• Title, Summary, Keyword: ORAC

Search Result 137, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

Microplate-Based Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) Assay of Hydrophilic and Lipophilic Compartments in Plasma

  • Kwak Ho Kyung;Blumberg Jeffrey B.;Chen Chung Yen;Milbury Paul E.
    • Nutritional Sciences
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.48-54
    • /
    • 2006
  • Methods have been developed to evaluate the total antioxidant capacity of foods and plasma but limitations are associated with their ability to determine precisely the contribution of lipophilic antioxidants in a lipid milieu as well as interactions among them Thus, we modified the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) assay to determine the peroxyradical scavenging ability of both hydrophilic and lipophilic compartments in plasma The hydrophilic ORAC assay was performed in a phosphate buffer system utilizing 2,2'-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride as a peroxyradical generator and fluorescein as the target The lipophilic ORAC assay was carried out in a dimethylsulfoxide :butyronitrile (DMSO/BN, 9:1 v/v) system using 2,2'-azobis (2,4-dimethyl valeronitrile) as a peroxyradical generator and BODIPY C11 581/591 as the target Analyses were conducted in bovine serum supplemented with water - and lipid - soluble antioxidants and in human plasma. Albumin (0.5$\sim$5 g/dL) and uric acid (0.1$\sim$0.5 $\mu$mol/L) increased hydrophilic ORAC values in a dose-dependent fashion ($R^{2}$=0.97 and 0.98, respectively) but had no impact on lipophilic ORAC values. $\alpha$-Tocopherol (15$\sim$200 $\mu$mol/L) increased lipophilic ORAC values in a dose-dependent fashion ($R^{2}$=0.94); neither $\alpha$-tocopherol nor $\beta$-carotene had an impact on hydrophilic ORAC values. However, addition of $\beta$-carotene at physiological concentration (0.23$\sim$1.86 $\mu$mol/L), either alone or in combination with other carotenoids, had no significant impact on lipophilic ORAC values. Thus, while assays of 'total antioxidant capacity' in biological matrices would be a useful research and clinical tool, existing methods are limited by the lack of complete responsiveness to the full range of dietary antioxidants.

Relation of Serum Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity with Metabolic Risk Factors in Human Volunteers

  • Kwak, Ho-Kyung;Yoon, Sun
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.215-219
    • /
    • 2005
  • Oxygen radical absorbance capacity(ORAC) is known to be a sensitive and simple method to determine total antioxidant capacity(TAC) in biological samples. While TAC has received great attention with its relation to pathogenesis in the progression of several diseases, little is known about association of ORAC with metabolic risk factors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between ORAC and serum lipid profiles, fasting glucose and anthropometric measures. One hundred seventeen volunteers participated in the study. Perchloric acid treated serum was used to determine $ORAC_{pca}$. Mean$ORAC_{pca}$ of subjects whose serum total cholesterol(TC) concentrations were $\geq$ 200 mg/dl was significantly(P < 0.05) higher than that of subjects whose TC concentrations were < 200mg/dl. There were significantly positive correlations between $ORAC_{pca}$ and serum concentrations of TC(P < 0.05) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol(P < 0.01). The positive relation between cholesterol concentrations and $ORAC_{pca}$ in serum may suggest an elevated TAC against oxidative stress associated with the cardiovascular risk factors. (J Community Nutrition 7(4): $215\∼219$, 2005)

Determination of the Antioxidant Capacity of Korean Ginseng Using an ORAC Assay (ORAC Assay 에 의한 인삼의 항산화 활성 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Young-Mok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.393-401
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was performed to investigate the antioxidant activity of Korean ginseng using an ORAC(Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) assay. Four fractions each (80% ethanol, ethyl acetate, water saturated 1-butanol, and water) were obtained from different ginseng samples (White Ginseng: ; 6 yrs-., 5 yrs-., ; Cork Ginseng: ; 5 yrs-., 4 yrs-.). The saponin content of each fraction was quantified by LC/MS, and the antioxidant capacity of the ginseng was measured by the ORAC assay. The ORAC method, which was recently validated using automatic liquid handling systems, has been adapted for manual handling with the use of a conventional fluorescence microplate reader. Furthermore, the ORAC assay provides a direct measure of hydrophilic chain-breaking antioxidant capacity against peroxy radical, which is the exiting and emission of 2,2'-Azobis (2-methylpropionamidine)-dihychloride (AAPH). As a result of our experiments, ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1 were the two major saponins found in the ginseng samples, and Rc, Rb2, Re, Rd, Rg3, and Rh1 were detected in a small quantities. For the antioxidant capacities of the fractions (80% ethanol, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water), we found that the organic solvent fraction had similar antioxidant capacities, and were higher than the capacity of the water fraction. When determining the similarities in each fraction, only the ethyl acetate fraction showed similarity compared to other fractions (p>0.05). The antioxidant capacity of ginseng may come from phenolic compounds and some nonpolar saponins. However, based on the results of this study, we hypothesize that some acidic polysaccharides and other biological components may contribute to its antioxidant capacity. Additional research is required to determine other possible biological response modifiers that contribute to the antioxidant capacity of ginseng.

