• Title, Summary, Keyword: On-line Content

Search Result 733, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

Effect of Synthesis Method and Melamine Content of Melamine-Urea-Formaldehyde Resins on Bond-Line Features in Plywood

  • LUBIS, Muhammad Adly Rahandi;JEONG, Bora;PARK, Byung-Dae;LEE, Sang-Min;KANG, Eun-Chang
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.47 no.5
    • /
    • pp.579-586
    • /
    • 2019
  • This work examined effects of the synthesis method and melamine content of melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) resins on the bond-line features (i.e. resin penetration and bond-line thickness) in plywood. Two synthesis methods (MUF-A and MUF-B) and three melamine contents (5, 10, and 20%) were employed to prepare MUF resins. The MUF-A resins at three melamine contents were prepared by a simultaneous reaction of melamine, urea, and formaldehyde, while the MFU-B resins were prepared by reacting melamine at the same levels with formaldehyde followed by urea. The results showed that higher melamine content increased the viscosity of MUF-A and MUF-B resins. The resin penetration of MUF-A resins decreased by 48% while those of MUF-B resins increased by 16% at 20% melamine content. As a result, the MUF-A resins had greater bond-line thickness than those of MUF-B resins as the melamine content increased. The MUF-B resins resulted in thinner bond-line and greater resin penetration compared to those of MUF-A resins. The results suggested that MUF-B resins prepared with 20% melamine content had a proper combination of resin penetration and bond-line thickness that could produce plywood panel with a better adhesion performance.

Feasibility of RF Sensor Application for On-line Monitoring of Tomato Paste Processing (토마토 패이스트 가공공정의 온라인 모니터링용 RF 센서의 활용 가능성)

  • Kim, Seong-Min;Garvey, Casey;Leary, Thomas;McCarthy, Michael
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.410-415
    • /
    • 2008
  • On-line monitoring of fresh tomato paste processing was done using two radio frequency (RF) sensors resonant at 85 and 110 MHz. Fresh tomato juice with soluble solid content of about $5^{\circ}Brix$ was evaporated up to $23^{\circ}Brix$ and diluted down to about $5^{\circ}Brix$ again with a pilot scale evaporator. The RF sensors were installed in a processing pipe and monitored. The pastes at a specific $^{\circ}Brix$ level were sampled and analyzed for physical properties such as soluble solid content and viscosity. The relationships between sensor outputs and measured physical properties were analyzed. Analysis results showed RF sensor is feasible to apply on-line monitoring of tomato paste processing.

A Study for Success Factors in On-line Games

  • Jung, Jai-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
    • /
    • v.9 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1657-1668
    • /
    • 2006
  • The last few years have represented a boom for the online gaming industry. Internet-based online games have been an increasingly popular form of entertainment. The gaming industry estimates there will be over 26 million online gaming participants in 2002. The rapid development of online game content and related information technology will increase the size of the industry and have a profound impact on many aspects of our lives and our society. This paper develops the exploratory LISREL model for identifying the factors affecting the players' loyalty to a specific brand of online game. The concepts of flow, word of mouth, feedback, challenge, social norms, and online community activities, etc, are all introduced into the model, as the independent variables directly and indirectly affecting loyalty. Based on data collected from an online survey, the validity of the model has been tested and interesting conclusions have been developed concerning the relationships between loyalty and flow, word of mouth, and other independent variables. It is hoped that this result might provide useful guidelines for developing successful online game content.

  • PDF

Variability of Azadirachtin in Azadirachta indica (neem) and Batch Kinetics Studies of Cell Suspension Culture

  • Prakash Gunjan;Emmannuel C.J.S.K.;Srivastava Ashok K.
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.198-204
    • /
    • 2005
  • Seeds of neem were collected from different parts of India and analyzed for their azadirachtin content by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). In order to assess the effects of genotypic and geographical variation on azadirachtin content in cell cultures, callus development was attempted in the seeds containing high and low concentration of azadirachtin. The concentration of azadirachtin in callus cultures was significantly affected by the explant source. Seed kernels with higher azadirachtin content produced higher azadirachtin content in callus cultures and lower azadirachtin content was seen in callus cultures produced from seed kernels with low azadirachtin content. The protocol for development of elite stock culture of Azadirachta indica was established with the objective of selecting a high azadirachtin-producing cell line. The highest azadirachtin-producing cell line was selected and the effects of different media and illumination conditions on growth and azadirachtin production were studied in shake flask suspension culture. Detailed batch growth kinetics was also established. These studies provided elite starter culture and associated protocols for cultivation of A. indica plant cell culture in the bioreactor.

A Study on the Fiber Orientation and Fiber Content Ratio Distribution during the Injection Molding for FRP (FRP의 사출성형에 있어서 섬유배향상태와 섬유함유율분포에 관한 연구)

  • Kim J. W.;Lee D. G.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.252-257
    • /
    • 2005
  • Injection molding is a very important industrial process for the manufacturing of plastics objects. During an injection molding process of composites, the fiber-matrix separation and fiber orientation are caused by the flow of molten polymer/fiber mixture. As a result, the product tends to be nonhomogeneous and anisotropic. Hence, it is very important to clarify the relations between separation' orientation and injection molding conditions. So far, there is no research on the measurement of fiber orientation using image processing. In this study, the effects of fiber content ratio and molding condition on the fiber orientation-angle distributions are studied experimentally. Using the image processing method, the fiber orientation distribution of weld-line in injection-molded products is assessed. And the effects of fiber content and injection mold-gate conditions on the fiber orientation are also discussed.

