• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Number of Excitations

검색결과 78건 처리시간 0.038초

복합재료 H-형 단면 보의 동적응답 해석 (Dynamic Response Analysis of Composite H-type Cross-section Beams)

  • 김성균;송오섭
    • 한국소음진동공학회논문집
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.583-592
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    • 2010
  • Equations of motion of thin-walled composite H-type cross-section beams exposed to concentrated harmonic and non-harmonic time-dependent external excitations, incorporating a number of nonclassical effects of transverse shear, primary and secondary warping, and anisotropy of constituent materials are derived. The forced vibration response characteristics of a composite H-type cross-section beam exhibiting the circumferentially asymmetric stiffness(CAS) configuration are exploited in connection with the structural bending-torsion coupling resulting from directional properties of fiber reinforced composite materials.

응답스펙트럼해석의 오차특성에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Error Characteristics in Response Spectrum Analysis)

  • 최형철;배익주;강병도;김재웅
    • 한국전산구조공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 1998
  • Response spectrum analysis method(RSA) rather than time history analysis method(THA) continues to e used by the profession for evaluating maximum dynamic responses of structures subjected to earthquake excitations. Nevertheless, this simple and practical method can cause significant errors in some cases with unproper modal combination method and so on. To obtain more exact responses based n RSA many studies have been carried out considering displacement of top story, base shear and overturning moment. The purpose of this study is to verify error characteristics in RSA with respect to various responses including displacement shear force and overturning moment of each story. It's shown that RSA appears to yield underestimated responses when compared to THA calculations. Also, errors involved in RSA computations grow with an increase in total number of stories.

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Construction stage effect on the dynamic characteristics of RC frame using operational modal analysis

  • Arslan, Mehmet Emin;Durmus, Ahmet
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.79-90
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    • 2013
  • In this study, dynamic characteristics such as natural frequencies, mode shapes and damping ratios of RC frame is determined for different construction stages using Operational Modal Analyses method under ambient vibration. Full scaled, one bay and one story RC frames are selected as an application for different construction stages such as plane, brick in-filled and brick in-filled with plaster. The RC frame is vibrated by natural excitations with small impact effects and the response signals are measured using sensitive accelerometers during ambient vibration tests. Measurement time-frequency span and effective mode number are determined by considering similar studies in literature. Sensitive seismic accelerometers are used to collect signals obtained from the experimental tests. To obtain experimental dynamic characteristics, output-only system identification technique is employed namely; Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition technique in the frequency domain. It is demonstrated that the ambient vibration measurements are enough to identify the most significant modes of RC frames.

Retrofit Yield Spectra-a practical device in seismic rehabilitation

  • Thermou, G.E.;Elnashai, A.S.;Pantazopoulou, S.J.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.141-168
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    • 2012
  • The Retrofit Yield Spectrum (RYS) is a new spectrum-based device that relates seismic demand of a retrofitted structure with the fundamental design parameters of the retrofit. This is obtained from superposition of Yield Point Spectra with design charts that summarize in pertinent spectrum-compatible coordinates the attributes of a number of alternative retrofit scenarios. Therefore, once the requirements for upgrading a given structure have been determined, the RYS enable direct insight of the sensitivity of the seismic response of the upgraded structure to the preliminary design decisions made while establishing the retrofit plan. By virtue of their spectrum-based origin, RYS are derived with reference to a single mode of structural vibration; a primary objective is to control the contribution of this mode in the retrofit design so as to produce a desirable distribution of damage at the ultimate limit state by removing soft storey formations and engaging the maximum number of structural members in deformation, in response to the input motion. Calculations are performed with reference to the yield-point, where secant stiffness is proportional to the flexural strength of reinforced concrete members. Derivation and use of the Retrofit Yield Spectra (RYS) refers to the seismic demand expressed either in terms of spectral acceleration, spectral displacement or interstory drift, at yield of the first storey. A reinforced concrete building that has been tested in full scale to a sequence of simulated earthquake excitations is used in the paper as a demonstration case study to examine the effectiveness of the proposed methodology.

Probabilistic structural damage detection approaches based on structural dynamic response moments

  • Lei, Ying;Yang, Ning;Xia, Dandan
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.207-217
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    • 2017
  • Because of the inevitable uncertainties such as structural parameters, external excitations and measurement noises, the effects of uncertainties should be taken into consideration in structural damage detection. In this paper, two probabilistic structural damage detection approaches are proposed to account for the underlying uncertainties in structural parameters and external excitation. The first approach adopts the statistical moment-based structural damage detection (SMBDD) algorithm together with the sensitivity analysis of the damage vector to the uncertain parameters. The approach takes the advantage of the strength SMBDD, so it is robust to measurement noise. However, it requests the number of measured responses is not less than that of unknown structural parameters. To reduce the number of measurements requested by the SMBDD algorithm, another probabilistic structural damage detection approach is proposed. It is based on the integration of structural damage detection using temporal moments in each time segment of measured response time history with the sensitivity analysis of the damage vector to the uncertain parameters. In both approaches, probability distribution of damage vector is estimated from those of uncertain parameters based on stochastic finite element model updating and probabilistic propagation. By comparing the two probability distribution characteristics for the undamaged and damaged models, probability of damage existence and damage extent at structural element level can be detected. Some numerical examples are used to demonstrate the performances of the two proposed approaches, respectively.

