• Title, Summary, Keyword: OECD 국가

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The Role of IT Industry on the Formation of Knowledge-Based Industry in OECD (OECD 국가 지식기반산업 형성에서 IT 산업 역할)

  • Cho, S.S.;Cho, B.S.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 1990년대 우리나라를 포함한 OECD 국가의 지식기반산업 현황을 기술하고, 지식기반산업에서 IT 산업의 역할을 분석하는 데 목적이 있다. 1990년대 OECD 국가들의 지식기반산업의 중요한 특징은 OECD 각 국가들이 지식기반산업을 미래 중요한 산업으로 인식하고 지속적 자원투자와 관심을 기울이고 있다는 데 있다. 본 연구에서 대상 분석기간 동안 OECD 국가의 지식기반산업성장률은 5% 증가하였으며, 우리나라의 경우는 이보다 높은 10%대의 증가를 기록하였다. 또한 OECD 국가들의 지식기반산업 형성과정에서 IT 산업은 전통적 제조업의 역할보다 기술혁신 측면과 무역수지 측면에서 매우 중요한 역할을 수행한 것으로 나타났다. 특히 우리나라의 경우에 지식기반산업의 형성과정에서 IT 산업의 기여도는 다른 OECD 국가보다 높은 것으로 나타났다. 지식기반산업 가운데 IT 산업은 생산성 증가요인을 분해하여 볼 때, 전반적으로 산업간의 효율성에 의한 생산성증가, 산업간의 자원이동에 의한 생산성증가 그리고 IT 산업자체의 노동생산성증가 요인에서 다른 산업에 비하여 상대적으로 우월하게 나타났다.

An Efficiency Analysis of OECD Countries and Korea in Health Service Industry (한국과 OECD 국가의 의료서비스산업의 기술효율성 분석)

  • Jang, Young-Jae;Yang, Dong-Hyun
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.87-109
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzed technical efficiencies of health service industry of OECD countries with DEA and SFA approaches using 10 year data from OECD Health Database. The results can be summarized as follows: First, Korea was found the best practice among 15 OECD countries based on CRS nondirectional SBM models. Second, it was found that some inefficiencies were due to environmental factors. Third, we found that environmental factors were important factors in efficiencies of health service industry by observing that there were large efficiency changes after adjusting slacks due to environmental factors. From the above, Korea led the OECD countries in health service industry and was the most competent. But this study has some limitation since the quality and cost of health care was not taken into account.

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Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Allocation Schemes for OECD Countries (우리나라를 포함한 OECD 국가의 온실가스감축 의무부담에 대한 연구)

  • Cho, Yong-Sung;Kang, Yoon-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2006
  • This study explores what potential future greenhouse gas allocation schemes might mean for OECD countries, and discusses a number of concepts of equity, examines three specific burden sharing rules and formulae. The results indicate that Korea reduces its emission from 8.1% and 19.8% which is 34.9-85.8 million tons of $CO_2$ emission on the assumption that the overall level of abatement remains 20% of total 2000 OECD emissions.

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An Energy Technology R&D Investment Analysis of OECD Countries and Korea (한국과 OECD 국가의 에너지기술 R&D 투자규모 비교)

  • Min, Yun-Ji
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.363-384
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    • 2014
  • The adequate measurement of government expenditure efficiency for Energy Technology Development is a difficult empirical issue and the literature on it, particularly when it comes to aggregate and international data. Contribution in this study is threefold: first this study analyze the adequate measurement of government expenditure efficiency on Energy Technology sector of 24 OECD countries and korea. Second this study reconstruct efficiency composite indicators, named "Energy Technology Development Interest level indicator". Third this study assesses the efficiency of government expenditure for Energy Technology Development. The results can be summarized as follow: Korea's government expenditure efficiency for Energy Technology Development is highly ranked among 25 OECD countries based on Energy Technology Development R&D Budgets and Energy Technology Development R&D Budgets per thousand units of GDP indicators. However, Korea's ranking has fallen to 20th. The assessment suggests that government will be have to provide more government expenditure to enhance the efficiency on Energy.

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Correlation Analysis Between National Competitiveness and National Research Competitiveness in OECD Countries (OECD 국가경쟁력 및 연구경쟁력의 상관분석)

  • Yoon, Hee-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.105-123
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this paper is to analyse correlation between the national competitiveness and research competitiveness in OECD countries. As the result of correlation analysis there are positive correlations among competitiveness indicators(GERD, SCI articles, average citation counts, JCR journal titles, patents). And SCI articles and peer-reviewed journals emanating from the developed countries or the OECD is essential to maintaining national and research competitiveness in Korea. This study also calls for further correlation analysis between research competitiveness and academic libraries.

