• Title, Summary, Keyword: ODA

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A Study on the Effect of Myanmar ODA's Aids on Exports through Panel Analysis (공적개발원조(ODA)가 수출에 미치는 영향 분석: 미얀마 사례를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hyun-Yong;Choi, Young-Jun
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 2016
  • This studies the relationship between ODA and export performance of donor countries in Myanmar. This study analyzes 19 donor countries from 2002 to 2014 by using gravity model. The results show that ODA improves the export performance of donor countries in Myanmar in the period. The larger the amount of ODA, the larger the exports in Myanmar. And the rate of increase of ODA is also important in determining the export performance. These imply that ODA increases donor's export directly as well as indirectly by improving the relationship between donors and receivers. These results are important for Korea that is increasing ODA into Myanmar. Korea should search for a mode of ODA supporting as well as the amount of ODA.

Recipient Countries' Financial Development and the Effectiveness of ODA (금융시장발전과 공적개발원조의 효과성: 양자간·다자간 원조를 중심으로)

  • Ahn, Hyeonmi;Park, Danbee
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the effectiveness of Offcial Development Assistance (ODA) in recipient countries' economy. ODA is designed to mitigate poverty and stimulate economic growth in the developing countries. We classify total ODA into bilateral ODA and multilateral ODA depending on the number of donor countries. If the ODA flows from one donor country to one recipient country, it is classified as bilateral ODA. If the multiple countries simultaneously become donor countries through the international organizations such as United Nations and World Bank, it is classified as multilateral ODA. This paper compares the effect of bilateral ODA and multilateral ODA in determining recipient countries' economic development, and tries to provide policy implications to Korean ODA. Research design, data, and methodology - Our primary explanatory variables are bilateral and multilateral ODA. Private credit in recipient countries is adopted as additional explanatory variables to capture the level of financial development in recipient countries. We measure the ODA effectiveness using economic growth and quality of life of the recipient countries as the dependent variable. We collect 142 recipient countries' data from OECD statistics, during the period from 1970-2014. Panel least squares estimation with country fixed effect is employed as the empirical model. Results - Our results support that ODA variable has a negatively significant impact on recipient countries' economic growth, while it is positively correlated with human development index. Recipient countries' private credit is positively correlated with economic growth and human development index. The interaction variable of ODA and financial development turns out to be significant in general. We find that the positive effect of ODA depends on recipient countries' financial market development and this effect is stronger in multilateral aid than bilateral one. Conclusions - From the analysis, we have confirmed that the recipient countries financial development is the necessity condition to achieve positive effect of ODA. Based on these results, we suggest that Korean government should increase the share of multilateral funding and pay attention to recipient countries' financial market development to maximize the effectiveness of ODA.

Analysis of the ODA impact that Donor's Exports - Focus on Korean Technology Cooperation ODA (ODA가 공여국의 수출에 미치는 영향 분석 - 한국의 기술협력 ODA를 중심으로)

  • Byun, Sejun;Choi, Jaeyoung
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.99-122
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    • 2019
  • ODA (Official Development Assistance) aims for practicing international humanitarianism in developing countries. However, ODA donors also seek to find convincing evidence meeting the national economic & political interests in the international community. In this regards, precise & unbiased estimation of the policy effects of ODA aid on the donors' exports to the recipient countries has recently become one of the primary concerns of the ODA donors, especially developing countries including Korea of which economy structure heavily relies on exports for economic growth. Based on the basic gravity model, this study empirically analyzes the effects of technical cooperation ODA delivering skills, knowledge and technical know-how on Korea's exports to the ODA recipient countries using 10-year panel data from 2007 to 2016. Specifically, by incorporating major variables affecting trade such as GDP, distance, FDI etc, the effect of technical cooperation ODA on Korea's exports to the ODA recipient countries is estimated with various kinds of panel models. As a result, technical cooperation ODA has a statistically significant impact on Korea's exports to ODA recipient countries, especially in the exports of intermediate goods. And the detail process of this black-boxed mechanism is scrutinized through case studies on Uzbekistan, The Philippines, and Morocco.

