• Title, Summary, Keyword: National Park

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Recognition Difference of Local Residents and National Park Managers on National Park Adjustment: A Case of 37 Cancellation Areas

  • Choe, Yunseon;Lee, Hoseung;Han, Sangyoel;Kim, Taekyun;Sim, Kyuwon
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.164-172
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the recognition differences between local residents and national park managers on the adjustment of national parks which are conducted every ten years for the purpose of providing basic information for the park management, according to the Natural Parks Act. Both local residents and national park managers positively perceived the adjustment of national parks, but park managers showed concern towards the damage of natural resources resulting from the cancellation and adjustment of restricted development districts in Korean national parks. Local residents are more likely than park managers to recommend boundary adjustment in other national parks regarding the influence of parks adjustment on local change. While local residents recognized that the boundary adjustment of national parks improves the level of community management, park managers focused on damages on the local environment and the park landscape adjacent to the areas. The result shows the recognition differences of local residents and park managers. Further research into adjustment of national parks is necessary to diminish perception gaps among stakeholders and develop prediction indicators of cancellation effect in response to the future cancellation areas of national parks through the characteristics of cancellation communities, revitalization of local economy, and environmental change of local community.

Two Unrecorded Wood Decay Fungi (Polyporales) in Dadohaehaesang National Park, Korea

  • Park, Myung Soo;Kim, Nam Kyu;Kim, Min-Ji;Park, Jae Young;Kim, Taeheon;Park, Jung-Won;Lim, Young Woon
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2018
  • Dadohaehaesang National Park is a well-known habitat for a variety of indigenous animals and plants; however, there are no studies on the diversity of macrofungi. To undertake a basic survey of the macrofungi diversity in an unexploited area, we focused on surveying the macrofungi in Dadohaehaesang National Park, Korea, during 2017 and discovered two unrecorded species belonging to the order Polyporales. The two species were identified as Cinereomyces lindbladii and Steccherinum bourdotii based on a combination of morphological characteristics and sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region. We provide macro- and micro-morphological descriptions for these two unrecorded species in Korea.

Study on Comparison of Korean and Japanese National Park Systems from the Conservation Perspective (보전적 측면에서 바라본 한국과 일본의 국립공원제도 비교)

  • Jo Tae-Dong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.871-882
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    • 2004
  • Korea's national park system resembles that of Japan in many ways. In this study, National park Systems of the two countries are compared from a standpoint of their historical backgrounds to be formed and in aspect of its conservation by the main revision of national park laws in perspective. In conclusion it was found out that Korea's toleration-based regulations on building park amenities have gradually neglected the park conservation effort, whereas Japan's authorization-oriented regulations have streng thened their emphasis on park conservation. From the comparison as above, the polices to be modified for Korean national park are proposed as follows: 1. National park system, which values diversity of species, is to be proposed. For this, the Article 8 which allows a development of National parks, Enforcement Ordinance Article 4, The Article 18 of Law, Enforcement Regulation Article 6 & 7 of National Park Law should be reviewed for deletion and revision. 2. On the basis of the laws, zoning system should be readjusted by discriminated conservation policy. Also, the readjustment of zoning system should be enforced after thorough analysis and research on the value of natural resources in the national park. 3. Korea should closely review the recently revised Japanese laws on the national parks and nature revitalization promotion for applying them to conservation policy of Korean national parks.

Estimating the Use and Preservation Values of Jirisan National Park Using a Dichotomous Contingent Valuation

  • Han, Sang-Yoel
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.95 no.5
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    • pp.551-555
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    • 2006
  • This research was conducted to estimate the use and preservation values of Jirisan national park, using a dichotomous choice contingent valuation. Jirisan national park was estimated to have the use value of 6,377 won per visitor. In terms of preservation value was estimated 13,030 won per housed per year. The results of this research show that Jirisan national park generated considerable use and preservation values, exceeding far greater than current admission fees. The findings also indicate that the estimated economic value provides enough justification for the national park service to increase admission fees in order to maintain the quality of the natural environment. This result may contribute to guidance on the pricing policy of national park managers and practitioners, although public policy may be made in the political arena.

Analysis of Insect Diversity in National Park Nature Resource Survey (국립공원 자연자원조사 곤충상 분석)

  • Kang, Seung-Ho;Hong, Eui Jeong;Park, Jeong-won;Jeong, Jong-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.130-141
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    • 2020
  • National parks in Korea are subject to a survey of natural resources every five years, according to the Natural Parks Act. This study analyzed the insect diversity in each of the 21 national parks conducted as part of the Third Nature Resource Survey of National Parks (2010~2018). It compared insect diversity in each national park national biodiversity with insect diversity in all national parks and analyzed the uncollected sub-taxonomic groups of each taxonomic group and the legally protected species. The Third Nature Resource Survey identified 5,584 species in 456 families in 21 orders in all national parks, and they accounted for 31.3% of 17,848 species in the national insect diversity. By taxonomic group, Lepidoptera was the most frequently found with 2,195 species, followed by beetles (1,495 species), fellings (712 species), and stink bugs (515 species). By national park, Odaesan national park showed the highest insect diversity with 1,963 species, followed by Sobeaksan national park (1,511), Hanryeohaesang national park (1,321), Gayasan national park (1,282), Juwangsan national park (1,265), Dadohaehaesang national park (1,264), Woraksan national park (1,251), and Jirisan national park (1,240). The legally protected species included 3 species of endangered species rank I, 11 species of endangered species rank II, 12 climate change indicator species, 139 endemic species, and 532 species requiring approval for cross-border transfer.

