• Title, Summary, Keyword: Number of Vessels

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Characteristics of Korean Coastal Fisheries (한국 연안어업의 실태)

  • Yoon, Sang Chul;Jeong, Yeon Kyu;Zhang, Chang Ik;Yang, Jae Hyeong;Choi, Kwang Ho;Lee, Dong Woo
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.1037-1054
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the status of coastal fisheries was examined based on the catch and number of fishing vessels of coastal fisheries in Korea. Comparing the status on coastal fisheries of the East Sea, Yellow Sea and South Sea in Korea, scientific evidence was made for fisheries management on coastal fisheries based on characteristics of each sea area. From 1990 to 2011, the catch of coastal fisheries in Korean waters ranged from 150,000 mt to 230,000 mt, with an average of 190,000 mt, and it accounted for 15% in average of total catch fished in adjacent waters of Korea. In order of catch by coastal fisheries, gillnet (36.7%) was the primary fishery, followed by coastal complex (24.7%), stow net (18.3%), trap (12.9%), lift net (3.9%), purse seine (3.0%) and beam trawl (0.4%) fisheries. In order of catch by species, anchovy (15.0%) had the largest proportion of total catch, followed by common squid (10.3%), akiami paste shrimp (5.2%), blue crab (3.9%) and octopus (3.7%). Of the average catch by sea area from 1990 to 2011, Yellow Sea, South Sea and East Sea were 37.4%, 34.6% and 28.0%, respectively. Since 2000s, however, the average catch of South Sea has accounted for the largest proportion. The number of permitted fishing vessels involved in 8 coastal fisheries was 55,336 vessels in average from 1997 to 2011. The number of vessels was about 47,000 vessels in 1997, and increased to 61,300 vessels until 2000, then has decreased to 44,000 vessels operating in 2011. In order of the number of permitted fishing vessels by fisheries, complex (52.4%) took the first place, followed by gillnet (31.5%), trap (13.4%), stow net (0.8%), beam trawl (0.8%), purse seine (0.6%), lift net (0.4%) and seine net (0.0%). In order of the number of permitted fishing vessels by sea area, South Sea (29,994 vessels) took the first place, followed by Yellow Sea (18,185 vessels) and East Sea (7,158 vessels). In order of the catch per unit effort (CPUE, mt/vessels) which was analyzed using catch and number of vessels in average by fishery, stow net is the highest followed by lift net, trap, purse seine, gill net, beam trawl and complex fisheries. In particular, the CPUE of complex and gill net fisheries, which accounted for the largest number of vessels were 4.0 mt/vessels and 1.6 mt/vessels, respectively. Since those are too low relative to other fisheries, it was judged to need systematical management on both fisheries.

Fishing efficiency of LED fishing lamp for squid jigging vessels (오징어 채낚기어선용 LED 집어등의 어획성능)

  • An, Young-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.385-394
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    • 2013
  • This study has conducted a comparative analysis on the fishing efficiency of LED fishing lamps by squid jigging vessels, the Yeongrak-ho (16 tons) and Somang-ho (9.77 tons), which operated during September and October 2010 and during October 2011, comparing with MH (Metal Halide) fishing lamp-equipped fishing vessels. This study has also examined vessel's fuel consumption level. The light powers of LED fishing lamps of the Yeongrak-ho and Somang-ho were 25.8kW and 32kW, respectively. Those of the MH fishing vessels, that is, the MH fishing lamp-equipped fishing vessels, were 105kW and 81kW, respectively. The average squid catch in number of an LED vessel, Yeongrak-ho, was 39.2% of the MH fishing lamp-equipped fishing vessels; however, that of the Somang-ho improved to 78.7% of the MH fishing lamp-equipped vessels. Average catch in number by Yeongrak-ho crew was 2.6 times more than catch in number by automatic jigging machines. Average catch in number by MH fishing vessel crew was 1.8 times more than that by automatic jigging machines. An LED vessel, Yeongrak-ho's fishing rate was 17.5%~152.2% of the MH fishing vessels, that is, 61.1% on average, in comparison of combined catch in number per automatic jigging machine and per crewmember. Somang-ho's fishing rate was 6.7%~127.6% of the MH fishing vessels, that is, 73.1% on average. The average fuel consumption level of the Somang-ho, throughout its departure from to arrival at the port, was 475.7l, and that during fishing hours was 109.6l, or 23.0% of the total fuel consumption level. Somang-ho's fuel consumption level per fishing hour was 9.7l on average.

