• Title, Summary, Keyword: Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten fruit

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Compositions of Opuntia ficus-indica (손바닥 선인장의 성분 특성)

  • Lee, Young-Chul;Hwang, Keum-Hee;Han, Dong-Hyu;Kim, Sung-Dae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.847-853
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    • 1997
  • Attempts were made to determine the compositions of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten for the utilization as food materials. The major components of Opuntia ficus-indica and aloe in proximate compositions were nitrogen free extract. Total mineral contents of stem, fruit and seed of Opuntia ficus-indica were 9400.8, 6151.2 and 1096.8 mg%, respectively, and their major minerals were Ca, P and Mg. The major free amino acids of fruit were tyrosine, proline and arginine, those of stem were glycine and arginine and that of seed was glutamic acid. The major amino acid of fruit was glutamic acid, those of stem were glycine and arginine and those of seed were glutmic acid and arginine. Vitamin C contents of fruit and stem were 163.8 and 71.2 mg% but not presented in seed. Vitamin A was also not presented in fruit, stem and seed. Contents of total polyphenols and flavonoids were changed by extraction solvent and temperature. Total polyphenols of fruit were higher than those of stem and seed. Total flavonoids of fruit were similar to those of stem.

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Biological Activities of the Extracts from Fruit and Stem of Prickly Pear(Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) II.-Effects on Dietary induced Hyperlipidemia (손바닥선인장 열매 및 줄기 추출물의 생리활성(II)-흰쥐의 식이성 고지혈증에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chung-Kyu;Lee, Young-Chul;Moon, Young-In;Park, Hee-Juhn;Han, Yong-Nam;Choi, Jong-Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.230-237
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    • 2002
  • Prickly pear(Opuntia ficus-indica var saboten Makino, Cactaceae) is widely used as folk medicine for burned wound, edema and indigestion. To confirm the hypolipidemic action of the extract from Cactus stem and fruit in dietary hyperlipidemic rats, variations of the lipid- or cholesterol-related components were investigated. As results these changes were significantly prevented by treatments with Cactus extracts. The effects of the extract of fruit was better than those of stem.

Biological Activities of the Extracts from Fruit and Stem of Prickly Pear(Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) III. - Effects on Subacute Alcoholic Hyperlipidemia in Rats (손바닥선인장 열매 및 줄기 추출물의 생리활성(III)-흰쥐의 알코올성 고지혈증에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chung-Kyu;Moon, Young-In;Park, Hee-Juhn;Han, Yong-Nam;Choi, Jong-Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2002
  • The extracts from stem and fruit of Cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten Makino) were applied to confirm the antiatherosclerotic effects in subacute alcoholic hyperlipidemic rats. It was observed that several indications of hyperlipidemia were prevented or changed by the treatments of the extracts but activities of hepatic HMG-CoA reductase and alcohol dehydrogenase were not affected, which suggest that the extracts may promote the fecal excretion and delay the absorption of alcohol in hyperlipidemic rats.

The Effect of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten Fruit on Gastric Lesion and Ulcer in Rats

  • Lee, Eun-Bang;Hyun, Jin-Ee;Li, Da-Wei;Moon, Yung-In
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.90-93
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    • 2001
  • The effects of the dried fruit powder of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten (OF-f) were investigated on gastric lesion and ulcer models in rats. It showed significant inhibition in HCl ethanol and HCl aspirin induced gastric lesion at a dose of 600 mg/kg, p.o. OF-f also showed significant inhibition in indomethacin induced gastric lesion at the doses of 200 and 600 mg/kg, p.o. However, it did not affect aspirin and Shay ulcer in rats. It also did not affect the gastric juice secretion, acid output and pH. These data suggest that OF-f possesses pronounced inhibitory action on gastric lesion of rats.

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Isolation of a Pestalotiopsis Species Degrading Mucilage from Fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten

  • Huh, Yoon-Hee;Ko, Young-Hwan
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.221-226
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    • 2007
  • The high molecular-weight mucilage extracted and purified from cactus fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten was degraded by the cell-free culture filtrate of a fungus isolated from soil. TLC analysis of the polymeric mucilage after incubation with the fungal culture filtrate confirmed its degradation. When the degradation products were tested for their qualitative reactions with ninhydrin and phenol-sulfuric acid, only phenol-sulfuric acid gave positive development, and ninhydrin did not show any observable color reaction. This coloring reaction suggested the presence of a carbohydrate without an amino group within the mucilage. Analyses by HPLC and liquid gel permeation chromatography on sephadex G-100 also provided additional information on degradation of the mucilage by the fungal culture filtrate. The sequences of ITS-5.8S rDNA from the fungal isolate that was cultivated for the preparation of mucilage-degrading enzyme showed 99% similarity to those of Pestalotiopsis aquatica.

