• Title, Summary, Keyword: OECD

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OECD, 프라이버시 그리고 시큐리티

  • 박춘식
    • Review of KIISC
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.115-124
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    • 1996
  • 시큐리티에 관한 국제적인 움직임은 ISO/IEC, OSI등의 국제적인 표준 활동외에도 OECD를 통하여 활발히 전개되고 있다. 본 고에서는 OECD와 정보 보호와의 관계 그리고 OECD 와 프라이버시,OECD와 시큐리티와 관련된 사항만을 집중적으로 발췌하여 소개하고자 한다. 특히 OECD의 ICCP의 활동, OECD Privacy 8원칙, OECD 시큐리티 9원칙, 그리고 각국의 대응 등을 중심으로 살펴보고자 한다.

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OECD 가입과 우리 과학기술 발전

  • Park, Hwan-Sik
    • The Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.90-92
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    • 1997
  • 우리나라가 29번째로 OECD 회원국이 되었다. OECD 가입을 계기로 OECD의 과학기술정책방향 그리고 우리의 과학기술 과제와 대응전략을 알아본다.

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An Efficiency Analysis of OECD Countries and Korea in Health Service Industry (한국과 OECD 국가의 의료서비스산업의 기술효율성 분석)

  • Jang, Young-Jae;Yang, Dong-Hyun
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.87-109
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed technical efficiencies of health service industry of OECD countries with DEA and SFA approaches using 10 year data from OECD Health Database. The results can be summarized as follows: First, Korea was found the best practice among 15 OECD countries based on CRS nondirectional SBM models. Second, it was found that some inefficiencies were due to environmental factors. Third, we found that environmental factors were important factors in efficiencies of health service industry by observing that there were large efficiency changes after adjusting slacks due to environmental factors. From the above, Korea led the OECD countries in health service industry and was the most competent. But this study has some limitation since the quality and cost of health care was not taken into account.

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Comparison of Nursing Workforce Supply and Employment in South Korea and Other OECD Countries (OECD 국가의 간호인력 현황과 한국 간호인력의 특성 분석)

  • Hong, Kyung Jin;Cho, Sung-Hyun
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aims to report on and compare the conditions of practicing nurses and nursing graduates in Korea and other OECD countries to suggest policy to improve nurse staffing in Korea. Methods: Data on nurses and nursing graduates from 34 OECD countries in 2015 (or the nearest year) were analyzed. The proportion of practicing nurses among nurses who were licensed to practice and nursing graduates per population and per the number of practicing nurses were examined. Results: The number of practicing nurses per 1,000 population in Korea was 5.9 and, in Korea, only 31.0% of licensed nurses were practicing, whereas the OECD average was 69.5%. Korea had the highest number of nursing graduates (109.0) per 100,000 population and the highest number of nursing graduates (183.5) per 1,000 practicing nurses in the OECD countries. Skill-mix analysis indicated that 52.2% of the practicing nurses in Korea were professional practicing nurses, which was the second-lowest among the OECD countries. The ratio of nurses' wages to those of physician specialists was 0.43 in the OECD countries. Conclusion: Nurse staffing and skill-mix in Korea were very low in comparison to other OECD countries. Policies for retention of nurses via improved working conditions are required.

OECD/NEA STUDY ON THE ECONOMICS AND MARKET OF SMALL REACTORS

  • Lokhov, Alexey;Cameron, Ron;Sozoniuk, Vladislav
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.701-706
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    • 2013
  • According to the OECD/NEA estimates, nuclear power plants (NPPs), whether with a large reactor or with small modular reactors (SMRs), are competitive with many other electricity generation technologies in a significant number of cases, one of the exceptions being natural gas in the USA with the current level of prices. However, SMRs have particular features and requirements setting conditions for their deployment. This paper presents the preliminary analysis by OECD/NEA of the economics, opportunities, and market for small nuclear reactors.

The Role of IT Industry on the Formation of Knowledge-Based Industry in OECD (OECD 국가 지식기반산업 형성에서 IT 산업 역할)

  • Cho, S.S.;Cho, B.S.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 1990년대 우리나라를 포함한 OECD 국가의 지식기반산업 현황을 기술하고, 지식기반산업에서 IT 산업의 역할을 분석하는 데 목적이 있다. 1990년대 OECD 국가들의 지식기반산업의 중요한 특징은 OECD 각 국가들이 지식기반산업을 미래 중요한 산업으로 인식하고 지속적 자원투자와 관심을 기울이고 있다는 데 있다. 본 연구에서 대상 분석기간 동안 OECD 국가의 지식기반산업성장률은 5% 증가하였으며, 우리나라의 경우는 이보다 높은 10%대의 증가를 기록하였다. 또한 OECD 국가들의 지식기반산업 형성과정에서 IT 산업은 전통적 제조업의 역할보다 기술혁신 측면과 무역수지 측면에서 매우 중요한 역할을 수행한 것으로 나타났다. 특히 우리나라의 경우에 지식기반산업의 형성과정에서 IT 산업의 기여도는 다른 OECD 국가보다 높은 것으로 나타났다. 지식기반산업 가운데 IT 산업은 생산성 증가요인을 분해하여 볼 때, 전반적으로 산업간의 효율성에 의한 생산성증가, 산업간의 자원이동에 의한 생산성증가 그리고 IT 산업자체의 노동생산성증가 요인에서 다른 산업에 비하여 상대적으로 우월하게 나타났다.

