• Title, Summary, Keyword: Omija

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Comparison of the Composition of Free Sugars , Amino Acids and Minerals in Black Omija (Schizandra nigra Max) (흑오미자의 유리당, 아미노산 및 무기질 조성)

  • 신수철
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.47-50
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    • 1998
  • For the quantitiative determination of chemical and taste components in black omija(Schizandra nigra Max) and omija(S.chinensis), compositions of free sugars, free amino acids, total amino acids, and minerals were analyzed. Among the total free sugars in black omija and omija, glucose and frutose were major free sugars and sucrose was little amount. The most abundant free amino acid in black imija was histidine and that in imija was serine. The major free amino acid in black omija and omija were histidine, serine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. The major total amino acids in black omija and omija were glutamic acid, arginine , leucine and histidine. The limiting amino acid of each omija was S-containing amino acids. The abuntdant minerals in black omija and omija were K and Ca.

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Consumer Awareness on Omija using Qualitative Consumer Research (정성적 소비자 조사를 통한 오미자에 대한 소비자 인식연구)

  • Kim, Mina K.
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.396-404
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to determine current consumer awareness of Omija (Schizandra chinensis Bailon) fruit in order to develop ready-to-drink (RTD) Omija-flavored beverages using qualitative consumer analysis. A series of four different focus group interview sessions were conducted using carefully chosen consumers with specific demographics, and each group involved eight respondents. Consumer's qualitative reactions regarding Omija fruit, Omija extract products, ready-to-drink beverages and Omija-flavored RTD beverages were explored. Distinct differences in consumer awareness and consumption patterns of Omija extract and RTD beverages were observed between consumers in their 20s and consumers in their 30s to 50s. The expected sensory characteristics of Omija-flavored RTD beverages were also different based on participants' age. Findings from the current study can aid product developers utilizing Omija fruit by providing valuable insights into current consumer behavior and consumer awareness regarding Omija.

A Study on Making Jelly with Omija Extract (오미자 추출액을 이용한 젤리 제조에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Eun;Chun, Hui-Jung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.17-24
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    • 1990
  • 1. The major components of Omija were found as moisture (16.12%) crude fat (10.5%) crude protein (8.66%) crude ash (3.47%) reducing sugar (5.32%). 2. Omija jelly receipe were summarized as follow; (1) 5% of gelatin concentration was shown to be the most desirable. (2) 15% of sugar concentration was shown to be the most desirable. (3) 12, 15, 18 hrs. of extract time was not significantly different in Omija extract. (4) It was the most desirable for 30g of Omija to boil during 30 minutes in boiling Omija extract. 3. Result of Omija jelly by Instron that Hardness, Adhesiveness, Gumminess tend to increase as the addition level of gelatin concentration increased but Cohesiveness was changed irregularly. 4. Hardness Adhesiveness tend to increase as the addition level of increase as the addition level of sugar concentration increased but Cohesiveness Gumminess was not significant difference. 5. Hardness, Adhesiveness tend to increase as the addition level of extract time increased, but Cohesiveness, Gumminess was not significant difference. 6. Color value of Omija jelly (gelatin 5%, sugar 15%, 18hr. extract) was shown $x=7.94{\pm}0.047,\;y=4.24{\pm}0.047,\;z=6.34{\pm}0.067$ in Omija extract and Omija jelly (gelatin 5%, sugar 15%, Omija 50g, 30 minutes boiling) was shown $x=7.76{\pm}0.038,\;y=3.88{\pm}0.02,\;z=6.12{\pm}0.021$ in boiling Omija extract. 7. Appearance of Omija jelly had significant relationship with Cohesiveness by gelatin concentration and texture of Omija jelly had significant relationship with Adhesiveness by gelatin concentration. 8. Appearance of Omija jelly had significant relationship with Cohesiveness and texture of Omija jelly had significant relationship with Gumminess by boiling Omija extract.

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A Study on Quality Characteristics of Medicinal Demi-glace Sauce with Added Omija (오미자를 첨가한 약선 데미글라스 소스의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Duk
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.119-133
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to examine the sensory characteristics and the experimental of the medicinal demi-glace with varying quantity of omija extracts added. First, according to the result of this study, demi-glace sauces with varying quantity of omija extracts added were as follows; (1) pH : The pH of control groups was 5.13 and omija sauces ranged from pH 4.18 to pH 4.81. And the more omija extracts were added, the less pH was found. (2) $^{\circ}Brix$ : The control was 10.2 and omija sauces ranged from 11.1 to 13.0 $^{\circ}Brix$. The more omija extracts were added, the higher $^{\circ}Brix$ was found. (3) Color : The heavier weight of omija were added, the less L value was found; however, a, b values were increased. Secondly, the results of sensory evaluation based on authentic tastes of demi-glace sauces with the different levels of omija added were as follows; In terms of aftertastes and overall acceptability preference of demi-glace sauces, males and females preferred 2% added omija sauces. There were no significant differences in gender, but there were significant differences in sample sauce(p<0.001). This study found that 2% sauce was recommended as the best for the application of medicinal demi-glace sauce with omija.

