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The Effect of the Characteristics of Fabrics and Subjective Sensory Images on the Off-line and On-line Preferences of Women's Suit Fabrics

  • Kim, Hee-Sook;Na, Mi-Hee
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2012
  • This research investigated the influences of structural characteristics such as fabrics, mechanical properties, and subjective sensory images on the off-line and on-line preferences to women's spring/summer suits fabrics to extract the most effective factor towards preference as well as analyze the preferential off-line and on-line differences to predict the exact texture image on-line. Objective evaluations were done for the measurement of the mechanical properties of fabrics using Kawabata's Evaluation System and subjective evaluations were done with 109 female subjects who value the off-line and on-line sensory image of suit fabrics. For statistical analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and regression were used. The results were as follows. The preference scores on-line were generally higher than those off-line. For the structural characteristics of fabrics, differences of thickness were observed according to preference clusters, and the preference increased as thickness was lowered off-line and on-line. For mechanical properties, WC influenced off-line and on-line preferences. Fabrics with low compression energy were preferred; however, the effect of SMD was observed off-line only. In subjective sensory images, the 'smoothness' image influenced off-line and on-line preferences the most. All sensory images influenced the off-line preferences; however, the effects of 'flexibility' and 'weight' were not shown on-line.

On-line 스케줄링을 고려한 off-line 스케줄링

  • 김경훈;김영호;강석호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.162-165
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    • 1997
  • 본 연구에서는 off-line 스케쥴링과 on-line 스케쥴링을 함께 고려하는 스케쥴링 메카니즘에 대해 설명하였다. 일반적으로 스케쥴링은 off-line 문제를 주로 다룬다. 그러나, off-line으로 생성된 스케쥴은 실시간으로 발생하는 여러 문제들(기계 고장, 긴급 주문등) 때문에 현실과 맞지 않게 되어 유용성이 떨어지는 경우가 자주 발생한다. 따라서 off-line 스케쥴링의 결과를 수행할때 위와 같은 문제가 발생할 경우, 스케쥴의 변화를 흡수하면서 off-line 스케쥴링의 결과를 최대한 유지할수 있는 on-line 스케쥴링에서 이 같은 스케쥴 실행시의 문제를 해결할 수 있도록 bidding 알고리즘을 사용하는 방법을 제시하였다.

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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis on On-line and Off-line Extra Curricula Education (온라인과 오프라인 과외교육의 비용-효과 분석)

  • KIM, Byoung-Joo;KIM, Sun-Yeon;KIM, Jung-Mi
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.199-212
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the cost-effectiveness analysis on on-line and off-line extra-curricula education(ECE). Based on a review of relevant literature, on-line ECE is defined as internet based learning, and off-line ECE is defined as on-site learning out of school such as private cram schools and private tutoring. The results of this study are as follows: First, sixty nine percent of the subjects were received ECE. Off-line ECE is more dominant than on-line ECE. Second, cost for off-line ECE is more expensive than on-line ECE. Third, off-line ECE is more effective than on-line ECE, when cost is ignored. Fourth, on-line ECE is more cost-effective than off-line ECE.

The Study of Consumer Sensibility on Apparel Texture Image regarding Marketing Channels

  • Shin, Sang-Moo;Lee, Hyo-Jeong
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2003
  • Quick Response based Mass-Customization can be produced and distributed customized goods and services on mass basis in apparel e-business. Because consumers cannot touch and feel the apparel products in e-business, they tend to have the negative buying behavior. The purposes of this study were to analyze factors of texture image, and to investigate the differences of consumer sensibility on texture image of apparel products based on different marketing channels (on-line/off-line). Two types of questionnaires for on-line and off-line were used to assess consumer sensibility on apparel fabric. The 8 swatches were selected based on the previous literatures. 202 returned questionnaires for each type (on-line/off-line) were analyzed by t-test, mean and standard deviation with SPSS 10.0. The result of this study was showed that there were partially significant differences on consumer sensibility on texture image of apparel products between on-line and off-line. In case of corduroy, consumers perceived more high-class image under on-line than off-line. In case of taffeta, consumers perceived more thin and dense image under off-line (traditional marketing channel) than on-line (e-commerce). In case of denim, consumers perceived more thin and natural image under off-line than online. In case of organza, consumers perceived more natural image under on-line than off-line. In case of satin, consumers perceived more natural image under on-line than off-line. In case of chiffon, consumers perceived denser image under on-line than off-line. In case of velvet, consumers perceived thinner image, higher-class image, and more natural image of texture sensibility under on-line than off-line. In case of single jersey, consumers perceived higher-class image, and denser image of texture under on-line than off-line.

Design and Implementation of a DM Service System Connected On/Off-Line (On/Off-Line을 연계한 DM발송 시스템의 설계 및 구현)

  • 류언무;김광수;정한섭
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 2002
  • The rapid growth of information industry fields has been changing according to the times due to the transformation of an industrial structure and a new paradigm. The majority of contents which are handled off-line are somehow aimed to be on-line, and many companies pursue to maintain research and investment according to the changes that are mentioned above. In this study, the DM service system which was controlled off-line demonstrates to make handling data easier and more effective using an on-line system which can be more advantageous than an off-line one.

