• Title, Summary, Keyword: Open Sources

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AKARI DEEP FIELD SOUTH: SPECTROSCOPIC OBSERVATIONS OF INFRARED SOURCES

  • Sedgwick, Chris;Serjeant, Stephen;Pearson, Chris;Matsuura, Shuji;Shirahata, Mai;Matsuhara, Hideo;Marchetti, Lucia;White, Glenn J.;Vaccari, Mattia;Baronchelli, Ivano;Rodighiero, Giulia;Hadsukade, Bunyo;Clements, David L.;Amber, Simon
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 2017
  • We present a summary of our spectroscopic redshift catalogue of 404 sources in the AKARI Deep Field South (ADF-S). We have used the AAOmega spectrograph to target mid-infrared and far-infrared sources selected primarily from AKARI observations in this field for which we were able to obtain optical counterparts. Our sources with identified redshifts include 316 with $H{\alpha}$ detections at $z{\leq}0.345$ and 15 sources at z > 1 with MgII or $Ly{\alpha}$ emission lines. About 13% of our $z{\leq}0.345$ sources are dominated by active galactic nuclei (AGN) emission, although many show emission from both star formation and AGNs. The median Balmer decrement is 5.9. Ultra-luminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs) were found only in the higher-redshift sources. Optical and near infrared data will be available shortly, enabling calibration of the line luminosities and spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting for these sources.

A Study on Building a Cyber Attack Database using Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) (공개출처정보를 활용한 사이버공격 데이터베이스 구축방안 연구)

  • Shin, Kyuyong;Yoo, Jincheol;Han, Changhee;Kim, Kyoung Min;Kang, Sungrok;Moon, Minam;Lee, Jongkwan
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2019
  • With the development of the Internet and Information Communication Technology, there has been an increase in the amount of Open Source Intelligence(OSINT). OSINT can be highly effective, if well refined and utilized. Recently, it has been assumed that almost 95% of all information comes from public sources and the utilization of open sources has sharply increased. The ISVG and START programs, for example, collect information about open sources related to terrorism or crime, effectively used to detect terrorists and prevent crime. The open source information related to the cyber attacks is, however, quite different from that in terrorism (or crime) in that it is difficult to clearly identify the attacker, the purpose of attack, and the range of damage. In addition, the data itself of cyber attacks is relatively unstructured. So, a totally new approach is required to establish and utilize an OSINT database for cyber attacks, which is proposed in this paper.

Interoperability of Spatial Data through Open Web Map Server

  • Cho, D.S.;Jang, I.S.;Min, K.W.;Park, J.H.
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.488-490
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    • 2003
  • Over the past few years, a number of studies have been made on web map services, which enable the GIS user to access spatial data through the web. They, however, have focused on only implementation techniques separately, such as map client implementation, map server implementation, communication between client and server, and the map data representation. Therefore, it is hard to share and practical use the spatial data, because they does not ensure interoperability in heterogeneous map servers. In this paper, we have designed and implemented the web map server with open architecture, which complies with the standard interfaces proposed by OpenGIS Consortium (OGC). In particular, we have extended the OGC’s interfaces for a map server to support one or more data sources. This paper has contributed to construction and practical use of web map services by newly proposing the method of implementation of a map server, which could be reused regardless of the types of data sources.

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A Deep Optical Photometric Study of the Massive Young Open Clusters in the Sagittarius-Carina Spiral Arm

