• Title, Summary, Keyword: Open Innovation

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A preliminary study on the theory and phenomena of Korea Open Innovation (개방형 혁신(Open Innovation)의 이론과 현상에 관한 탐색연구)

  • Yun, Jin-Hyo Joseph;Ryu, Geun-Woo
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.203-230
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    • 2009
  • Can we use the open innovation paradigm in Korean economy? Can Korea move from imitative national innovation system to Creative national innovation system without open innovation paradigm? We are looking for preliminary answers about these questions. In this paper, first of all, we review the theoretical factors of open innovation originated from professor Chesbrough, try to find out the limit of the theory, and propose the possibility of extending of open innovation from company to industrial sector, region and cluster, and national innovation system. We also review the user innovation models from Von Hippel and open business models. Second, we review the Korea open innovation cases according to the categories like as company, sector, cluster and regional innovation system, and national innovation system. Third, we prepose the theoretical and realistic implications, and next research agenda about Korea open innovation.

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The Effect of Open Innovation on Industry: Strategic Alliances under Schumpeterian Competition (개방형 혁신이 산업에 미치는 효과: 슘페터 경쟁 하의 전략적 제휴를 중심으로)

  • Yun, Ji-Yeong;Min, Jin-Yeong;Han, Se-Hee;Lee, Hee-Seok
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2010
  • With the increasing importance of ecosystem in a business environment, the value of open innovation is receiving great attention. Under open innovation, companies open their knowledge, capital, and other resources to cooperating companies; on the other hand, under closed innovation companies depend solely on their own resources. In this paper, we compare closed and open innovation using the simulation method, and confirm that in terms of total capital and production of the industry, open innovation provides greater opportunities to the entire ecosystem. Moreover, Schumpeterian competition, which is a dynamic of closed innovation, functions even under open innovation. Our findings highlight that not only small but also large companies can receive the benefit of an enlarged industry under open innovation.

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A Study on the Performance and the Influence factors of Open Innovation of Knowledge-based Exporting companies. (지식기반형 수출기업의 개방형혁신 성과와 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gwi-Ok
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.325-355
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    • 2010
  • Knowledge-based exporting companies in Korea have reached a stage to develop new technological innovation and to pioneer new markets. But, developing new technologies and launching new products require an enormous sum of money for Research and Development(R&D) and there is still uncertainty in technological development and markets. Therefore, through open technological innovation, they are encouraged to actively use external technological sources and ideas. They also need to enhance the efficiency of the relatively little R&D investment. In this paper, firstly, it conducts a precedent study on the concept and influence factors of knowledge-based exporting companies and open technological innovation. Secondly, it sets a study model and estimates a regression coefficient to analyze the influence factors of open technological innovation of knowledge-based exporting companies which are using external resources on the process of innovation. Through case study and empirical analysis, we are going to find the implication of open technological innovation and prepare the way of the innovation for the knowledge-based exporting companies. According to the empirical analysis, variables such as firm size, processing degree, product life, patent registration, maintaining internal security didn't have positive effects on open innovation performance. On the other hand, research capability and market preoccupancy had positive effects. Therefore, to succeed in open innovation, knowledge-based exporting companies not only need to secure research capability through open innovation, but also need to preoccupy the market through commercialization of developed product.

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The Innovation Characteristics of Open Source Software: A Review (오픈소스 소프트웨어의 기술혁신 특성: 리뷰)

  • 송위진
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.212-227
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    • 2002
  • This study reviews the institutional frameworks of Open Source software and develops the stylized facts of Open Source software innovation. Open Source software have to solve two difficult problems for encouraging innovation. First, the source code of Open Source software program should be open and freely distributed and it is very difficult for developers to appropriate the results of their investments. Second, as Open Source software development process is characterized by the participation of communities of developers, it is not easy to coordinate and manipulate the development process. These difficulties of developing Open Source Software have been solved by the particular incentive schemes and coordinating mechanisms. This study reviews the study on the motivation of Open Source software development and the mechanisms which coordinate innovation process of Open Source software with peer review and meritocracy, and how these characteristics promote innovation in Open Source software communities.