Comparison of Energy Efficiency by Production Frontier Approach: Based on OECD Countries (생산 프론티어 접근을 통한 에너지효율 비교: OECD 국가를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Sangmok;Kim, Haechang
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.33-60
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of the article is to compare the impacts of energy efficiency and economic growth for energy demand through production frontier approach in OECD countries. We compared the traditional energy intensity with energy efficiencies of production frontier approach, slack efficiency on the frontier, and estimated elasticity of energy demand for GDP growth. First, the energy intensity has a low relationship with energy efficiency by radial approach, but has constant correlations with slack energy efficiency, slack-adjusted efficiency by non-radial approach, and energy efficiency by horizon approach. If we measure energy efficiency only with energy elasticity, it may make a mistake. Especially the energy efficiency by radial approach has a tendency to overestimate most OECD countries. Second, as many countries have excess energy consumption of 17.3% even on the points of the frontier, reduction of energy consumption is necessary in addition. Third, the average energy elasticity of OECD countries is 1.1 close to elasticity 1. There exists the difference of elasticity among countries and the energy demands are also high in countries with high elasticity.

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Comparative Analysis of OECD Countries Based on the Environment-Economy Efficiency (OECD 국가의 환경-경제효율성 비교)

  • Chung, Young-Keun;Kang, Sang-Mok;Lee, Jun
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.121-146
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this paper IS to estimate efficiency and loss of productivity under environmental regulation, and analyze the environmental efficiency index empirically. Using the panel data for 20 member countries of OECD during 1985~1999, environmental efficiency index can be constructed by comparing the production processes under alternative assumptions of disposability, by using a hyperbolic measure of productive efficiency. As a result of estimation for the environmental efficiency index, EE of OECD countries gradually shows a downward trend. In terms of the treatment of pollutants, Japan, Germany and France are countries that have a considerable burden in getting rid of the pollutants. In case of EE, Korea displayed high environment efficiency, but in the latter half of the 1990's, the environmental efficiency of Korea became slightly worse. During the same period, Korea had a burden in dealing with NOx just like the other OECD countries.

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A Study on the Perspectives of Implementing National Early Childhood Education and Care Curriculum: Comparison with 6 OECD Nations' National Early Childhood Education and Care Curriculum (국가수준 영유아보육과정 실행의 관점에 관한 연구: OECD 6개국의 국가수준 영유아보육과정의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Chung, Shun Ah
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.147-164
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    • 2014
  • This study aims at analyzing 6 OECD countries' (Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, Norway, England, South Korea) national early childhood care and education curriculum (framework) based on the perspectives of its implementation. Its design and development always focus on how the national early childhood education and care curriculum will be applied in the early childhood settings in a correct and faithful way. As a result, teachers are considered the user or deliverer of the national curriculum rather than the one who interprets it and construct their own curriculum in accordance with their students. Five OECD countries which have achieved an integrated system between early education and care systems, take the constructive view of designing and applying the national curriculum. Accordingly, a national early childhood education and care curriculum within an integrated system should be developed in Korea, in order to accept the constructive view of curriculum development and application.

Analysis of the Economy and Environment Efficiencies under the Regulation of Fossil Fuel and Carbon Dioxide Emission (화석에너지와 CO2배출량 규제 하의 경제와 환경의 효율성 분석)

  • Kang, Sangmok;Zhao, Dan
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.329-365
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this paper is to measure economy and environment efficiencies under fossil fuel and environment regulation by countries for 2000-2009. Distinguishing 83 countries with three groups of OECD, upper-middle, and low countries, we compare four models such as environment oriented, economy-oriented, environment-economy oriented, and two-stage types, which include a desirable output, GDP and an undesirable output, pollutant together in the production possibility set. OECD countries relatively showed high economy efficiency and low environment efficiency, whereas Non-OECD countries showed high environment efficiency and low economy efficiency. OECD countries reported a higher possibility to reduce fossil fuel and $CO_2$ emission.

The Impact of Labor Flexicurity Policy on the Labor Market Performance in the OECD countries (노동의 유연안정화 정책이 노동시장에 미치는 영향분석 - OECD 국가를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Sung-Joon
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.25-46
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    • 2010
  • The outstanding performance of some nations in Central and Northern Europe such as Denmark and the Netherlands in the labor market is much indebted to their policy to help labor flexicurity. In this study, the possibility of replicating the Dutch or Danish performance in the labor market is explored in case of adopting such policy in the 22 OECD countries. If implementing the flexicurity policy in the 22 member countries of the OECD leads to strong performance in the labor market, this policy can be globally shared as universal labor policy to provide a win-win situation among the labor, management and the authorities on the matter, paving the way for replacing the Anglo-Saxon policy characterized by high flexibility and low security, or the European alternative with a lower level of flexibility and a higher level of security. According to findings from our research, flexicurity policy can not produce any tangible accomplishments in the labor market by only itself. Therefore, we may safely reach the conclusion that flexicurity policy has a limited positive influence on the labor market of some northern or central European countries. Given the striking difference in inherent conditions between such European countries and OECD countries, it is not sensible for OECD nations to adopt labor policy in the direction of flexicurity.

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