• Title, Summary, Keyword: Operations Performance

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An Empirical Analysis of the Effect of Operations Performance on Financial Performance (오퍼레이션스 성과와 재무성과 간의 인과관계에 대한 실증분석)

  • Kim, Younghoon;Pyun, Jebum;Kim, DaeSoo
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.57-73
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    • 2015
  • While many previous studies investigated the effect of operations performance on financial performance, most studies considered only a few performance indicators and ignored the characteristics of industries. Therefore, this study intends to analyze the effect of operations performance on financial performance, by selecting a rather comprehensive operations performance indicators from firms' financial data. In doing so, we used operating efficiency and supply chain performance indicators for operations performance and a firm's profitability and future value indicators for financial performance. For the analysis, we collected 544 firms' operations and financial performance data belonging to eight key industries from the 'Forbes Global 2000'. We first analysed the differences in operations and financial performance among high, medium and low supply chain performance groups based on the quantitative criteria of Gartner's 'Supply Chain Top 25' ranking procedure. Then we analysed the effect of operations performance indicators on financial performance for both entire industry and individual industries, using multiple regression. Based on the results, we provided practical insights into key operations performance indicators to focus on and manage in order to improve financial performance.

The Moderating Effect of Operations Efficiency on the Links between Environmental Performance and Financial Performance: The UK Evidence

  • Ramanathan, Ramakrishnan;Akanni, Adewole Oluwatomi
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.76-102
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    • 2015
  • Drawing upon the resource-based-view of a firm, we investigate the moderating role of operations efficiency on the link between environmental and financial performance. Extant literature has highlighted that operations efficiency is closely associated with the environmental/financial performance of firms, but no empirical study has investigated how operations efficiency affects the link between environmental and financial performance. We argue that operations efficiency could act as a moderator of this relationship. To test the hypothesized relationships, we have used available secondary quantitative UK data, namely data on the environmental/financial performance of Britain's most admired companies. By employing moderated regression analysis, we have found strong evidence for the moderating impact of operations efficiency. Our results are useful to managers in that they show that improvements in operations efficiency in a company can also help improve environmental/financial performance and vice versa.

Effects of Green Operations and Green Innovation on Firm's Environmental Performance

  • Chen, Rong-Huei
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.118-128
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    • 2014
  • This study examines how green operations affect firm's environmental performance with green innovation as a mediator in the context of electronic industry. We carry out an empirical study with 141 valid questionnaires collected from high-tech manaufactures in Taiwan. The results show that positive relationships exist among green operations, green innovation and environmental performance (in both operational performance and managerial performance). However, an integration of green operations with green innovation would influence firm's environmental performance more positively than the sole effects of green operations. It suggests that high-tech manufacturers should pay greater attention to green innovative strategies in order to cope with customer demand and, thereby, enhancing customer satisfaction and sustainable operations. This study has contributed to the extant literature by providing valuable academic references and pragmatic guidelines for firms to gain competitive advantages through green operations and green innovation.

The Effect of Environment Uncertainty and Local Infrastructure on the Firm Culture, Operations Performance and Marketing Performance (환경 불확실성과 지역인프라가 기업문화, 운영성과, 마케팅성과에 미치는 영향 : 대구·경북지역 중소기업을 중심으로)

  • Ju, Ki-Jung;Kim, Jang-Ho
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.67-80
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    • 2012
  • This study analyzes the relationship among environment uncertainty, local infrastructure, flexible-open firm culture, operations performance and marketing performance focus on SMEs. This research has revealed that the relation among firm size, firm type, firm culture, operations performance and marketing performance as well. The findings show that firm has its culture which is preparing environment uncertainty and local infrastructure influence on forming firm culture. Change-oriented and leaning-oriented firm cultures affect operations performance and marketing performance. In conclusion, this study suggests implication and limitations for further research.

Assortment Planning for Retail Buying, Retail Store Operations, and Firm Performance

  • Bahng, Youngjin;Kincade, Doris H.;Rogers, Farrokh Trevor
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The purpose of the study is to examine the relationships among the following retail operations variables: retail store operations (i.e., store management, sales personnel, promotion of merchandise), success of assortment planning, firm performance (i.e., market share, overall competitive position, profitability, product quality, consumer satisfaction), and retail buyer's demographics and firm's characteristics. Research design, data, and methodology - After conducting a pilot test, the survey was conducted in Seoul, South Korea. With using the listwise deletion method, 378 usable data sets were analyzed. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) methods were employed. Results - As evidenced from the path diagram, the relationship between retail store operations and the success of assortment planning is strong and significant. Retail store operations affect firm performance, though at a weaker significance than it affects the success of assortment planning. The relationship between the success of assortment planning and firm performance, is the strongest relationship observed by this research. Conclusions - The findings of this empirical study contribute to the retail/fashion buying/management field by confirming (a) the importance of assortment planning for retail firm performance and (b) the role of store operations for successful assortment planning and firm performance for fashion retailers.