  • PDF

Phenolic Compound Content and Antioxidant Activity of Citrus Peels (감귤 과피의 페놀성 화합물 함량과 항산화 활성)

  • Hwang, Joon-Ho;Park, Kyeong-Yeol;Oh, You-Sung;Lim, Sang-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.42 no.2
    • /
    • pp.153-160
    • /
    • 2013
  • The peel from seven types of citrus was extracted with 80% methanol, and their phenolic compound content, oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), inhibitory activities of nitric oxide (NO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production induced by LPS and t-BHP in LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells were measured. Total phenolic content was high in Yungkyool, Cheonhyehyang, and Jinkyool (30.6, 30.2, and 28.2 mg GAE/g, respectively), while total flavonoid content was high in Yungkyool and Jinkyool (30.3 and 25.5 mg RE/g, respectively). ORAC was the highest at 1,076 mM TE/g in Yungkyool, followed by Cheonhyehyang (1,012), Jinkyool (984), and Hallabong (914). High inhibitory activity against NO production was shown in Cheonhyehyang, Yungkyool, and Jinkyool with $IC_{50}$ values of 215.3, 259.2, and 328.9 ${\mu}g/mL$, respectively. LPS-induced ROS production was inhibited by 16.4% and 12.8% in Hallabong and Jinkyool, while t-BHP-induced ROS production was inhibited by 28.7%, 26.1%, and 26.6% in Jinkyool, Hallabong, and Cheonhyehyang, respectively. Correlation coefficients between total phenolic, total flavonoid content, and ORAC were 0.884 and 0.855. Inhibitory activity against NO production showed higher correlation with total phenolic content than total flavonoid content. It was concluded that citrus peels had potent antioxidant activities and could be used as natural antioxidants in the food and pharmaceutical industries.

Comparative Study on Biological Activities of Colored Potatoes, Hongyoung and Jayoung Cultivar (유색감자 홍영 및 자영 추출물의 생물학적 활성 비교)

  • Kang, Se-Chan; Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.53 no.2
    • /
    • pp.233-238
    • /
    • 2008
  • This experiment was conducted to enhance the colored potatoes utilization and to determine the biological activity of colored potato extracts. In order to understand the factors responsible for the potent anti-oxidant ability of colored potatoes, it has been evaluated for anti-oxidative activity using oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. 'Hongyoung' extract was significant anti-oxidant activities in ORAC assay. About two-fold higher radical absorbance capacity was found in 'Hongyoung' compared to that in 'Jayoung'. The ability of 80% ethanol extracts from colored potatoes to influence the inhibitory activity of nitric oxide (NO) and nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has also been investigated. The various therapeutic benefit claims in the new functional medicinal usage of colored potatoes ascribed to the phenolic compounds and anthocyanin. This result revealed that the extracts of colored potatoes are expected to be good candidate for development into sources of free radical scavenger or COX-2 inhibiting agents.

Development of New Method for Antioxidant Capacity with ORP-pH System

  • Lee Se Yeong;Kim Eun Ok;Seo Hyo Jin;Kim Min Yong;Kim Jong Deog
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
    • /
    • v.9 no.6
    • /
    • pp.514-518
    • /
    • 2004
  • Many methods are used in the measurement of antioxidative capacity. These meth­ods require very complex procedures and pretreatment. Our suggestions for research will be simple and accurate methods for obtaining many kinds of samples, especially colored samples such as natural product extracts for measuring antioxidative capacities. For oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) system value, we examined the relationships between the ORP-pH system and the ORAC, FRAP methods. To evaluate ORP System value, we calculated the absolute slope/intercept from the linear regression of each standard material at different concentrations and ORP-pH system, and compared the correlations with ORAC and FRAP values.

