• Title, Summary, Keyword: OECD 국가

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International Comparison of the diffusion of the mobile communication service (이동통신서비스 확산과정에 대한 국가간 비교)

  • Ju, Yeong-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.124-126
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구에서는 OECD 가맹국가들을 중심으로 각국의 이동통신서비스의 확산과정에 나타난 특성을 비교분석하였다. 이 과정에서 본 연구는 특히 확산과정을 공유한 확산모형의 존재 가능성을 검토하고, 이에 따라 각국의 이동통신서비스의 확산과정을 공유된 확산과정과 개별 확산과정의 결합으로 구분하여 설명하기 위한 확산모형을 제안하였다. 본 연구에서 제안한 모형을 OECD 가맹국가들의 이동통신서비스 확산과정에 적용한 결과 OECD 가맹국가들의 이동통신서비스의 확산과정은 공유된 확산과정에 의해 의미있게 설명될 수 있었다.

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Assessment of Flexibility and Security in Korean Labor Market : An International Comparison (국제비교를 통한 우리나라 노동시장의 유연성 및 안정성 평가)

  • Nam, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.129-159
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    • 2018
  • The foremost aim of the paper is to evaluate the flexibility and stability of the Korean labor market through a cross-country comparison with OECD countries. Evaluating by the OECD Employment Protection Legislation Index, the flexibility of permanent job layoff in Korea is close to the average of OECD countries. Employment of temporary workers appears to be relatively flexible allowing for effective indicators such as the proportion of temporary workers among paid employees. As regards security, the levels of job security, income security and combination security are all far below the OECD average. A panel data analysis of OECD countries reveals that labor productivity increases as regulations on permanent job layoff become looser and regulations on temporary employment become more rigorous.

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A Study on National Mining Investment Security Analysis for the Overseas Mineral Resources Investment Business (해외 광물자원 투자 사업을 위한 국가위험도 분석 연구)

  • Ko, Eun-Mi;Choi, Soen-Gyu;Kim, Chang-Seong;Kim, Seong-Yong;Pak, Sang-Joon
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.475-484
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    • 2008
  • In this study, we analyzed national mining investment security and country risk, and suggested a new index for exploration and development investment for mining projects in abroad by an analysis of relationship between these grades and mineral resource development investment. For this, potential risks for mining in mineral-rich countries are assessed, and the risk of the exploration and development investment for mining projects is relatively evaluated by OECD country risk. It is noted that countries of the lower ranks in OECD are consistently good agreement with the high grade in Behre Dolbear Group Inc. for favorable mineral exploitation, whereas the higher ranks have shown diverse and high risks for the mining investigation and development. Consequently, it is necessary that assessment of the relationship between mineral resource index and country risk for mining projects to be investigated and developed in future should be applied before business decision of mineral investigation projects in abroad.

Comparative Analysis on the Measures and Programs for Age Equality of OECD Countries (OECD 국가의 연령차별 완화대책 및 프로그램 비교연구: 노동시장에서의 연령차별금지법을 중심으로)

  • Han, Hye-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.57 no.2
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    • pp.277-295
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to bring together evidence of the operation and impact of legislation to prohibit age discrimination in those countries that have such laws. We identified 5 countries with extensive age discrimination legislation: the US, Canada, Australia, Finland and Republic of Ireland. The objectives and cultural context of age discrimination lesgislation, which plays a large part in each country determining what type of lesgislation is deemed to be appropriate. The effeciveness or impact of the legislation, in terms of progress towards these objectives. Some key issues where choices of emphasis will need to be made in the introduction of new legislation to reduce age discrimination.

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The impact of Foreign direct investment on Energy intensity: absorptive capacity as moderator (외국인 직접투자가 에너지 집약도에 미치는 영향분석-흡수능력의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Wang, Xiao Xue;Hwang, Yun-Seop
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.179-201
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    • 2014
  • The complementary effect between FDI and its absorptive capacity has drawn more attention than before. This paper intended to explore the relationship between energy intensity and such complementary effect. The absorptive capacity of FDI shows various aspects among which we focus on the human capital, the financial system and the infrastructure in this paper. Using the panel data from 1990 to 2011, the study is processed between the 20 OECD and 20 Non-OECD countries. The empirical results shown that for OECD country, a complementary effect exists between FDI and its absorbability and it has the controlling effect on energy reduction. But the effect is only significant in the human capital and the financial system. The infrastructure variable is less important in OECD country due to their high development level. However, for non-OECD country, the complementary effect between infrastructure and FDI reduces energy consumption significantly, it can get to the point that the process for infrastructure to attract FDI and also benefits from it only blow its way to the Non-OECD, developing countries, without andy special effects for the OECD countries which has already highly build up their infrastructure. Also, the financial system in Non-OECD countries is at the primary stage yet, which is not easy to contribute efficiency. To make a conclusion, the complementary effect between infrastructure and FDI in OECD country and which between finical system and FDI in non-OECD country cannot enhance energy efficiency as expected.

