• Title, Summary, Keyword: Optimal design

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A Study on the Optimal Design of Prestressed Concrete Box Girder Bridges (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 박스 거더 교량의 최적 설계에 관한 연구)

  • 노금래;윤희택;박선규
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.251-256
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    • 1999
  • In the preliminary design stage of Prestressed Concrete (PSC) Box Girder Bridges, the design factors(including depth, thickness of web, and jacking force) decided by inexperience designer could heavily affect the final design factors. So there is a possibility that the design ends up with an excessively wasteful design. To aim at an economical design with preventing an excessive design, the optimal design program has been developed by using ADS optimal program and SPCFRAME(PSC Bridge analysis program) in these studies. The optimal design program automatically calculates economically optimized design studies. The optimal design program automatically calculates economically optimized design factors by introducing the optimal design techniques of PSC box girder bridge design. The objective function for optimal design is material cost of box girder and constrained functions are constituted with design specifications and workability. The optimal design techniques used the Sequential Unconstraint Minimization Technique (SUMT) with performing the optimal design program. In this study, We designed unprismatic section bridge and prismatic section bridge in the same design condition by optimal design program developed in this study. By analyzing the results we suggested the practical form of tendon's layout comparing the optimal desingns on the basis of each tendon's layout.

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Optimal Design for Indoor Thermal Environment based on CFD Simulation and Genetic Algorithms (CFD 연성해석과 유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 실내 열환경 최적설계에 관한 연구)

  • 김태연;이윤규
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2004
  • The optimal design method of indoor thermal environment using CFD coupled simulation and genetic algorithms (GA) is developed in this study. CFD could analyze the thermal environment considering the distribution of temperature, velocity, etc. in a room. Therefore, It would be appropriate to use CFD for the optimal design method considering their distribution. In this paper, the optimal design means the most appropriate boundary conditions of the room among the conditions where the design target of indoor therm environment is achieved. Two step optimal indoor thermal environment design method is proposed. It includes the GA for searching the optimal indoor thermal environment design. To examine the performance of this method, the optimal design of hybrid ventilation system, which uses the natural cross ventilation and the radiation-cooling panel is conducted. The optimal design which satisfies the design target (thermal comfort, minimum cooling load, minimum vertical temperature difference) is found using two step optimal design method.

Optimization of Chassis Frame by Using D-Optimal Response Surface Model (D-Optimal 반응표면모델에 의한 섀시 프레임 최적설치)

  • Lee, Gwang-Gi;Gu, Ja-Gyeom;Lee, Tae-Hui
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.894-900
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    • 2000
  • Optimization of chassis frame is performed according to the minimization of eleven responses representing one total frame weight, three natural frequencies and seven strength limits of chassis frame that are analyzed by using each response surface model from D-optimal design of experiments. After each response surface model is constructed form D-optimal design and random orthogonal array, the main effect and sensitivity analyses are successfully carried out by using this approximated regression model and the optimal solutions are obtained by using a nonlinear programming method. The response surface models and the optimization algorithms are used together to obtain the optimal design of chassis frame. The eleven-polynomial response surface models of the thirteen frame members (design factors) are constructed by using D-optimal Design and the multi-disciplinary design optimization is also performed by applying dual response analysis.

Development of Stamping Process Optimization System: Integration of Optimal Blank Design and Optimal Nesting (스템핑 공정 최적화 시스템의 개발 : 최적블랭크 설계와 최적배치의 일체화)

  • 심현보;이상헌;박종규;김흥업
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.283-287
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    • 2003
  • In recent years, design of an optimal blank shape is very important for sheet metal forming process in the automobile industry because the raw material cost rate is significant part in the automobile industry. With the design of an optimal blank shape, the engineer can protect a blank from an excessive holding force to improve the quality and reduce the ratio of material scrap. Therefore design of an optimal blank shape is inevitable in sheet metal forming process. However, if it causes a complicated shape of blank, it may be difficult to do the blank layout optimally. In this study, we developed software of optimal blank layout connected with the software of optimal blank shape design which was created in the past by the present authors. And by using these softwares, we would like to present the method in order to get optimal utilization ratio easily and precisely within short time for the sequence of works from design to blank layout.

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Optimal Performance Design for Concrete Median Barrier with Crashworthiness Analysis (차량 충돌 해석을 통한 중앙분리대의 최적 성능 설계)

  • 한석영;고성호;최형연
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.168-178
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to develop an optimal performance design ova concrete median barrier using the design of experiment and crash simulation which is done by Pam-Crash, one of the commercial crash simulation software. A formula of characteristic value was suggested to obtain an optimal performance design considering all of von Mises stress, volume and acceleration at center of gravity of a heavy truck. An optimal design of a concrete median barrier was obtained by the analysis of variance based on design of experiment and crash simulation. A crash simulation with the optimal design was accomplished in order to verify the suitability of the suggested formula and the proper application of the design of experiment. The obtained optimal design was satisfied for a domestic design regulation of a concrete median barrier.