Quality Characteristics of Cupcakes Added with Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten Powder (백년초열매 분말 첨가 컵케이크의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Na-Young;Cho, A-Ra;Jung, Su-Ji;Kim, Kyoung-Hee;Lee, Hyo-Jeong;Lee, Seul;Yook, Hong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 2007
  • Antioxidative activity and functional properties of the powder obtained from ground Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten fruit were studied. Cupcakes containing 1,3, and 5% (w/w) of O. ficus-indica vu. saboten powders were prepared and evaluated for their sensory property, textural quality, and shelf-life. The antioxidative activity, measured by DPPH radical scavenging activity of O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder, increased as the concentrations of O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder increased. No coliform bacteria, yeasts, and molds were detected in either the O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder or in the cupcakes. However, total aerobic bacteria counts were 4.41 log CFU/g in the O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder and were a negligible level (<$10^2$ CFU/g) in the cupcakes. Moisture content of the cupcakes was not significantly different in all samples. Lightness (L) and yellowness (b) of cupcake color decreased as the concentration of O. ficus-indicar var. saboten powder increased, whereas the redness (a) increased. Increasing the concentration of O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder, the mechanical characteristics of the cupcakes, such as hardness, gumminess, and chewiness, while decreasing cohesiveness and springiness. The sensory properties, such as color, flavor, taste, texture, and overall acceptability, of the cupcakes containing the 1% 0. ficus-indica var. saboten powder were superior to the control sample. The results exhibited that the adding the O. ficus-indica var. saboten powder into the cupcakes increased antioxidant activity and showed no effect on shelf-life of the cupcakes. The highest quality improvement was obtained by incorporating the 1% (w/w) of 0. ficus-indica var. saboten powder into the cupcake formula.

Screening on Biological Activities of the Extracts from Fruit and Stem of Prickly Pear(Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) (손바닥 선인장 열매 및 줄기 추출물의 생리활성(I)-일반약리검색)

  • Lee, Chung-Kyu;Lee, Young-Chul;Moon, Young-In;Park, Hee-Juhn;Han, Yong-Nam;Choi, Jong-Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.330-337
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    • 2001
  • Prickly pear(Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten Makino, Cactaceae) is a tropical or subtropical plant, which is widely used as folk medicine for burned wound, edema and indigestion. Screening on the biological properties of the fruits(OFS-Fr) and stems(OFS-St) of the plant was carried out to prove the pharmacological significance. By hot plate and acetic acid-inducing writhing methods, significant analgesic effects of OFS-Fr and OFS-St were found in mice and anti-edemic effect was observed in carrageenin-induced inflammatory rats. However, the extracts showed no significant actions on central and autonomic nervous system and blood circulatory system, which imply no toxic effects to animal.

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Antioxidative and Neuroprotective Constituents Isolated from Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten

  • Lee, Yong-Sup;Kim, Hyoung-Ja;Jung, Seo-Yun;Lee, Eun-Ha;Cho, Jung-Sook;Jin, Chang-Bae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2007
  • Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten (Cactaceae) is widely cultivated in Jeju Island (South Korea) for use in the manufacture of health foods such as tea, jam and juice. Its fruit and stem have been traditionally used as oriental folk medicine to treat diabetes, hypertension, asthma, burns, edema and indigestion. During the search for naturally occurring antioxidative neuroprotective agents, it was found that the ethyl acetate fraction of the stems and fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten exhibited potent antioxidant effect. Using a chromatographic fractionation method, several constituents were isolated from this fraction. Among isolates, KYS50182 showed the most potent in vitro and in vivo neuroprotective activities, suggesting that the flavonoid can serve as a lead structure for the development of neuroprotective agents by providing neuroprotection against oxidative and focal ischemic neuronal injuries.

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Enzyme Inhibitory and Antioxidant Activities of Fruit and Stem of Opuntia ficus india var. saboten

  • Han, Yong-Nam;Jun, Jae-Suk;Choo, Yeun-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.187-187
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    • 1998
  • The objective was to verify biological activities of fruit and stem of prickly pear(Opuntia ficus indica L. var, saboten Makino). We have determined inhibitory activities on enzymes, such as dopamine ${\beta}$-hydroxylase(DBH), monoamme oxidase A and B(MAO-A, B), and antioxidant activity, in vitro. We purchased dried stem powder and lyophilized fruit powder of prickly pear from CheJu Island, and prepared the extracts with 80% of methanol. The fruit extract showed stronger inhibitory effects on MAO-A and -B and antioxidant activity compared. to the stem extract, on fractionation with hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. Both the stem and the fruit extracts with ethyl acetate showed stronger enzyme inhibitory and antioxidant activities than other extracts. Now we are isolating active principles from both ethyl acetate extracts.

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