The Building Strategies of Natural Park Integration Monitoring System Based on Geographic Information Analysis System

  • Bae, Min-Ki;Lee, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.95 no.5
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    • pp.605-613
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    • 2006
  • The goal of this study was to propose building strategies of web-based national park monitoring system (WNPMS) using geographic information analysis system. To accomplish this study, at first, this study selected and made integrated management indicators considering physical, ecological, and socio-psychological carrying capacity in national park. Secondly, this study built up an integrated management this system with statistical analysis program for execution of various multivariate analysis and spatial analysis. Finally, WNPMS could identify the relationship among visitors, natural resources, and recreation facilities in national park, and forecast the future management status of each national park in Korea. There results of this study will contribute to prevent the damage of natural resources and facilities, improve visitor's satisfaction, prevent an excess of carrying capacity at national park, and established tailored management strategies of each national park.

Seasonal Variations in the Macroalgal Flora and Community Structure in Hallyeohaesang National Park on the South Coast of Korea (한국 남해안 한려해상국립공원의 계절별 해조상 및 군집구조 변화)

  • Oh, Ji Chul;Ahn, Jung Kwan;Kim, Cheol Do;Jeong, Jang Bang;Choi, Han Gil
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.768-775
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    • 2015
  • Seasonal variability in the marine seaweed community structure was examined in the intertidal zones at nine study sites in Hallyeohaesang National Park, on the southern coast of Korea from March to October 2014. A total of 145 seaweeds were indentified, comprising 15 green, 41 brown and 89 red algae. Coarsely branched seaweeds were the dominant functional group, comprising 58.95% in species number, whereas filamentous, sheet, thick leathery, crustose and jointed calcareous forms comprised 2.63-17.72% each. The seaweed biomass averaged 358.00 g dry wt/m2 and it was maximal at Somaemuldo (847.64 g dry wt/m2) and minimal at Gamam (56.51 g dry wt/m2). Based on biomass, the dominant and subdominant seaweeds were Ulva australis at Gamam, Sargassum thunbergii at Sangju, Ulva australis and S.fulvellum at Neukdo, S.horneri at Dala-Bijindo-Somaemuldo, S. thunbergii at Dapo, and Corallina pilulifera at Songdo. Community indices were as follows: dominance index (DI), 0.43-0.71; richness index (R), 8.26-16.50; evenness index (J'), 0.36-0.54; and diversity index (H'), 1.57-2.19. In conclusion, we found that both biomass and the community structure of seaweeds in Hallyeohaesang National Park were similar to those in other studies of the Southern Sea along the Korean peninsula, and that Hallyeohaesang National Park is a relatively favorable habitat for seaweeds. Future studies should examine the changes in seaweed composition and biomass as they relate to climate change and environmental pollution.

Roadkill of Amphibians in the Korea National Park (국립공원의 양서류 로드킬 현황)

  • Song, Jae-Young;Kim, Min-Sun;Kim, In-Su;Kim, Tae-Heon;Roh, Il;Seo, Sang-Won;Seo, Eun-Kyoung;Seo, Jung-Keun;Yang, Ju-Young;Woo, Kyung-Duk;Won, Hyeok-Jae;Lee, Young-Gu;Lim, Yun-Hee;Han, Sun-Han;Moon, Myeong-Geon
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2009
  • To investigate the roadkill of amphibians in Korea National parks, we conducted a survey from 2006 to 2008. As a result, our count of road-killed amphibians included 1,748 individuals from 9 species over three years, and the ratio of road-killed amphibians decreased in 2007, 2008 as compared to 2006. Additionally, many amphibians, including Rana dybawskii, Bufo gargarizans, and Bufo stejnegeri were road-killed by vehicles in "Forest-Stream" or "Forest-Forest" environments, and between March and June. In the risk analysis by frequency, 4 lines including national line 37 (Deogyusan), provincial line 517 (Songnisan), national line 6 (Odaesan) and provincial line 597 (Woraksan) were classed as RISK V category. This designation involves species considered to be extremely important, such as Rana dybowskii and Bufo stejnegeri. Therefore, a conservation plan is needed to protect important species located near RISK V lines.

Metabolities of Aloesin

  • Piao, Long-Zhu;Park, Hyang-Rae;Park, Yun-Kyung;Lee, Seung-Ki;Park, Man-Ki;Park, Jeong-Hill
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.253.2-254
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    • 2000
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Visitors' Behavior and Satisfaction Determinants of National Park - in the Case of Gyeongju National Park - (국립공원 탐방행태 및 이용만족요인 - 경주국립공원을 사례로 -)

  • Baek, Jae-Bong;Kim, Dong-Pil
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to provide basic data for the national park management by analysing visitors' behavior and satisfaction determinants by importance-performance analysis and estimated regression analysis through post-occupancy evaluation questionnaire method to the Gyeongju National Park visitors. It was found that facilities and use management according to place and use group, the diversity of visit program, high quality of guidance and hospitality of staffs and conservation of historic and landscape resources for Gyeongju National Park were necessary as the results of behavior analysis, importance-performance analysis. The historic landscape resources, hospitality of staffs, visit road and safety facilities, commercial facilities were important determinants of users' satisfaction as the results of regression analysis. It suggested the characteristics of Gyeongju National Park and these factors were the most important factors for the improved management.