• Title, Summary, Keyword: Observer bank

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On the Fault Detection and Isolation Systems using Functional Observers (함수 관측자를 이용한 고장검출식별기법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kee-Sang;Ryu, Ji-Su
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.883-890
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    • 2003
  • Two GOS (Generalized Observer Scheme) type Fault Detection Isolation Schemes (FDIS), employing the bank of unknown input functional observers (UIFO) as a residual generator, are proposed to make the practical use of the multiple observer based FDIS. The one is IFD (Instrument Fault Detection) scheme and the other is PFD (Process Fault Detection) scheme. A design method of UIFO is suggested for robust residual generation and reducing the size of the observer bank. Several design objectives that can be achieved by the FDI schemes and the design methods to meet the objectives are described. An IFD system is constructed for the Boeing 929 Jetfoil boat system to show the effectiveness of the propositions. Major contributions of this paper are two folds. Firstly, the proposed UIFO approaches considerably reduce the size of residual generator in the GOS type FDI systems. Secondly, the FDI schemes, in addition to the basic functions of the conventional observer-based FDI schemes, can reconstruct the failed signal or give the estimates of fault magnitude that can be used for compensating fault effects. The schemes are directly applicable to the design of a fault tolerant control systems.

H_/H Sensor Fault Detection and Isolation of Uncertain Time-Delay Systems

  • Jee, Sung Chul;Lee, Ho Jae;Kim, Do Wan
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.313-323
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    • 2014
  • Sensor fault detection and isolation problems subject to H_/$H_{\infty}$, performance are concerned for linear time-invariant systems with time delay in a state and parametric uncertainties. To that end, a model-based observer bank approach is pursued. The design conditions for both continuous- and discrete-time cases are formulated in terms of matrix inequalities, which are then converted to the problems solvable via an algorithm involving convex optimization.

An Estimation of Modeling Uncertainty for a Mechanical System in Actuators and Links in a Rigid Manipulator Using Control Theory (시스템 모델링의 불확실성 추정과 보상)

  • Park, Rai-Wung;Cho, Sul
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.396-410
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    • 2009
  • The goal of this work is to present an advanced method of an estimation of the Modeling Uncertainties coming up in industrial rigid robot's manipulator and actuators. First, with the given physical robot model, the motion equation was derived. Considering a fictitious model, a new extended motion equation is developed. Based on this extended model, an observer and observer bank are designed for the estimation of modeling uncertainties which are involving the effects of gravity, friction, mass unbalance, and Coriolis which show the nonlinear characteristics in operation states.

A New Dynamic Residual Generator for Process Fault Detection (프로세스고장검출을 위한 새로운 잔차발생기구)

  • 이기상;이상문
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers D
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    • v.52 no.10
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    • pp.575-582
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    • 2003
  • A new FDOs (fault diagnostic observers) and the residual generation schemes using the FDOs are suggested for the process fault detection and isolation of linear (control) systems. The design method of the FDO is described, first, for the full measurement systems. Then it is extended for the systems with unmeasurable state variables. An unknown input observer is proposed and applied for the extension. The size of the observer bank may be the smallest, specially in full measurement systems, because the order of the proposed FDO is very low. In spite of the simplicity, the scheme provides the same information for the detection and isolation of the anticipated faults as the conventional multiple observer based schemes. The residuals may be structured so that fault isolation can be performed by pre-selected logic. An FDIS using the proposed scheme is constructed for the model of the four-tank system. Simulation results show the practical feasibility of the proposed scheme.

Fault detection of chemical process using observer scheme (Observer를 이용한 화학공정의 이상감지)

  • 최용진;오영석;윤인섭
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.589-594
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    • 1993
  • This paper presents a fault detection strategy that discriminates the faulty sensor and that detects the component fault using a bank of observers for the system in which sensor fault and component fault can occur simultaneously. Observers as many as the number of measurements are designed, and each observer uses measurements excluding sequentially one measurement, to estimate the state variables. The faulty sensor can be found out by comparing each state variable from different observer. Next, component fault can be detected by using measurements from the sensors excluding the faulty sensor. The suggested strategy is applied to a nonisothermal, series reaction with unknown reaction kinetics in a CSTR. This strategy is found out to perform well even in the case that the sensor and component fault occur simultaneously. Since each observer is designed to be independent of reaction kinetics, this strategy is not affected by the model uncertainty and nonlinearity of the reaction kinetics.

