• Title, Summary, Keyword: OD기반 목적통행

Search Result 6, Processing Time 0.028 seconds

A Transit Assignment Model and Transit Passenger OD Estimation from Passenger Counts (대중교통 통행배정모형 개발 및 통행량 기반 대중교통 기종점 통행량 추정)

  • 이신해
    • Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.45-77
    • /
    • 2002
  • 교통혼잡 문제가 점점 심각해짐에 따라 대중교통의 중요성은 날로 부각되며, 대중교통을 지원하기 위한 정책들이 속속 입안되고 있어 대중교통을 심도 있게 분석할 수 있는 틀의 개발은 필연적이라 할 수 있다. 이에 본 연구는 대중교통 통행배정모형 개발과 대중교통 기종점통행량(OD) 추정을 목적으로 수행되었다. 대중교통 통행배정모형의 개발부분에서는 기존의 대중교통 통행배정모형이 개별차량과 다른 대중교통의 특성을 정확히 반영하고 있지 못하다는 한계를 극복하고자, 최적경로 탐색에는 유전자 알고리즘(Genetic Algorithm)을 통행량 배정에는 로짓모형을 기반으로 한 확률적 통행량 배정모형(Stochastic Network Loading Model)을 이용하여 TATSN 모형을 개발하였다. 그리고, 대중교통 기종점통행량의 추정은 전통적인 기종점통행량 추정 방법인 기종점조사 방법이 시간과 비용이 과대하게 소요된다는 단점을 인식하여 관측통행량을 이용하여 추정하는 방법을 제안하였다.

  • PDF

A Study on the Modal Split Model Using Zonal Data (존 데이터 기반 수단분담모형에 관한 연구)

  • Ryu, Si-Kyun;Rho, Jeong-Hyun;Kim, Ji-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.113-123
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study introduces a new type of a modal split model that use zonal data instead of cost data as independent variables. It has been indicated that the ones using cost data have deficiencies in the multicollinearity of travel time and cost variables and unpredictability of independent variables. The zonal data employed in this study include (1) socioeconomic data, (2) land use data and (3) transportation system data. The test results showed that the proposed modal split model using zonal data performs better than the other does.

OD matrix estimation using link use proportion sample data as additional information (표본링크이용비를 추가정보로 이용한 OD 행렬 추정)

  • 백승걸;김현명;신동호
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.20 no.4
    • /
    • pp.83-93
    • /
    • 2002
  • To improve the performance of estimation, the research that uses additional information addition to traffic count and target OD with additional survey cost have been studied. The purpose of this paper is to improve the performance of OD estimation by reducing the feasible solutions with cost-efficiently additional information addition to traffic counts and target OD. For this purpose, we Propose the OD estimation method with sample link use proportion as additional information. That is, we obtain the relationship between OD trip and link flow from sample link use proportion that is high reliable information with roadside survey, not from the traffic assignment of target OD. Therefore, this paper proposes OD estimation algorithm in which the conservation of link flow rule under the path-based non-equilibrium traffic assignment concept. Numerical result with test network shows that it is possible to improve the performance of OD estimation where the precision of additional data is low, since sample link use Proportion represented the information showing the relationship between OD trip and link flow. And this method shows the robust performance of estimation where traffic count or OD trip be changed, since this method did not largely affected by the error of target OD and the one of traffic count. In addition to, we also propose that we must set the level of data precision by considering the level of other information precision, because "precision problem between information" is generated when we use additional information like sample link use proportion etc. And we Propose that the method using traffic count as basic information must obtain the link flow to certain level in order to high the applicability of additional information. Finally, we propose that additional information on link have a optimal counting location problem. Expecially by Precision of information side it is possible that optimal survey location problem of sample link use proportion have a much impact on the performance of OD estimation rather than optimal counting location problem of link flow.

