• Title, Summary, Keyword: Needlestick Injuries

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Needlestick injuries in the dental hygienists (일부 치과위생사의 치과 주사바늘 상해 실태)

  • Jeon, Jeong-Mi;Lim, Soon-Ryun;Cho, Young-Sik
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.751-757
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the needlestick injuries in the dental hygienists. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 253 dental hygienists by convenience sampling from December 1, 2014 to March 20, 2015. The questionnaire consisted of 11 questions of sociodemographic characteristics, 5 questions of needlestick injuries experience, 3 questions of needlestick injuries during treatment and 2 questions of needlestick handling method. Data were analyzed by chi-square test, t-test and one way ANOVA analysis using SPSS 18.0 statistical program. Results: Those who had needlestick injuries within a year were 150 persons (59.3%) and the mean was 1.28 times per year. The needlestick injuries were frequent in the local anesthetic injection to gum. The completion and removal of the needle injection by hand accidently stung the digits and hand (p<0.01). Conclusions: Needlestick injuries can happen at any time to the dental hygienists in the dental clinics, so it is necessary to handle the needlestick carefully in case of anesthetic injection.

Characteristics and Knowledge of Needlestick Injuries and Compliance with Standard Precautions in Healthcare Workers (의료종사자의 주사침 자상 관련 특성과 지식 및 표준주의 이행도)

  • Yu, Ji Won;Yang, Nam Young
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the characteristics and knowledge of needlestick injuries, and compliance with standard precautions, in healthcare workers. Method: The participants were 185 healthcare workers working at university hospitals. Data were collected in May 2016 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients using SPSS 18.0 program. Results: It was found that 45.4% of the subjects had experienced needlestick injuries. The most common rate of getting injured was 1 or 2 times, and the most common reason for the occurrence of needlestick injuires was carelessness(66.6%). The mean scores for knowledge of needlestick injuries and compliance with standard precautions were above average. Significant correlations were found between knowledge of needlestick injuries and compliance with standard precautions in health workers, and Characteristics were related to the significant differences seen in both. Conclusion: These findings indicate that standard precautions and guidelines for the use of sharp instruments should be emphasized in order to prevent needlestick injuries in healthcare workers.

Needlestick and Sharps Injuries of Nursing Students (학년에 따른 간호학생의 찔림사고 현황 조사 및 관련요인)

  • Kim, Sang-Suk;Shin, Gi-Soo;Kim, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.174-178
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to find factors influencing needlestick and sharp injuries (NSI). Methods: This study was a descriptive research for current situation of NSI, recognition and implementation for standard precaution, and factors influencing NSI exposures. The subjects were 450 nursing students of 2 universities in Seoul and Kyunggi-do. The data were collected from June to November, 2008. The gathered data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and regression analysis. Results: The 33.8% of 450 nursing students experienced NSI during 2 weeks clinical training. NSI events were more common among third-year students than second-year students. The most common causative device causing needlestick injuries was blood glucose lancet as 12.4%. Frequencies influencing NSI were students' year and experience of needlestick injuries. Conclusion: The results suggest development of education guidelines for nursing students and implementation of continual systematic education and training in clinic to control blood-borne infections efficiently.

A Study on the Guidelines for Preventing Needlestick Injuries in Dental Offices (치과진료실에서 주사바늘 찔림 사고 예방을 위한 가이드라인 연구)

  • Jeon, Jeong-Mi;Lim, Soon-Ryun;Cho, Young-Sik
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.247-253
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate guidelines and safety and precautionary devices for prevention of needlestick injuries in dental offices. This study conducted comparative analysis on the domestic and overseas guidelines for infection control and surveyed safety and precautionary devices for prevention of needlestick injuries. Based on the result of analysis and survey, this study suggests safety and precautionary guidelines to prevent needlestick injuries. To prevent needlestick injuries, staff in dental offices should be well aware of the guidelines for infection control and how to use safety and precautionary devices.

Knowledge, Compliance and Levels of Risk Factor Recognition for Needlestick Injuries in Student Nurses (간호대학생의 주사침 자상에 대한 지식, 이행 및 위험인식)

  • Park Sun-Nam;Lee Eun-Young;Kim Kyung-Mi;Han Suk-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.337-346
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels in student nurse of knowledge, compliance and risk factor recognition for needlestick injuries. Method: Nine hundred and thirty eight(938) student nurse from 3 universities and 3 junior colleges participated in this study. Completed questionnaires were collected between October and November 2004. They were analyzed by using the descriptive statistics and $x^2$-test, t-test with the SAS program, Results: There were no significant differences in the general characteristics of participants between the two groups-Needlestick Injury(NSI) group and non-Needle stick Injury(non-NSI) group. The scores for knowledge levels of treatment after needle stick injuries and the risk factor recognition level were significantly higher in the NSI group. The scores for performance level as to handling and using needles after needlestick injuries were significantly higher in the non-NSI group. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a preventive program to decrease the needlestick injury rate among student nurse.

