• Title, Summary, Keyword: OTA

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A study on the design of voltage controlled Amplifier using only OTA (OTA 만을 이용한 전압제어 증폭기의 설계)

  • 이영훈
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2001
  • The application of the operational trasconductance amplifier (OTA) in the design of a amplifier with voltage-controlled gam is demonstrated first. I designed OTA with linear operation and constructed a Amplifier with two OTA. In this design. I used OTA as open loop. Computer simulation result, designed OTA and Amplifier charateristics has a good matching with the theoritical value. The OTA is used often in open-loop and therefore it is wise to learn how to treat the two input pins independently, as a vertual short circuit can not be assured in many configurations.

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Removal of mycotoxin ochratoxin A by isolated bacteria (분리세균에 의한 진균독소 ochratoxin A의 제거)

  • Choi, Ho-Yeong;Song, Hong-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2019
  • Ochratoxin A (OTA), one of mycotoxins produced mainly by Aspergillus is a common contaminant of stored grains, posing health hazards to human and livestock. The aim of this study is to explore ability of isolated bacteria Bacillus subtilis AF13 and Streptomyces shenzhenensis YR226 to remove OTA. AF13 and YR226 could remove 94.23 and 97.73% of OTA ($100{\mu}g/L$), respectively during 24 h incubation in NB medium. When cultures of two strains were separated into washed cells and cell-free supernatant, the supernatant of both strains removed more than 90% of $100{\mu}g/L$ OTA, and 98.88% of OTA could be also removed by the washed cells of YR226. OTA removal occurred in a few second by the supernatant of both strains, and treatments of autoclaving, proteinase K and chymotrypsin did not affect the OTA removal by the culture supernatants, which indicate that some thermostable and non-proteinaceous substances secreted by these bacteria may be involved in OTA removal in these two bacteria. These results suggest that AF13 and YR226 can be used to remove OTA from OTA-contaminated grains and feeds, and therefore decrease economic damage in agriculture and feed industry.

Biodegradation of Ochratoxin A by Aspergillus tubingensis Isolated from Meju

  • Cho, Sung Min;Jeong, Seong Eun;Lee, Kyu Ri;Sudhani, Hemanth P.K.;Kim, Myunghee;Hong, Sung-Yong;Chung, Soo Hyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.1687-1695
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    • 2016
  • Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin, contaminates agricultural products and poses a serious threat to public health worldwide. Microbiological methods are known to be a promising approach for OTA biodegradation because physical and chemical methods have practical limitations. In the present study, a total of 130 fungal isolates obtained from 65 traditional Korean meju (a fermented starter for fermentation of soybeans) samples were examined for OTA-biodegradation activity using thin-layer chromatography. Two fungal isolates were selected for OTA-biodegradation activity and were identified as Aspergillus tubingensis M036 and M074 through sequence analysis of the beta-tubulin gene. After culturing both A. tubingensis isolates in Soytone-Czapek medium containing OTA (40 ng/ml), OTA-biodegradation activity was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Both A. tubingensis strains degraded OTA by more than 95.0% after 14 days, and the HPLC analysis showed that the OTA biodegradation by the A. tubingensis strains led to the production of ochratoxin α, which is much less toxic than OTA. Moreover, crude enzymes from the cultures of A. tubingensis M036 and M074 led to OTA biodegradation of 97.5% and 91.3% at pH 5, and 80.3% and 75.3% at pH 7, respectively, in a buffer solution containing OTA (40 ng/ml) after 24 h. In addition, the OTA-biodegrading fungi did not exhibit OTA production activity. Our data suggest that A. tubingensis isolates and their enzymes have the potential for practical application to reduce levels of OTA in food and feed.

OTA-Based Analog Multiplier Architecture (OTA를 이용한 Analog Multiplier 구현에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Keun;Kim, Young-Ju;Kim, Soo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 1989
  • A building block approach to generate an analog multiplier architecture is described. Several non-idealities including the effects of the mobility degradation present in a typical operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) are minimized by using a two cross coupled OTA structure. It is shown that the third-order harmonic distortion is cancelled even at high temperatures. It is proved that OTA based approach is suitable for analog singal processing at relatively high temperatures.

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Design of an OTA Improving Linearity with a Mobility Compensation Technique (이동도 보상 회로를 이용한 OTA의 선형성 개선)

  • 김규호;양성현;김용환;조경록
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.46-53
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    • 2003
  • This paper describes a new linear operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) and its application to the 9th-order Bessel filter. To improve the linearity of the OTA, we employ a mobility compensation technique. The combination of the triode and the subthreshold region transistors can compensate the mobility reduction effect and make the OTA with a good linearity. The proposed OTA shows $\pm$0.32% Gm variation over the input range of $\pm$0.8-V. The total harmonic distortion (THD) was lower than -60-㏈. The 9th-order Bessel filter has been designed using a 0.35-${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ n-well CMOS process under 3.3-V supply voltage. It shows the cutoff frequency of 8-MHz and the power consumption of 65-mW.