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A Study on the General Characteristics and Instrumental Analysis of Natural Omija Extract

  • Sung, Ki-Chun;Kim, Ki-Jun;Kim, Yong-Ryul;Nam, Sang-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2013
  • Omija component was known to possess natural odor, taste, color, and various general characteristics. Omija extraction was extracted using ethanol as a solvent. Omija extract showed a red-purple color of some viscous liquid state. Some conclusions from natural Omija extract were obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment to add Omija extract, the number of microbial population showed negative reaction from 3 days after it cultivated. This phenomenon could confirm that Omija component affected to antimicrobial effect. The result of dyeing experiment to add Omija extract, fiber dyeing effect showed with some ivory color after dyed to cotton and silk. Also, this phenomenon could confirm that Omija component affected to natural dyeing effect from observated dye state with biological microscope(BM). The result of instrumental analysis, inorganic components of K(109.60ppm), Na(3.500ppm), Ca(1.205ppm), Mg(0.900ppm), Li(0.350ppm), Si(0.380ppm), Cu(0.250ppm), Fe(0.125ppm), Zn(0.090ppm), etcs from Omija were ascertained with ICP/OES, and organic components of benzene(10.808), borny lacetate(11.289), phenol(14.183), ${\beta}$-terpinene(15.840), ${\alpha}$-terpinolene(17.616) etcs from Omija were ascertained with GC/MSD.

The Proximate Composition, Free Sugars Contents and Sensory Characteristics of Demi-glace Sauce according to the Varying Quantity of Omija Added (오미자 첨가량에 따른 Demi-Glace 소스의 일반성분과 유리당 함량 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim Hyun-Duk
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.598-607
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to examine the sensory characteristics and the contents of proximate composition and the free sugars of the Demi-glace with varying quantity of Omija extracts added. First, the qualities of Demi-glace sauces with varying quantity of Omija extracts added are as follows: (1) Proximate composition: The moisture content was 66.10~73.50%, and crude ash content was 1.59~1.89%. As the Omija extracts added increased, moisture content increased, whereas crude ash content decreased. The crude protein content was 6.12~7.95%. Among them, the one with the 2% Omija added showed the highest level of the crude protein. (2) Free sugars contents: In terms of total sugar contents, the control showed 1.32% and Omija sauces showed 1.44~1.55%. Major free sugars analyzed in the order of fructose, oligosaccharide, glucose and sucrose. Second, the results of sensory evaluation of Demi-glace sauces with the different levels of Omija added are as follows: (1) The preference of Demi-glace sauces according to occupation: Students and Cooks liked the one with the 2% Omija added in terms of color, flavor, taste, texture and overall acceptability. Cooks showed higher preference than students. (2) The preference of 5 tastes: It was found that Demi-glace sauce with the 2% Omija added was the best. The one with the 2% Omija added was suitable in terms of sweet taste and bitter taste and the one with the 3% Omija added was desirable for hot taste and saline taste. In terms of sour taste, the one with 1% Omija added was regarded as the most desirable one. (3) The preference for authentic tastes for Demi-glace sauce: In terms of simple taste, females showed higher preference than males. Demi-glace sauce with the 2% Omija added was found to be the best for savory taste, flavor enhancer taste, simple taste, after taste and overall acceptability. The one with the 1 % Omija added was regarded as the best for soft taste.

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Analysis of Dibenzocyclooctadiene Lignans in Omija Wine and Cheong by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

  • Seo, Hyung-Ju;Ji, Seung-Bae;Kim, Sin-Eun;Lee, Gyung-Min;Moon, Seong-Hun;Jang, Dae-Sik;Liu, Kwang-Hyeon
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.30-35
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    • 2020
  • Schisandra chinensis is a traditional herbal medicine that is widely spread in Korea, Japan, and China. The fruits of S. chinensis Bailon, known as omija in Korea, have traditionally been used for the treatment of coughs, fatigues, and insomnia. Up to now, there have been several reports for the identification of major lignan compounds and their quantitation in S. chinensis extracts. To the best of our knowledge, however, there is no report on the analysis of lignans in omija wine and omija cheong (sugared omija or omija sugar syrup). In the present study, seven dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans (gomisin A, gomisin B, gomisin C, gomisin N, schisandrin, deoxyschisandrin, and wuweizisu C) in omija wine and omija cheong were analyzed and quantitated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Among seven lignans, pharmacologically active gomisin A, schisandrin, and deoxyschisandrin, which are major components in fruits of S. chinensis, were the most abundant lignans in omija wine and cheong. The content of lignan in omija wine was in the order: schisandrin > gomisin A > deoxyschisandrin > gomisin N > gomisin B > gomisin C > wuweizisu C. The concentration of deoxyschisandrin and gomisin N in omija wine was approximately 2.0- and 6.0-fold higher than for omija cheong. Additionally, this study provided a systematic identification of lignans in omija wine and cheong and indicated that the omija wine and cheong might be of value for their dietary application.

