• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ocean buoys

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A study of the optimum draft of multiple resonance power buoys for maximizing electric power production

  • Kweon, Hyuck-Min;Cho, Hong-Yeon;Cho, II-Hyoung
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.813-825
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    • 2014
  • To maximize electric power production using wave energy extractions from resonance power buoys, the maximum motion displacement spectra of the buoys can primarily be obtained under a given wave condition. In this study, wave spectra observed in shoaling water were formulated. Target resonance frequencies were established from the arithmetic means of modal frequency bands and the peak frequencies. The motion characteristics of the circular cylindrical power buoys with corresponding drafts were then calculated using numerical models without considering PTO damping force. Results showed that the heave motions of the power buoys in shoaling waters with insufficient drafts produced greater amplification effects than those in deep seas with sufficient drafts.

Diffraction and Radiation of Waves by Array of Multiple Buoys (다수 부체 배열에 의한 파의 회절과 방사)

  • Cho, Il-Hyoung
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.151-160
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    • 2016
  • The diffraction and radiation of linear waves by an array of truncated floating multiple buoys are solved using the interaction theory based on a matched eigenfunction expansion method (MEEM). The interaction processes between multiple buoys are very complex and numerous, because the scattered and radiated waves from each buoy affect the others in the array. Our primary aim is therefore to construct the rigorous wave exciting forces and hydrodynamic forces to deal with the problem of multiple interactions. This present method is applied to a square array of four buoys with two incidence angles, and the results are given for the wave excitation forces on each buoy, heave RAO for each buoy heaving independently, and wave elevations around the buoys and wave run-up. The analytical solutions are in good agreement with the numerical solutions obtained from commercial code (WAMIT).

Estimation of Wave Energy Extraction Efficiency for a Compact Array System of Small Buoys (밀집 배열 부이시스템의 파랑에너지 추출 효율 추정)

  • Choi, Yoon-Rak
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2011
  • A compact array system of small buoys is used for wave energy extraction. To evaluate the performance of this system, hydrodynamic analysis is carried out in regular waves using the higher order boundary element method. The motion response of each buoy is calculated considering hydrodynamic interactions caused by other buoys. The effect of energy extraction device is modeled as a linear damping load. The efficiencies of energy conversion are compared using the various sizes and arrangements of the array system and the damping coefficients for energy extraction. The increase in size or the packing ratio of the system gives better efficiency. However, the wave condition and the cost for the system should be considered to optimize performance from the perspective of engineering and economics. The proposed nondimensionalized damping coefficient for energy extraction is 0.1~0.5.

Development of an IoT Platform for Ocean Observation Buoys

  • Kim, Si Moon;Lee, Un Hyun;Kwon, Hyuk Jin;Kim, Joon-Young;Kim, Jeongchang
    • IEIE Transactions on Smart Processing and Computing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we propose an Internet of Things (IoT) platform for ocean observation buoys. The proposed system consists of various sensor modules, a gateway, and a remote monitoring site. In order to integrate sensor modules with various communications interfaces, we propose a controller area network (CAN)-based sensor data packet and a protocol for the gateway. The proposed scheme supports the registration and management of sensor modules so as to make it easier for the buoy system to manage various sensor modules. Also, in order to extend communication coverage between ocean observation buoys and the monitoring site, we implement a multi-hop relay network based on a mesh network that can provide greater communication coverage than conventional buoy systems. In addition, we verify the operation of the implemented multi-hop relay network by measuring the received signal strength indication between buoy nodes and by observing the collected data from the deployed buoy systems via our monitoring site.

Cruise Report on TAO Real-time Monitoring Buoy System in the Pacific Ocean in April 2010 (2010년 4월 TAO 해양관측부이 시스템에 관한 탐사보고)

  • Kim, Dong-Guk;Kim, Seon-Jeong;Lee, Ha-Woong
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.507-516
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    • 2011
  • Tropical Atmosphere Ocean/Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network (TAO/TRITON) Array is the series of buoys for the international ocean research project, which is mostly supported by National Ocean and Atmosphere Administration (NOAA) and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC). We can determine the effect of the equatorial and Pacific Ocean conditions on global climate change from buoy array measurement data. The TAO/TRITON array comprises around 70 measurement buoys from $10^{\circ}$ north to $10^{\circ}$ south in the tropics and between Galpagos and New Guinea. NOAA maintains ATLAS buoys in the central and eastern Pacific between $165^{\circ}E$ and $95^{\circ}W$, and JAMSTEC maintains the 12 buoys in the western Pacific along $137^{\circ}E$, $147^{\circ}E$, and $156^{\circ}E$. The KA-10-03 cruise excursion provided us with a good opportunity to obtain knowledge on oceanic buoy operation and maintenance. Further, we learned advanced techniques and know-how on buoy operation and maintenance. Once we are confident with our buoy management and maintenance techniques, both KORDI and NOAA technicians may be able to help each other when needed and share available resources.

