• Title, Summary, Keyword: Occupational disease

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Occupational Musculoskeletal Disease and Stress Levels of Restaurant Cooks in Gangwon Province (강원도 일부지역 외식업 조리사들의 작업관련성 근골격계 질환과 스트레스 정도)

  • Lee, Jeongsill;Kim, Youngsu
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this survey is to investigate the occupational musculoskeletal disease and stress levels of restaurant cooks and to provide a basic data of programs in order to prevent occupational diseases. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 220 subjects in Gangwon province. The results show that there was no significant difference in the degree of occupational musculoskeletal disease between male cooks and female cooks. However, western cuisine cooks were more likely to have a higher degree of occupational musculoskeletal disease than other cuisine cooks and showed a higher degree of occupational stress from work overload as well as irregular meal stresses. Cooks aged from 30 to 40 years showed a higher level of occupational musculoskeletal disease in the neck, shoulder, and hand/wrist compared to those in other age groups. The job tenure was related to the degree of musculoskeletal disease in knee. Additionally, the hours of working per day were statistically significantly related to musculoskeletal disease in the knee and to the occupational stress levels in irregular meals stress. The findings of this study suggest that it is essential to design customized education for cooks to lessen their occupational musculoskeletal diseases and stresses in order to ensure the health and safety of the culinary workers.

Incheon Occupational Disease Surveillance System in Korea-Providing Updated Information and Education

  • Lee, Jong-Han m;Hong, Yun-Chul;Won, Jong-Uk;Jaehoon Roh
    • Proceedings of the Korea Inteligent Information System Society Conference
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    • pp.330-335
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    • 2001
  • The occurrences of occupational illness and injury have been seriously underestimated in Korea. Surveillance systems for occupational diseases have recently emerged as important strategies for the control of occupational hazards and the implementation of intervention programs to protect workers. However, health service providers do not actively diagnose occupational diseases and are unwilling to report occupational diseases. With the rapid growth of Internet usage in Korea, the computer network has become the predominant means of communicating and sharing information. Therefore, we developed a web-based updated information and education network to assist the health services providers in reporting occupational diseases. Information systems for occupational disease surveillance were also designed to support occupational disease reporting. Commonly available database systems, such as web databases, are useful to manage occupational diseases data efficiently. Standardized case definitions and report guidelines were also established, which included cumulative trauma disorder, occupational asthma, occupational contact dermatitis, and occupational cancer. This system may provide the basis of an efficient and continuously updated source of educational information and provide specific information concerning the occurrence of occupational diseases in specific areas. Background information on occupational diseases obtained in this way will be invaluable for preventing hazards and enforcing occupational disease prevention programs. Moreover, our experiences in establishing these information systems will be of great use in other countries and settings.

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Occupational Injury and Disease by the Hired Proportion of Precarious Employee in Manufacturing Industry with 50 Employees or More (50인 이상 제조업 사업장의 비정규직 근로자 고용비율에 따른 재해율)

  • Shin, Cheol Lim;Kang, Tae Sun;Yi, Kwan Hyung;Kim, Won Ki;Kim, Soo Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.185-188
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    • 2008
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the occupational safety and health(OSH) state of precarious employee. Methods: The questionnaire of this survey is composed of 9 categories that are the workplace general information and the state of occupational injury and disease, OSH organization, OSH education and training. The subjects of this survey were the Manufacturing. The hypothesis of this study is where the proportion of precarious employee is higher, the OSH state is worse. To verify this hypothesis, we grouped the subjects into three categories by the proportion of precarious employee like as 0%(all standard employee), less than 30% and 30% or more. Using the SPSS 12.0 program to analyze the data, logistic regression analysis were implemented to find affective factors for the rate of occupational injury and disease. Results: 2,633 manufacturing workplaces were included for subjects. The proportions of precarious employee were 9.6 %. In manufacturing industry, about 70 % companies had no precarious employee. 16.8 % companies were in less than 30 % group, 13.2 % companies were in 30% or more group. For the rate of occupational injury and disease, the precarious group were 0.85(${\pm}1.8$), 1.19(${\pm}2.9$), 0.59(${\pm}1.1$). There was a trend that the higher precarious proportion groups was the higher rate of occupational injury and disease by the logistic regression analysis. It is more strong relationship than company size and OSH committee. Conclusions: We could find a significant result there was a positive relationship between the hiring proportion of precarious employee and the rate of occupational injury and disease in manufacturing industry with 50 employees and more.