A Study on the Performance Factors on the Science and Technology Policy Consultation Project for Developing Countries (개도국 과학기술 정책 자문 사업의 성과요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eunjoo;Yim, Deok Soon
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.186-206
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    • 2019
  • While the amount of Official Development Assistance (ODA) in Korea has been increasing, there are some criticism about the effectiveness and management of ODA itself. The ODA in the area of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) is also increasing but seems to have many problems. First, there is not clearly defined or agreed definition for STI ODA internationally as well as domestically. Second, the evaluation on the STI ODA performance is not enough. Third, the planning and management capability to implement ODA project is generally lacking. In this background, the issue of performance factors of STI policy consultation project was analyzed using the case studies and expert interviews. It is concluded that not only STI knowledge transferring capacity but also the absorptive capacity is important for the success of STI policy consultation project. In this sense, it is suggested to plan and manage the STI ODA project with the consideration of both transferring capacity and absorptive capacity.

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A Study for Improvement of Korea's ODA in the Scope of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries through Analysis on Norms of OECD DAC (OECD 개발원조위원회(DAC) 주요규범 분석을 통한 국내 해양수산 공적개발원조(ODA) 발전방향 연구)

  • Ham, Gi-Young;Min, Young-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.210-217
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, the volume of ODA of Korea to developing countries has been analysed quantitatively based on statistical information, compared with Korea's ODA in the scope of the maritime industry. Thereafter, norms and policies of ODA in OECD DAC and trends of ODA in international societies have been examined through literature and qualitative researches so that possible ways to forward in Korea's ODA have been proposed. Hence, in this paper it h as been recognized that the volume of ODA related with the Korean maritime industry has been standing still as the before despite tremendous increase of total volume of Korea's ODA. for last 10 years. Consequently, the paper would like to propose possible measures that might been taken by the Korean government to raise the volume of ODA related with the maritime industry.

Does ODA Improve the Business Climate of Low and Middle Income Countries? (공적개발원조(ODA)가 개발도상국가의 창업/금융 환경을 개선시킬 수 있는가?)

  • Jun, Sung Hee
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.69-93
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    • 2015
  • Developing countries including poor countries cannot accumulate enough domestic saving and government budget for their industrialization. They need to finance the capital for development from abroad sources; foreign direct investment (FDI) and official development assistance (ODA). The developing countries can improve their business climate for more ODA. This paper examines whether ODA improve the business climate of developing countries. In this paper, the business climate are measured by the starting business scores and the scores of credit and protecting investor in Doing Business project of World Bank. According to the empirical result, ODA has significant effect on the starting business scores for low and lower middle income countries, but insignificant effect for upper middle countries. In the case of the scores of credit and protecting investor, ODA has significant effect only for lower middle income countries.

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A Study on ODA Budget Allocation by Economic Development Stage and International Norm (경제발전과 국제규범 형성에 기반한 ODA 예산규모에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Ji-Soon;Jeon, Yongil
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.3-21
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    • 2014
  • The OECD DAC has recommended the member countries to raise the ODA budget by 0.7% of GNI. Most of DAC's members, howver, have not reached at the target level, mainly due to global economic crisis, with some exceptions in Northern Europe countries. Korea has increased the ODA budget allocation dramatically, but she could not still meet even the level 0.3%, which is the average level of DAC countries. In terms of national budget operation, DAC country groups are classified as the international norm type and the self-economic dependence type. And then, this study analyzes the time trends of the ODA budget in Korea, comparing with DAC's members on the economic scale. By forecasting Korean ODA budgets by country-type classifications, the optimal size of Korean government's ODA budget is proposed and discussed.

