• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nitric

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Recovery of Nitric Acid and Valuable Metals from Spent Nitric Etching Solutions of Printed Circuit Board

  • Ahn, Jae-Woo;Ahn, Jong-Gwan;Lee, Man-Seung
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.140-143
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    • 2001
  • A study has been made on the recovery of nitric acid and valuable metals such as Cu, Sn, Pb from the spent nitric etching solutions. The nitric acid was extracted effectively by TBP but the heavy metals such as Fe, Cu, Sn, Pb were not extracted by TBP from the spent nitric etching solutions. From the experimental results, 95% of nitric acid in spent etching solution was extracted at O:A ratio of 3:1 with five stage by 60% TBP and 98% of nitric acid was stripped from the loaded organic phase at O:A ratio of 1:1 with four stages by distilled water. After extracting nitric acid, Cu was recovered as a metal by electrowinning effectively and Sn was successfully removed by precipitation method by adjusting the pH of raffinate solution. Finally, Pb was recovered by cementation with iron scrap at $65^{\circ}C$. Parameters controlling the cementation process, such as temperature, pH and the effect of the additives were investigated.

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Taurine Activates ERK2 and Induces the Production of Nitric Oxide in Osteoblast-like UMR-106 Cells

  • Park, Sung-Youn;Kim, Harriet;Kim, Sung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.145-145
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    • 1998
  • In the present study, we have demonstrated that taurine could stimulate the production of nitric oxide and the activity of ERK2 (extracellular signal regulated protein kinase or pp42 MAP kinase). Nitric oxide(NO), the product of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), is known to be implicated in the metabolism of bone. ERK cascade plays a key role in the gene expression of iNOS in osteoblastic cell. We investigated whether taurine (l-20mM) could stimulate ERK2 activity, nitric oxide production, and inducible nitric oxide synthase in osteoblast-like UMR-106 cells. Nitric oxide was measured spectophotometrically as nitrite and the activation of ERK2 and iNOS was studied using Western 145 blot analysis. Taurine increased the production of nitric oxide in a dose-dependent manner and the effect was reached to a maximum at 10 mM. The activation of iNOS were consistent with NO levels. The tyrosine phosphorylation of ERK2 was increased by taurine in a time-dependent manner. The these result suggest that taurine might stimulate the production of nitric oxide in osteoblast-like cells by the activation of ERK2 and could regulate the metabolism of bone via nitric oxide.

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The Role of Nitric Oxide in Menadione-Induced Cytotoxicity in Rat Platelets (Menadione에 의한 흰쥐 혈소판 세포독성에서 nitric oxide의 역할)

  • 승상애;김대병;윤여표;정진호
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 1995
  • Nitric oxide, a physiological transmitter, is reported to mediate cellular injury in various tissues. Its reactivity to free radical is believed to be one of the reasons for its involvement in cytotoxicity. Menadione, a representative quinone, is cytotoxic to several cell systems including isolated hepatocyte, endothelial cell and red blood cells. Its toxic mechanism is related to oxidative stress, mediated by toxic free radicals. Our previous studies demonstrated that menadione induced cell lysis and increase of oxygen consumption in platelets. It has been reported that platelets have nitric oxide producing enzyme, nitric oxide synthase. Thus, we have investigated to manifest the role of nitric oxide.in menadione-induced cytotoxicity in rat platelets. Menadione induced cytotoxicity in platelets was unaffected by $N^G$-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), selective and competitive inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. We also invesitgated the role of extracellular nitric oxide in menadione-induced cytotoxicity of platelets by addition with sodium nitroprusside (SNP). SNP did not affect platelet cytotoxicity by menadione. These results suggested that nitric oxide which was generated endogeneously or exogeneously might have a negligible role in menadione-induced cytotoxicity in rat platelets.