The tendency and the effectiveness of policy in marine accident occurring in the sea around Jeju island (제주도 주변 해역에서 발생하는 해양 사고의 동향과 정책의 효율성)

  • Cho, Ju-Hee;Ahn, Jang-Young;Choi, Chan-Moon;Lee, Chang-Heon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.12-20
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this paper is to aid in basic directions for the countermeasure against marine accidents by using the statistical data of Jeju Coast Guard from 1983 to 2012. Marine accidents of about 600~1,000 vessels was reported in all the waters around South Korea from 2000 to 2008. From 2009, these accidents increased rapidly and reached 1,600~2,000 vessels. Although marine accidents of longline fishing vessels did not show a big change prior to 1993, the number have increased steadily until 2007. This is considered a tendency that appears when longline vessels, using the Port of Sungsanpo as a base and operating in fishing grounds in the East China Sea, are converted to long-term fishing from short-term fishing for reasons such as cost reduction due to the sudden rise of oil prices and the performance improvement of the fishing vessels. The number of vessels in marine accidents decreased gradually from 1999 to 2002 and for nearly 7 years from 2002 to 2008, the annual average of marine accidents stayed at 97 vessels. This is seemed to be the result of a change in the policy of either the central or local government and largely associated with changes in the way of statistical processing. This tendency is resulted in lower number of the accidents due to careless navigation which can be viewed as a human error than the number of marine accidents due to poor maintenance as a cause of mechanical failure in the same period. The increase rate in the marine accidents of Jeju Island-based fishing vessels is greater than that of other area-based fishing vessels among the fishing vessels operating in coastal and near sea around Jeju Island each year.

The Influence of Pfannenstiel Incision Scarring on Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator

  • Park, Young Jin;Kim, Eun Key;Yun, Ji Young;Eom, Jin Sup;Lee, Taik Jong
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.542-547
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    • 2014
  • Background Abdominal wall free flaps are used most frequently in autologous breast reconstruction, and these flaps require intact and robust deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) vessels. Pfannenstiel incisions are often present during preoperative visits for breast reconstruction and could potentially signal compromised blood supply to the lower abdominal wall. In this study, we compared the number of DIEP vessels between patients with and without Pfannenstiel incisions undergoing autologous breast reconstruction. Methods A retrospective review of medical records was performed for patients with (study) and without (control) Pfannelstiel incisions (n=34 for each group) between June 2010 and July 2013. In addition to patient demographics, number of caesarian sections, and outcomes of free flap reconstruction, abdominal wall vasculature was compared using the preoperative computed tomography angiographic data between the groups. For each patient, vessels measuring greater than 1 mm were counted and divided into four sections of the lower abdominal wall. Results The mean number of perforator vessels was 10.6 in the study group and 11.4 in the control group, which was not statistically different (P=0.575). Pfannenstiel incisions with history of repeat caesarian sections were not associated with decreased number of perforator vessels. Conclusions Pfannenstiel scars are associated with neither a change in the number of DIEP vessels nor decreased viability of a free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous and DIEP flap. Lower abdominal free flaps based on DIEP vessels appear safe even in patients who have had multiple caesarian sections through Pfannenstiel incisions.

Study on the marine casualties in Korea (우리나라의 해양사고에 대한 고찰)

  • Kang, Il-Kwon;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Kim, Jeong-Chang;Park, Byung-Soo;Ham, Sang-Jun;Oh, Il-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2013
  • Fishing vessels have been causing more than 70% of marine casualty in Korea. As a view of the occurring number of marine casualty, it is obvious for fishing vessel to account for the absolute high portion of that in comparison with the non-fishing vessels. That is a natural outcome because fishing vessels have occupied more than 90% of all registered Korean vessels. If we consider it not occurring number, but occurring ratio, we could find out that fishing vessels accounted for 5 times lower than non-fishing vessels in marine casualties. Nevertheless, fishing vessels have not immunity from responsibility for marine casualties at all, because the tendency of it in fishing vessel has been dominating the whole marine casualties in Korea. So for reduction of them, it is indispensable to decrease the casualties of fishing vessel. In this study, the authors tried to carry out many items of them to compare the occurring number with the occurring ratio, and dealt with the casualties of collision and machine damage in detail, because those have not only been occurring most frequently in casualties in Korea, but also led to the death and injury of lives. To reduce the collision and the machine damage, the operator have to keep the watch more strictly and check and keep the machine in good order. And it is necessary for the operator to take more education and training intended to decrease those systematically and continuously, especially for the crews of fishing vessels.