A Study on the Effectiveness of Overseas Construction Projects Using Official Development Assistance(ODA) (공적개발원조(ODA)를 활용한 해외건설사업 수주의 실효성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Ji Yeon;Yang, Wook Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.144-154
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    • 2018
  • While the local construction market has lost its steam in recent years, it is discussed that the overseas construction projects should be activated by using the Official Development Assistance (ODA) in terms of finding a new way. This study empirically identifies the relationship between ODA and the foreign construction orders, and discovers the effectiveness of orders for overseas construction projects using the ODA. Therefore, based on the past 25 years of time-series data on Asia, the VECM model was used to identify the relationship between the Asia country's ODA and construction orders. As a result, it has shown a lower-than-expected correlation between the value of ODA and the construction orders. There are several reasons for this; This is because profit-purpose construction projects and ODA for public welfare are fundamentally different, and the timing of ODA applications and overseas construction orders are different. Also, compared to other developed countries, Korea has far less experience and scale of ODA. At last, there are huge differences in the size of ODA and construction orders. In conclusion, although the effectiveness of overseas construction orders based on ODA was not clearly disclosed, the significance of this study is that it attempted to conduct a empirical study on the relationship between ODA and overseas construction orders. Further relationships are expected to be drawn through the accumulation of future ODA experience and the supplementation of time series data, which can provide on a theoretical and practical basis.

Comparison of the Properties of Poly(lactic acid) Nanocomposites with Various Fillers: Organoclay, Functionalized Graphene, or Organoclay/Functionalized Graphene Complex (유기화 점토, 작용기화 그래핀 및 유기화 점토/작용기화 그래핀 복합체 등의 필러를 사용한 Poly(lactic acid) 나노 복합체의 물성 비교)

  • Kwon, Kidae;Chang, Jin-Hae
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 2014
  • Poly(lactic acid)(PLA) nanocomposites containing various nanofillers were synthesized using the solution intercalation method. Organically modified bentonite clay (NSE), octadecylamine-graphene oxide (ODA-GO), and an NSE/ODA-GO complex were utilized as nanofillers in the fabrication of PLA hybrid films. PLA hybrid films with varying nanofiller contents in the range of 0-10 wt% were examined and compared in terms of their thermomechanical properties, morphologies, and oxygen permeabilities. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirmed that most of the NSE and ODA-GO nanofillers were dispersed homogeneously throughout the PLA matrix on the nanoscale, although some agglomerate NSE/ODA-GO complex particles were also formed. Among the three nanofillers for PLA hybrid films, the NSE/ODA-GO complex showed the best improvement in film thermal stability. In contrast, NSE and ODA-GO exhibited the best improvement in tensile mechanical properties and oxygen barrier properties of the PLA hybrid films, respectively.

Does IT ODA Promote Democracy in Developing Countries? : A challenge to optimistic technological determinism (IT ODA, 개발도상국의 민주주의 발전을 가져오는가? - 낙관적 기술결정론에 대한 도전 -)

  • Song, Hyojin
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.73-95
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    • 2015
  • This research has a purpose to verify whether the Internet diffusion through the Official Development Assistance (ODA) can bring about democratic changes in authoritarian political system of developing countries. This research has found out that IT ODA has 'positive(+)' effect on the Internet diffusion in recipient countries. It seems to support the expectation of donor countries that they can lead the political democratization by constructing infrastructure and promoting the use of the Internet. However, as the impact of IT ODA on the Internet diffusion is not considerable as well as the Internet diffusion has no strong influence on the development of democracy in developing countries, and also each of these aspects of countries looks different, it is hard to see that the democratization hypothesis based on the optimistic technological determinism is reasonable. Therefore, this paper argues that IT ODA must be based on not blind optimism that IT transfer will lead to the political democratization in developing countries, but the social structuralism which is based on distinctiveness and uniqueness of countries. and suggests that the discuss of the effect of IT ODA proceed with the constructive way.