• Title, Summary, Keyword: Natural Experiment

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A Study on the Pharmaceutical & Chemical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Curcumin Extract (천연 강황 추출물의 약리, 화학적 특성 및 분석)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.393-401
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    • 2011
  • Natural Curcumin belongs to Zingiber Officinale Roscoe was known to possess natural odor, natural taste, natural color, and other pharmaceutical & chemical characteristics. Natural Curcumin extract was made to use ethanol as a solvent was to show a yellow color having state of solid powder and an active component. Natural Curcumin extract tested pharmaceutical & chemical experiment to dilute in curcumin 1%-water solution. Curcumin extract tested antimicrobial experiment using microbe, and tested dye experiment using fiber. Some conclusions in the result of characteristics experiment was obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment showed that the growth of staphylococcus aureus (ATCC-001) and aspergillus niger (ATCC-002) as microbes decreased according to passage of time. This phenomenon could know that Curcumin compoment showed influence to antimicrobial effect. Also, the result of dye experiment showed that cotton and sick with fiber dyeing dyed in direction of dark yellow color. This phenomenon could know that Curcumin extract showed influence to dyeing effect in observation of optical electron microscope(OEM.) The result of instrument analysis ascertained inorganic components of K(53.300ppm), Na(1.150ppm), Ca(0.711ppm), Ti(0.351ppm), Li(0.256ppm), Cu(0.233ppm) etcs from Curcumin component with ICP/OES, and ascertained organic components of propanoic acid(1.859), benzene(10.814), phenol(14.194) etcs from Curcumin component with GC/MSD.

A Study on the Pharmacetical and Chemical Characteristics of Natural Artemisia Extract (천연 쑥 추출물의 약리 및 화학적 특성 연구)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2009
  • Natural Artemisia extraction was extracted from Artemisia component using diethyl ether as a solvent, and we tested various pharmacetical and chemical characteristics of this extract. Characteristic experiments to use natural Artemisia extract tested antimicrobial experiment using microbe in pharmacetical material, and tested dye experiment using fiber in chemical material. From the result of characteristics experiment, some conclusions are obtained as follow. From the result of extraction experiment, it obtained about 10.4%-Artemisia extraction ratio as semi-solid state, and after dried in freezing from Artemisia extract of semi-solid state, it obtained about 10%-Artemisia extraction ratio as solid state of dark blue-green color. From result of antimicrobial experiment of Artemisia extract, number of staphylococcus aureus (ATCC-01) and aspergillus niger (ATCC-02) in microbe decreased more and more according to time passage. This phenomenon showed that Artemisia extract influences to antimicrobial effect. From the result of dye experiment of Artemisia extract, it appeared in direction of dark blue-green color after dyed to use cotton and silk with fiber to control in pH 7.5. Specially the result which confirmed dye of fiber with optical electron microscope (OEM), we could know that it appears darker silk than cotton.

A Study on the Pharmaceutical and Chemical Characteristics of Natural Grape Extract (천연 포도 추출물의 약리 및 화학적 특성 연구)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.341-349
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    • 2009
  • Natural grape extraction was extracted from grape component using diethyl ether as a solvent, and we tested various pharmaceutical and chemical characteristics of this extract. Characteristic experiments to use natural grape extract tested antimicrobial experiment using microbe in pharmaceutical material, and tested dye experiment using fiber in chemical material. From the result of characteristics experiment, some conclusions are obtained as follow. From the result of characteristics experiment, it obtained about 7.5%-grape extraction ratio as semi-solid state, and after dried in freezing from grape extract of semi-solid state, it obtained about 10%-grape extraction ratio as solid state of dark purple color. From result of antimicrobial experiment of grape extract, number of staphylococcus aureus (KCMC-01) and aspergillus niger (KCMC-02) in microbe decreased more and more according to time passage. This phenomenon showed that grape extract influences to antimicrobial effect. From the result of dye experiment of grape extract, it appeared in direction of dark purple color after dyed to use cotton and silk with fiber to control in pH 7.5. Specially the result which confirmed dye of fiber with optical electron microscope(OEM), we could know that it appears darker silk than cotton.