  • PDF

The Conference Management System Architecture for Ontological Knowledge (지식의 온톨로지화를 위한 관리 시스템 아키텍처)

  • Hong, Hyun-Woo;Koh, Gwang-san;Kim, Chang-Soo;Jeong, Jae-Gil;Jung, Hoe-kyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1115-1118
    • /
    • 2005
  • With the development of the internet technology, The on-line conference system have been producted. Now, the on-line conference system is developing for using pattern recognition system and voice recognition system. Comparing with the off-line conference, the on-line conference is excellent in free from distance limitation. But, the on-line meetings have unavoidable weak points. it is the same as the off-line conference that when the conference goes on, the content orthopedic and the content consistency is weak. So the conference members can not seize the conference flow. Therefore, in this paper, we introduce the ontology concept. Design a new architecture using ontology mining technique for making the conference content and conference knowledge ontological. Then in order to inspection the new architecture, We design and implementation the new conference management system based knowledge.

  • PDF

Prediction of Chemical Compositions for On-line Quality Measurement of Red Pepper Powder Using Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS)

  • Lee, Sun-Mee;Kim, Su-Na;Park, Jae-Bok;Hwang, In-Kyeong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.280-285
    • /
    • 2005
  • Applicability of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) was examined for quality control of red pepper powder in milling factories. Prediction of chemical composition was performed using modified partial least square (MPLS) techniques. Analysis of total 51 and 21 red pepper powder samples by conventional methods for calibration and validation, respectively, revealed standard error of prediction (SEP) and correlation coefficient ($R^2$) of moisture content, ASTA color value, capsaicinoid content, and total sugar content were 0.55 and 0.90, 8.58 and 0.96, 31.60 and 0.65, and 1.82 and 0.86, respectively; SEP and $R^2$ were low and high, respectively, except for capsaicinoid content. The results indicate, with slight improvement, on-line quality measurement of red pepper powder with NIRS could be applied in red pepper milling factories.

A Structure of Personalized e-Learning System Using On/Off-line Mixed Estimations Based on Multiple-Choice Items

  • Oh, Yong-Sun
    • International Journal of Contents
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-55
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this paper, we present a structure of personalized e-Learning system to study for a test formalized by uniform multiple-choice using on/off line mixed estimations as is the case of Driver :s License Test in Korea. Using the system a candidate can study toward the license through the Internet (and/or mobile instruments) within the personalized concept based on IRT(item response theory). The system accurately estimates user's ability parameter and dynamically offers optimal evaluation problems and learning contents according to the estimated ability so that the user can take possession of the license in shorter time. In order to establish the personalized e-Learning concepts, we build up 3 databases and 2 agents in this system. Content DB maintains learning contents for studying toward the license as the shape of objects separated by concept-unit. Item-bank DB manages items with their parameters such as difficulties, discriminations, and guessing factors, which are firmly related to the learning contents in Content DB through the concept of object parameters. User profile DB maintains users' status information, item responses, and ability parameters. With these DB formations, Interface agent processes user ID, password, status information, and various queries generated by learners. In addition, it hooks up user's item response with Selection & Feedback agent. On the other hand, Selection & Feedback agent offers problems and content objects according to the corresponding user's ability parameter, and re-estimates the ability parameter to activate dynamic personalized learning situation and so forth.

Self-regulation of a Health Information On the Internet (국내 인터넷건강정보 자율규제방안)

  • 정영철;이견직
    • Health Policy and Management
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.92-114
    • /
    • 2002
  • While making a vigorous discussion about self-regulation for exponential growth of harmful health information on the Internet, many countries lave made various efforts to select and circulate high quality health information on the Internet. The purpose of this study Is to review the serf-regulation methods of health information on the Internet and to suggest quality control methods of health information on the Internet suitable for Korea. Self-regulation methods of the health information on the Internet include ‘content rating system(or content selection system)’, ‘codes of conduct or guideline’, ‘internet hot-line’, ‘education for information providers and consumers’. Any self-regulation method should be used with other methods. We can regulate health information on the Internet effectively by using both self-regulation methods and compulsive methods such as law. Also information providers, information consumers, specialists, consumer representatives, scholars, governments officers should take part in doing these efforts and make concern.

Sediment Properties and Growth of Phragmites australis in Mud Tidal Flat (조간대 저토 환경과 갈대의 생장 특성)

  • Min, Byeong Mee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.57-69
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study examined the relationship between Phragmites australis' growth and sediment properties at mud tidal flat of Donggum-ri, Gilsang-myeon, Gangwha-gun, Incheon city. Field survey was carried out from May, 2010 to October, 2010. Water content, soil texture, electric conductivity and water table depth for sediment, density, height, dry weight and flowering for P. australis were examined at several plots from the starting point (the coastal embankment) to the end point of the two populations. The result was as follows. Firstly, the water table increased along distance from the embankment at one line (N-line) but was similar at the other line (S-line) in a P. asustralis population. Water tables were higher out of than within a P. australis population at two populations. Secondary, in N-line, the height and dry weight of P. australis decreased along the distance from embankment but, in S-line, those were similar in its population. P. australis' growth was dependent on electric conductivity at lower layer (water table level) rather than upper one (the surface). Thirdly, density of P. australis changed during growing season and was similar in a population, except for the end point of patch. In summary, the growth and distribution of P. australis were dependent on salt content of tidal flat's sediment (water table level) and this was affected by fresh water of the inland.