• Title, Summary, Keyword: ODI

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The determinants of vertical overbite and overbite depth indicator(ODI) (수직피개의 결정요인과 수직피개 심도지수(ODI)의 상호관계)

  • Yang, Sang-Duk
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.349-360
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    • 1999
  • The concept of denture frame, both the vertical and horizontal relationship of the dentitions are ultimately related to a skeletal configuration, leads to postulate that the vertical overbite will be determined by the jaw rotations and anteroposterior jaw relationship. Also, ODI is analyzed to be composed of the determinant factors of overbite such as FMA PPA and FABA. From the geometric analyses of an interrelationship between the ODT and the overbite determinants, the following formula can be induced. ODI norm=$85^{\circ} - 0.5 PMA-(1.08 - 0.01 FMA)(FABA - 81^{\circ})$. This formula indicates that the norm of ODI is not constant value but variable one according to the individual skeletal frames. Through the application of the formula to the various clinical cases, it is proved that the new concept, relativity of the ODI norm, is very diagnostically useful.

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A NEW APPROACH TO USE OVERBITE DEPTH INDICATOR IN ORTHODONTIC DIAGNOSIS (교정 진단을 위한 피개교합심도지수 (Overbite Depth Indicator, ODI) 의 새로운 평가)

  • Yang, Won-Sik;Chang, Young-Il;Kim, Tae-Woo
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.17-30
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    • 1992
  • Since 1984, many patients have been treated with Multiloop Edgewise Archwire (MEAW) Technique and diagnosed with ODI (Overbite Depth Indicator) and APDI (Anteroposterior Dysplasia Indicator) by the authors. 234 samples of them were selected randomly for the statistical analysis (age, sex, Angle's classification, treatment period, extraction, ODI etc.). Especially, ODI was analysed statistically and its application methods were reviewed. The results and conclusions were as follows: 1. On the 150 patients with normal overbite, the mean values of Class I, II, III malocclusion were $67.5^{\circ}$, $72.2^{\circ}$ and $59.0^{\circ}$. They were significantly different on the level of p < 0.01. 2. In normal overbite samples, ODI decreased with the increase of APDI and the correlation coefficient was -0.54. It seems that this result reflects the characteristics of AB to mandibular plane angle. 3. The regression equation was Y = - 0.57X + 114.64, where X is APDI and Y is ODI. In cases of small or large APDI, it seems to be absurd that the patient's ODI is compared with the mean ODI to differentiate diagnostically the open bite or deep bite tendency from the normal.

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The Prevalence of Low Back Pain Disability Index in College Students (대학생의 요통장애지수에 대한 분포)

  • Kwon, Won-An;Kim, Dong-Dae;Um, Ki-Mae;Song, Young-Hwa;Oh, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Jae-Hong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.3846-3852
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    • 2010
  • Low back pain is commonly experienced by both adolescents and adults. The aim of this study is to research the prevalence of the Oswestry disability index(ODI) in their 20s of college students. The data was collected from the ODI questionnaire on functional disability measures for college students(males: 233, females: 407). Statistical analysis was carried out with SPSS 12.0 program, which was used for descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation analysis. The results were : Firstly, 'sitting' item was showed 'the highest score' and 'the lowest score' was 'personal care' in ODI items. Secondly, there was statistically significant between female(6.13) and male(4.62) on ODI but not ODI grade(p<0.01). Thirdly, there was a statistically significant relationship between ODI grade and each ODI items(p<0.01). These results have specific meaning as future clinical and epidemiological studies.

THE LATERAL CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY OF THE GROWING CHILDREN WITH CLASS III MALOCCLUSION BY KIM'S ANALYSIS (Kim's analysis에 의한 III급 부정교합아동의 측모두부방사선 계측학적 연구)

  • Yang, Ku-Ho;Choi, Nam-Ki;Jeong, Jin-Gug
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.298-307
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution and differences of the cephalometric measurements between normal occlusion and the class III malocclusion. Kim's analysis was achieved and compared on both the 141 elementary school students with proper profile and normal occlusion and the class III malocclusion group at the age of 7 to 9, in Gwang-ju area and the results were as follows; 1. The ODI, APDI, IIA, UL showed statistically significant differences between normal occlusion and class III malocclusion(p<0.01). But, no significant difference existed in both CF and EI. 2. The mean value of ODI was 72.62, APDI 80.47 IIA 121.37 in normal occlusion. 3. The mean value of ODI was 64.45, APDI 87.31 IIA 129.89 in class III malocclusion. 4. ODI decreased as APDI increased, and the correlation coefficient was -0.576 in both normal occlusion and class III malocclusion. 5. The correlation coefficient related to EI was CF 0.777, LL -0.670, UL -0.588, IIA 0.485. It means that UL and LL were very sensitively reflected on EI.