A Study on the Pharmaceutical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Ginger Extract (천연 생강 추출물의 약리학적 특성 및 분석 연구)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.266-272
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    • 2010
  • Natural Ginger extract was extracted from Ginger component using ethanol as a solvent, and we tested various pharmaceutical characteristics in this extract. Characteristics experiment to use natural Ginger extract tested antimicrobial experiment using microbe, and analyzed organic and inorganic component with analysis instrument. From the result of characteristics experiment, some conclusions are obtained as follow. In this experiment, natural Ginger extract was obtained about 22.50 g-Ginger extract(extraction ratio : 1.80%) as liquid state of some viscous yellow-brown color. The result of antimicrobial experiment with staphylococcus aureus and aspergillus niger in microbe decreased more and more according to passage of reaction time. This phenomenon could know that Ginger extract has influenced to antimicrobial effect. In the result of instrumental analysis, aromatic organic components of benzimidazole(1.283), propyl isothiocyanate or isothiocyanic acid(1.477) etcs from Ginger extract were detected with GC/MS and inorganic component of Ca(27.6 ppm), K(24.08 ppm), Mg(6.03 ppm), Na(1.02 ppm), Zn(1.02 ppm), Sb(0.711 ppm) and Li(0.079 ppm) etcs from Ginger extract were detected with ICP/OES.

A Study on the General Characteristics and Instrumental Analysis of Natural Omija Extract

  • Sung, Ki-Chun;Kim, Ki-Jun;Kim, Yong-Ryul;Nam, Sang-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2013
  • Omija component was known to possess natural odor, taste, color, and various general characteristics. Omija extraction was extracted using ethanol as a solvent. Omija extract showed a red-purple color of some viscous liquid state. Some conclusions from natural Omija extract were obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment to add Omija extract, the number of microbial population showed negative reaction from 3 days after it cultivated. This phenomenon could confirm that Omija component affected to antimicrobial effect. The result of dyeing experiment to add Omija extract, fiber dyeing effect showed with some ivory color after dyed to cotton and silk. Also, this phenomenon could confirm that Omija component affected to natural dyeing effect from observated dye state with biological microscope(BM). The result of instrumental analysis, inorganic components of K(109.60ppm), Na(3.500ppm), Ca(1.205ppm), Mg(0.900ppm), Li(0.350ppm), Si(0.380ppm), Cu(0.250ppm), Fe(0.125ppm), Zn(0.090ppm), etcs from Omija were ascertained with ICP/OES, and organic components of benzene(10.808), borny lacetate(11.289), phenol(14.183), ${\beta}$-terpinene(15.840), ${\alpha}$-terpinolene(17.616) etcs from Omija were ascertained with GC/MSD.

A study on the Pharmaceutical & Chemical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Omija Extract (천연 오미자 추출물의 약리, 화학적 특성 및 분석)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.290-298
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    • 2011
  • Natural Omija belongs to magnoliaceae was known to possess natural odor, taste, color, and various pharmaceutical & chemical characteristics. Omija extraction was extracted using ethanol as a solvent. Omija extract showed a light red-violet color of viscous liquid state. Some conclusions from the result of characteristic experiment were obtained as follows. From the result of antimicrobial experiment, occurrence of staphylococuss aureus and aspergillus niger as microbes was decreased according to the passage of time. This phenomenon could know that Omija component is affected to antimicrobial effect. From the result of dye experiment, fiber dyeing showed with some ivory color after dyed to cotton and silk. This phenomenon could know that Omija component is affected to dyeing effect from observation of scanning electron microscope(SEM). From the result of instrument analysis, inorganic components of K(107.30ppm), Na(2.110ppm), Ca(0.935ppm), Mg(0.891ppm), Li(0.270ppm) etcs from Omija were detected with ICP/OES, and aromatic components of benzene(10.808), a-pinene(13.996), phenol(14.183), ${\beta}$-terpene(15.840), a-terpinolene(17.616) etcs from Omija were also detected with GC/MSD.

Analyzing characteristics of Natural Seismic Sounds and Artificial Seismic Sounds by using Spectrum Gradient (스펙트럼 기울기를 이용한 자연지진음과 인공지진음 특성 분석)

  • Yoon, Sang-Hoon;Bae, Myung-Jin
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2009
  • This paper proposed an algorithm for extracting spectrum gradient parameter to analyze the characteristics of natural seismic sounds and artificial seismic sounds. The experiment was performed in various area to raise the reliability. The characteristics of natural seismic sounds and artificial seismic sounds were analyzed by extracting gradient indexes of artificial seismic sounds and natural seismic sounds from the data of experiment by using the proposed algorithm. As a result of the experiment and the analysis, gradient indexes of natural seismic sounds were higher than that of artificial seismic sounds because natural seismic sounds had higher attenuation at high-frequency than artificial seismic sounds did and natural seismic sounds were concentrated in low-frequency band.

