• Title, Summary, Keyword: OECD 국가

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An Analysis of ICT Accessibility and Subjects Utilization of Korean Students Based on PISA 2018 Data (PISA 2018년 데이터를 기반으로 한국 학생들의 ICT 접근성과 교과 활용도 분석)

  • Kim, Kapsu
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzes PISA's ICT background survey on OECD countries published in December 2019 to analyze ICT accessibility and utilization of each subject. In Korea, ICT accessibility at home is 40.40%, ranking 17th, slightly higher than the OECD average (43.01%). Access to schools is 40.40%, ranking 21st below the OECD average(43.01%), which has improved from the lowest group to three in the middle three years ago. In nine subjects, the proportion of students using digital device in the classroom is 2.96%, well below the OECD average(8.22%), and ranked 31st in the OECD country. This shows that the state needs a change in education policy in order to cultivate the talent needed for the AI era.

International Comparison of the Income Distribution (소득분배의 국제비교를 통한 복지정책의 방향)

  • Yoo, Gyeongjoon
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.55-88
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    • 2003
  • When the definition of income and the equivalence scale was applied just as it was in the LIS (Luxembourg Income Study), the adjusted disposable income inequality calculated by Gini coefficients in Korea was 0.358 for the year 2000. Compare to the 1996 figure of 0.298 the increase of income inequality has skyrocketed. In addition, the adjusted market income inequality increased from 0.302 in 1996 to 0.374 in 2000. The disposable income inequality ranked the third and the market income inequality ranked at the mid level in 2000 among OECD countries. One significant finding in this paper was that the difference between the disposable income inequality and market income inequality in Korea is very small compared to those of other OECD countries. The relative poverty ratio, which is calculated by using 40% of the medium income bracket of the disposable income was calculated at 7.6% in 1996 and 11.5% in 2000. The poverty ratio in 2000 for Korea ranked one of the highest in OECD countries, also.

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Mortality and Potential Years of Life Lost of Colorectal cancer between Korea and OECD countries before and after the year 2000 (우리나라와 OECD 국가 간의 2000년 전과 후 대장암 사망률과 잠재수명손실연수에 관한 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Seok;Kang, Soo-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5261-5270
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    • 2012
  • The present study is designed to compare the mortality and potential years of life lost of colorectal cancer between OECD countries and Korea before (1990-1999) and after (2000-2009) to provide data of more accurate strategy of public health policy and education about cancer treatment and prevention through examining differences of changes among the OECD countries. We statistically compared mortality and potential years of life lost from 32 OECD countries including Korea, except 2 nations with inadequate data, between before (1990-1999) and after the year 2000 (2000-2009) using 'OECD Health Data 2012' using the method of paired t-test. Male mortality of colorectal cancer was increased in 8 OECD countries including Korea and the female mortality was only increased in Chile and Korea. In particular, the increased rate of mortality was significantly high in Korean male and female. Moreover, increased rate of potential years of life lost for colorectal cancer was also significantly high in Korea: the rate in Korean male was increased over three times than in Mexico (2nd rank of the increase) and the rate of female was only increased in Korea compared with other countries, interestingly. Therefore, the present study suggested that most OECD countries well controlled the incidence and treatment of colorectal cancer after 2000 but Korea did not. From these, to control future problems, the further studies for the reason of the increase of potential years of life lost in female will be needed.

Current Policies of the OECD Countries for Reducing Standby Power(2) (대기전력 절감을 위한 OECD국가들의 제도 및 정책(2))

  • Kim, Nam-Keun;Seo, Kil-Soo;Kim, Eun-Dong
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1386-1388
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문은 가전 및 사무용 전기전자기기에 있어서 대기전력의 정의를 조사하고 대기전력 절감을 위한 OECD국가들의 정책 노력을 기술하였다. 대기전력 절감을 위한 주요국들의 정책 수단은 표준제도, 합의에 의한 자발적 접근법, 경제제도적 수단 그리고 정보와 교육 등으로 구분하여 조사하였다.