The recognition and the attitude about the hazard materials and occupational disease in the asbestos related industry (석면취급 근로자의 직업병에 대한 인식 및 태도)

  • Yi, Gwan-Hyeong;Rhee, Kyung-Yong
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.269-286
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the present state of worker's recognition and attitude about hazard materials and occupational disease in his workplace. In general worker's view of hazard materials and occupational disease that sis recognition and attitude is related to worker's health behavior for preventing occupational disease and improving his health status. The study subject is composed of workers in the asbestos related industry for example brake lining manufacturing industry, asbestos fiber manufacturing industry, and asbestos slate manufacturing industry. The result of the study are follows : 1. The most of workers in the asbestos related industry have taken health education and safety education, and the more than half of workers recognized the usefulness of preventive device, and ventilatory device in workplace. 2. About 70% of workers have always taken the preventive device. 3. About 80% of workers have recognized occupational disease in the asbestos related industry, and about 64% of workers have recognized that hls workplace have harmful effect on his health. 4. Recognition about the usefulness of ventilatory device in work place has not related with any variables. But recognition about the usefulness of repiratory protector has related with recognition of hazard materials in his workplace, for example asbestos. 5. Attitude about severity and susceptability of occupational disease in the asbestos related industry have related with knowledge about hazard materials and occupational disease.

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Status of Occupational Health Management in Some Small-Scale-Industries (일부 소규모 사업장의 산업보건 실태)

  • Hwang, Moon Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 1999
  • The study was purposed to know the status of health management in small-scale-industries which have less than 50 employees. A total of 330 small-scale-industries were surveyed by nurses and industrial-hygienists who were affiliated with industrial health care agency from January, 1993 to December, 1994. The contents of survey include status of work environment, occupational accident and its disease availability, protective evice, health education and settlements. The results were as follows: 1. The number of industrial accidents(death, injury arid occup. disease) in 1994 was 83 which was reduced from that of the 1993 which was 126. 2. As a result of the measurement of work environment the excessive ratio of permitted criteria was reduced to 20.6% in 1994 from 264% in 1993, and the improvement ratio of work environment was increased to 39.5% in 1994 from 29.7% in 1993. 3. The contents of health education at work place were as follows: general disease(25.4%), work environment(20.2%), protective device(16.7%), disease prevension(14.2%), occupational disease(85%), and health promotion(8.3%). 4. In terms of industrial safty and prevention of occupational disease, only 10.6% was satisfactory or excellent, and the 89.4% was poor, inadequate or required reexamination.

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BENZENE AND LEUKEMIA An Epidemiologic Risk Assessment