Motion Analysis of Light Buoys Combined with 7 Nautical Mile Self-Contained Lantern (7마일 등명기를 결합한 경량화 등부표의 운동 해석)

  • Son, Bo-Hun;Ko, Seok-Won;Yang, Jae-Hyoung;Jeong, Se-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.628-636
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    • 2018
  • Because large buoys are mainly made of steel, they are heavy and vulnerable to corrosion by sea water. This makes buoy installation and maintenance difficult. Moreover, vessel collision accidents with buoys and damage to vessels due to the material of buoys (e.g., steel) are reported every year. Recently, light buoys adopting eco-friendly and lightweight materials have come into the spotlight in order to solve the previously-mentioned problems. In Korea, a new lightweight buoy with a 7-Nautical Mile lantern adopting expanded polypropylene (EPP) and aluminum to create a buoyant body and tower structure, respectively, was developed in 2017. When these light buoys are operated in the ocean, the visibility and angle of light from the lantern installed on the light buoys changes, which may cause them to function improperly. Therefore, research on the performance of light buoys is needed since the weight distribution and motion characteristics of these new buoys differ from conventional models. In this study, stability estimation and motion analyses for newly-developed buoys under various environmental conditions considering a mooring line were carried out using ANSYS AQWA. Numerical simulations for the estimation of wind and current loads were performed using commercial CFD software, Siemens STAR-CCM+, to increase the accuracy of motion analysis. By comparing the estimated maximum significant motions of the light buoys, it was found that waves and currents were more influential in the motion of the buoys. And, the estimated motions of the buoys became larger as the sea state became worser, which might be the reason that the peak frequencies of the wave spectra got closer to those of the buoys.

Perception Survey on the Necessity of Improvement for the Standard Buoys Fouling Maintenance

  • Yoo, Yun-Ja;Kim, Tae-Goun;Gug, Seung-Gi
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2019
  • In 2001, about 20 years after the introduction of the standard buoys, the natural environment and maritime traffic flow changes in the waters near Korea and the necessity of improvement of the AtoN (Aids to Navigation) maintenance was suggested. The IALA provides guidelines for maintenance and management of AtoN, and Korea provides guidelines for the management and operation of standard buoys by means of the Enforcement on the AtoN laws. The objective of this study was to investigate the installation status and the repair status of the standard type buoys by sea area in order to improve the management and operation of the steel standard buoys. In addition, a survey was conducted on the improvement of the steel buoy fouling and the improvement of the lifting inspection cycle towards on the AtoN managers and producers of the representative authority by sea area. In the case of LL-26 (M) buoy type, the standard type buoy installation status of Korea in 2017 was 57.1%, and the LL-26 (M) type was 58.9% showing the highest repair rate. According to the results of the survey on buoys fouling, 51.2% were caused by the attachment of shellfish, and 43.2% were caused by bird feces. The results of the survey on the improvement of the regular buoy inspection cycle showed that the measures are to maintain the current inspection period of 2 years regardless of the characteristics of the sea area (water depth, inside and outside port, buoy size, etc.).

Dynamic Analysis of Cable with Intermediate Submerged Buoys for Offshore Applications - Frequency Domain Analysis - (해양응용을 위한 중간잠수부표들이 부착된 케이블의 동적해석)

  • Shin, H.
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.26-34
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    • 1989
  • 심해에서 사용되는 계류선의 큰 자중(self-weight)에 관련된 문제를 해결하기 위하여 케이블-부표 시스템을 이용하는 것은 매우 큰 도움이 된다. 계류선에 적절한 중간잠수부표(intermediate submerged buoys)를 붙임으로써 계류선에 발생하는 최대 장력을 줄일 수 있고, 따라서 케이블의 직경을 감소시킬 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 중간잠수부표가 부착된 케이블의 비선형 정적 방정식과 선형화된 운동방정식이 유도되고, 주파수 영역해석을 이용하여 케이블의 고유진동수와 케이블 상단에서의 장력을 구하고 그것들에 대한 중간잠수부표의 영향을 조사한다.

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Experimental Analysis Method of the Dynamic Behavior of Buoys in Extreme Environment (극한 환경하의 부표 운동성능 모형시험기법 개발)

  • 홍기용;양찬규;최학선
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.208-215
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    • 2001
  • An experimental method to investigate the dynamic charasteristics of buoys in extreme environmental condition is established. Because the buoy model requires a resonable size for accurate experiment, the test condition in model basin that satisfies the similarity law is hardly met with capability of test facilities. It is suggested that the linear wave component that is unable to satisy similarity is separated with others. The model experiment can be carried out with mitigated condition for the linear wave components while others including wave drift, current and wind are keeping the similarities. Then the result is extrapolated to give the dynamic behavior of buoys in extreme condition because linear wave component is soley responsible to oscillatory buoy motion and other environmental components are applied as a initial tension. the similarity for current and wind conditions is viewed as equivalence of restoring forces. the validity of proposed method is examined with different types of standard ocean buoys and it indicates that the linearity of measured characteristics is assured with a limitation of resonable distance between test and estimated wave conditions.

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An Experimental Method for Analysis of the Dynamic Behavior of Buoys in Extreme Environment (극한 환경하의 부표 운동성능 모형시험기법 개발)

  • Hong, Gi Yong;Yang, Chan Gyu;Choe, Hak Seon
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.134-141
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    • 2001
  • An experimental method to investigate the dynamic characteristics of buoys in extreme environmental condition is established. Because the buoy model requires a resonable size for accurate experiment, the test condition in model basin that satisfies the similarity law is hardly compatible with capability of test facilities. It is suggested that the linear wave component that is unable to satisfy similarity is separated with others. The model experiment is carried out with mitigated condition for the linear wave components while others including wave drift, current and wind are keeping the similarities. Then, the result can be extrapolated to give the dynamic behavior of buoys n extreme condition because linear wave component is solely responsibly to oscillatory buoy motion and other environmental components are applied as a initial tension. The similarity for current and wind conditions is viewed as equivalence of restoring forces. The validity of proposed method is examined with different types of standard ocean buoys and it indicates that the linearity of measured characteristics is assured with a limitation of resonable distance between test and estimated wave conditions.

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