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Trade Network Analysis of OECD Countries (OECD 국가 간 무역네트워크의 변화 분석)

  • Kim, KwanWoo;Moon, HyeJung;Kwon, ShinHyeok
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.603-606
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구의 목적은 인터넷 기반의 국제사회가 갖는 경제적인 가치는 어떻게 변화하고 있으며 국가 간 연결성이 국가의 미래 발전에 어떠한 영향이 미치는지 밝히는 것이다. 이 연구를 위해 국가간 무역 통계자료를 활용하여 국가의 발전에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 귀납적으로 분석해 보겠다. 연구대상은 전세계 200여개 국가 중 OECD에서 통계를 제공하는 61개 국가를 대상으로 2000년과 2010년의 통계를 비교분석하였다. 연구방법은 사례분석을 기준으로 한 귀납적인 분석을 수행하였다. 세계와 한국의 무역네트워크를 무역금액과 무역회수로 분석해본 결과 국가간 무역금액은 과거의 경제적 의존도를 무역회수는 국제경제에서의 미래발전가능성을 나타냄을 알 수 있었다.

Decomposition Analysis of the Reduction in CO2 Emissions from Seven OECD Countries (OECD 7개 국가의 CO2 배출량 감소요인 분해 분석)

  • Cho, Hyangsuk
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-35
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    • 2017
  • This study investigates a decomposition analysis of the determinants of the reduced $CO_2$ emissions in seven OECD countries that implemented carbon taxes from 1995 to 2013. Recent studies on decomposition analysis of changes in $CO_2$ emissions focused on technology-based physical factors; however, this study analyzes the effects of a carbon tax as an economic factor. According to the results obtained by using the Log Mean Divisia Index, the energy intensity effect and the carbon tax effect contributed the most towards the reduction of total $CO_2$ emissions in the seven OECD countries. The results for each country show that the emissions decreased due to the energy intensity effect, while the effects of carbon tax and carbon tax revenues differed by policy and environment of the countries.

fs/QCA Calibration for the typology of technology leading countries in technology sectors (fs/QCA Calibration 방법론에 의한 기술 분야별 선도국가 분류)

  • Lee, Sang-Kil
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1119-1124
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    • 2012
  • In this paper I introduced a new methodology; Fuzzy-set Qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) calibration introduced by Charles C Ragin to measure the degree of technology innovation in OECD countries and non OECD countries and developed a simple technology development pattern based on patents number of traditional technology, information and communication technology and biotechnology which are published by OECD Working group. Through this typology and measurement of technology innovation degree, we can provide appropriate and necessary science and technology policies for each developed or developing country and technology sectors like information and communication technology.

Mortality and Potential Years of Life Lost comparison of lung cancer between Korea and OECD countries (우리나라와 OECD 국가 간의 폐암 사망률과 잠재수명손실연수(PYLL)에 관한 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Seok;Kang, Soo-Won;Park, Ji-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.2515-2521
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to analyze the mortality and potential years of life lost (PYLL) by malignant neoplasm of lung between OECD countries and Korea. Based on the result, we tried to point out a problem on mortality caused malignant neoplasm of lung to make the best strategy for policy and education on public health. Using the ANOVA analysis between Korean and OECD countries, the lung cancer-induced mortality and PYLL in total and gender-specific Korean population were greater after 21th century than before. In particular, the PYLL was sharply elevated than the mortality. Taken together, the present study indicated that the lung cancer-induced PYLL between Korean and OECD countries can be more important parameter.

A Study on the Relationship Between Child Poverty Rate and Family Policy Expenditure of Welfare States -Focused on OECD Countries- (복지국가의 아동·가족복지지출과 아동빈곤율의 관계 -OECD 국가를 중심으로-)

  • Ryu, Yun Kyu;Baek, Seung Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.36
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    • pp.65-99
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    • 2011
  • The main purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between child poverty rate and family policy expenditure of welfare states (focusing on OECD countries). We analyzed not only the total social & family policy expenditures but the components of the family policy expenditure. OECD SOCX and calculated data from the LIS & OECD data were utilized for child and family policy expenditures and the poverty rate. One-way correlation and cluster analysis were employed for the analysis. The analytic results are as follows: Southern European and Anglo-Saxon countries' child poverty rates were higher and Scandinavian countries' child poverty rates were lower than any other clusters. The countries with high child poverty rate had higher child poverty rate than the entire nation's poverty rate, but Scandinavian countries' child poverty rate was lower. There was a strong correlation between family policy expenditure and child poverty rate. Especially the service expenditure and leave benefit expenditure were highly correlated with child poverty rate. On the other hand, cash expenditure was not significantly correlated with child poverty rate. We can suggest the policy implications from these results. Based on the analytic results, policy implications that the government should increase the family policy budget, especially the budget for family services and leave benefit to decrease child poverty rate and should make effort to support the employment of parents through policies such as active labor market strategies can be suggested.