Identification of Performance Indicators for Poultry Agribusiness Operations

  • Pun, Kit Fai;Hosein, Anesa
    • The Asian Journal on Quality
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2007
  • Nowadays, the competitiveness of any organisations rests dominantly on how they can manage their performance, A host of performance variables such as quality, reliability, and efficiency are recognised as competitive priorities. This paper reviews the criteria and dimensions of performance measures, and discusses six core performance indicators in agribusiness operations with particular reference to the poultry/broiler farms. Besides, a holistic "Quality, Reliability and Efficiency" view of performance is proposed when developing measures for poultry agribusiness operations.

Perceived Organizational Performance Changes Resulting from Customer-Supplier Joint Action

  • Jung, Seung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.197-200
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    • 2000
  • The objective of this research is to identify perceived organizational performance changes resulting from customer-supplier partnership and their joint action. In addition, the perceived organizational performance change in this research is compared with objectively measured organizational performance improvement to see if there is any difference between them.

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A prototype implementation of GIS operations using an intergrated CA-GIS and evaluation of their relative performance (CA-GIS 통합 시스템을 이용한 GIS연산의 구현)

  • 박수홍
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.99-113
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    • 1997
  • This paper demonstrates the prototype implementation of existing GIS operations using an integrated CA-GIS system where a CA simulator serve an analytical engine for GIS and compares the performance of the operations implemented here with the original ones. In addition, some new GIS operations that are not available in contemporary GIS are implemented and tested within the integrated system. It has shown that most of the local and focal operations were successfully implemented with CA-GIS and some operations written with the CA simulator showed better performance. New types of operations such as various shape filters, time-series filter, and diffusion operators were able to be implemented using the CA-GIS, which appears to be significant to enhance deficient analytical capabilities of contemporary GIS.

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A Study on the Impact of IT and SCM Process Management Capability on e-SCM Performance (IT와 SCM 프로세스 관리역량이 e-SCM 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sun-Ro;Kim, Ki-Young
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.79-103
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    • 2007
  • The main purpose of this study is to define antecedents that influence e-SCM synchronization and to investigate how it affects e-SCM performance. We, therefore, investigate (1) the impact of firms' internal IT planning capabilities on e-SCM synchronization and on SCM process management capability, (2) the impact of firms' internal IT infrastructure on e-SCM synchronization and on SCM process management capability, (3) the impact of firms' internal SCM process management capabilities on e-SCM synchronization, and finally (4) the impact of e-SCM synchronization on SCM performance. A survey has been administrated to the firms' SCM and marketing staffs and 171 returns analyzed. The results show that (1) IT plan has not direct impacts on e-SCM synchronization, but has direct impacts on organizational support, purchasing, and operations processes except logistics process. IT plan, however, has indirect impacts on e-SCM synchronization through purchasing and operations of SCM process management capability. (2) IT infrastructure has both direct and indirect effects on e-SCM synchronization, and also has direct impacts on organizational support, purchasing, and operations processes except logistics process. (3) SCM process management capabilities have direct impacts on e-SCM synchronization. Among these SCM core processes purchasing positively influences operations, which in turn positively influences logistics process management capability. (4) e-SCM synchronization has positive impacts on SCM performance indicator (SCOR), such as delivery reliability, responsiveness & flexibility, and cost. These results indicate that e-SCM synchronization can be critical to achieve better internal performance like cost and external performance like delivery reliability, responsiveness & flexibility of firms' SCM. In sum, this study demonstrates that the intervening role of e-SCM synchronization between e-SCM performance and IT management capability and between e-SCM performance and SCM core process management capability has been significant in achieving better e-SCM performance. Therefore, it can be suggested that e-SCM performance should be accomplished in consequence of the acceleration of e-SCM synchronization through the enhancement of preceding factors for the e-SCM synchronization.

A study on Manufacturing's capabilities and business performance of Manufacturings strategies (제조전략(製造戰略)에서 생산능력요인(生産能力要因)과 사업성과(事業成果)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Song Jai-Myuing
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.1
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    • pp.363-399
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    • 1997
  • Research in operations strategy has evolved considerably since Wickham Skinner's early conceptual work. Traditionally research in operations strategy has not explicitly recognized the distinction between process and content research. However, separate conceptual models for process and content are extracted from the literature Recent research in operations strategy has focused on showing the extent to which manufacturing's competence in developing and executing one or more competitive capabilites affects the organization's overall business performance. This paper takes a approach to examining the relationships among competitive capabilities, and the relationships among between those capabilities and business performance.

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