• Title/Summary/Keyword: Non irrigation

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Characteristics of Pollutant Loadings in a Rural Watersheds (농촌유역에서의 오염부하특성)

  • Cho, Jae-Won;Kim, Jin-Soo;Oh, Kwang-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.449-452
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    • 2002
  • Characteristics of pollutant load during irrigation and non-irrigation periods was investigated for streamwater from a rural watershed. Water was sampled and discharge was measured at 5-days intervals at outlet of study area. The mean concentrations of TN and TP in an irrigation period are higher than in an non-irrigation period, while mean COD concentration in an irrigation period is lower than in a non-irrigation period. For increasing discharge during an irrigation period, TN concentration increase, TP concentration is nearly unchanged, and COD concentrations decreases.

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Drought Resistance of Several Soybean Cultivars (주요대두품종(主要大豆品種)의 내건성(耐乾性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Chang Yeol
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.36-46
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    • 1988
  • Twelve soybean cultivars were cultivated in the 1/2,000a. Wagner pots with irrigation and without irrigation for 30 days after flowering, and the differences of plant growth and bean yield among cultivars were compared. And to investigate the varietal differences in the rate of photosynthesis under different relative humidity, 6soybean cultivars were cultivated in 1/2,000a. Wagner pot and the rate of photosynthesis of each soybean cultivar at flowering time was measured under the relative humidity of 80, 70, 60, 50 and 40%. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The days to maturity of the soybean cultivars were shortened by non-irrigation treatment. The response of the maturing dates to non-irrigation was significantly different among the soybean cultivars. The days for maturing of Paldal, Danyeob and Eundaedu were delayed 2 days but those of Jangbaek and Tamahomare were delayed about 7 to 8 days under non-irrigation treatment. 2. The stem length, stem diameter, number of nodes of the mainstem, number of branches and number of branch nodes of all soybean cultivars were decreased by non-irrigation treatment. The number of branches and the number of branch nodes were especially severely influenced by non-irrigation treatment. 3. The number of pods per plant and the number of perfect pods was significantly reduced by non-irrigation treatment but the number of imperfect pods was increased. The non-irrigation treatment reduced the number of pods per plant by 58.0% and the ratio of the number of the perfect pods per plant by 46.6% relative to the ordinary cultivation with irrigation. 4. The grain yield of all cultivars was significantly reduced by the non-irrigation treatment, and average grain yield of soybean cultivars cultivated under non-irrigation treatment was 35.9% of that of soybean cultivars cultivated with irrigation. The influence of non-irrigation treatment was lowest in Paldal and significantly high in Tamahomare and Jangbaek. 5. The rate of photosynthesis of soybean leaves was significantly different among cultivars and was also influenced by relative humidity. Ratio of the photosynthetic amount of soybean leaves at 40% RH to the maximum photosynthesis at optimal humidity was 97.2% in Paldal, 96.4% in Danyeob and 88.8% in Baekun. 6. At 40% relative air humidity, highly significant correlations were found among the photosynthesis rate, the amount of transpiration and the respiration rate.

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Runoff Characteristics of N and P by Rainfall in Paddy Field (논에서 강우에 의한 질소와 인산의 유출특성)

  • Cho, Jae-Young;Choi, Jin-Kyu;Son, Jae-Kwon;Han, Kang-Wan
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.285-290
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    • 2000
  • This research was carried out to investigate the runoff pattern of nutrients by rainfall from the paddy field located at the southwest of Korea. Effective rainfalls were 17.0 and 21.2 mm for irrigation and non-irrigation period, respectively. The first runoff in paddy field was 6.3-33.7 mm (average=12.9 mm) and 5.9-12.5 mm (9.2 mm) for irrigation and non-irrigation period, respectively. And runoff ratio was 0.59-1.36 and 0.57-0.86 for irrigation and non-irrigation period, respectively. During irrigation and non-irrigation period, the outflow increased significantly with the precipitation. Pattern of precipitation-runoff differed between irrigation and non-irrigation period, as affected by precipitation intensity, hydrological condition, and cropping. There existed a linear relationship between the runoff loading of N and P and precipitation. During the irrigation and non-irrigation period, runoff loadings of N and P were not significantly different. However, there was significant difference in case of total suspended solids.