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Development of the Needlestick Injuries Risk Behavior Scale for Nurse (간호사의 주사침 자상 위험행동 측정도구 개발)

  • Kong, Hee-Kyung;Kang, So-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.215-225
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research was to develop a new instrument for nurses' risk behavior related to needlestick injuries and to establish initial evidence of reliability and validity. Twenty five items of the Needlestick Injuries Risk Behavior (NIRB) scale was developed on the basis of the unsafe act theory(Reason, 1990). Such six dimensions as risk behavior on needle recapping, risk behavior using needle on transferring blood sample, risk behavior on separation of needle from syringe, risk behavior on the use of needle, risk behavior when needle is discarded, and risk behavior before the use of needle were described, based on the factor analysis. The study findings initially supported the NIRB's reliability, and construct and criterion validity.

Predictors associated with Occurrence of Needlestick Injuries in Clinical Practicum among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 임상실습 중 주사침 자상 발생 예측요인)

  • Lee, Jae-Young;Park, Jeong Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.84-94
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify prevalence and risk factors of needlestick injuries (NSI) among nursing students. Methods: Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires which included general and practical characteristics, safe environment risk factors, knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior associated with NSI. Data were conducted from December 14-20, 2014 and analyzed using $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression. Results: The incidence rate of NSI was 20.2%. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified four predictors for NSI which were statistically significan; carelessness (OR=1.49, 95% CI=1.04~2.11), status of hospital, university affiliated (OR=1.93, 95% CI=1.35~2.75), knowledge about handing the needle after NSI (OR=1.42, 95% CI=1.00~2.03), and barriers to NSI preventive behavior (OR=1.48, 95% CI=1.04~2.12). Conclusion: Management of carelessness and barriers to NSI preventive behavior are essential elements for reducing the risk of NSI in nursing students. It is necessary to develop a specific NSI precaution program for nursing students.

Post-exposure Treatment and Seroconversion to Blood-borne Viruses after Needlestick Injuries among Healthcare Personnel (의료종사자의 주사침 손상 사고 후 감염예방처치와 혈액매개바이러스 혈청양성전환)

  • Jeong, Jae Sim
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Needlestick injuries (NSI) is the most frequent occupational hazard for healthcare personnel (HCP), and immediate report and adequate post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is essential in preventing occupational transmission of blood-borne pathogens. Methods: From June 2010 to October 2010, 544 NSI were reported through websites from 21 general hospitals in Korea. Among those, 499 cases of NSI were analyzed to identify the rate of follow-up treatment completion and for seroconversion. Results: 88.2% of the cases were completed with follow-up treatment, 8.8% of the NSI were not completed with follow-up treatment, and 5 cases were unavailable to trace. 4.2% cases of NSI required a hepatitis B vaccination concurrent with hepatitis B immunoglobulin. 41.1% of the cases and 31.1% of the cases needed to be tested for anti HCV and anti HIV, respectively. Prophylaxis medication for HIV was prescribed in 3 cases, and all cases completed required 1 month of medication. There was 1 case (0.2%) of seroconversion to HCV. Conclusion: The PEP completion rate was not satisfactory, and the importance of completion of PEP treatment should be emphasized through education and counseling. Also, a careful risk assessment is needed for HCP who are exposed to HCV or HIV.

Exposure to Needlestick and Sharp Injuries, Anxiety during Injection Practice and Experience of Injecting Human Beings in Fundamental Injection Practice (기본간호학 주사실습에서 간호대학생의 찔림사고 현황, 불안 및 경험)

  • Choi, Min-Jung;Chaung, Seung-Kyo;Park, Jin Hee;Chang, Soo Jung;Sohng, Kyeong-Yae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.231-239
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was done to understand nursing students' exposure of needlestick and sharp injuries (NSSI), level of anxiety as well as experience of practicing injection with human beings during Fundamentals of Nursing (FN) practice. Methods: Data consisted of self-report questionnaires completed by 571 nursing students who had completed an injection practice in FN. The questionnaire included questions on general characteristics, exposure to NSSI, experience of practicing injections with human beings, level of anxiety and other experiences. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis. Results: Of the students, 17.5% experienced NSSI and 83.2% performed invasive injection procedures in the FN practice. The level of anxiety was 4.62-6.46/10 points when injecting a classmate and 1.27-1.93/10 points when using manikins. The feeling most often reported was worried about making a mistake that could hurt my classmate (57.2%). Conclusion: Nursing students are exposed to NSSI and experience a high degree of anxiety in invasive injection practice. These results indicate that it is necessary to develop and implement standardized NSSI prevention and anxiety reduction programs in FN.