• Title, Summary, Keyword: Online News

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The Influence of Portal Site News Services on Online Journalism in Korea: The Structural Transformation or the Power Change in the News Distribution (포털 뉴스서비스와 온라인 저널리즘의 지형: 뉴스 유통의 구조 변동 혹은 권력 변화)

  • Kim, Wi-Geun
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.66
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    • pp.5-27
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    • 2014
  • The past, present, and future of online journalism in Korea are inextricably bound up with the portal site news services. In traditional journalism, finite news media took hold on news consumption completely because of performing news production and distribution simultaneously. Since then, in the age of multi-media and multi-channel, the audience selection has become more important because of greatly increasing news media and then exploding news production. In online journalism, the news distribution have emerged as the most important field because of the intensive consuming the portal site news services making use of various news easier, the characteristic of news consumption focusing on not news media brands but news media contents, etc. Therefore, the news present landscape of Korean journalism oriented news distribution has been completed by that the portal site news services became the symbol of online journalism. That the portal site news services performing only news distribution have more influence than the paper based online newspapers and Internet based online newspapers producing news means the change of media power. By this, a conflict between news media and portal site news services appears at all times.

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A New Online News Service Model, based on NewsML and UCI Systems (NewsML과 UCI를 적용한 뉴스 콘텐츠의 온라인 유통모델)

  • Park, Chang-Shin;Kil, Duke
    • 한국IT서비스학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.641-645
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    • 2007
  • News contents, produced for paper readers, are more and more being used online instead of offline. Internet sites, expecially portals(naver, daum, nate etc.) are dominant marketplaces, where news are exchanged and values are added. So, establishing a new online news service system, which can satisfy news provider(copyright owner) and internet service provider together, is a necessary task under current online-dominant news service environment. UCI(Universal & Ubiquitous Content Identifier) and IPTC NewsML(News Mark-up Language) are considered as useful standards to compromise protection of news-copyright and enhancement of online use of news contents. This study is based on a real case of 'NewsBank' in korea, We expect that this study can show an inspiration to obtain two contradictory goals of copyright protection and free online use of copyright.

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Factors Influencing Subscribers' Voluntary Payment Behavior on an Online News Site: Focusing on the Role of Appreciation (온라인 뉴스 사이트에서 독자의 자발적 구독료 지불행위에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 연구: 공감의 역할을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Joo;Rhee, Hosung Timothy;Yang, Sung-Byung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2013
  • As online communities proliferate, online news sites have received great attention in news media research. Although most of the online news sites provide contents for free, some have adopted the Pay-What-You-Want (PWYW) model by offering a voluntary payment option to the readers. In this study, we investigate the factors which influence subscribers' voluntary payment behavior on an online news site. Drawing upon both the Stimulus-Organism-Response (SOR) framework and the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM), we hypothesize that appreciation has a direct effect on the subscribers' voluntary payment behavior, whereas central factors (positive emotional content, cognitive content) and peripheral factors (news sharing, news article length) of the news articles have indirect impacts on voluntary payment behavior through the enhanced appreciation. Based on an empirical analysis of 172 news articles from the Korean online news site that adopted the PWYW pricing model (i.e., Ohmynews.com), we find that appreciation plays a critical role in voluntary payment behavior and that peripheral factors have significant impacts on appreciation. However, the impacts of central factors on appreciation are not found. By identifying influencing factors of subscribers' voluntary payment behavior on online news sites for the first time, this paper suggests a prospective alternative profit model for online news providers faced with fierce competition.

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Comparative Analysis of Mainstream O1line News Use with Alternative Online News Use -In the Aspens of the Users' Characteristics, the Attitude on Online News Sites, and Using Pattern.- (주류 인터넷 언론과 대안 인터넷 언론의 이용 비교 -이용집단의 특성, 이용자의 뉴스사이트에 대한 태도 뉴스 이용 패턴-)

  • Park, Sun-Hee
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.26
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    • pp.259-289
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    • 2004
  • In this study, the use of mainstream online news site and alternative online news site were compared in the aspects of users' characteristics, attitude on online news sites, and using pattern. A survey was conducted for 182 mainstream-only users, 46 alternative online news users, and 47 both sites users, Also, their traffic data of online news sites were analyzed during the 16th presidential election. As a result, it was found that both sites users had the highest political interest and the most progressive political position among the user groups. In the aspect of users' attitude, mainstream-only users were most positive to the mainstream online news site and both sires users were most positive and more involved in alternative online news site. But all user groups set higher credibility on alternative online news site than mainstream online news sire. In the comparison of user size, mainstream online news site has larger user size than alternative online site. However, the user royalty, such as time per person, pages per person, and visiting days per person, was lower than that of the latter. These results suggest thar small but differentiated news sires have royal users, and online news users be segmented according to news contents.

