• Title, Summary, Keyword: OECD 국가

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Study on Estimate Optimum Area of State Forests Through Case Study of OECD Countries (OECD국가 분석을 통한 국유림의 적정 면적 산정)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Bo-Kyeong;Kim, Eui-Gyeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.107 no.4
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    • pp.436-445
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to find out factors to affect forest area of public sector such as state forest and estimate optimum area of state forest in Korea. This study was carried out with the rate of public forest and public forest per capita as dependent variables and 15 independent variables to the 35 countries in OECD countries using analysis of linear regression. From research, optimum area of the public forests of Korea was estimated from to minimum 2,136,000 hectares to maximum 2,667,000 hectares, based on OECD countries. The public forest areas of Korea were 1,984,000 hectares in 2010. To reach the average level of OECD countries, it is required that public forest areas of Korea are expended from minimum 152,000 hectares to maximum 683,000 hectares. It is hard to expect that enhancing the areas of public forest in Korea through expanding local government owned forest areas. Therefore, it required that state forest areas are expanded by Korea government.

The Industrial Economic Costs of Unsupplied Electricity in OECD Countries using Input-Output Analysis (산업연관분석을 활용한 전력의 산업별 공급지장비용 평가 : OECD 국가를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Seung-Jae;Jeong, Dong-Won;Yu, Jae-Gab
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.191-198
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    • 2016
  • As the electricity produced from the electricity industry, a national key industry in Korea, are supplied to other industries as an intermediate goods, the supply shortage of electricity industry has a large impact on the national economy. This paper attempts to analyze the supply shortage effects which are defined as the negative impact of one won of supply failure in the electricity on the production of other industries. To this end, an input-output analysis using an input-output (I-O) table describing inter-industry flow of intermediate goods is applied. More concretely, the supply-driven model is applied subject to the OECD countries. The value of the supply effects interfere with Denmark's best large 1.682 was followed by South Korea, Japan, Australia, the UK.

Exploring the OECD ITP(Initial Teacher Preparation) Program and Its Implications for Future Teacher Education and Induction Policy (OECD 교원양성 국제비교 연구(ITP)가 한국의 중등교원양성제도 개혁에 주는 시사점)

  • Jeon, Sue-Bin
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2018
  • The OECD ITP project has looked at the black box of each participating countries' teacher education system. In the 2000s, various countries have tried to reform their professional development systems for teachers, including teacher education and induction, as an initial yet crucial step to improve the quality of education. Since 2015, OECD member countries have been conducting an international comparison study on teacher education and induction programs(i.e. ITP). The ITP project is an in-depth comparative study among the member countries that have expressed willingness to participate voluntarily. This paper introduces the progress of the ITP project and analyzed the national background report on the teacher education and induction system of the participating countries and compared the features of the systems. In addition, this study explores the common issues surrounding the teacher education and induction system. Moreover, the researcher has tried to derive some suggestions for improvement of teacher education and induction system in Korea.

Exploratory Measuring the Welfare State Change (복지국가의 변화 측정을 위한 새로운 시도)

  • Kim, Kyo-Seong;Kim, Seong-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.5-30
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    • 2010
  • This paper offers an alternative approach to measure the welfare state change by using fuzzy-set methodology. The fuzzy-set method is particularly useful for assessing change across a limited number of cases, and that it can help to translate interval fuzzy membership scores into verbal qualifiers. Applying the measurement of welfare state change, four sets(accessibility, generosity, activation, state's care responsibility) in two dimensions(old and new social risks) have been identified, which reflect theoretical importance. The analysis sets out fuzzy membership scores for 12 OECD countries in the 16 possible welfare state ideal types. This paper found that each country has its own strategies to deal with the changes, however, the changes are not dramatic or a qualitative one. This does not mean that there are no changes, but that are no paradigm shifts or path breaking in the welfare state changes.

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Is the technology in renewable energy converging among countries? : Using the patent data of OECD (재생에너지 분야 국가 간 기술 확산 및 수렴 : OECD 특허 데이터를 이용한 분석)

  • Oh, Keunyeob;Yoo, Jinman
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.67-89
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    • 2014
  • This paper uses patent data of OECD countries in order to investigate if there is converging tendency in renewable energy area. We used the concepts of sigma convergence and beta convergence to measure the convergence. GINI coefficient, HH index are also borrowed from other area of economics. The results show that technology level does not seem to have been converging in this area. Even though the number of patent in relatively less advanced countries has been increased a lot, we could find no evidence that there is the tendency that the gap among the countries have been narrowed. This is quite different from the results of IT industry or other industry since we could find the converging tendency in the data of those industries. Instead, it seems that there is the convergence club among most advance countries in renewable energy area.

