• Title, Summary, Keyword: Okro tea

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Effect of a Final Rolling Process on Okro Tea Quality (정유조건이 옥로차 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 박장현;조덕봉;김석언;임근철;최형국
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.58-61
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    • 2003
  • Moisture content was 79.5%, banjhi shoot was 77.8% of the total and the weight was 29.4 g/100 buds in the harvested plant leaves used for manufacturing Okro tea. Okro tea heated at 75$^{\circ}C$ for 30 min showed the best quality among all the treatmants. Chemical components such as total nitrogen, theanine, arginine and chlorophyll were high in the tea treated at 75$^{\circ}C$ for 30 min compare with those of other treatments. The sensory evalution test In terms of appearance shape color and taste showed greater preferences in Okro tea treated at 75$^{\circ}C$ for 30 min than those of other treatments. The results suggested that heat treatment at 75$^{\circ}C$ for 30 min was the best condition for the final rolling process in manufacturing of Okro tea.

Effect of Nitrogen Split Application on Growth and Quality of Okro Tea Leaves(Camellia sinensis var. sinensis) (질소 분시횟수가 옥로차엽의 생육과 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Keun-Cheol;Park, Jang-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2001
  • The split application of a nitrogen fertilizer was applied at the levels to 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 time. The results of yield and quality of Okro tea are summarized as follows: Among five treatments, the growth and yield were somewhat more excellent in the five time split treatments compared with other treatments. The chemical components such as total nitrogen, total amino acid and vitamin C were somewhat higher in the five time split treatment compared with other treatment. However, the content of components such as tannin, caffeine, chlorophyll were not different among plots of $4{\sim}7$ time split application except three time split application manuring. The content of fatty acid was producted $2,888{\sim}2,933mg/100g$. Especially, the content of oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid was the higheat in the five time split application. Sixteen kinds of free amino acid including theanine as a good taste component of Okro tea were isolated and measured by HPLC. Theanine in the five time split application was higher with value of $72{\sim}513mg/100g$ than in other treatment. In scoring test, tea appearance and interal qualities of 3 time split application become lower than any other treatment as 80.2 point, while five time application had the highest with 84.7 point. Conquently, those results meant that five time split application was optimum split application of fertilizer for high yield and good quality of Okro tea.

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Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Green Tea at Different Harvest Time (채취 시기가 다른 녹차의 생리활성 연구)

  • Kim, Bum-Keun;Park, Chan-Eun;Park, Kee-Jai;Lim, Jeong-Ho;Jeong, Jin-Woong;Jeong, Seung-Won;Cho, Chang-Won
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.570-578
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    • 2009
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of green tea at different harvest time. The leaves were collected in late March(Ilro), early April(Okro and Ujeon), late April(Sejak), and early May(Eoksu and Hanra). The total polyphenol content of Sejak was highest (28.87mg TAE/g). Electron donating abilities toward $\alpha$,$\alpha$-diphenyl-$\beta$-picyryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical were approximately 80%. SOD-like activities were above 30%, where ujeon showed the highest activity ($38.95{\pm}0.96%$). The nitrite scavenging ability was pH-dependent and shown to be highest at pH 1.2, and lowest at pH 6.0. The inhibitory effects against the angiotensin I converting enzyme were over 85%, except for Okro ($58.22{\pm}4.66%$) and Hanra ($77.96{\pm}3.83%$). The tyrosinase inhibition rate increased with harvest time. Okro showed the highest caffeine content ($3.86{\pm}0.32%$) and had the highest antimicrobial activities against Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella typhimurium. The combined results of this work revealed that the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of green tea were independent of harvest time.