A Methodology for Expanding Sample OD Based on Probe Vehicle (프로브 차량 기반 표본 OD의 전수화 기법)

  • Baek, Seung-Kirl;Jeong, So-Young;Kim, Hyun-Myung;Choi, Kee-Choo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.135-145
    • /
    • 2008
  • As a fundamental input to the travel demand forecasting, OD has been always a concern in obtaining the accurate link traffic volume. Numerous methods were applied thus far without a complete success. Some existing OD estimation techniques generally extract regular samples and expand those sample into population. These methods, however, leaves some to be desired in terms of accuracy. To complement such problems, research on estimating OD using additional information such as link traffic volume as well as sample link use rate have been accomplished. In this paper, a new approach for estimating static origin-destination (OD) using probe vehicle has been proposed. More specifically, this paper tried to search an effective sample rate which varies over time and space. In a sample test network study, the traffic volume error rate of each link was set as objective function in solving the problem. As a key result the MAE (mean absolute error) between expanded OD and actual OD was identified as about 5.28%. The developed methodology could be applied with similar cases. Some limitations and future research agenda have also been discussed.

A User Optimer Traffic Assignment Model Reflecting Route Perceived Cost (경로인지비용을 반영한 사용자최적통행배정모형)

  • Lee, Mi-Yeong;Baek, Nam-Cheol;Mun, Byeong-Seop;Gang, Won-Ui
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.117-130
    • /
    • 2005
  • In both deteministic user Optimal Traffic Assignment Model (UOTAM) and stochastic UOTAM, travel time, which is a major ccriterion for traffic loading over transportation network, is defined by the sum of link travel time and turn delay at intersections. In this assignment method, drivers actual route perception processes and choice behaviors, which can become main explanatory factors, are not sufficiently considered: therefore may result in biased traffic loading. Even though there have been some efforts in Stochastic UOTAM for reflecting drivers' route perception cost by assuming cumulative distribution function of link travel time, it has not been fundamental fruitions, but some trials based on the unreasonable assumptions of Probit model of truncated travel time distribution function and Logit model of independency of inter-link congestion. The critical reason why deterministic UOTAM have not been able to reflect route perception cost is that the route perception cost has each different value according to each origin, destination, and path connection the origin and destination. Therefore in order to find the optimum route between OD pair, route enumeration problem that all routes connecting an OD pair must be compared is encountered, and it is the critical reason causing computational failure because uncountable number of path may be enumerated as the scale of transportation network become bigger. The purpose of this study is to propose a method to enable UOTAM to reflect route perception cost without route enumeration between an O-D pair. For this purpose, this study defines a link as a least definition of path. Thus since each link can be treated as a path, in two links searching process of the link label based optimum path algorithm, the route enumeration between OD pair can be reduced the scale of finding optimum path to all links. The computational burden of this method is no more than link label based optimum path algorithm. Each different perception cost is embedded as a quantitative value generated by comparing the sub-path from the origin to the searching link and the searched link.

Reviews of Bus Transit Route Network Design Problem (버스 노선망 설계 문제(BTRNDP)의 고찰)

  • Han, Jong-Hak;Lee, Seung-Jae;Lim, Seong-Su;Kim, Jong-Hyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.35-47
    • /
    • 2005
  • This paper is to review a literature concerning Bus Transit Route Network Design(BTRNDP), to describe a future study direction for a systematic application for the BTRNDP. Since a bus transit uses a fixed route, schedule, stop, therefore an approach methodology is different from that of auto network design problem. An approach methodology for BTRNDP is classified by 8 categories: manual & guideline, market analysis, system analytic model. heuristic model. hybrid model. experienced-based model. simulation-based model. mathematical optimization model. In most previous BTRNDP, objective function is to minimize user and operator costs, and constraints on the total operator cost, fleet size and service frequency are common to several previous approach. Transit trip assignment mostly use multi-path trip assignment. Since the search for optimal solution from a large search space of BTRNDP made up by all possible solutions, the mixed combinatorial problem are usually NP-hard. Therefore, previous researches for the BTRNDP use a sequential design process, which is composed of several design steps as follows: the generation of a candidate route set, the route analysis and evaluation process, the selection process of a optimal route set Future study will focus on a development of detailed OD trip table based on bus stop, systematic transit route network evaluation model. updated transit trip assignment technique and advanced solution search algorithm for BTRNDP.