Draft Discuss ion on OECD's Tax Convention Issues related to Electronic Commerce and Korea's response (OECD의 전자상거래 과세관련 논의과정과 대응)

  • Shim, Sang-Mok
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.19-42
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    • 2000
  • 전자상거래에 과세권 적용을 둘러싼 논쟁이 치열하게 벌어지고 있다. 일부에선 국가주권, 납세의무 헌법 36조 등을 들어 과세형평의 원칙, 세수 결손 방지를 위해 전자상거래에 과세권을 적용해야 한다고 주장하는 반면 현시점에서 기술적 문제로 디지털제품에 대해서는 과세가 어렵다는 주장이다. 본 논문에서는 논란의 대상이 되는 전자상거래 관련 과세부문에 대하여 OECD의 논의를 중심으로 살펴보았다. OECD에서는 두가지 방향으로 논의하고 있다. 첫째, OECD 모델조세조약에서 사용되는 기존 고정사업장 개념을 전자상거래라는 새로운 기업활동에 적용하는 방법을 검토하고 있다. 둘째, 전자상거래의 발전이 고정사업장 개념 자체에 어떠한 변화를 필요로 하는가에 대해서 검토하고 있다. 전자상거래 국제논의에 대한 우리의 대비도 향후 1-2년이 매우 중요하다고 볼 수 있는 바, OECD등 국제기구의 논의에 민관이 공동으로 적극 참여하면서 관련 국내제도를 정비해 나가야 할 것이다.

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The Determinants of Population Health in OECD countries (OECD 국가들의 건강수준 결정요인)

  • Tchoe, Byong-Ho;Nam, Sang-Ho
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2010
  • This article examines social determinants of population health in OECD countries, where life years, infant mortality, and PYLL are used as proxy variables of health. The unit of analysis is a country which is the OECD affiliate. A panel regression estimation is chosen as a method, using OECD Health Data. The results are: the increasing national health expenditure affected positively to improve population health. Education was rather a significant determinant of health than income level. The government direct investment for public health did not contribute positively to enhance population health. The expansion of health care coverage was working positively for improving health, but with a time lag. The supply of doctors was a most influential determinant of health. In case of Korea, the coverage expansion of health care was the most important determinant of health. The supply of doctors was, however, not a positive factor for better health, which is different result with the case of OECD countries.

Traditional Donors in Good Governance and Corruption: Analysis on 43 African Recipients (굿 거버넌스 전통 공여국 원조와 부패: 아프리카 43개국 분석연구)

  • Kim, Da Sul;Chang, Hyeyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes the relationship between OECD DAC aid and recipients' corruption based on the good governance discussion. The study applies a fixed-effect model and PCSE model with a dataset of 43 African countries' corruption perception index, World Bank data, Polity IV, and OECD DAC aid statistics between 2000 and 2014. A statistical analysis confirmed that OECD DAC aid has a negative impact on corruption in African countries. DAC's aid affects negatively to corruption in African countries, especially in countries where democracy has matured. This research suggests that a more comprehensive follow-up study of the OECD DAC's good governance-oriented aid. Simultaneously, the general democratic effect on the recipients' institutions could not be applied in African countries, when considering regional peculiarities.

Comparison of Nursing Workforce Supply and Employment in South Korea and Other OECD Countries (OECD 국가의 간호인력 현황과 한국 간호인력의 특성 분석)

  • Hong, Kyung Jin;Cho, Sung-Hyun
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aims to report on and compare the conditions of practicing nurses and nursing graduates in Korea and other OECD countries to suggest policy to improve nurse staffing in Korea. Methods: Data on nurses and nursing graduates from 34 OECD countries in 2015 (or the nearest year) were analyzed. The proportion of practicing nurses among nurses who were licensed to practice and nursing graduates per population and per the number of practicing nurses were examined. Results: The number of practicing nurses per 1,000 population in Korea was 5.9 and, in Korea, only 31.0% of licensed nurses were practicing, whereas the OECD average was 69.5%. Korea had the highest number of nursing graduates (109.0) per 100,000 population and the highest number of nursing graduates (183.5) per 1,000 practicing nurses in the OECD countries. Skill-mix analysis indicated that 52.2% of the practicing nurses in Korea were professional practicing nurses, which was the second-lowest among the OECD countries. The ratio of nurses' wages to those of physician specialists was 0.43 in the OECD countries. Conclusion: Nurse staffing and skill-mix in Korea were very low in comparison to other OECD countries. Policies for retention of nurses via improved working conditions are required.