  • Hur, Hyeonoh
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.44.1-44.1
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    • 2016
  • The Sagittarius-Carina spiral arm in the Galaxy contains several massive young open clusters. We present a deep optical photometric study on the massive young open clusters in the Sagittarius-Carina arm, Westerlund 2 and the young open clusters in the ${\eta}$ Carina nebula. Westerlund 2 is a less studied starburst-type cluster in the Galaxy. An abnormal reddening law for the intracluster medium of the young starburst-type cluster Westerlund 2 is determined to be $R_{V,cl}=4.14{\pm}0.08$. The distance modulus is determined from zero-age main-sequence fitting to the reddening-corrected color-magnitude diagrams of the early-type members to be $V_0-M_V=13.9{\pm}0.14mag$. The pre-main sequence (PMS) members of Westerlund 2 are selected by identifying the optical counterparts of X-ray emission sources from the Chandra X-ray observation and mid-infrared emission sources from the Spitzer/IRAC (the Infrared Array Camera) observation. The initial mass function (IMF) shows a slightly flat slope of ${\Gamma}=-1.1{\pm}0.1$ down to $5M_{\odot}$. The age of Westerlund 2 is estimated to be. 1.5 Myr from the main-sequence turn-on luminosity and the age distribution of PMS stars. The ${\eta}$ Carina nebula is the best laboratory for the investigation of the Galactic massive stars and low-mass star formation under the influence of numerous massive stars. We have performed deep wide-field CCD photometry of stars in the ${\eta}$ Carina nebula to determine the reddening law, distance, and the IMF of the clusters in the nebula. We present VRI and $H{\alpha}$ photometry of 130,571 stars from the images obtained with the 4m telescope at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO). RV,cl in the η Carina nebula gradually decreases from the southern part (~4.5, around Trumpler 14 and Trumpler 16) to the northern part around Trumpler 15 (~3.5). Distance to the young open clusters in the ${\eta}$ Carina nebula is partly revised based on the zero-age main-sequence fitting to the reddening-corrected color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) and the (semi-) reddening-independent CMDs. We select the PMS members and candidates by identifying the optical counterparts of X-ray sources from the Chandra Carina Complex Survey and mid-infrared excess emission stars from the Spitzer Vela-Carina survey. From the evolutionary stage of massive stars and PMS stars, we obtain that the northern young open cluster Trumpler 15 is distinctively older than the southern young open clusters, Trumpler 14 (${\leq}2.5 Myr$) and Trumpler 16 (2.5-3.5 Myr). The slopes of the IMF of Trumpler 14, Trumpler 15, and Trumpler 16 are determined to be $-1.2{\pm}0.1$, $-1.5{\pm}0.3$, and $-1.1{\pm}0.1$, respectively. Based on the RV,cl of several young open clusters determined in this work and the previous studies of our group, We suggest that higher RV,cl values are commonly found for very young open clusters with the age of < 4 Myr. We also confirm the correlation between the slope of the IMF and the surface mass density of massive stars.

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AKARI ALL-SKY BRIGHT SOURCE CATALOGUE: FAR-INFRARED LUMINOUS QUASARS AND THE OPTICAL FAR-INFRARED CORRELATION

  • Sedgwick, Chris;Serjeant, Stephen;Pearson, Chris;Yamamura, I.;Makiuti, S.;Ikeda, N.;Fukuda, Y.;Oyabu, S.;Koga, T.;Amber, S.;White, Glenn J.
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.305-307
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    • 2017
  • We have identified 22 quasars in the AKARI far-infrared all-sky Bright Source Catalogue, using a matching radius of < 10", and excluding matches which are close to foreground extended sources or cirrus. We have confirmed a relation between quasar optical luminosity and far-infrared luminosity which was found in an earlier study. In addition, we have found that the 11 sources which are at redshift z > 1 are magnified with respect to the predicted far-infrared luminosity, and consider this may be due to gravitational lensing. If confirmed, this would provide a new way to identify lenses; if not, we may have identified an interesting new population of extreme starbursting quasars.