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The Relationship Between English Language Proficiency and the National Economic Performance: Focusing on non-English-Speaking OECD Countries (영어능력과 국가 경제성장과의 관계: OECD 비영어권 국가들을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seon-Jae;Lee, Young-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.329-339
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    • 2011
  • This study aims at investigating how English proficiency affects economic development of a country by analyzing the relationships among English proficiency, economic activities (amount of trade, R&D investment, etc), and the rate of economic growth, focusing on twenty-one non-English-speaking OECD countries. Ordinary Least Square (OLS) and Seemingly Unrelated Regression Estimation (SURE) were used for the data analysis in the study. The findings reveals that there existed little statistical significance to support the fact that English proficiency was directly related to the economic development in a positive way in many countries except Mexico, the Czech Republic, Finland, and Poland. However, English proficiency indirectly influenced the economic development in the way of increasing the amount of trade. These results can lead to the conclusion that English proficiency is not a sufficient element but a necessary one. Furthermore, it is expected that English proficiency can positively affect the economic development when it plays a part as sufficient complementary goods which make up for physical capital, technology accumulation, political stability, and worthy government.

CALS/EC Security Framework considering OECD Cryptography Guidelines (OECD 암호정책을 수용한 CALS/EC 보안 기술 체계)

  • 임신영;유창열;송유진;함호상
    • Proceedings of the CALSEC Conference
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    • pp.143-160
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    • 1997
  • 정보화 사회에서 개인의 프라이버시와 국가 차원의 보안의 균형있는 발전은 매우 중요한 과제이며, 1997년 3월 국제 경제개발 협력기구(OECD)는 암호기능을 적용하기 위한 정책인 ‘OECD 암호정책’을 수립하였으며, 이 지침의 특기할 점은 암호화된 데이터를 국가 등의 제 3자가 강제적으로 해독하는 것을 인정하였다는 것이다. 이러한 OECD 암호정책은 공공의 안전성 확보에 필요한 조치임과 동시에 개인 프라이버시 침해의 위험을 내포한 암호정책으로 세계를 상대로한 CALS/EC 산업에 이러한 기술이 표준화되어 적용될 가능성이 높기 때문에 향후 국내의 CALS/EC 보안 서비스 제공시 중요한 지침이 될 것이다. 본 논문에서는 CALS/EC 보안 서비스를 실현하기 위하여 연구 개발해야 할 보안 기술 중 암호문의 강제 해독 기술 및 인중 기술을 포함한 보안 프레임워크를 제안한다.

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A Proposal on the personalized integrated Education Model Using the Blockchain (블록체인을 활용한 개인 맞춤형교육 통합모델 제안)

  • Yu, Kyoung-sung;Kwon, Mee-Rhan
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.451-456
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    • 2019
  • Our students are shocked by the results that there is an inverse proportion between academic achievement and life satisfaction. Recently, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) published the PISA 2015 Student Well-Being Report. According to the report, Korean students' education is the highest among OECD countries, but their life satisfaction is the 47th ranked among the 48 OECD and non-OECD countries.[1] This is the cause of the unilateral education using collective achievement in evaluation methods. Therefore, I propose a personalized integrated model utilizing block chain technology. I suggest a personalized education and evaluation system model using selective education and personal approval rather than from teachers' unilateral education. This will no longer open the student's achievement grade system to the public. This change will be accomplished utilizing block chain technology. This technology is characterized by security, transparency and dispersion. The result of this work can be used to improve students' quality of living through a management system of personalized education and evaluation, based on the nature of education.

연구보고서 소개 - OECD국가의 산업재해 및 사회경제활동 지표 변화에 관한 비교연구

  • Kim, Su-Geun
    • 월간산업보건
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    • pp.53-54
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 OECD회원 국가들을 대상으로 각 국의 산업재해 지표와 사회경제적 지표를 조사하여, 각 국의 산업재해의 변화 추세를 비교하고, 산업재해 지표와 산업경제적인 지표와의 관련성을 비교 분석하여 우리나라의 산업재해 예방 대책을 수립하는 데에 시사점을 도줄하고자 수행하였다.

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