A Study on the Pharmaceutical & Chemical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Bokbunja Extract (천연 복분자 추출물의 약리, 화학적 특성 및 분석)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.402-411
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    • 2012
  • Natural Bokbunja is used as a material of oriental medicine which it obtains from Rubus or Raspberry. Natural Bokbunja Rubus has natural odor and taste, natural color, and pharmaceutical & chemical characteristics. This experiment tested antimicrobial experiment against microbe and dye experiment against fiber using natural Bokbunja extract. Some conclusions from this characteristics experiment were obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment could know that ATCC-001(staphylococcus aureus) does not show nearly from 72hrs after cultivation test and ATCC-002(aspergillus niger) shows to propagate continuously according to passage of time. Also, the result of dye experiment could know that cotton and silk using alum mordant($Al_2(SO_4)_3{\cdot}13-14H_2O$) against fiber shows in direction of light beige color. The result of instrument analysis ascertained inorganic components of K(221.100ppm), Mg(17.920ppm), Ca(5.129ppm), Na(2.940ppm), Si(0.638ppm) etc from Bokbunja with ICP/OES, and ascertained organic components of boric acic(1.711), silane(2.142), pyrazole(3.481), propyl isothiocyanate(2.565), furfurole(11.521) etc from Bokbunja with GC/MSD.

The effects of interaction based on contingent regulation between teacher and underachiever in elementary mathematics - Based on Vygotsky theory - (수학 학습 부진아와 교사의 유관 조절식 상호작용의 효과 - Vygotsky 이론을 중심으로 -)

  • 류성림;정윤경
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.371-388
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of interaction based on contingent regulation between teacher and underachiever in elementary mathematics. For this purpose, research questions are established as follows; (1) Is there any difference between contingent regulation and natural regulation in mathematics achievement\ulcorner (2) Is there any difference between contingent regulation and natural regulation in affectionate perspective\ulcorner (3) Is there any difference between contingent regulation and natural regulation in adult regulation\ulcorner Two classes of fifth grade Children(10 children) were sampled from an elementary school in city of Daegu. One of them was assigned to the contingent regulation group and the other to natural regulation group. An experiment was conducted for 7 weeks. Two kinds of test instruments were used : pre-test and post-test. The pre-test scores guaranteed that both groups were homogeneous. Post-test was used to identify two effects(research questions (1) & (2)) and the post-test scores were analyzed by t-test. The results were as follows. (1) There was significant difference between contingent regulation and natural regulation in mathematics achievement. This means that experiment group was higher than control group and the interaction effect of contingent regulation was higher in post-test. The self-control indicated in experiment group. (2) There was slightly significant difference between contingent regulation and natural regulation in affectionate perspective. This means that experiment group turned to slightly positioner in post-test. (3) There was significant difference between contingent regulation and natural regulation in adult regulation. In other words, level of contingent regulation changed depending on underachievers' ability but level of natural regulation didn't change. Therefore, I suggest that contingent regulation based on Vygotsky theory would provide effective mathematics education for underachievers in elementary mathematics.

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A Development of Vibration Analysis Technique of A Mixer (교반기의 진동 해석 기술 개발)

  • Park, Jin-Ho;Lee, Jeong-Han;Kim, Bong-Soo;Ahn, Chang-Gi;Kang, Mun-Hu;Joo, Yoon-Sik
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.421-426
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    • 2003
  • Recently, mixers are being widely used in the water purification plant in order to increase the filtration efficiency. The mixer normally consists of impeller, shaft, hub, reduction gear, and the driving motor. It is one of the key design issues to confirm that the vibration caused by the rotation of the shaft should not coincide with the natural vibration frequency of the shaft itself. The vibration characteristics of the hydrofoil type mixer, which is the most widely used in real plants are evaluated through the finite element modeling and verified by experiment using the mock-up facility. The fundamental natural frequency of the mixer's shaft is found to be around 1.8 Hz which showed in good agreement with the experiment. The higher natural frequencies to the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th modes are also verified by the experiment. Thus the developed model is to be utilized for the structural design of the real mixer system.

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