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Change of the Radiation-induced NO(nitric oxide) in Mice with Treatment by Algin-oligosaccharide (알긴산올리고당 처치 마우스에서 방사선 유도 산화질소의 변화)

  • Jang, Woo-Young;Choi, Seong-Kwan;Dong, Kyung-Rae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.7
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 2009
  • In order to find out the radioprotective effect of algin-oligosaccharide, this study, with a mouse of which whole body irradiated by 3 Gy radiation once, measured nitric oxide. In nitric oxide test for observing the reaction of cell inflammation, nitric oxide showed decreased in the irradiation control group, while 3 day's treatment group with algin-oligosaccharide before or after irradiation indicated higher than the irradiation control group, especially showed big difference in 3 day's treatment group before irradiation (P<0.001). Consequently, this study inquired into the fact that algin-oligosaccharide with superior antioxidant activity performed radiation protection by increasing promotion of nitric oxide generation and confirmed that natural product with less chemical toxicity was able to be applied as radioprotector.

The Relationship Between Firing Modes and Nitric Oxide Emission In Highly Preheated Air Combustion

  • Choi, Gyung-Min;Katsuki, Masahi;Kim, Duck-Jool
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.433-440
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    • 2000
  • The influence of combustion air at temperatures on nitric oxide emission was studied. The nitric oxide emission generally increases with a rise in the temperature of the combustion air. However, if combustion products for dilution of fuel or combustion air are used before the combustion reaction, then the nitric oxide emission can be reduced even when highly preheated air for combustion air is used. Combustion in low oxygen concentrations flattens the firing mode, resulting in a uniform reaction, and, thus, low nitric oxide emission can be achieved.

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A Study on the Recovery of Nitric Acid from Spent Nitric Etching Solutions by Solvent Extraction (질산 Etching 폐액으로부터 용매추출법에 의한 질산의 회수에 관한 연구)

  • 안재우
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 1998
  • A study has been on the recovery of nitric acid and valuable metals such as Fe, Cu, Sn, Pb, from spent nitric etching solutions. The effects of extractant of extractant type, concentrations, phase raios and selectivity from Fe, Cu, Sn, Pb on nitric acid extraction were studied. The results showed that TBP as an extractant for recovering of nitric acid was more effective than Alamine336, and the optimal concentration of TBP was found to be 60~70% of organic phase. Also, the nitric acid were only extracted by TBP from the spent etching solutions and the heavy metals such as Fe, Cu, Sn, Pb were not extracted above 0.1N nitric acid in spent etching solutions, From the analysis of McCabe-Thiele diagram, the extraction of 95% nitric acid is attained at a ratio of O/A=3 with five stages by 60% TBP and the stripping of 98% nitric acid from 80 g/l nitric acid in organic phase is attained at a ratio of O/A=1 with four stages by distilled water.

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Role of Exogenous Nitric Oxide Generated through Microwave Plasma Activate the Oxidative Signaling Components in Differentiation of Myoblast cells into Myotube

  • Kumar, Naresh;Shaw, Priyanka;Attri, Pankaj;Uhm, Han Sup;Choi, Eun Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.158-158
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    • 2015
  • Myoblast are myogenic precursors that proliferate, activate, and differentiate on muscle injury to sustain the regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle; The neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS, termed also NOS-I) is expressed in normal adult skeletal muscle, suggesting important functions for Nitric oxide (NO) in muscle biology1,2,3. However, the expression and subcellular localization of NO in muscle development and myoblast differentiation are largely unknown. In this study, we examined effects of the nitric oxide generated by a microwave plasma torch, on proliferation/differentiation of rat myoblastic L6 cells. Experimental data pertaining to nitric oxide production are presented in terms of the oxygen input in units of cubic centimetres per minute. The various levels of nitric oxide are observed depending on the flow rate of nitrogen gas, the ratio of oxygen gas, and the microwave power4. In order to evaluate the potential of nitric oxide as an activator of cell differentiation, we applied nitric oxide generated from the microwave plasma torch to L6 skeletal muscles. Differentiation of L6 cells into myotubes was significantly enhanced the differentiation after nitric oxide treatment. Nitric oxide treatment also increase the expression of myogenesis marker proteins and mRNA level, such as myogenin and myosin heavy chain (MHC), as well as cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), However during the myotube differentiation we found that NO activate oxidative stress signaling erks expression. Therefore, these results establish a role of NO and cGMP in regulating myoblast differentiation and elucidate their mechanism of action, providing a direct link with oxidative stress signalling, which is a key player in myogenesis. Based on these findings, nitric oxide generated by plasma can be used as a possible activator of cell differentiation and tissue regeneration.