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Development of Open Roadmap for Open Innovation: A Case of P&G (개방형 혁신을 위한 개방형 로드맵의 개발 : P&G 사례연구)

  • Jeon, Jeong-Hwan;Suh, Yong-Yoon;Kim, Moon-Soo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-27
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    • 2012
  • Under the open innovation paradigm, it is needed to establish an appropriate strategic planning tool which can take both internal and external resources and capabilities into account. In response, this paper suggests the open roadmap to systematically and usefully implement open innovation. The open roadmap deals with both inbound and outbound open innovation activities. Moreover, in the inbound and outbound open innovation, six types of the open roadmap are proposed in terms of sources of innovation. The proposed open roadmap is applied to a case of open innovation in the P&G corporation for examining its usefulness and validation. It is expected that the open roadmap provides fruitful information when open innovation is done.

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A Case Study of the Hindrance Factors of Open Innovation in Korean Large-Scale Companies Focused on WFGM Model (국내 대기업의 개방형 혁신 저해요인에 대한 WFGM 관점 분석 사례)

  • Cho, Yo-Han;Ryu, Christopher J.;Lim, Gyoo-Gun;Lee, Dae-Chul
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.249-263
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    • 2012
  • Recently the open innovation is considered as one of the important issues for the survival strategy of a company in the industry. There have been several researches and practices on this topic. However, previous researches are mainly focused on the study of successful cases and some statistical analyses on the relationship between the open innovation and its performance. There are rare researches on the hindrance factors in the practical level. This paper tries to find some hinderance factors for the open innovation in Korean large-scale companies based on the WFGM(Want-Find-Get-Manage) model proposed by Gene Slowinski(2006). Especially this research focused on each processes of open innovation by in-depth interviews for two representative large companies in Korea. From the result of this research we come to know that the critical hindrance factor in the WANT step is the uncertain definition of the necessary technologies for the company. Issues on establishing and maintaining the innovation network are in the FIND step. Technology evaluation, technology introduction channel and technology copying issues are in the GET step. Communication issues, technology feasibility and lack of competition are in the MANAGE step. This paper finds some hindrance factors in each process step of open innovation, which gives some implications for the companies that want to adopt open innovation.

Co-Evolution between Open Innovation and Absorptive Capacity in Korean SMEs (개방형 혁신과 흡수역량의 공진화 : 한국 중소기업의 혁신경로 관점)

  • Sohn, Dong-Won
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.169-182
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    • 2012
  • This study examines the co-evolutionary process between open innovation and firms' absorptive capacity. The effects of open innovation can be maximized through the capacity to absorb the knowledge from the external sources such as universities, government-support research institute, and private R&D centers. This study used data of STEPI technology innovation survey conducted at 2002, 2005, and 2008 (3 points measures). The data were analyzed through a structural equation model. Results suggest that open innovation at t0 point influences positively the absorptive capacity at t1 point, which subsequently enhances the intention of open innovation at t2 point. This result suggests the existence of co-evolutionary process between open innovation and firms' absorptive capacity. When knowledge comes from universities, the co-evolution has sustained; whereas when knowledge comes from private firms' R&D centers, the co-evolution has not effected. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

A Study on the Development and Adaption of Open Innovation Analysis Model (특허기반 개방형 혁신 분석 모델 개발 및 적용 연구)