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Gifted Students' Perceptions of On-line and Off-line Gifted Education in Mathematics (수학 영재교육에 대한 일반 영재학생과 사이버 영재학생의 인식 분석)

  • Hwang, Hee-Sook;Kim, Mal-Sook
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.316-329
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine how middle school students perceived the operation of on-line and off-line math-gifted education. The research questions were as follows: 1. How do students recognize the current situation concerning the operation of on-line and off-line gifted education? 2. How do students recognize the effect and satisfaction level of on-line and off-line gifted education? 3. How do students recognize the improvement of on-line and off-line gifted education? The subjects in this study were 591 students who included 208 in on-line classes and 383 in off-line classes. The results were as follows: First, the students who were enrolled in the on-line and off-line classes regarded gifted people as ones who had a superb ability in a particular field and as ones who think creatively. Second, all the students in on-line and off-line classes found gifted education to be of use to developing their potentials, and they had the biggest preference for experiential field study as the most effective teaching method. Third, concerning their needs for the management of gifted classes, they asked for immediate Q&A services over the Internet.

Comparative Experimental Research on Product Evaluations and Approach Behaviors of Utilitarian and Hedonic Clothing in On-line and Off-line Settings

  • Yoh, Eun-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.635-645
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    • 2011
  • This study explores the differences in product evaluation and approach behaviors as well as the effects of product evaluation on approach behaviors of utilitarian and hedonic products in on-line and off-line settings. A total of 332 subjects participated in the experiments to assess product evaluation and approach behaviors for utilitarian and hedonic clothing products in on-line and off-line settings. The results show that even though the same stimulus was presented, consumers' product evaluation of utilitarian clothing (i.e., t-shirts) was higher in the off-line setting than in the on-line setting while the approach behavior of hedonic clothing was better in the on-line setting than in the off-line setting. In addition, color was a crucial factor generating positive approach behaviors for utilitarian clothing while style and quality were core factors influencing the approach behaviors of hedonic products in an on-line setting. There was no consistency in the results of the important factors affecting approach behaviors of utilitarian and hedonic clothing in an off-line setting. The conclusion suggests implications for marketing based upon the results of this study.

Analysis and lest of On-line and off-line PD Testing for High Voltage Rotating Machines Stator Windings using Ceramic Coupler (세라믹 커플러를 이용한 고전압회전기 고정자권선의 On-line 및 off-line 부분방전 특성 시험 및 분석)

  • Oh, Bong-Keun;Kim, Hyun-Il;Kang, Seong-Hwa;Lim, Kee-Joe
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.895-900
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    • 2007
  • Partial discharge(PD) test can be performed either when the rotating machine is not operating(off-line) or during normal machine operation(on-line). This paper presents an on-line and off-line PD test on a large hydro-generator and induction motor using the same PD acquisition system(PDAS) and ceramic coupler(CC) sensor. PD signal characteristics of CC sensor proved similar with that of epoxy mica coupler(EMC) sensor as a results of PD test for simulated defect winding and frequency response test. A comparison of on-line and off-line PD test for PD characteristic parameters-phase resolved PD(PRPD), maximum PD value(Qmax) and PD occurrence energy(POE)-indicated that on-line PD test could reliably and effectively diagnose insulation conditions which were verified by off-line PD test.

Factors Affecting Addictive Shopping Behavior on Fashion Product Comparison of Off-line & On-line Shopping (패션상품 쇼핑중독에 대한 영향요인 - 일반 쇼핑과 인터넷 쇼핑의 비교 -)

  • Lee, Seung-Hee;Park, Ji-Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2007
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate factors affecting addictive shopping behavior and to compare the factors affecting between on-line and off-line addictive shopping. Four hundred eighty-nine female college students who have purchased fashion goods on-line shopping or off-line shopping were surveyed. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlations, t-test, and multiple regression analysis were used. As the results, 15.5% of respondents were revealed as addictive buyers. Approximately 18% and 13% of subjects were revealed as on-line addictive buyers and off-line addictive buyers. There were statistically significant differences between addictive buyers and non-addictive buyers regarding self-mastery, depression, stress, and impulse. Addictive consumption scores were correlated to lower self-mastery, higher depression, and higher stress. Factors such as self-mastery, stress, impulse showed differences between on-line and off-line addictive buyers. Also, there were statistically significant differences between on-line and off-line addictive buyers. Based on these results, fashion social responsibility marketing strategies and implications regarding on-line and off-line shopping addiction would be suggested.

A Study on the Capacity of the Off-line Station for PRT System (PRT 시스템의 역수용 용량결정에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Jeong, Rac-Gyo
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.1070-1074
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    • 2010
  • In this study we deal with a simple computer simulation algorithm to decide the PRT station capacity. PRT system is different from the conventional rail traffic system in such point that the station is off-line so as to guarantee a very short headway. This characteristic has correlation with the accurate prediction of the line capacity and with the scale of the off-line station. In this paper physical factors and vehicles per hour that are necessary to decide the off-line station scale and the off-line station capacity, respectively, are shown through a simple compter simulations.