Phenolic Compounds from the Twigs of Stewartia pseudocamellia (노각나무 가지의 Phenol성 성분)

  • Bae, Jong Jin;Kwak, Jong Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.46 no.4
    • /
    • pp.303-308
    • /
    • 2015
  • Ten phenolic compounds were isolated from the twigs of Stewartia pseudocamellia. The isolated compounds were identified as 5,7,3',5'-tetrahydroxyflavanone (1), 3,5,7,3',5'-pentahydroxyflavanone (2), quercetin (3), (+)-aromadendrin (4), (+)-ampelopsin (5), myricetin (6), (+)-catechin (7), (-)-epicatechin (8), kaempferol (9), and fraxin (10) by spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 9 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The antioxidant activities of compounds 1-10 were evaluated by the DPPH and/or ORAC (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) assay. Compounds 3, 5-9 showed significant antioxidative effects on DPPH assay. Among the active compounds, 6 exhibited higher activity compared to trolox on ORAC assay.

Flavonoids from the Flower of Clerodendrum trichotomum (누리장나무 꽃의 Flavonoid 성분)

  • Lee, Jong-Wook;Kang, Se Chan;Bae, Jong Jin;Lee, Kyung Bok;Kwak, Jong Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.46 no.4
    • /
    • pp.289-294
    • /
    • 2015
  • Seven flavonoids were isolated from the flower of Clerodendrum trichotomum. Their structures were identified as apigenin (1), genistein (2), chrysoeriol (3), genistein 7-O-glucoside (4), kaempferol 3-O-glucoside (5), isorhamnetin 3-O-glucoside (6) and apigenin 7-O-glucoside (7) on the basis of spectral data. These compounds were isolated from C. trichotomum for the first time. The antioxidant activity of compounds 1-7 were evaluated by the ORAC (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) assay, and the ORAC values were expressed as relative trolox equivalent. All isolated compounds exhibited antioxidant activity.

Antioxidant Effects and Nitrite Scavenging Ability of Extract from Acanthopanax cortex Shoot (오가피순 추출물의 항산화 효과 및 아질산염 소거능)

  • Yu, Seok-Yeong;Lee, Young-Jun;Song, Ho-Seong;Hong, Hee-Do;Lim, Jeong-Ho;Choi, Hyeon-Son;Lee, Boo-Yong;Kang, Suk-Nam;Lee, Ok-Hwan
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.793-799
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to examine the antioxidative effect and nitrite scavenging ability of extract from Acanthopanax cortex shoot. The total phenolic compound and flavonoids contents of extract from Acanthopanax corex shoot were $116.33{\pm}6.09mg\;GAE/g$ and $65.07{\pm}4.10mg\;RE/g$, respectively. Antioxidative activities were measured by various in vitro models such as DPPH radical scavenging activity, FRAP, reducing power, ABTS radical scavenging activity, ORAC assay. This results showed that the extract of Acanthopanax cortex shoot was effective in scavenging radicals and protecting oxidation when assessed various in vitro systems. Similarly, the nitrite scavenging ability of extract was increased in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, ORAC value at a concentration of $0.1mg/m{\ell}$ was $103.4{\pm}5.6{\mu}M\;TE/g$. Considering high consumer demand beneficial health effects, Acanthopanax cortex shoot can be utilized to develop functional food health-promoting and natural antioxidant agents.

Antioxidant and DNA Damage Protective Activities of Freeze-Dried Blue Mussel (Mytilus edulis) (동결건조 진주담치 추출물의 항산화 및 DNA 손상 보호 활성)

  • Lee, Seon Woo;Choi, Mi-Joo;Kim, Si-Kyung;Lee, Seung-Cheol;Park, Eunju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.43 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1801-1807
    • /
    • 2014
  • Blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) are widely distributed among the world's oceans in various habitats. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of freeze-drying on the antioxidant and antigenotoxic activities of blue mussels collected in the Gyeongnam coast area of Korea. Raw (RM) and freeze-dried blue mussel flesh (FRM) were extracted with ethanol, methanol, and water. Antioxidant activities were evaluated on the basis of DPPH radical scavenging activity, oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), cellular antioxidant capacity (CAC), and antigenotoxic activity (comet assay). Except for the water extract, RM and FRM showed DPPH radical scavenging activities, which increased upon freeze-drying in MeOH extract. The highest ORAC value was observed in water extract of RM and MeOH extract of FRM. CAC was protected against AAPH-induced oxidative stress in HepG2 cells by both RM and FRM extracts. Freeze-drying lowered ORAC value of water extract, whereas it increased CAC activity, suggesting that antioxidant activities varied according to the generated radicals. All extracts from RM and FRM showed antigenotoxic activities by reducing $H_2O_2$-induced DNA damage in human leukocytes. Freeze-drying had no effect on antigenotoxicity of blue mussels. Taken together, these results indicate that blue mussels possess antioxidant and antigenotoxic properties, and freeze-drying might be a useful processing method for blue mussels to retain their maximum physiological potential as a functional food.