Implementation of User Interface for Geo-spatail Information Processing Toolkit using Open Source-based PostGIS (공개소스 PostGIS 기반 공간정보 처리 툴 킷 사용자 인터페이스 구현)

  • Han, Sun-Mook;Lee, Ki-Won
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2009
  • Recently, open sources for geo-spatial information processing and analysis are being developed, and they are widely adopted for the various application development projects. Open sources in the geo-spatial communities consist in several levels or types: viewer, API-level, engine sources of SDK-level, or toolkits. Among them, spatial database engine of PostgreSQL-PostGIS is used in this study for the portable multi-geospatial information processing toolkit. This work can be extended to target-based applications with domain-specific spatial queries and analyses. Design and implementation are based on C Language Interface (LIBPQ) to PostGIS and OGC library on PostgreSQL database. Conclusively, PostGIS according to this approach is an important alternative to develop most applications dealing with multi-geospatial information due to its availability, extensibility, scalability, and stability.

A study on new measures of open innovation and comparison of openness between Korea and Japan firms (개방형 혁신 지표 개발 및 한국과 일본 기업의 개방형 혁신 비교연구)

  • Kim, Changone;Lee, Heesang;Yoo, Jaeyoung;Son, Jong-Ku;Park, Sun Young
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.199-228
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    • 2012
  • While there are increasing requests for open innovation, prior studies have focused mainly on the utilizing the external sources. This study suggests to broaden the way of measuring openness to include the innovation management factors and output besides of utilizing the external sources. Additionally, the new measures will compare the status of openness in small and medium enterprises between Korea and Japan. There is greater differences in openness between SMEs and big firms in Japan than ones in Korea. Although SMEs in Japan utilize the external knowledge sources more actively than ones in Korea, they show less openness from the perspective of managerial factors such as metric for open innovation, collaboration system, investment for collaboration, and performance.

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Analyzing the Characteristics of Open Innovation Activity and the External Collaboration Network in SMEs (중소기업의 개방형 혁신활동 특성과 외부 협력 네트워크 분석)

  • Lee, Hee-Yeon;Lee, Se-Won
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.147-165
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    • 2012
  • Recently, the theory of open innovation emerges as a new innovation paradigm. This paper aims to examine open innovation activities of SMEs. Many firms tend to search new knowledge from various external sources and to pursue to achieve innovation resources or knowledge of external innovators. Particularly, this paper focus on the process of external knowledge networking and open innovation occurred in the process of technology innovation. The data used in this study were those that had been collected for total 3,400 sample SMEs that had conducted R&D. and in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 SMEs located at Chungbuk-Technopark. Empirical findings can be summarized as follows; SMEs tend to search new knowledge from various external sources and to pursue to achieve innovation resources or knowledge of external innovators, because they have lack of innovation resources. therefore, the conducting of open innovation affected positively the innovation performance of SMEs. In addition, empirical findings also indicated that expanding flexibility of labor market enhances open innovation activities of SMEs.

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Preliminary Source Apportionment of Ambient VOCs Measured in Seoul Metropolitan Area by Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF를 이용한 수도권지역 VOCs의 배출원 추정)

  • Han J. S.;Moon K. J.;Kim R. H.;Shin S. A.;Hong Y. D.;Jung I. R.
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.85-97
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    • 2006
  • The PAMS data collected at four sites in Seoul metropolitan area in 2004 were analyzed using the positive matrix factorization (PMF) technique, in order to identify the possible sources and estimate their contributions to ambient VOCs. Ten sources were then resolved at Jeongdong, Bulgwang, Yangpyeong, and Seokmo, including vehicle exhaust, LPG vehicle, petroleum evaporation, coating, solvent, asphalt, LNG, Industry & heating, open burning, and biogenic source. The PMF analysis results showed that vehicle exhaust commonly contributed the largest portion of the predicted total VOCs mass concentration, more than $30\%$ at four sites. The contribution of other resolved sources were significantly different according to the characteristics of site location. In the case of Jeongdong and bulgwang located in urban area, various anthropogenic sources such as coating, solvent, asphalt, residual LPG, and petroleum evaporation contributed about $40\%$ of total VOCs mass. On the other hand, at yangpyeong and Seokmo located in rural and remote area, the portion of these anthropogenic sources was reduced to less than $30\%$ and the contribution of natural sources including open burning and biogenic source clearly observed. These results were considerably corresponding to the emission inventory investigated in this region.