  • Yun, Jin-Hyo Joseph;Kwon, Oh-Jin;Park, Jin-Seo;Jeong, Eui-Seob
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.99-123
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    • 2010
  • We develop Open Innovation Analysis Method in the Patent analysis field and applies it to analyze Deagu-Gyung-buk Cases. After Chesbrough researches the open innovation situation about U. S. company Cases, many researchers began to study about Open Innovation of Companies. And Hippel participated in User Innovation research about Medical equipments and extreme sporting equipments. He pointed out that user innovation occurred new products. I call it User based Open Innovation. But the methods for Open Innovation are limited such as Case study, Survey analysis, and Quality study. So, we need to develop objective analysis method for open innovation of any firm. In this study, we want to develop new objective analysis method for open innovation and apply it to analyze rocal cases and global comparative studies. We will develop the Chesbrough's patent analysis method about open innovation.We apply this new open innovation analysis method to analyze medical equipment and fuel cell industries in Daegu and Gyung-buk Province. faembedded structure of the cooperative research network of innovation We also will apply this method to analyze Samsung and Nokia Mobile industry, and Hyundae and Toyota automobile industry.

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The "open incubation model": deriving community-driven value and innovation in the incubation process

  • Xenia, Ziouvelou;Eri, Giannaka;Raimund, Brochler
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2015
  • Globalization, increasing technological advancements and dynamic knowledge diffusion are moving our world closer together at a unique scale and pace. At the same time, our rapidly changing society is confronted with major challenges ranging from demographic to economic ones; challenges that necessitate highly innovative solutions, forcing us to reconsider the way that we actually innovate and create shared value. As such the linear, centralized innovation models of the past need to be replaced with new approaches; approaches that are based upon an open and collaborative, global network perspective where all innovation actors strategically network and collaborate, openly distribute their ideas and co-innovate/co-create in a global context utilizing our society's full innovation potential (Innovation 4.0 - Open Innovation 2.0). These emerging innovation paradigms create "an opportunity for a new entrepreneurial renaissance which can drive a Cambrian like explosion of sustainable wealth creation" (Curley 2013). Thus, in order to materialize this entrepreneurial renaissance, it is critical not only to value but also to actively employ this new innovation paradigms so as to derive community-driven shared value that stems from global innovation networks. This paper argues that there is a gap in existing business incubation model that needs to be filled, in that the innovation and entrepreneurship community cannot afford to ignore the emerging innovation paradigms and rely upon closed incubation models but has to adopt an "open incubation" (Ziouvelou 2013). The open incubation model is based on the principles of open innovation, crowdsourcing and co-creation of shared value and enables individual users and innovation stakeholders to strategically network, find collaborators and partners, co-create ideas and prototypes, share their ideas/prototypes and utilize the wisdom of the crowd to assess the value of these project ideas/prototypes, while at the same time find connections/partners, business and technical information, knowledge on start-up related topics, online tools, online content, open data and open educational material and most importantly access to capital and crowd-funding. By introducing a new incubation phase, namely the "interest phase", open incubation bridges the gap between entrepreneurial need and action and addresses the wantpreneurial needs during the innovation conception phase. In this context one such ecosystem that aligns fully with the open incubation model and theoretical approach, is the VOICE ecosystem. VOICE is an international, community-driven innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem based on open innovation, crowdsourcing and co-creation principles that has no physical location as opposed to traditional business incubators. VOICE aims to tap into the collective intelligence of the crowd and turn their entrepreneurial interest or need into a collaborative project that will result into a prototype and to a successful "crowd-venture".

Open Innovation Models in SMEs (중소기업의 오픈 이노베이션 모형)

  • Yoon, Byung-Un;Lee, Sung-Joo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.160-183
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    • 2010
  • Recently, although many firms conduct open innovation through collaboration with other innovation actors, little attention has been paid to research and case study with regard to SMEs. However, since the capability of SMEs is too insufficient to access external resources and collaborate with other firms, SMEs have practical needs for active open innovation. In addition, although a lot of SMEs depend on external resources in terms of distribution, services and sales, most of open innovation-related research concentrate on R&D and production. Therefore, this research aims at presenting various types, methods and policy to stimulate the open innovation of SMEs. Typical types of open innovation which SMEs can take will be identified and then a relevant open innovation type will be matched on the basis of the characteristics of sectors. The results of this research will be helpful for policy makers to promote open innovation in SMEs.

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