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Analysis of Water Supply Probability for Agricultural Reservoirs Considering Non-irrigation Period Precipitation using RCP Scenarios (RCP 시나리오 기반 비관개기 강수량을 고려한 농업용 저수지의 용수공급 확률 분석)

  • Bang, Jehong;Choi, Jin-Yong;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2018
  • The main function of an agricultural reservoir is to supply irrigation water to paddy rice fields in South Korea. Therefore, the operation of a reservoir is significantly affected by the phenology of paddy rice. For example, the early stage of irrigation season, a lot of irrigation water is required for transplanting rice. Therefore, water storage in the reservoir before irrigation season can be a key factor for sustainable irrigation, and it becomes more important under climate change situation. In this study, we analyzed the climate change impacts on reservoir storage rate at the beginning of irrigation period and simulated the reservoir storage, runoff, and irrigation water requirement under RCP scenarios. Frequency analysis was conducted with simulation results to analyze water supply probabilities of reservoirs. Water supply probability was lower in RCP 8.5 scenario than in RCP 4.5 scenario because of low precipitation in the non-irrigation period. Study reservoirs are classified into 5 groups by water supply probability. Reservoirs in group 5 showed more than 85 percentage probabilities to be filled up from half-filled condition during the non-irrigation period, whereas group 1 showed less than 5 percentages. In conclusion, reservoir capacity to catchment area ratio mainly affected water supply probability. If the ratio was high, reservoirs tended to have a low possibility to supply enough irrigation water amount.

Evaluation of Reservoir Drought Response Capability Considering Precipitation of Non-irrigation Period using RCP Scenario (RCP 시나리오에 따른 비관개기 누적강수량을 고려한 둑높이기 저수지의 미래 가뭄대응능력 평가)

  • Bang, JeHong;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Choi, Jin-Yong;Lee, Sung-Hack
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.31-43
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    • 2017
  • Recent studies about irrigation water use have focused on agricultural reservoir operation in irrigation period. At the same time, it is significant to store water resource in reservoir during non-irrigation period in order to secure sufficient water in early growing season. In this study, Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5, 8.5 scenarios with the Global Climate Model (GCM) of The Second Generation Earth System Model (CanESM2) were downscaled with bias correlation method. Cumulative precipitation during non-irrigation season, October to March, was analyzed. Interaction between cumulative precipitation and carry-over storage was analyzed with linear regression model for ten study reservoirs. Using the regression model, reservoir drought response ability was evaluated with expression of excess and deficiency. The results showed that future droughts will be more severe than past droughts. Especially in case of non-exceedance probability of 10%, drought in southern region seemed to be serious. Nine study reservoirs showed deficiency range from 10% to 55%, which turned out to be vulnerable for future drought. Only Jang-Chan reservoir was secure for early growing season in spite of drought with deficiency of 8% and -2%. The results of this study represents current agricultural reservoirs have vulnerability for the upcoming drought.

Water Balance Analysis of Pumped-Storage Reservoir during Non-Irrigation Period for Recurrent Irrigation Water Management (순환형 농업용수관리를 위한 농업용 저수지의 비관개기 양수저류 추정)

  • Bang, Na-Kyoung;Nam, Won-Ho;Shin, Ji-Hyeon;Kim, Han-Joong;Kang, Ku;Baek, Seung-Chool;Lee, Kwang-Ya
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.62 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2020
  • The extreme 2017 spring drought affected a large portion of South Korea in the Southern Gyeonggi-do and Chungcheongnam-do districts. This drought event was one of the climatologically driest spring seasons over the 1961-2016 period of record. It was characterized by exceptionally low reservoir water levels, with the average water level being 36% lower over most of western South Korea. In this study, we consider drought response methods to alleviate the shortage of agricultural water in times of drought. It could be to store water from a stream into a reservoir. There is a cyclical method for reusing water supplied from a reservoir into streams through drainage. We intended to present a decision-making plan for water supply based on the calculation of the quantity of water supply and leakage. We compared the rainfall-runoff equation with the TANK model, which is a long-term run-off model. Estimations of reservoir inflow during non-irrigation seasons applied to the Madun, Daesa, and Pungjeon reservoirs. We applied the run-off flow to the last 30 years of rainfall data to estimate reservoir storage. We calculated the available water in the river during the non-irrigation season. The daily average inflow from 2003 to 2018 was calculated from October to April. Simulation results show that an average of 67,000 tons of water is obtained during the non-irrigation season. The report shows that about 53,000 tons of water are available except during the winter season from December to February. The Madun Reservoir began in early October with a 10 percent storage rate. In the starting ratio, a simulated rate of 4 K, 6 K, and 8 K tons is predicted to be 44%, 50%, and 60%. We can estimate the amount of water needed and the timing of water pump operations during the non-irrigation season that focuses on fresh water reservoirs and improve decision making for efficient water supplies.