Development of Stamping Process Optimization System through the Integration of Blank Design and Nesting (블랭크 설계와 배치의 일체화를 통한 스탬핑 공정 최적화 시스템의 개발)

  • 심현보;박종규
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.615-622
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    • 2003
  • In the automobile industry, the design of optimal blank shape becomes a significant part of the stamping. It provides many evident advantages, sush as enhancement of formability, reduction of material cost and product development period. However, the nesting process, required for the optimal usage of materials in the blanking becomes more complicated as the blank shape becomes complicated, like most optimal blank shape. In this study, stamping process optimization system for the optimal usage of material has been developed through the integration of optimal blank design and optimal nesting. For optimal blank design, a radius vector method, the modified version of the initial nodal velocity method, the past work of the present author, have been proposed. Both the optimal blank design and optimal nesting programs have been developed under the GUI environment for the convenience of engineers. The efficiency of the optimization system has been verified with some chosen problems.

Optimal Structural Design for Flexible Space Structure with Control System Based on LMI

  • Park, Jung-Hyen;Cho, Kyeum-Rae
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2002
  • A simultaneous optimal design problem of structural and control systems is discussed by taking a 3-D truss structure as an object. We use descriptor forms for a controlled object and a generalized plant because the structural parameters appear naturally in these forms. We consider a minimum weight design problem for structural system and disturbance suppression problem for the control system. The structural objective function is the structural weight and the control objective function is $H_{\infty}$ norm from the disturbance input to the controlled output in the closed-loop system. The design variables are cross sectional areas of the truss members. The conditions for the existence of controller are expressed in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMI) By minimizing the linear sum of the normalized structural objective function and control objective function, it is possible to make optimal design by which the balance of the structural weight and the control performance is taken. We showed in this paper the validity of simultaneous optimal design of structural and control systems.

Augmented D-Optimal Design for Effective Response Surface Modeling and Optimization

  • Kim, Min-Soo;Hong, Kyung-Jin;Park, Dong-Hoon
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.203-210
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    • 2002
  • For effective response surface modeling during sequential approximate optimization (SAO), the normalized and the augmented D-optimality criteria are presented. The normalized D-optimality criterion uses the normalized Fisher information matrix by its diagonal terms in order to obtain a balance among the linear-order and higher-order terms. Then, it is augmented to directly include other experimental designs or the pre-sampled designs. This augmentation enables the trust region managed sequential approximate optimization to directly use the pre-sampled designs in the overlapped trust regions in constructing the new response surface models. In order to show the effectiveness of the normalized and the augmented D-optimality criteria, following two comparisons are performed. First, the information surface of the normalized D-optimal design is compared with those of the original D-optimal design. Second, a trust-region managed sequential approximate optimizer having three D-optimal designs is developed and three design problems are solved. These comparisons show that the normalized D-optimal design gives more rotatable designs than the original D-optimal design, and the augmented D-optimal design can reduce the number of analyses by 30% - 40% than the original D-optimal design.

A Study on the Optimal Design of Prestressed Concrete Box Girder Bridges (프리스트레스트 콘크리트 박스 거더 교량의 최적설계에 관한 연구)

  • Noh, Kum-Rae;Yun, Hee-Taek;Park, Sun-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.139-149
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    • 2000
  • In the preliminary design stage of prestressed concrete (PSC) box girder bridges, the design factors decided by inexperience designer could heavily affect to the results of final design. There is a possibility that the design ends up with an excessively wasteful design. To achieve an economical design with preventing an excessive design, the optimal design technique has been developed using ADS optimal program and SPCFRAME in this study. The objective function for the optimal design problem is the material cost of box girders and constrained functions are constituted with design specifications and workability. The Sequential Unconstraint Minimization Technique (SUMT) is used for the optimal design in this study. We designed an uniform cross-section bridge and an ununiform cross-section bridge in the same design condition by optimal design technique developed in this study. Analyzing the results obtained for various tendon layouts, we suggest a standard tendon layout which gives the most effective structural behavior.

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Opitmal Design Technique of Nielsen Arch Bridges by Using Genetic Algorithm (유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 닐센아치교의 최적설계기법)

  • Lee, Kwang Su;Chung, Young Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.361-373
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    • 2009
  • Using the genetic algorithm, the optimal-design technique of the Nielsen arch bridge was proposed in this paper. The design parameters were the arch-rise ratio and the steel weight ratio of the Nielsen arch bridge, and optimal-design techniques were utilized to analyze the behavior of the bridge. The optimal parameter values were determined for the estimated optimal level. The parameter determination requires the standardization of the safety, utility, and economic concepts as the critical factors of a structure. For this, a genetic algorithm was used, whose global-optimal-solution search ability is superior to the optimization technique, and whose object function in the optimal design is the total weight of the structure. The constraints for the optimization were displacement, internal stress, and time and space. The structural analysis was a combination of the small displacement theory and the genetic algorithm, and the runtime was reduced for parallel processing. The optimal-design technique that was developed in this study was employed and deduced using the optimal arch-rise ratio, steel weight ratio, and optimal-design domain. The optimal-design technique was presented so it could be applied in the industry.