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An Analysis of the Comparative Importance of Heuristic Attributes Affecting Users' Voluntary Payment in Online News Content (자발적 독자구독료에 영향을 미치는 온라인 뉴스 콘텐츠의 휴리스틱 속성 간 상대적 중요도 분석)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Joo;Chung, Nuree;Yang, Sung-Byung
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.177-195
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    • 2017
  • Traditionally, news was consumed only through printed newspapers and broadcasting media, such as radio and television. However, the Internet has enabled people to consume news content online. Since most of online news content has been provided for free, it is not easy for news providers to charge the fixed subscription fee for online news content. Therefore, as an alternative strategy, some online news providers have tried to adopt the Pay-What-You-Want (PWYW) pricing model, which allows users (readers) to pay as much as they want after consuming news content. As this pricing model shows some possibility to grow and replace the unsuccessful monetization strategy of online news content, we therefore examined the comparative importance of seven heuristic attributes (i.e., article evaluation, article share, article comment, article information design, article length, writer SNS, and writer information) affecting readers' voluntary payment behavior through a conjoint analysis with 379 news articles collected from online news Website (i.e., Ohmynews.com) where the PWYW model has been working successfully. This study found that article share and article length are the most important factors which affect online news content users' voluntary payment. Finally, two major and eight minor propositions are suggested based on the findings of the study. This study would suggest guidelines for how to create online news content which induces much more voluntary payment.

An Analysis of the Comparative Importance of Systematic Attributes for Developing an Intelligent Online News Recommendation System: Focusing on the PWYW Payment Model (지능형 온라인 뉴스 추천시스템 개발을 위한 체계적 속성간 상대적 중요성 분석: PWYW 지불모델을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Joo;Chung, Nuree;Yang, Sung-Byung
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.75-100
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    • 2018
  • Mobile devices have become an important channel for news content usage in our daily life. However, online news content readers' resistance to online news monetization is more serious than other digital content businesses, such as webtoons, music sources, videos, and games. Since major portal sites distribute online news content free of charge to increase their traffics, customers have been accustomed to free news content; hence this makes online news providers more difficult to switch their policies on business models (i.e., monetization policy). As a result, most online news providers are highly dependent on the advertising business model, which can lead to increasing number of false, exaggerated, or sensational advertisements inside the news website to maximize their advertising revenue. To reduce this advertising dependencies, many online news providers had attempted to switch their 'free' readers to 'paid' users, but most of them failed. However, recently, some online news media have been successfully applying the Pay-What-You-Want (PWYW) payment model, which allows readers to voluntarily pay fees for their favorite news content. These successful cases shed some lights to the managers of online news content provider regarding that the PWYW model can serve as an alternative business model. In this study, therefore, we collected 379 online news articles from Ohmynews.com that has been successfully employing the PWYW model, and analyzed the comparative importance of systematic attributes of online news content on readers' voluntary payment. More specifically, we derived the six systematic attributes (i.e., Type of Article Title, Image Stimulation, Article Readability, Article Type, Dominant Emotion, and Article-Image Similarity) and three or four levels within each attribute based on previous studies. Then, we conducted content analysis to measure five attributes except Article Readability attribute, measured by Flesch readability score. Before conducting main content analysis, the face reliabilities of chosen attributes were measured by three doctoral level researchers with 37 sample articles, and inter-coder reliabilities of the three coders were verified. Then, the main content analysis was conducted for two months from March 2017 with 379 online news articles. All 379 articles were reviewed by the same three coders, and 65 articles that showed inconsistency among coders were excluded before employing conjoint analysis. Finally, we examined the comparative importance of those six systematic attributes (Study 1), and levels within each of the six attributes (Study 2) through conjoint analysis with 314 online news articles. From the results of conjoint analysis, we found that Article Readability, Article-Image Similarity, and Type of Article Title are the most significant factors affecting online news readers' voluntary payment. First, it can be interpreted that if the level of readability of an online news article is in line with the readers' level of readership, the readers will voluntarily pay more. Second, the similarity between the content of the article and the image within it enables the readers to increase the information acceptance and to transmit the message of the article more effectively. Third, readers expect that the article title would reveal the content of the article, and the expectation influences the understanding and satisfaction of the article. Therefore, it is necessary to write an article with an appropriate readability level, and use images and title well matched with the content to make readers voluntarily pay more. We also examined the comparative importance of levels within each attribute in more details. Based on findings of two studies, two major and nine minor propositions are suggested for future empirical research. This study has academic implications in that it is one of the first studies applying both content analysis and conjoint analysis together to examine readers' voluntary payment behavior, rather than their intention to pay. In addition, online news content creators, providers, and managers could find some practical insights from this research in terms of how they should produce news content to make readers voluntarily pay more for their online news content.