A Study on the Establishment of Specific Traffic Safety Areas at Pyeongtaek Port (평택항 교통안전특정해역 설정에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Sang-Lok;Kim, Deug-Bong;Jeong, Jae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.660-670
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    • 2016
  • This study expresses the necessity of recognizing Pyeongtaek Port as a specific traffic safety area to ensure the safety of the vessels that navigate there using quantitative data. The number of foggy days, pilotage distance, the number of large vessels and the number of fishing vessels that traveled between Pyeongtaek Port and 6 ports chosen as comparative study objects were compared and analyzed. The results showed that Pyeongtaek Port was more frequently affected by restricted visibility. With these perverse conditions, Pyeongtaek Port has a longer pilotage distance than Busan, Busan Newport, Ulsan or Pohang Ports by as much as 3.5-6 times. Especially from May to July, when fisheries were most functional, large vessels were required to navigate in an opposite direction to avoid 35 fishing vessels that were observed, creating an increased possibility for collisions among vessels. Therefore, the navigational safety of Pyeongtaek Port should be further secured by defining the approaching waters as specific traffic safety areas, giving large vessels legal priority over fishing vessels.

The Analysis of Fishing Efforts and Catch in Korea (어획노력이 어획량에 미치는 영향분석)

  • Kim, Jung-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Nam
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.163-194
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    • 2008
  • This paper examines the efficacy of the vessel buy - back program implemented by the Korean government between 1994 and 2005. At the descriptive level, it is found that various factors of fishing efforts including power of vessels, fishing days and the number of employees increased during the program. The statistical analysis over the period 1981 to 2005 shows that the amount of weight and power of vessels tend to have a positive impact on the amount of catch with the number of vessels controlled. In particular, 1% increase in weight and power leads to $0.5%{\sim}1.4%$ and $1.0%{\sim}2.0%$ increase in catch, respectively. Therefore, the results suggest that the vessel buy - back program in Korea had contributed to reducing the catch but only as far as it reduced the weight and power of the vessels. As is consistent with the previous literature, it is indicated that the efficacy of vessel buy - back program may be limited by the fishermen's effots to increase the fishing efforts in terms of power of vessels, fishing days or number of employees.

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A Berth Allocation Problem to Maximize the Available Rate of Naval Vessels (함정 가동률 최대화를 위한 선석할당문제)

  • Won, Hyun-Sik;Ahn, Tae-Ho;Lee, Sang-Heon
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2009
  • This paper addresses the berth allocation problem in naval ports. Navy vessels need various services such as emergency repair, missile loading, oil supply and many others while commercial vessels only unload and load container at the port. Furthermore, naval vessels have to shift frequently due to a limited capacity of the port. The objective of this paper is to minimize the total number of nesting vessels at the naval port. In other word, the objective is to maximize the total number of naval battleships engaging in the sea. A mixed integer programming(MIP) model is developed and experiments are conducted with ILOG CPLEX 11.0. We compare the computational results of the MIP model to the current scheduling approach by the ROK Navy. The results showed that MIP model performed well by minimizing the number of nesting vessels. and avoiding unnecessary shifts.

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A Study on the Shipyard of the Costal Counties and the Naval Castle in the Southern Gyeongsang-do (경상도 남부지역 연해 군현과 수군영진의 선소(船所)에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soon-Kang;Lee, Ho-Yeol
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.7-18
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    • 2019
  • The Chosun Dynasty established and implemented measures to prevent Japanese invasion into the southern coast. To this end, the number of naval vessels and the number of ships were increased, and a shipyard(船所) was constructed to protect the safety of the vessels. The shipyard is a port facility where military vessels are anchored and repaired, as well as public facilities that are needed for military training on public and land, as well as facilities for storing supplies and equipment needed for ships on land and defense at the port entrance. Despite being such an important facility for national defense, Shipyard has not been noticed. Studies have shown that the position of shipyard is divided into the riverside type and the riverbank type, which is due to the topographical features of Korea. The repair cycle of naval vessels, the carrying out of Yeonhun(prevent the water from decaying the part of the ship, a raw tree was burned to smoke) and the place of sea training also affected the construction of the Gul River(掘江). The space structure of shipyard is divided into port entry facilities for monitoring and controlling at the entrance to the harbor, border facilities for folding and repairing military vessels, and land facilities for holding land exercises and administrative work of military vessels and military equipment.

Estimating the productive efficienct of distant-water longline vessels in Pacific Ocean using a Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA를 이용한 태평양 원양연승어업의 어선별 생산효율성 분석)

  • CHO, Heon-Ju;KIM, Doo Nam;KIM, Do Hoon;LEE, Sung Il;KWON, Youjung;KU, Jeong Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.357-362
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency of distant-water longline fishing vessels in the Pacific Ocean and the gap in efficiencies among individual vessels. In order to estimate the efficiency, the dependent variable is set as an amount of catch and independent variables include number of crew, number of hooks, number of vessel size, and vessels engine power associated with fishing activities of distant water longline fisheries. Analytical result was shown as follows: first, the average efficiency of distant-water longline fishing vessels in the Pacific Ocean was found to be 94%. Second, the number of hooks were found to be statistically significant in each input variable and the appropriate control of the number of hooks would be expected to have a positive effect on the efficiency. Third, the relationship between the age of a vessel and the efficiency was not found statistically.