Design of Continuous-Time OTA-C Elliptic Filter for CMOS VLSI (CMOS VLSI를 위한 연속시간의 OTA-C Elliptic 필터 설계)

  • 신건순
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.1051-1062
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    • 1992
  • Design of a continuous-time fifth-order OTA-C Eiliptic filter for operation at 4MHz is presented. The filter has been realize by five OTAs, eight capacitors and a buffer as an OTA-C structure. To prevent decreasing of characteristics due to the parastic capacitance of OTA and loading a buffer and a capacitor have been connected to the next of second section. As the result the frequency characteristics were found to be essentially within specifications : less than 0.2dB passband attenuation, 30dB stopband attenuation and 4Mz cut-off frequency have been obtained and the characteristic of cut-off region has been improved about 7dB compared with it of the theoretical case.

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A Design of DA_UDC(Double Authentication User.Device.Cross) Module using OTA(One Time Authentication) Key in Home Network Environment (홈 네트워크 환경에서 OTA(One Time Authentication)키를 이용한 DA_UDC(Double Authentication User.Device.Cross) 모듈 설계)

  • Jeong, Eun-Hee;Lee, Byung-Kwan
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.34 no.4B
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    • pp.419-427
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    • 2009
  • This paper propose DA-UDC(Double Authentication User, Device, Cross) Module which solves the cost problem and the appropriation of Certificate using User Authentication, Device Authentication and Cross Authentication with OTA(One Time Authentication) Key, and which is designed not to subscribe to the service of Home network business. Home Server transmits its public key which is needed to create OTA to the user which passed the first step of authentication which verifies User ID, Device ID and Session Key. And it performs the second step of authentication process which verifies the OTA key created by a user. Whenever the OTA key of DA-UDC module is generated, the key is designed to be changed. Therefore, DA-UDC Module prevents the exposure of User and Device ID by performing the two steps of authentication and enhances the authentication security of Home Network from malicious user with OTA key. Also, DA-UDC Module is faster than the existing authentication system in processing speed because it performs authentication calculation only once. Though DA-UDC Module increases data traffic slightly because of the extra authentication key, it enhances the security more than the existing technique.

Design of a Linear CMOS OTA with Mobility Compensation and Common-Mode Control Schemes (이동도 보상 회로와 공통모드 전압 조절기법을 이용한 선형 CMOS OTA)

  • Kim, Doo-Hwan;Yang, Sung-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Sun;Cho, Kyoung-Rok
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.43 no.12
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2006
  • This paper describes a new linear operational transconductance amplifier (OTA). To improve the linearity of the OTA, we employ a mobility compensation circuit that combines the transistor paths operating at the triode and subthreshold regions. The common-mode control schemes consist of a common-mode feedback (CMFB) and common-mode feedforward (CMFF). The circuit enhances linearity of the transconductance (Gm) under the wide input voltage swing range. The proposed OTA shows ${\pm}1%$ Gm variation and the total harmonic distortion (THD) of below -73dB under the input voltage swing range of ${\pm}1.1V$. The OTA is implemented using a $0.35{\mu}m$ n-well CMOS process under 3.3V supply.

A study on the Filter design using OTA (OTA를 이용한 필터 설계에 대한 연구)

  • 이영훈
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.68-72
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    • 2002
  • In this study, I studied on the principle of OTA and it's basic application. Here, I designed second order filter using OTA. This filter has three inputs and one output. If we use each one input among them, we can get a low pass, high pass and band pass output. In the result of the computer simulation. the linear characteristics was superior to the conventional Op-Amp filter. And this circuit is advantageous to making an IC. This will be used to the communication system which has the low distortion and high frequency circuit. This study will have to be continued to form a higher order filter using OTA.

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A Pulse With Modulation Circuit using CMOS OTA (CMOS OTA를 이용한 펄스폭 변조회로)

  • 이은진;김희준;정원섭
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.43-48
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    • 2004
  • A PWM Circuit using CMOS OTA is proposed. It features that the oscillation frequency is independent of supply voltage and temperature, and is linearly controlled by the bias current of OTA. The H-SPICE simulation results are given and they show good performance of the proposed circuit. The layout results using 0.3${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ CMOS technology for IC implementation are also given.