  • Rinsky Robert A.;Smith Alexander B.;Hornung Richard;Filloon Thomas G.;Young Ronald J.;Okun Andrea H.;Landrigan Philip J.
    • 대한예방의학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.651-657
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    • 1994
  • To assess quantitatively the association between benzene exposure and leukemia, we examined the mortality rate of a cohort with occupational exposure to benzene. Cumulative exposure for each cohort member was estimated from historical air-sampling data and, when no sampling data existed, from interpolation on the basis of existing data. The overall standardized mortality ratio (a measure of relative risk multiplied by 100) for leukemia was 337 (95 percent confidence interval, 154 to 641), and that for multiple myeloma was 409 (95 percent confidence interval, 110 to 1047). With stratification according to levels of cumulative exposure, the standardized mortality ratios for leukemia increased from 109 to 322, 1186, and 6637 with increases in cumulative benzene exposure from less than 40 parts per million-years (ppm-years), to 40 to 199, 200 to 399, and 400 or more. respectively. A cumulative benzene exposure of 400 ppm years is equivalent to a mean annual exposure of 10 ppm over a 40-year working lifetime; 10 ppm is the currently enforceable standard in the United States for occupational exposure to benzene. To examine the shape of the exposure-response relation, we performed a conditional logistic-regression analysis, in which 10 controls were matched to each cohort member with leukemia. From this model, it can be calculated that protection from benzene induced leukemia would increase exponentially with any reduction in the permissible exposure limit.

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Characteristics of Occupational Skin Disease Reported by Surveillance System (감시체계를 통하여 보고된 직업성 피부질환의 특성에 관한 연구 - 사업장, 특수건강진단기관, 피부과의사의 보고사례를 중심으로 기술 -)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Ok;Lee, Jun-Young;Jung, Ho-Keun;Ahn, Yeon-Soon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.130-140
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    • 1999
  • Objectives: This study was carried out to estimate the magnitude of skin disease related to occupation and to find out the characteristics of it. Methods: We collected and analyzed the cases of occupational skin disease reported by surveillance system composed of doctors and nurses in 150 enterprises with dispensary or attacked hospital and physicians in 92 specific health examination institutes and 150 dermatologists from May to November, 1998. Results: Among members of surveillance system, 66 enterprises and 47 specific health examination institutes and 55 dermatologists reported 571 cases of occupational skin disease in 512 workers. Excepting 81 cases reported by dermatologists, We analyzed 490 cases reported by enterprises and specific health examination institutes. Among 490 cases, contact dermatitis was most common(368 cases, 75.1%) and the second was hyper or hypopigmentation(36 cases, 7.3%). When we analyzed the characteristics of workers with occupational contact dermatitis, male workers were 281 (79.2%) and female were 74(20.8%). 165 workers(64.5%) had chronic skin disease with repeated cure and relapse. 245 workers(72.5%) answered positively that their coworkers had similar skin disease. 27 workers(8.7%) experienced absence due to contact dermatitis related to occupation. To analyze the type of industries of workers with occupational contact dermatitis, automobile and trailer manufacturing industry was most common(105 cases, 29.6%) and the second was manufacturing industry for image, sound and communication equipment(55 cases, 15.5%). Organic solvent(183 cases, 46.7%) was the most common treating material of workers with contact dermatitis and the second was various kinds of chemicals(59cases, 15.1%). Conclusions: This is the first study using nationwide surveillance system to collect data of occupational skin disease. We found that many workers had skin disease related to occupation and characteristics of occupational skin disease were chronic and clustering. Therefore, we had to establish counterplan to manage occupational skin disease and to operate surveillance system to identify trends of occupational skin disease, continuously.

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Analysis on Ga-Rak market workers' disease and treatment of Traditional Korean Medicine(TKM) (pilot study) (가락시장 근로자의 병증과 한의학적 치료에 대한 예비 분석)