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Effects of Simulated Sulfuric and Nitric Acid Rain on Growth and Seed Germination of Arabidopsis thaliana (인공 황산비 및 질산비가 애기장대의 생장과 종자발아에 미치는 영향)

  • 이석찬;박정안;박종범
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.659-664
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    • 2003
  • The experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of sulfuric acid and nitric acid among the main components of simulated acid rain (SAR) on the growth of vegetative organs and seed germination of Arabidopsis thaliana. The Arabidopsis treated with SAR supplemented with sulfuric and nitric acids, respectively, showed 28% and 30% decrease of shoot and root growth compared to the control plants, and also many necrotic spots on leaf surfaces after SAR treatment were observed. The shoot and root length for plants grown with nitric acid rain was 14% and 17% lower, respectively, compared to the control, whereas those grown with sulfuric acid rain was 24% and 25% lower than control plants. When Arabidopsis seeds were sown in distilled water, germination rate was 100% after 7 days. However, 80% in SAR medium supplemented with sulfuric and nitric acids, 88% in sulfuric acid rain medium and 93% in nitric acid rain medium. The germination abilities of seeds harvested from SAR supplemented with sulfuric and nitric acids, sulfuric acid rain, and nitric acid rain were 73%, 73% and 94%, respectively. Consequently, sulfuric acids showed more inhibitory effects than nitric acids on the growth of vegetative organs as well as germination rates in Arabidopsis.

Ginsenoside Rg1 Stimulates Nitric Oxide Release in Pulmonary Artery Endothelial Cells in Culture

  • Kim, Hye-Young
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.301-305
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    • 1995
  • Considering the stimulatory effects of ginsenosides from Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer on the release of nitric oxide from bovine aortic endothelial cells in vitro and vasodilatation of rabbit pulmonary artery in vivo, the present study is designed to investigate the mechanism of nitric oxide release by ginsenosides in calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells, Nitric oxide release was determined in endothelial cells treated with ginsenosides and compared with those of the receptor-dependent agonists, bradykinin and ADP and the receptor-independent calcium ionophore $A_{23187}$. The results showed that total saponin and ginsenoside $Rg_1$, not $Rb_1$, stimulated nitric oxide release measured as conversion to L-citrulline. The nitric oxide releasing properties of total saponin and ginsenoside $Rg_1$ were different; total saponin stimulated only conversion to L-citrulline, like $A_{23187}$, while ginsenoside $Rg_1$ stimulated both L-arginine transport and conversion to L-citrulline, as bradykinin or ADP did.

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Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Synthesis by 8-epi-xanthatin in Activated RAW 264.7 Cells (활성화한 RAW 264.7 세포주에서 8-epi-xanthatin의 Nitric Oxide 생성저해)

  • Lee, Hwa-Jin;Jeong, Yeon-Su;Ryu, Shi-Yong;Ryu, Jae-Ha
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.540-543
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    • 1998
  • The nitric oxide (NO) produced in large amounts by inducible nitric oxide synthase is known to be responsible for the vasodilation and hypotension observed in septic shock. We have found that 8-epi-xanthatin from Xanthium strumarium L. inhibited the production of NO in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells ($IC_{50}$ value was 1.5 ${\mu}$M). This activity was resulted from the suppressing of inducible nitric oxide synthase enzyme expression.

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