Trend Analysis of ICT Accessibility and Utilization Levels of Korean Students based on OECD PISA Data (OECD PISA 자료를 활용한 우리나라 학생들의 ICT 접근 및 활용 수준 추이 분석)

  • Kim, Hye-Sook;Kim, Han-Sung;Kim, Jin-Sook;Shin, An-Na
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.17-43
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the directions of information and communication technology(ICT) education in K-12 based on the analysis of ICT accessibility and utilization levels of Korean students. To this end, we analyzed the trends of Korea and OECD countries by survey period, focusing on the OECD PISA 'ICT familiarity survey' conducted in 2009, 2012 and 2015. The surveyed subjects were 15 year-old students and the analysis method was calculated based on the sampling weights. The results of the analysis of Korean students are as follows: First, ICT accessibility at home increased from 2009 to 2015, but was consistently lower than the OECD average. Second, the overall Internet usage time was lower than the OECD average. The Internet usage time on weekdays increased from 2012 to 2015, but on weekends decreased. Third, the ICT accessibility in schools decreased from 2009 to 2012, and increased in 2015, but was lower than the OECD average in 2015. Fourth, the student age ratio of first time computer usage increased from 2012 to 2015 and the average age for computer usage began before age 6, but was below the OECD average. Lastly, student use of digital devices for items such as Internet searches for entertainment and SNS activity has increased from 2012 to 2015, but the level of everyday use such as e-mail, online chat, program downloading, and reading Internet news has decreased. Based on these results, this study suggested policy plans for the improvement of ICT education for elementary and secondary school students in Korea.

Assessment of Flexibility and Security in Korean Labor Market : An International Comparison (국제비교를 통한 우리나라 노동시장의 유연성 및 안정성 평가)

  • Nam, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.129-159
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    • 2018
  • The foremost aim of the paper is to evaluate the flexibility and stability of the Korean labor market through a cross-country comparison with OECD countries. Evaluating by the OECD Employment Protection Legislation Index, the flexibility of permanent job layoff in Korea is close to the average of OECD countries. Employment of temporary workers appears to be relatively flexible allowing for effective indicators such as the proportion of temporary workers among paid employees. As regards security, the levels of job security, income security and combination security are all far below the OECD average. A panel data analysis of OECD countries reveals that labor productivity increases as regulations on permanent job layoff become looser and regulations on temporary employment become more rigorous.

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Draft Discuss ion on OECD's Tax Convention Issues related to Electronic Commerce and Korea's response (OECD의 전자상거래 과세관련 논의과정과 대응)

  • Shim, Sang-Mok
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.19-42
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    • 2000
  • 전자상거래에 과세권 적용을 둘러싼 논쟁이 치열하게 벌어지고 있다. 일부에선 국가주권, 납세의무 헌법 36조 등을 들어 과세형평의 원칙, 세수 결손 방지를 위해 전자상거래에 과세권을 적용해야 한다고 주장하는 반면 현시점에서 기술적 문제로 디지털제품에 대해서는 과세가 어렵다는 주장이다. 본 논문에서는 논란의 대상이 되는 전자상거래 관련 과세부문에 대하여 OECD의 논의를 중심으로 살펴보았다. OECD에서는 두가지 방향으로 논의하고 있다. 첫째, OECD 모델조세조약에서 사용되는 기존 고정사업장 개념을 전자상거래라는 새로운 기업활동에 적용하는 방법을 검토하고 있다. 둘째, 전자상거래의 발전이 고정사업장 개념 자체에 어떠한 변화를 필요로 하는가에 대해서 검토하고 있다. 전자상거래 국제논의에 대한 우리의 대비도 향후 1-2년이 매우 중요하다고 볼 수 있는 바, OECD등 국제기구의 논의에 민관이 공동으로 적극 참여하면서 관련 국내제도를 정비해 나가야 할 것이다.

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The Determinants of Population Health in OECD countries (OECD 국가들의 건강수준 결정요인)

  • Tchoe, Byong-Ho;Nam, Sang-Ho
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2010
  • This article examines social determinants of population health in OECD countries, where life years, infant mortality, and PYLL are used as proxy variables of health. The unit of analysis is a country which is the OECD affiliate. A panel regression estimation is chosen as a method, using OECD Health Data. The results are: the increasing national health expenditure affected positively to improve population health. Education was rather a significant determinant of health than income level. The government direct investment for public health did not contribute positively to enhance population health. The expansion of health care coverage was working positively for improving health, but with a time lag. The supply of doctors was a most influential determinant of health. In case of Korea, the coverage expansion of health care was the most important determinant of health. The supply of doctors was, however, not a positive factor for better health, which is different result with the case of OECD countries.