A Study of Changing Factors and Gratifications in Online Newspaper (온라인 신문의 이용 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chae-Hwan;Ann, Su-Geun
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.26
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    • pp.105-134
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    • 2004
  • This longitudinal study examines changing factors readers of online newspaper on 1999 and 2004. In terms of Users and Gratification approach, this survey explore changing what is motives of online newspaper readers, using and satisfying of online news during five years. The factor analysis of Online newspaper's reading motive statements yielded three interpretable factors: 'informativeness-convenience', 'inter-activity', 'entertainment'. First, 'informativeness-convenience' on 2004 was lower than '99 in online newspaper reading motives and satisfying, but factor of 'interactivity' and 'entertainment' measured thar 2004 was higher than '99 in chat of online newspaper. A level of reading online newspaper on 2004 is lower than '99, 'people' and 'opinion' is highest reading online newspaper item. Bur that of '99 is 'top news' and 'political news'. 'Top news', 'economics' and 'infor-mation/science' is highest satisfying level of online news item on '99, but that of order changed into 'people'. 'opinion' and 'broadcasting/enter-tainments' on 2004. In conclusion, this study shows online newspaper readers perceived interactive service and entertainment factor.

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A Study on the Preemptive Measure for Fake News Eradication Using Data Mining Algorithms : Focused on the M Online Community Postings (데이터 마이닝을 활용한 가짜뉴스의 선제적 대응을 위한 연구 : M 온라인 커뮤니티 게시물을 중심으로)

  • Lim, Munyeong;Park, Sungbum
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.219-234
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    • 2019
  • Fake news threaten democratic elections and causes social conflicts, resulting in major damage. However, the concept of fake news is hard to define, as there is a saying, "News is not fake, fake is not news." Fake news, however, has irreversible characteristics that can not be recovered or reversed completely through post-punishment of economic and political benefits. It is also rapidly spreading in the early days. Therefore, it is very important to preemptively detect these types of articles and prevent their blind proliferation. The existing countermeasures are focused on reporting fake news, raising the level of punishment, and the media & academia to determine the authenticity of the news. Researchers are also trying to determine the authenticity by analyzing its contents. Apart from the contents of fake news, determining the behavioral characteristics of the promoters and its qualities can help identify the possibility of having fake news in advance. The online community has a fake news interception and response tradition through its long-standing community-based activities. As a result, I attempted to model the fake news by analyzing the affirmation-denial analysis and posting behavior by securing the web board crawl of the 'M community' bulletin board during the 2017 Korean presidential election period. Random forest algorithm deemed significant. The results of this research will help counteract fake news and focus on preemptive blocking through behavioral analysis rather than post-judgment after semantic analysis.

Techno Populism and Algorithmic Manipulation of News in South Korea

  • Yoon, Sunny
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2019
  • The current Moon Jai-in administration in South Korea is facing serious challenges as a result of a scandal involving the manipulation of news online. Staff in Moon's camp are suspected of manipulating public opinion by creating millions of fake news comments online, contributing to Moon being elected president. This South Korean political scandal raises a number of theoretical issues with regard to new platform technologies and media manipulation. First, the incident exposes the technological limits of blocking manipulation of the news, partly because of the nature of social media and partly because of the nature of contemporary technology. Contemporary social media is often monopolistic in nature; with the majority of people are using the same platforms, and hence it is likely that they will be subject to forms of media manipulation. Second, the Korean case of news manipulation demonstrates a unique cultural aspect of Korean society. News comments and readers' replies have become a major channel of alternative news in Korea. This phenomenon is often designated as "reply journalism," since people are interested in reading the news replies of ordinary readers equally to reading news reports themselves. News replies are considered indicators of public opinion and are seen as affecting trias politica in Korean society. Third, the Korean incident of news manipulation implicates a new form of populism in the 21st century and the nature of democratic participation. This article aims to explicate key issues in media manipulation by including wider technological, cultural, and political aspects in the South Korean news media context.

An Analysis on the Visualization of the Online Newspaper : Focusing on the dependent Online Newspaper and Naver News (온라인신문의 시각화에 대한 분석: 종속형 온라인신문과 네이버 뉴스를 중심으로)

  • Park, Kwang-Soon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.321-329
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    • 2016
  • This study aims at grasping the degree of change on the layout of newspaper through the analysis on the visualization of the Online Newspaper. It was analyzed on the basis of six dependent Online Newspapers. Six news companies' home pages and NAVER news homepage were compared and analyzed. As a result of the analysis, it has been found that the layout of the Online Newspaper has been changed rapidly through the visualization. Especially, the visualizations of some Online Newspaper have already reached the high level, and those of other newspapers are also under way rapidly. The visualization of the Online Newspaper is going on in the way that the size of images and the number of times of their being used in the news stories are increasing. Consequently, the visualization of the Online Newspaper follows the course of that of paper-based newspaper, and the relative importance of 'a newspaper that sees with an eye' to 'a newspaper that reads with an eye' grows bigger and bigger.