• Title, Summary, Keyword: OECD 국가

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The Level of Supporting Fathers' Care Work in 15 OECD Countries and its Implications for Korean Family Policy (부모.부성휴가를 통해본 남성 돌봄 노동참여 지원정책 비교 : 경제협력개발기구 15개국을 중심으로)

  • Yoon, Hong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.223-249
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this paper is to classify OECD countries in regard to levels of supporting fathers' care work. Several meaningful conclusions were reached. First, examining the level of supporting fathers' care work and the strength of the traditional bread-winner model, OECD countries can be classified into 5 different clusters. The result is different from the mainstream typology of welfare states and suggests the new typology of welfare states. Second, the level of supporting fathers' care work and the strength of the traditional bread-winner model were found to be related to total fertility rates and women's labor market participation rates. Third, in regard to the level of supporting fathers' care work, Korea was the lowest among OECD countries. This result points to one of the important reasons to the low level of total fertility rat, and low rate of women's labor market participation in Korea.

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On the Effects of Foreign-born Labor on Increasing in National Income Implemented by Panel Data Analysis: Evidence from OECD Countries (패널자료에 의한 외국인 근로자의 소득증대 효과분석: OECD 국가를 중심으로)

  • Rhee, Hyun-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.366-375
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to investigate the impact of total, native-born, and foreign-born employment rates on the increases of GDP and per capita GDP for 24 OECD countries out of 34 countries depending on data availability. The panel data analysis is formed by a fixed-effects model which allows dummy variable in it to permit the intercept term to vary over time-series and cross-sectional units. Empirical evidences obtained by simple and multiple panel regressions reveal that the contribution to increasing of GDP by foreign-born employment is obviously lower than the one by native-born employment. And, native-born labor is substituted by foreign-born labor. It also has to be mentioned that the labor is playing a key role in increasing in national income. And, therefore, labor-related policy should be concerned on decreasing in labor productivity and segmentation of labor market resulted from inflow of foreign labor. It means that labor-related policy has to take care of not only the magnitude, but also the quality of foreign-born labor.

Mortality and Potential Years of Life Lost of lung cancer between Korea and OECD countries before and after the year 2000 (우리나라와 OECD 국가 간의 2000년 전과 후 폐암 사망률과 잠재수명손실연수(PYLL)에 관한 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Seok;Park, Ji-Won;Kang, Soo-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.3138-3148
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    • 2011
  • This present study is designed to analyze the mortality and potential years of life lost (PYLL) by malignant neoplasm of lung between OECD countries and Korea before and after the year 2000. We used the methods of Wilcoxon Singed Ranks Test between korean and other 30 OECD countries between 1993-1999 and 2000-2006 year using 2009 OECD Health data(2010) of 30 contries. At the results, the mortality of lung cancer in male korean was significantly increased after 2000 year whereas those in other 23 countries decreased. The mortalities in female were increased in 20 countries including Korea. PYLL in male and female korean were significantly decreased and male PYLL in other 26 countries was decreased, but female PYLL in other countries showed various patterns; increase in 12 countries and decrease in 3 countries. Therefore, the present study elucidated that the lung cancer-induced PYLL in the comparison between korean and OECD countries can be more important parameter.

Comparing $CO_2$ Abatement Cost Patterns of OECD Countries (이산화탄소 감축정책에 따른 OECD 국가들의 GDP 손실액 패턴 분석)

  • Lee, Seung-Wan;Cho, Yong-Sung
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.55-81
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    • 2007
  • Most studies on $CO_2$ abatement cost with a computational general equilibrium(CGE) model focus on a specific country. On the contrary, this study compares and analyses the $CO_2$ abatement cost functions across 20 countries, consisting of OECD countries, China and Brazil, with a CGE model. For this purpose, we estimate the GDP loss from $CO_2$ emission reduction, assuming the 4 sector model. Our findings show that those cost curves are convex but different among the countries. However, despite of the difference in the cost curios, we have found that one group of countries has the relatively constant average abatement cost and the other group has the increasing average cost. The reason why such a pattern occurs is explained in terms of the variations of value-added and $Co_2$ emission coefficient by sector across the countries. As an environmental policy implication, this study presents information about which country is similar to one another in terms of the abatement cost.

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스페셜리포트 - 해외 경쟁력 확보 위한 노동생산성향상

  • 대한인쇄문화협회
    • 프린팅코리아
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.78-79
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    • 2013
  • OECD 회원국 34개국 중 시간당 노동생산성은 20위권에 머물고 있지만, 근로시간은 OECD 국가 중 2위를 차지하고 있다. 일은 오래하지만, 효율이 떨어진다는 의미다. 노동생산성 역시 OECD 평균 대비 79.9%, 미국의 60.6%, 일본의 86.6% 수준에 그치고 있다. 세계 시장에서 경쟁력을 확보하기 위해서는 노동생산성 향상이 꼭 이뤄져야 한다.

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A Comparative Study on mortality and PYLL by malignant neoplasm of the lung between OECD countries and Korea (우리나라와 OECD 국가 간의 폐암 사망률과 잠재수명손실연수(PYLL)에 관한 비교)

  • Kim, Dong-Seok;Kang, Soo-Won;Park, Ji-Won
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.663-666
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    • 2010
  • 이 논문에서는 우리나라 사망원인의 1위인 악성신생물 중에서 2000년부터 가장 빈도가 높은 폐암에 대하여 우리나라와 OECD 국가들 간에 사망률과 잠재수명손실연수(PYLL)에 통계학적으로 차이기 있는가를 살펴보아서 폐암에 대한 국가 간 비교와 폐암 사망구조의 문제점을 파악하여 보건정책, 보건교육, 보건자원배분 등에 자료를 제공코자 한다.

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A Study on Wholesale Terms, Procedures, Methods in OECD Countries (OECD 주요국의 도매제공 조건.절차.방법 관련 사례)

  • Kim, B.W.;Cho, S.M;Shin, H.M.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.97-110
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    • 2009
  • 규제당국은 설비를 보유하고 있지 않는 다양한 형태의 사업자들의 서비스 시장 진입장벽을 낮추기 위한 제도적 장치로서 전기통신사업 법 개정을 통하여 공정경쟁과 이용자보호를 위한 도매규제방안을 강구하고 있다. OECD 국가들은 도매제공 도입 등으로 인해 고용증대효과, 요금인하효과가 발생하였다. 특히, 도매제공 및 요금규제를 하고 있는 노르딕 국가들은 OECD 전체 회원국 중 가장 낮은 이동전화 요금수준을 유지하고 있다. 국내의 경우 해외와 같이 도매제공(무선재판매) 의무화를 위해서는 먼저 현행 법규정에 무선재판매 의무제공에 대한 근거를 마련해야 한다.