  • Yoo, Jae-Ryong;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.109-119
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    • 2004
  • Objective : To broaden our understanding on occupational disease of market workers and to evaluate the effect of TKM treatment focusing on acupuncture and herb medicine and to promote base studies and clinical trials on occupational disease. Materials and Methods : Analysis was done on 33 Ga-Rak market workers' chart which had been selected through investigation of 1508 outpatient's chart of Kyung Won University Hospital from Jun. 1st, 2002 to May. 31th, 2003. Results : 1. Out of 33 patients, Men had more occupational diseases than women had and Most people were in their forties. 2. Major cause of the disease include repetitve bending, heavy weight lifting and overwork. 3. Past History of patients mostly include frequent lumbar sprain, periarthritis of shoulder, lumbar HNP 4. The patients with occupational disease were diagnosed as lumbar sprain, periarthritis of shoulder, lumbar HNP, degenerative spondylosis, spinal stenosis and their chief complaints were low back pain, omalgia, back pain with radicular pain. 5. The duration of treatment was mostly within a week. 6. Acupuncture, Bee Venom Acupuncture, moxibustion, Herb-medicine, extract, taping therapy, physical therapy were used as treatment methods. 7. Applied herb medicine were composed of 8 kinds of prescriptions and extract were made up of 6 prescriptions 8. Applied acupoints belonged mainly to 14 meridians 9. The treatment of herb medicine combined with acupuncture proved effective in treating the ocupational disease. Conclusion : The occupational disease of patients working in Ga-Rak market were closely related with overwork, especially with repetitive bending and heavy weight lifting and TKM treatment focusing on acupuncture combined with herb medicine was effective in treating occupational disease.

A Case Report of Lung Cancer in a Horse Trainer Caused by Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica: An Exposure Assessment

  • Yoon, Jin-Ha;Kim, Boowook;Choi, Byung-Soon;Park, So Young;Kwag, Hyun-Suk;Kim, In-Ah;Jeong, Ji Yeon
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.71-74
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    • 2013
  • Here, we present a case of lung cancer in a 48-year-old male horse trainer. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case report to include an exposure assessment of respirable crystalline silica (RCS) as a quartz. The trainer had no family history of lung cancer. Although he had a 15 pack/year cigarette-smoking history, he had stopped smoking 12 years prior to his diagnosis. For the past 23 years, he had performed longeing, and trained 7-12 horses per day on longeing arena surfaces covered by recycled sands, the same surfaces used in race tracks. We investigated his workplace RCS exposure, and found it to be the likely cause of his lung cancer. The 8-hour time weight average range of RCS was 0.020 to $0.086mg/m^3$ in the longeing arena. Horse trainers are exposed to RCS from the sand in longeing arenas, and the exposure level is high enough to have epidemiological ramifications for the occupational risk of lung cancer.

Influence of Work Characteristics on the Association Between Police Stress and Sleep Quality

  • Ma, Claudia C.;Hartley, Tara A.;Sarkisian, Khachatur;Fekedulegn, Desta;Mnatsakanova, Anna;Owens, Sherry;Gu, Ja Kook;Tinney-Zara, Cathy;Violanti, John M.;Andrew, Michael E.
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2019
  • Background: Police officers' stress perception, frequency of stressful events (stressors), and police work characteristics may contribute to poor sleep quality through different mechanisms. Methods: We investigated associations of stress severity (measured by stress rating score) and frequency of stressors with sleep quality and examined the influence of police work characteristics including workload, police rank, prior military experience, and shift work on the associations. Participants were 356 police officers (256 men and 100 women) enrolled in the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress Study from 2004 to 2009. A mean stress rating score and mean frequency of stressors occurring in the past month were computed for each participant from the Spielberger Police Stress Survey data. Sleep quality was assessed using the global score derived from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index survey. Linear associations of the stress rating score and frequency of stressors with sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index global score) were tested. Age, sex, race/ethnicity, and smoking status were selected as potential confounders. Results: The stress rating score was positively and independently associated with poor sleep quality (${\beta}=0.17$, p = 0.002). Only workload significantly modified this association (${\beta}=0.23$, p = 0.001 for high workload group; p-interaction = 0.109). The frequency of stressors was positively and independently associated with poor sleep quality (${\beta}=0.13$, p = 0.025). Only police rank significantly modified the association (${\beta}=0.007$, p = 0.004 for detectives/other executives; p-interaction = 0.076). Conclusion: Both police officers' perception of stress severity and the frequency of stressors are associated with poor sleep quality. Stress coping or sleep promotion regimens may be more beneficial among police officers reporting high workloads.