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Effects of Tea Powder with Different Fermentation Status on the Quality Characteristics of Yukwa during Storage (발효정도가 다양한 녹차의 첨가가 유과의 저장 중 품질 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jae-Nam;Kweon, Seok-Yim;Park, Jin-Gyu;Han, In-Jun;Song, Beom-Seok;Choi, Jong-Il;Kim, Jae-Hun;Byun, Myung-Woo;Kim, Jong-Gun;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.367-372
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    • 2008
  • Yukwa were added with non-fermented tea (Bucho-cha and Okro-cha), semi-fermented tea (Ooreung-cha), and fermented tea (black tea) to investigate the effect of different kinds of tea powder on quality characteristics of Yukwa during storage. Yukwa samples were used for analysis such as crude lipid, moisture, texture, antioxidative property (TBA value), and sensory test. There were no significant differences on crude lipid, moisture, and texture analysis. Green tea powder treatment showed strong antioxidant activity. In particular, antioxidant property of non-fermented tea exhibited a higher antioxidative effect than that of the other samples. Sensory evaluation showed that sensory scores of samples added with non-fermented tea were significantly higher than the other samples, indicating that the addition with 0.1% of non-fermented tea powder could contribute to the improvement of quality and shelf-life of Yukwa during storage.

Effect of Yukwa Containing Green Tea Powder on Lipid Composition and Body Weight Change in Mice (녹차 분말을 첨가하여 제조된 유과의 섭취가 마우스의 혈중지질 및 체중에 미치는 영향)

  • Sung, Nak-Yun;Kweon, Seok-Yim;Park, Jae-Nam;Choi, Jong-Il;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Kyung;Lee, Ju-Woon;Kim, Jae-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 2011
  • This study was designed to evaluate the effect of Yukwa prepared by addition of green tea powder on change of lipid composition and body weight in mouse model. Mice were fed with Yukwa containing the five different types of green tea powders such as Bucho-cha, Okro-cha, Yongjeong-cha, Oolong-cha and Hong-cha with a normal diet. Body weight changes of Yukwa fed mice were measured once in a week for seven weeks. After seven weeks, mice were sacrificed and serum and tissues were collected for the following: adipose tissue weight, liver morphology, adipose tissue size and cholesterol content. The Yukwa combination with green tea fed mice reduced all the parameters compared to Yukwa alone fed mice. In conclusion combination with green tea showed reducing effect of hypocholesterolemia, which suggests the possibility of application to green tea as a food ingredient.

Study on Antioxidant Potency of Green Tea by DPPH Method (DPPH 방법을 통한 녹차의 항산화 활성에 대한 연구)

  • 오중학;김은희;김정례;문영인;강영희;강정숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.1079-1084
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    • 2004
  • The present study was conducted to compare antioxidant activity of green teas, fermented teas and other related common teas by examining radical scavenging activity using DPPH (2,2 diphenyl l-picryl hydrazyl). Scavenging activity ($SC_{50}$/) of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) for 0.1 mM DPPH radical was 5.5 $\mu$M or 4.2 mg/L by weight, then catechin, 14 $\mu$M or 2.5 mg/L and vitamin C, 22 $\mu$M or 3.9 mg/L, respectively. Kyokuro tea (okro) powder of 24.2 mg/L or green tea powder of 25.2 mg/L was used to reach $SC_{50}$/ for 0.1 mM DPPH. One serving of 2 g green tea provides antioxidant activity equivalent to 109∼147 mg EGCG, 145∼185 mg catechin or 131∼168 mg vitamin C. Teas from the first harvest had the highest radical scavenging activity when compared with later harvest green teas grown in the same region, but there is virtually no difference by the harvest time. A Chinese green tea, Dragon well had the highest antioxidant activity among other green teas tested providing antioxidant capacity equivalent to 168 mg EGCG or 188 mg vitamin C per 2 g serving, but partially fermented Chinese teas had much lower antioxidant activity than any green tea tested. Black tea which is fully fermented showed as strong antioxidant activity as green teas (76.3 mg vs 86.7∼67.6 mg per tea bag). One tea bag of green teas from market provided antioxidant capacity equivalent to 52∼86 mg EGCG, 70∼105 mg catechin or 63-96 mg vitamin C. Teas made of persimmon leaf, pine needle, mulberry leaf had comparatively low anti-oxidant activity equivalent to 2.5∼4.8 mg EGCG or 15∼21 mg vitamin C per teabag. The third brewed green tea still had enough antioxidant activity, while tea from tea bag brewed for 3 min or 5 min did not have any difference in their antioxidant activity. More systemic studies are needed to clarify the relationship between tea catechins and antioxidant capacity focusing on how growing, harvest time, fermentation and other processes can influence on this.