Effects of Omija (Schizandra chinensis Baillon) Extract on the Physico-Chemical Properties of Nabakkimchi during Fermentation

  • Moon, Sung-Won;Kim, Byong-Ki;Jang, Myung-Sook
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.564-571
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    • 2006
  • In order to improve the quality and preservation of nabakkimchi, omija was added as an ingredient to determine its effect on the physicochemical characteristics of kimchi during fermentation, as well as the optimum level of omija extract. Omija extract was prepared from omija seeds by extraction with water for 9 hr at room temperature in concentrations (w/v) of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% for use as an ingredient in nabakkimchi. The physicochemical characteristics of nabakkimchi containing omija extract were analyzed during fermentation of the product for up to 25 days. Delayed fermentation was observed, particularly in the early stage of fermentation, and was dependent on the concentration of the omija extract, as shown by stabilization of pH decreases and increases in the total acidity. An increased concentration of omija extract also raised the initial total vitamin C content and the reducing sugar content, which both then stabilized thereafter. Delayed development of turbidity within the optimum fermentation period of 16 days, increased redness and total color difference, and an electron-donor effect were also promoted by the omija extract. However, the omija extract also triggered extra tannin production, which leads to an astringent taste, especially at the 1.5 and 2.0% treatment levels.

The Mineral Contents, Viscosity and Sensory Characteristics of Demi-glace Sauce According to the Varying Quantity of Omija added (오미자 첨가량에 따른 Demi-glace 소스의 무기성분 함량과 점도 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Hyun-Duk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.667-677
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to examine contents of mineral, viscosity in the Demi-glace with added quantity of Omija extracts. Firstly, The level of mineral content in order was K, Na, P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, B. The more Omija extracts, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, B was increased, but K, Na, P was decreased. Secondly, Viscosity of control was 538.13cP at rpm 100, and the sauce added with Omija extracts was $464.80{\sim}578.00cP$. Regardless of Omija quantity there was Psedoplastic characteristic which showed apparent viscosity was decreased even though shear rate was increased. Thirdly, Sensory characteristics of Demi-glace sauces based on preference of 5 tastes, It was founded that 2% added Omija was the best, and 1%, 0%, 3%, 5% added Omija was next in order. Finally, Sensory intensities of Demi-glace sauces based on gender and occupation of the 5 tastes : As the sourness, bitterness, hotness, salines taste of all over was Omija added quantity was many more, appeared strong intensity, it was sensory intensities of 5% Omija added sauce was the highest. But sensory intensities of sweetness, Male showed 2% Omija added sauce, Female student and cook showed control was the highest.

The Total Acid, Free Amino Acids Contents and Sensory Characteristics of Demi-glace Sauce based on Omija added Quantity (오미자 첨가량에 따른 Demi-glace 소스의 총산과 아미노산 함량 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Hyun-Duk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.348-358
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to examine contents of total acid and free amino acids in the Demi-glace with added quantity of Omija extracts. Firstly, The level of Total acid content of Demi-glace sauces was $1.08{\sim}1.89%$ and Omija extracts was $2.77{\sim}7.24%$. The more Omija extracts added, there was the higher total acid contents. Sauces and extracts of 5% Omija was the highest. Secondly, Total free amino acids contents of control was 2518.52mg%, and Omija sauces was $2261.52{\sim}2894.14mg%$. 2% Omija sauces was the highest among them. Hydroxyproline of total 34 free amino acids was the highest, and Glutamic acid 158.42mg%, Proline 78.90mg% was next in order. Arginine was the highest with $27.40{\sim}34.40mg%$ among 9 essential amino acids contents. Glutamic acid was the highest contents with $123.18{\sim}158.42mg%$. Compared to control's(0.41mg%), Omija added group was $20.63{\sim}27.82mg%$ and it was the highest increase. While other 15 amino acid was analyzed, Hydroxyproline was the highest contents with $1,737.22{\sim}2,205.80mg%$. Compared to control group(15.63mg%), proline was $57.01{\sim}78.90mg%$ Omija added group and it was increased with the highest contents. In essential amino acid, flavor enhancing amino acid and other amino acid were increased and the highest contents with 2% added Omija sauce. Thirdly, sensory characteristics of Demi-glace sauces based on overall preference, It was find that 2% added Omija was the best. 2% added was the best for color, flavor, taste, texture, overall acceptability(P<.001). In terms of Demi-glace sauces' gender preference, male and female people liked 2% added Omija color, flavor, taste, texture, overall acceptability. It was find that there was no significant differences between male and female.