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A Study on Correlation Coefficients between Lumbosacral Balance and Low Back Pain (요천추부의 정렬과 설문을 통한 요통 자각도의 상호 연관성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Eun;Kim, Hyung-Kil;Cho, Woong-Hee;Park, Won-Hyung;Cha, Yun-Yeop
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the correlation coefficients among Oswestry low-back pain disability index(ODI), Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMD), visual analogue scale(VAS), lumbar lordosis angle(LLA), Cobb's angle and Ferguson's angle(FA). Methods : We measured LLA, Cobb's angle, and FA of 42 students. Then we researched ODI, RMD and VAS of all students, and analyzed correlations coefficient among all of them. Results : 1. There was significant correlation among VAS, RMD, ODI. 2. There was significant correlation between ODI and Cobb's angle. 3. There was no significant correlation between LLA, FA, Cobb's angle and VAS. 4. There was no significant correlation among LLA, FA, Cobb's angle and RMD. Conclusions : According to above results, there was no significant correlation between lumbosacral balance and low back pain except between ODI and Cobb's angle. On the other hand, there was significant correlation among RMD, ODI and VAS.

Efficacy and Patient Satisfaction in Cases of Back Pain Treated Using Either Acupuncture or Chuna: A Comparative Study

  • Jeong, Sang Jun;Yoo, Jae Hee;Ko, Hong Je;Shin, Jeong Cheol;Kwak, Min Kyung;Wei, Tung Shuen
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2018
  • Background: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate efficacy and patient satisfaction of acupuncture or Chuna therapy for back pain. Methods: Amongst all the patients with back pain who had been treated at Sun-cheon korean medicine hospital, Dong-shin university, only patients that had received either acupuncture or Chuna manual therapy between September 1 and October 31, 2017 were selected and their medical charts retrospectively analyzed. A questionnaire was used in the investigation that consisted of a numeric rating scale (NRS), the Oswestry low-back pain disability index (ODI), general, emotional, conversational, and technical satisfaction. The questionnaire was completed before treatment and at weekly intervals (approximately). Treatment efficacy was analyzed using the first and last questionnaires. The last questionnaire was also used to establish patient satisfaction. The data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows version 21.0. Results: The NRS, Current degree of pain (ODI-1), and total ODI were significantly decreased in both the acupuncture and Chuna groups. The differences in NRS, ODI-1, and total ODI changes between treatment groups were not significant. There were no statistically significant differences between the acupuncture and Chuna groups in terms of general, emotional, conversational, and technical satisfaction. Conclusion: Acupuncture treatment significantly reduces NRS and ODI in patients who have back pain without structural transformation, and Chuna therapy significantly reduces NRS and ODI-1 in patients who have back pain with structural transformation. These results indicate that further studies should be conducted in more patients and over a longer period.

A Retrospective Study: Influence of Beck Depression Inventory Score to a Patient under the Early Stages of Oriental Medical Treatment for Low Back Pain (Beck 우울 척도 점수가 요통 환자의 한방 치료 초기에 미치는 영향에 대한 후향적 연구)

  • Hong, Nam-Jung;Lee, Je-Kyun;Lee, Tae-Gyu;Park, Jong-Hoon
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to know that Beck Depression Inventory(BDI) score to effect on improvement degree of low back pain after oriental medical treatment. Methods : We analyzed charts of 33 inpatients who were treated in Ja-Seng Hospital of Oriental Medicine and Bu-Cheon Ja-seng Hospital of Oriental Medicine. Subject is divided into Group A(BDI<10) and Group B(BDI${\geqq}$10). Numerical Rating Scale(NRS) and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) were checked on admission, after 1 week, NRS and ODI were rechecked to estimate the efficacy of treatments. Results : 1. In both groups, NRS was significantly decreased(p<0.05). Analyzed result of the interaction between the two groups didn't show significant difference(p=0.197). 2. In Group A, ODI was significantly decresed(p<0.05). In Group B, ODI wasn't significantly decreased(p=0.058). The interaction analysis between the two groups didn't show significant difference(p=0.173). 3. Analyzing patients with chronic back pain longer than 6 months by the presence of depression tendency and NRS, ODI decrease after 1 week of ambulation, while the NRS reduction showed relevancy by the depression tendency (p<0.05), the ODI reduction didn't(p=0.272). Conclusions : 1. Although improvement of pain before and after the treatment and degree of functional recovery in high-level BDI group was less than low-level BDI group, but it was stastically insignificant. 2. High BDI score of patients with chronic low back pain is the factor of disturbing pain improvement.

