Young Children's Musical Abilities and Musical Conservation Concepts by Their Sex and Age. (유아의 음악능력과 음악 보존개념의 발달(I)-유아의 성과 연령이 미치는 영향을 중심 으로-)

  • 전인옥
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.277-292
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental of young children's musical abilityes and musical conservation concepts. Two kinds of test were administered to 117 children aged 5-to 7-year-old. The musical ability test consisted of 30 tape-recorded questions regarding 5 musical ability domains, while the musical conservation test consisted of 17 questions regarding 4 musical conservation concept domains. The major findings of the study were as follows: 1)there was a significant difference in young children's musical abilities according to their sex and age. Girls developed their musical abilities better than boys did. Older children noticeable improved their musical abilities, especially, in such three domains as listening musical and rhythmic activities and playing musical instruments. 2)There was a significant difference in young children's musical conservation concepts according to their age, but not according to their sex. Older children improved musical conservation concepts specifically, in rhythm ,number of notes and duration conservation concepts. 3) the results of stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that the most influence in variable on the musical conservation concepts was musical ability, then followed by children's age and sex. Some suggestions for future research and for the ways to increase musical abilities were discussed.

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The Effects of the Music Appreciation Teaching-learning Method by Using Learning Cycle on the Musical Ability of Young Children (학습주기를 활용한 음악감상 교수-학습 방법이 유아의 음악적 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ock-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2011
  • This aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the music appreciation teaching-learning method on the musical ability of young children. The music appreciation activities were developed firstly in consideration of the 4 steps of the learning cycle (recognition, exploration, inquiry, application). One group was then taught music appreciation, taking into account the learning cycle. The results were then compared with another comparative group in terms of musical ability. The results indicated that the musical ability sum of the treatment groups improved more than the comparative group. More specifically, the treatment group for four-year-olds was seen to have improved significantly more than the comparative group in terms of musical ability. These results indicate that this music appreciation teaching-learning method has a number of positive effects upon young children`s musical ability. Therefore, it is suggested that kindergarten teachers conduct instruction with an appropriate accompanying learning cycle as part of the teaching-learning method when it comes to improving the musical ability of young children.

Analysis of the Music based on Time series (시계열을 이용한 음악의 해석)

  • 손세호;이중우;권순학
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems Conference
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    • pp.113-116
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    • 2001
  • This paper describes an analysis of the music as a time series and the fuzzy logic-based modeling of it. All music is made up of a finite number of musical notations known as the musical symbols, such as clefs, staff, tine signature, notes, rests, etc. . The musical score uses musical symbols to present various characteristics, such as rhythm, melody, chord, etc,. for interpreting the music. In this paper, it is possible to transform the beat and pitch in the musical into time series from the viewpoint of recognizing beat and pitch of sounding tone at each time. On the basis of the identified features of the musical score, a musical score is represented as a time series and then is constructed to fuzzy logic-based model for predicting them. Examples are presented to illustrate the validity of the proposed method.

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A Study on the Proscenium Type Stage Space Composition for Musical Performance (뮤지컬 공연을 위한 프로시니엄 형식의 무대공간 구성에 대한 연구)

  • John, Yong-Seok
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.42-54
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to provide a reference for stage planning by analyzing current state of major theaters' stage space and understanding feedback from directors belonged to theaters. Each room in total 18 theaters' stage facilities was measured and their usage and requirements were analyzed on the spot. In addition, each director provided their experiential knowledge about appropriate stage composition for musical performance. The findings are as follow: under stage machinery is not needed for musical. Tour teams prefer to use their own show-deck for set conversion. On the other hand, over stage flying system needs to be able to deal with dense, fast, and accurate scene change. The size and location of the motor room needs to be carefully considered. The number of set battens is directly linked up with the size of the motor room, which should be located lower than the gridiron. As stage sets get bigger and complicated, the number of works at the gridiron is also increasing. The grating floor has to have enough strength coping with machines lifting heavy sets. Most sound control for musical performance is being done at F.O.H. these days rather that in the sound control room. It should equip enough work area and related infra especially for tour teams. 1st gallery needs to have enough effective width, power infra for lighting fixture, and strong guardrail. Lastly, the whole process of parking-unloading-transporting equipments and sets from loading dock to stage and vice versa needs to be efficient, and this has to be carefully considered from early stage of planning.

A Study on the Musical Activities and Musical Preference according to Coping Strategy of University Students (대학생의 스트레스 대처전략에 따른 음악활동과 음악선호 조사 연구)

  • Hwang, Eun-young
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the musical activities and musical preference according to coping strategy of university students. The survey was conducted to 200 students and the data of 168 was analysed. The results of the research are as follows. First, the number of problem-solving coping was the highest, and the number of emotional-alleviate coping was the lowest. And coping strategy between male and female student showed a significant difference. Second, music listening was the most preferred activity. There was a significant difference in the most preferred activity between male and female students, also between active and inactive coping strategy. However, the most doing activity between music major students and non-music major students showed a significant difference. In addition, there was a significant differences in the purpose of playing instruments between male and female students and among academic year. Third, Korean-pop was the most preferred genre. Result showed a significant difference in preferred musical elements between male and female students. There were genre, melody, loudness, and theme of lyric. Meanwhile, preferred musical elements between active and inactive coping strategy showed a statistical differences. There were rhythm, timbre, and medium of listening. Finally, there were statistical differences in the preferred harmony and familiarity between music major students and non-music major students.