Effect of Furrow Irrigation on the Growth and Quality of Panax Ginseng Plant in a Loam (고랑관수에 의한 수분공급이 인삼의 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Chol-Soo;Kang, Je-Yong;Lee, Dong-Yun;Ahn, Dae-Jin
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.279-282
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to compare the aerial parts growth, yield of fresh ginseng roots, quality of red ginseng roots, and photosynthesis (Fv/Fm, PSII) in leaves between non-irrigation plot and furrow irrigation plot during the ginseng growing seasons. The aerial part growth in furrow irrigation plot was higher than non-irrigation plot in all including the emergency rate, leafing rate and relatively growth rate. Root yield per 10a in irrigation plot was increased about 50% as compared with that of non-irrigation, also heaven and earth grade of red ginseng roots yield in irrigation plot was higher (40.3%) compared with that (30.6%) of non-irrigation plot in 6-years-old ginseng plant. Furrow irrigation markedly improved the ginseng quality and yield in comparison to non irrigation condition. Therefore it needs to control the soil moisture during the growing season for high yield and good qualities of ginseng roots.

Characteristics of Concentration of Pollutants from a Rural Watersheds during Dry Days (평상시 농촌유역에서의 오염물질의 농도특성)

  • Oh, Kwang Young;Kim, Jin Soo;Khan, jong bum;Cho, Jae Won
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.395-398
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    • 2004
  • Characteristics of concentration of pollutants such as total nitrogen(T-N), total phosphorus(T-P) and chemical oxygen demand(COD) during dry days of $2002\~2003$ were investigated for streamwater from a rural watershed. Water was sampled and discharge was measured at 5-days intervals at outlet of study area. The mean concentrations of pollutants in non-irrigation and irrigation period not significantly different. For increasing discharge in 2002, TN concentration increased but COD concentrations decreases.

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Effect of Water Pollution on the Irrigation Water (하천수질오염이 농업용수에 미치는 영향)

  • 나규환;이장훈;김치년
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.6 no.3_4
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 1991
  • The water quality in Wonju stream, Seom river in Kangwon province and Bokha, Shindun stream in Kyeonggi province was investigated between the season of irrigation on July, 1990 and of non-irrigation on September in 1989. The results of water quality obtained from this study were as follows; As for water quality of the Wonju stream and the Seom river, the concentration of COD, T-N, SS and Cu, and for the Bokha, Shindun stream, the concentration of T-N, SS and Cu were exceeded standard levels of quality guideline of agricultural water use in the season of irrigation. However, in the water quality of Wonju and Bokha stream, the concentration of T-N , SS and Cu, and in the Seom river, the concentration of T-N, SS, Cu and Zn were exceeded standard levels of agricultural water quality in the season of non-irrigation. And the average water quality of the 4 streams were not suitable for agricultural water use. The comparison of the annual average water quality of the 4 streams for pH, DO, T-N and SS were in statistics significantly different with p values less than 0.01. When the average water quality between the season of irrigation and non-irrigation in each stream was compared, DO and COD in the Wonju stream, COD in the Seom river, pH, DO, T-N, SS and Cu in the Shindun stream showed a significant difference with p<0.01. The average in the sediment were; COD, 5.65∼26.53 ppm; Cu, 0.26∼0.49 ppm and Zn 0.95∼2.97 ppm. The concentration of three contaminants were markedly higher than the water quality. And the concentration of COD, Zn in the sediment showed a significant difference with p<0.01, and Cu showed a considerably significant difference with p<0.05.

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Analysis of Scenarios for Environmental Instream Flow Considering Water Quality in Saemangeum Watershed (새만금유역의 수질을 고려한 환경유지용수의 시나리오 분석)

  • Kim, Se-Min;Park, Young-Ki;Won, Chan-Hee;Kim, Min-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 2016
  • In this study, analyzed scenarios of the environmental instream flow for water quality improvement in Saemangeum watershed. In order to get an environmental instream flow, Methodology is selected for Retention-Basin, reservoir expansion, new dam construction, Modification of water intake and drainage system, Rearrangement of plan for system which Yongdam and Seomjin river dam have been used water supply. The study composed of diverse scenario of Environmental instream flow increasement and analyzed the effect of improving the water quality by the QUAL2K model and calculation of runoff for saemangeum watershed by SWAT model. The following water quality indicators have been simulated in irrigation and non-irrigation period for BOD and T-P. When scenarios applied to water quality model, Improvement rate in the water quality for Total Maximum Daily loads of Mankyung B unit watershed during irrigation and non-irrigation period is BOD (28.70%), T-P (17.09%) and BOD (28.51%), T-P (28.68%) respectively. Dongjin A unit watershed during irrigation and non-irrigation period is BOD (14.39%), T-P (14.59%) and BOD (15.54%), T-P (19.46%) similary. Simulation results is to quantify the constribution of the improvement in the water quality. In particular, It was demonstrative that improving effect for water quality was evaluated to be great in non-irrigation period.