Effect of treatment with S.O.T block on musculoskeletal pain caused by Traffic Accident (교통사고 환자를 대상으로 한 S.O.T block의 치료 효과)

  • Liu, Chi-Cheng;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment with Sacro-Occipital Technique block on musculoskeletal pain caused by traffic accident by analysis of the Visual Analogue Scale(VAS), Neck Disability Index(NDI), Pain Disability Index(PDI), Oswestry Low back Pain Disability Index(ODI) and Short Form - McGill Pain Qusetionnaire (SF-MPQ). Methods : This study carried out on 18 patients who have received hospital treatment in Daejeon Univ. Dun-San Oriental Hospital. Control group got acupunture-therapy, herbal medication, physical therapy and Experimental group got all the therapies and treatment with Sacro-Occipital Technique block. We measured VAS, NDI, PDI, ODI and SF-MPQ on 1st day and 7 days later. Results : After being treated by our methods, Both group were improved in VAS, NDI, PDI, ODI, and SF-MPQ. Especially, Experimental group was significantly meaningful improved in VAS, PDI, and ODI. Control group was significantly meaningful improved in VAS and SF-MPQ. But, differences between control and experimental group were nonsignificant. Conclusions : The results suggest that treatment with Sacro-Occipital Technique block is not significantly meaningful but gives a positive impact on musculoskeletal pain caused by traffic accident. But further long term study in a large scale is needed.

The Study of Factors Affecting Functional Disability of the Low Back Pain Patients Using Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) Assessment Tool (Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) 평가 도구를 이용한 요통환자의 기능장애에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Ho;Park, Ji-Whan
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2007
  • Objective: The Purpose of this study is the factive and descriptive research to identify the factors affecting the functional disability of the chronic low back pain patients. We investigated the effect of ODI by the Questionnaire and questioned an 70 patients who were back pain unit at G university hospital in D city from March to May, 2007. The functional disorder in this study were based on the Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) lower back pain disability questionnaire by fairbank(1980), and these data were proceeded by using SPSS/WIN version 10.0. Result: 1. The functional disorder in accordance with age, gender, academic background, occupation, diagnosis, pain cause, pain experience, treatment duration had no significantly similar difference statistically(p>0.05). 2. The functional disorder in accordance with duration of painful generation had statistically significance(P<0.05). Conclusion: we could verify that duration of painful generation affect on the factors affecting the functional disability of the low back pain patients.

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The Effectiveness of Bee Venom Acupuncture Therapy on the Treatment of Sprain of L-spine(A Randomized Controlled Trial; Double Blinding) (좌섬요통(挫閃腰痛)에 있어 봉약침(蜂藥鍼)의 효과(效果)에 대한 연구(硏究)(A Randomized Controlled Trial; Double Blinding))

  • Kim, Kyung-Tae;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2005
  • objectives : This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Bee Venom acupuncture therapy for sprain of L -spine. Methods : A randomized double blinding study of bee venom acupuncture therapy was conducted on sprain of L-spine. We divided sprain of L-spine patient into 2 groups: one group with both acupuncture and saline acupuncture therapy, and another group with both acupuncture and bee venom acupuncture therapy. To estimate the efficacy of treatment that applied for two groups, we used visual analog scale(VAS) and oswestry disability index(ODI). We compared the VAS and ODI score of two groups statistically. Results : 1. As a result of evaluation by using visual analog scale(VAS) and oswestry disability index(ODI), treatment score after 5 days was marked more higher than score before treatment and treatment score after 10 days treatment was more higher than treatment score after 5 days on each groups. 2. After 10 days treatment, acupuncture and bee venom acupuncture therapy group had significant result on visual analog scale(VAS) and oswestry disability index(ODI) compared with acupuncture and saline acupuncture therapy group. Conclusion : Bee Venom acupuncture therapy can be used with acupuncture therapy for highly effective treatment for sprain of L-spine.

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