Guitar Tab Digit Recognition and Play using Prototype based Classification

  • Baek, Byung-Hyun;Lee, Hyun-Jong;Hwang, Doosung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2016
  • This paper is to recognize and play tab chords from guitar musical sheets. The musical chord area of an input image is segmented by changing the image in saturation and applying the Grabcut algorithm. Based on a template matching, our approach detects tab starting sections on a segmented musical area. The virtual block method is introduced to search blanks over chord lines and extract tab fret segments, which doesn't cause the computation loss to remove tab lines. In the experimental tests, the prototype based classification outperforms Bayesian method and the nearest neighbor rule with the whole set of training data and its performance is similar to that of the support vector machine. The experimental result shows that the prediction rate is about 99.0% and the number of selected prototypes is below 3.0%.

A Study on the Audiovisual Art of Nam June Paik with Focus on Musical Synesthesia (백남준의 오디오비주얼아트 연구 : 음악적 공감각을 중심으로)

  • Yoon, Ji Won
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.603-614
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    • 2020
  • Analyzing various works of Nam June Paik who pioneered the world of video art, we can find a number of audiovisual art pieces - in a broad sense - with the characteristics of "intermedia" that are not clearly identified as one genre. Especially, his career as a musician becomes an important clue for us to discuss the unique originality found in Paik's works. Nevertheless, examples of research that specifically explore how Paik's musicality is reflected in his artistry and could be deeply understood is still rare. This article examines Paik's audiovisual art world, and reviews how his musicality is expressed through the characteristics of media and form, as well as contributed to the ultimate technical and aesthetic realizations of his pieces from the perspective of musical synesthesia. The fact that Paik expanded the concept of music through technology, and fused different media to visualize music, is an important achievement in the context of aesthetic, synesthetic music in the field of audiovisual art.

The Narrative Structure and Musical Number's Dramatic Function in Musical "Ah! My Goddess" (뮤지컬 <여신님이 보고 계셔>의 서사 구조와 뮤지컬 넘버의 극적 기능)

  • Shin, Sa-Bin;Lee, Woo-Chang
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 2014
  • Ah! My Goddess has impressive narrative structure including a "narrative as a discourse," a "narrative as a story" and a "narrative by narrator": in a narrative as a discourse, North and South Korean soldiers make friendship; in a narrative by a narrator, main characters (including Sun-ho, Seok-gu, Ju-hwa, Chang-seop and Dong-hyeon) appear in the outer story and narrate the inner story of characters (including Dong-hyeon, Goddess and Seok-gu) within the frame of a play within a play; and in a narrative as a story, reality and fantasy intersect by the appearance of the "Goddess." This narrative structure contributes largely to 1) the character formation of space, 2) the strategic minimization of the stage, 3) the multiplicity of main characters, 4) the repetition of similar life story, and 5) the flexible change of a point of view. And the musical number serves as dramatic functions such as 1) pursuing the multiplicity of characters, 2) maximizing the effect of the expression of tragic feelings, 3) drawing audience's interest by irony and fantasy, 4) evoking the nostalgia for delicate feelings and pure wishes, and 5) ordinary female characters' playing the role of healing and salvation, thereby contributing to the reconstruction of reality and the style of fantasy.

A Study on the Aesthetics and Practice of Musical proportion in L.B. Alberti's The Ten Books Architecture -focused on the study of the practice of relative dissonance according to the theory of harmony- (르네상스시대, Leon Battista Alberti의 "건축 10서"에 나타난 음계비례의 미학적 특징 및 적용방법에 관한 연구 -화성법에 따른 상대적 불협화음의 적용방법을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Kang-Up;Jin, Kyung-Don;Bae, Yun-Chun
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.57-75
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    • 2001
  • The music has influenced on the aesthetics, structure and symbol of the architecture from the ancient to the present. and been to be like architecture. It is important part that through the study of musical proportion by number, which is method of architectural and musical composition, resemblance can be found, music is resemble to architecture and this recognition is general as well in renaissance as architect and musician after that time. Therefore, in this background and aesthetics, the purpose of this study is to research purpose and methodology of the proportion of musical consonance and dissonance used in L. B. Alberti's architecture. At first, for the background of aesthetics this study previewed characteristic of aesthetics arranged by subjectivism and objectivism, and this musical proportion which is applicable for Alberti's architecture was defined. secondly, Alberti's architectural aesthetics (concinnitas) of the higher concept was defined by methodology of the lower concept, and this study described the application of dissonance used by the method of canon in music. thirdly, after according to characteristic of aesthetics in chapter three, proportion system was researched by the more objective, applicable unit in renaissance: roman foot and local unit differs meter in the present, Alberti's architectures was researched by the method of cannon in music.

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Delay Characteristics and Sound Quality of Space Based Digital Waveguide Model (공간 기준 디지털 도파관 모델의 지연 특성과 합성음의 음질)

  • 강명수;김규년
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.8
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    • pp.680-686
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    • 2003
  • Digital waveguide model is a general method that is used in physical modeling of musical instruments. Wave motion is analyzed by time or by space in digital waveguide model. Because sampling is made via time, it is general that musical instrument model is described by wave motion of time. In this paper, we synthesized the musical instrument sound by adding instrument body model to the spatial based string model. In this way, we could improve sound quality and process musical instrument model's tone control variables effectively. We explained about delay error that happens in string and body in space based sampling and showed method to process fractional delay using FD (Fractional Delay)filter. Finally, we explained the relation between tone quality and number of delays. And we also compared the result with time base digital waveguide model.