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Crack Detection, Localization and Estimation of the Depth In a Turbo Rotor

  • Park, Rai-Wung
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.722-729
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    • 2000
  • The goal of this paper is to describe an advanced method of a crack detection: a new way to localize position and to estimate depth of a crack on rotating shaft. As a first step, the shaft is physically modelled with a finite element method and the dynamic mathematical model is derived using the Hamilton principle; thus, the system is represented by various subsystems. The equations of motion of the shaft with a crack are established by adapting the local stiffness change through breathing and gaping from the crack to an undamaged shaft. This is the reference system for the given system. Based on a model for transient behavior induced from vibration measured at the bearings, a nonlinear state observer is designed to detect cracks on the shaft. This is the elementary NL-observer (Beo). Using the observer, an Estimator (Observer Bank) is established and arranged at the certain position on the shaft. When a crack position is localized, the procedure for estimating of the depth is engaged.

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Robust Vehicle Lateral Stability Controller Against Road Bank Angles (도로 횡경사 변화에 견실한 차량 횡안정성 제어기 설계)

  • Na, Ho Yong;Cho, KunHee;You, Seung-Han
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.41 no.10
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    • pp.967-974
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, a differential-braking-based yaw moment control system was developed to guarantee robust performance against road bank angle. A new target yaw rate model was established by combining the signal from a lateral acceleration sensor and 2-DOF single track model. In addition, a disturbance observer was utilized to take into account parameter uncertainties in yaw dynamics and to improve robust performance of the controller. CARSIM, which is a multi-DOF vehicle dynamic simulation tool, was used to verify the performance of the proposed controller in various driving scenarios. The simulation results indicate that the stability of the vehicle was robustly maintained by the controller, which is characterized by the reflection of the signal of a lateral acceleration sensor signal and by the compensation of the errors in the model parameters via the disturbance observer.

Noise and Fault Diagnosis Using Control Theory

  • Park, Rai-Wung;Sul Cho
    • Transactions on Control, Automation and Systems Engineering
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2000
  • The aim of this paper is to describe an advanced method of the fault diagnosis using Control Theory with reference to a crack detection, a new way to localize the crack position under influence of the plant disturbance and white measurement noise on a rotating shaft. As the first step, the shaft is physically modelled with a finite element method as usual and the dynamic mathematical model is derived from it using the Hamilton-principle and in this way the system is modelled by various subsystems. The equations of motions with a crack are established by the adaption of the local stiffness change through breathing and gaping[1] from the crack to the equation of motion with an undamaged shaft. This is supposed to be regarded as a reference system for the given system. Based on the fictitious model of the time behaviour induced from vibration phenomena measured at the bearings, a nonlinear state observer is designed in order to detect the crack on the shaft. This is the elementary NL-observer(EOB). Using the elementary observer, an Estimator(Observer Bank) is established and arranged at the certain position on the shaft. In case, a crack is found and its position is known, the procedure, fro the estimation of the depth is going to begin.

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Observer-Based Robust Fault Diagnosis and Reconfigurable Adaptive Control for Systems with Unknown Inputs (미지입력을 포함한 시스템의 관측기 기반 견실고장진단 및 재구성 적응제어)

  • 최재원;이승우;서영수
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.8 no.11
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    • pp.928-934
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    • 2002
  • A natural way to cope with fault tolerant control (FTC) problems is to modify the control parameters according to an online identification of the system parameters when a fault occurs. However. due to not only difficulties Inherent to the online multivariable identification in closed-loop systems, such as modeling errors, noise or the lack of excitation signals, but also long time requirement to identify the post-fault system and implemeutation of control problems during the identification process, we propose an alternative approach based on the observer-based fault detection and isolation (FDI) and model reference adaptive control (MRAC). The proposed robust fault diagnosis method is based on a bank of observers. We also propose a model reference adaptive control with changeable reference models according to the occurred faults. Simulation results of a flight control example show the validity and applicability of the proposed algorithms.

Multiple Faults Detection and Isolation via Decentralized Sliding Mode Observer for Reconfigurable Manipulator

  • Zhao, Bo;Li, Chenghao;Ma, Tianhao;Li, Yuanchun
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.2393-2405
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    • 2015
  • This paper considers a decentralized multiple faults detection and isolation (FDI) scheme for reconfigurable manipulators. Inspired by their modularization property, a global sliding mode (GSM) based stable adaptive fuzzy decentralized controller is investigated for the system in fault free, while for the system suffering from multiple faults (actuator fault and sensor fault), the decentralized sliding mode observer (DSMO) is employed to detect their occurrence. Hereafter, the time and location of faults can be determined by a fault isolation scheme via a bank of DSMOs. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed schemes in controlling, detecting and isolating faults is illustrated by the simulations of two 3-DOF reconfigurable manipulators with different configurations successfully.