Mitigation of seismic collision between adjacent structures using roof water tanks

  • Mahmoud, Sayed
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.171-184
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    • 2020
  • The potential of using the roof water tanks as a mitigation measure to minimize the required separation gap and induced pounding forces due to collisions is investigated. The investigation is carried out using nonlinear dynamic analysis for two adjacent 3-story buildings with different dynamic characteristics under two real earthquake motions. For such analysis, nonlinear viscoelastic model is used to simulate forces due to impact. The sloshing force due to water movement is modelled in terms of width of the water tank and the instantaneous wave heights at the end wall. The effect of roof water tanks on the story's responses, separation gap, and magnitude and number of induced pounding forces are investigated. The influence of structural stiffness and storey mass are investigated as well. It is found that pounding causes instantaneous acceleration pulses in the colliding buildings, but the existence of roof water tanks eliminates such acceleration pulses. At the same time the water tanks effectively reduce the number of collisions as well as the magnitude of the induced impact forces. Moreover, buildings without constructed water tanks require wider separation gap to prevent pounding as compared to those with water tanks attached to top floor under seismic excitations.

질소로 희석된 프로판 층류 동축류 제트화염에서의 화염진동에 관한 실험적 연구 (A study on Self-excitation in Laminar Lifted Propane Coflow-Jet Flames Diluted with Nitrogen)

  • 이원준;박정;권오붕;윤진한;길상인;김태형;김영주
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.19-22
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    • 2012
  • Experimental study in coflow jet flames has been conducted to investigate effects of adding Helium to coflowing air-side in self-excitation. The Differences between buoyancy-driven and diffusive-thermal self-excitations with the same order of O(1.0 Hz) in self-excitation are explored and discussed in laminar coflow jet flames.

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진동 제어 장치를 포함한 구조물의 지진 응답 예측을 위한 순환신경망의 하이퍼파라미터 연구 (Research on Hyperparameter of RNN for Seismic Response Prediction of a Structure With Vibration Control System)

  • 김현수;박광섭
    • 한국공간구조학회논문집
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2020
  • Recently, deep learning that is the most popular and effective class of machine learning algorithms is widely applied to various industrial areas. A number of research on various topics about structural engineering was performed by using artificial neural networks, such as structural design optimization, vibration control and system identification etc. When nonlinear semi-active structural control devices are applied to building structure, a lot of computational effort is required to predict dynamic structural responses of finite element method (FEM) model for development of control algorithm. To solve this problem, an artificial neural network model was developed in this study. Among various deep learning algorithms, a recurrent neural network (RNN) was used to make the time history response prediction model. An RNN can retain state from one iteration to the next by using its own output as input for the next step. An eleven-story building structure with semi-active tuned mass damper (TMD) was used as an example structure. The semi-active TMD was composed of magnetorheological damper. Five historical earthquakes and five artificial ground motions were used as ground excitations for training of an RNN model. Another artificial ground motion that was not used for training was used for verification of the developed RNN model. Parametric studies on various hyper-parameters including number of hidden layers, sequence length, number of LSTM cells, etc. After appropriate training iteration of the RNN model with proper hyper-parameters, the RNN model for prediction of seismic responses of the building structure with semi-active TMD was developed. The developed RNN model can effectively provide very accurate seismic responses compared to the FEM model.

질소로 희석된 프로판 동축류 층류 제트 부상화염에서 열손실에 의한 자기진동에 대한 동축류 속도 효과 (Effect of Coflow Air Velocity on Heat-loss-induced Self-excitation in Laminar Lifted Propane Coflow-Jet Flames Diluted with Nitrogen)

  • 이원준;윤성환;박정;권오붕;박종호;김태형
    • 한국연소학회지
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 2012
  • Laminar lifted propane coflow-jet flames diluted with nitrogen were experimentally investigated to determine heat-loss-related self-excitation regimes in the flame stability map and elucidate the individual flame characteristics. There exists a critical lift-off height over which flame-stabilizing effect becomes minor, thereby causing a normal heat-loss-induced self-excitation with O(0.01 Hz). Air-coflowing can suppress the normal heat-loss-induced self-excitation through increase of a Peclet number; meanwhile it can enhance the normal heat-lossinduced self-excitation through reducing fuel concentration gradient and thereby decreasing the reaction rate of trailing diffusion flame. Below the critical lift-off height. the effect of flame stabilization is superior, leading to a coflow-modulated heat-loss-induced self-excitation with O(0.001 Hz). Over the critical lift-off height, the effect of reducing fuel concentration gradient is pronounced, so that the normal heat-loss-induced self-excitation is restored. A newly found prompt self-excitation, observed prior to a heat-loss-induced flame blowout, is discussed. Heat-loss-related self-excitations, obtained laminar lifted propane coflow-jet flames diluted with nitrogen, were characterized by the functional dependency of Strouhal number on related parameters. The critical lift-off height was also reasonably characterized by Peclet number and fuel mole fraction.

Suspended Columns for Seismic Isolation in Structures (SCSI): A preliminary analytical study

  • Shahabi, Ali Beirami;Ahari, Gholamreza Zamani;Barghian, Majid
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.743-755
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, a new system of seismic isolation for buildings - called suspended columns - is introduced. In this method, the building columns are placed on the hinged cradle seats instead of direct connection to the foundation. In this system, each of the columns is put on a seat hung from its surrounding area by a number of cables, for which cavities are created inside the foundation around the columns. Inside these cavities, the tensile cables are hung. Because of the flexibility of the cables, the suspended seats vibrate during an earthquake and as a result, there is less acceleration in the structure than the foundation. A Matlab code was written to analyze and investigate the response of the system against the earthquake excitations. The findings showed that if this system is used in a building, it results in a significant reduction in the acceleration applied to the structure. A shear key system was used to control the structure for service and lateral weak loads. Moreover, the effect of vertical acceleration on the seismic behavior of the system was also investigated. Effect of the earthquake characteristic period on the system performance was studied and the optimum length of the suspension cables for a variety of the period ranges was suggested. In addition, measures have been taken for long-term functioning of the system and some practical feasibility features were also discussed. Finally, the advantages and limitations of the system were discussed and compared with the other common methods of seismic isolation.