• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oral health

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The relationship of oral health behavior with oral health literacy and oral health knowledge among elementary school students (일부 초등학생의 구강건강문해력과 구강보건지식에 따른 구강보건행태의 관련성)

  • Jang, Sun-Ju;Yoon, Sung-Uk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.93-103
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the oral health behavior in the upper grades of elementary school in relation to oral health literacy and oral health knowledge. Methods: A survey on the general characteristics, oral health literacy, oral health knowledge, and oral health behavior was administered to students in the upper grades of five elementary schools in Daegu and Gyeongbuk, South Korea, from March to June, 2018. Finally, a total of 236 questionnaires were analyzed. Results: Oral health literacy in accordance with oral health behavior was high when oral health behavior was high (p<0.05). The results of multiple regression analysis of the general characteristics, oral health knowledge, oral health literacy, and oral health behavior were analyzed as follows: Y (oral health behavior) = 2.028 + 0.113 (oral health literacy) (p<0.05). Conclusions: To ensure appropriate oral health behavior among elementary school students, it is necessary to develop systematic programs in elementary schools to provide oral health education to increase oral health literacy and oral health knowledge.

The correlations among oral health education experience, oral health behavior, self-efficacy and subjective oral health level of elderly in some area (일부지역 노인의 구강보건교육 경험과 구강건강행위, 구강건강관리 자기효능감 및 주관적 구강건강수준과의 관련성)

  • So, Mi-Hyun;Cho, Youn-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study was intended to provide resources for the development and operation of the elderly's oral health education programs by comparing the difference of oral health behavior, oral health care self-efficacy and oral health levels according to their oral health education experiences and by researching the correlation of oral Health Behavior, self-efficacy, subjective oral health level and oral health education experience. Methods: An interview survey using structured questionaries was done on 180 senior citizens older than 65 years old residing in some areas of Gyeonggi-do from April 19 to May 25, 2018. The data was analyzed with Chi-square, t-test, spearman correlation coefficient with the use of SPSS 20.0. Results: 1. Those who are older than 75 years old and have higher levels of education and finance have more experiences of oral health education. 2. Those who have experiences of oral health education brush their teeth more than three times a day, use more oral health care items and get more regular preventive treatments such as oral examination and scaling. 3. As they has experiences of oral health education, their oral health behaviors, oral health care self-efficacy(tooth care, dietary control, regular checkup) and subjective oral health levels are high. Conclusion: It is necessary to try to improve the elderly's oral health levels by motivating the importance of oral health care and changing their oral health behaviors positively with the implement of oral health education on the elderly. Especially, oral health education programs that are operated on the elderly should be planned with practical programs that can cause the change of their oral health behaviors and should be processed to reinforce oral health care self-efficacy. Furthermore, preventive treatments for the elderly such as oral health education, oral examination and scaling should be implemented systematically and continuously by policy.

Impact of the oral health-related quality of life(OHIP-14) of industrial workers in some area (일부지역 사업장 근로자의 구강건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Cheon, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.859-869
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the subjective oral health awareness, oral health knowledge, oral health behavior and OHIP-14 in industrial workers. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 243 workers in Jeonbuk May 7 to June 10, 2014. Except incomplete answers, 230 data were analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects(sex, age, career, marital status, abd family), oral health recognition characteristics(oral health attention, subjective oral health status, and oral health concern), oral health knowledge, oral health behavior, and oral health related quality of life. The instrument was 14 questions od OHIP-14 including functional restriction(2 questions), physical pain(2 questions), psychological discomfort(2 questions), physical ability decease(2 questions), psychological function decease(2 questions), social activity decrease (2 questions), and social discomfort(2 questions). Cronbach's alpha was 0.949 in this study and it was reliable. Results: Oral health interests showed that 57.8% of the workers had concern for oral health interests and 50.4% perceived that their subjective oral health was moderate status. 55.6% of the workers answered that their oral health status was very worried. Women had more knowledge about the oral health. Those who were in fifties tended to have more knowledge of oral health than the other age groups. Those who had more concern for oral health included female workers, married workers, and workers above 21 years. The concern for oral health made the workers keep good oral health. Higher score of OHIP-14 means good oral health. Conclusions: Good oral health-related quality of life is proportional to continuous management of oral health and subjective oral health status. It is necessary to develop the tailored oral health education program for the workers.

A study on factors affecting the oral health care behavior of mothers for young children (유아기 자녀에 대한 모친의 구강건강관리행위에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구)

  • Lee, Sae-Na;Kim, Eun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1071-1081
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study were to find out differences in mother's oral health knowledge and oral health care behaviors and to find out factors that affected mothers' oral health care behavior for their young children. Methods : The survey was carried out with questionnaire about personal factor, cognitive factor, psychological factor and behavioral factor to 227 mothers. They had children from 3 to 5 years. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0. Results : There were statistically significant differences in oral health knowledges as mother's educational background, importance of oral health, experience of oral health education, and oral health locus of control. There were statistically significant differences in mother's oral health care behaviors as mother's job, interest of oral health, importance of oral health, experience of oral health education, and oral health locus of control. And mother' oral health care behavior for herself, interest of oral health, and oral health locus of control were found as important variables in mothers's oral health care behavior for their children. Conclusions : Mother's oral health care behavior for herself was the powerful factor that affected mother's oral health care behavior for her children.

Impact of Oral Health Education on the Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior of College Students (구강보건교육 경험이 대학생의 구강보건 지식, 태도, 행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Hye-Sook;Hwang, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the oral health education experiences of college students on their oral health knowledge and oral health behavior. Method: The instrument used in this study was questionnaires. The subjects in this study were 335 students who were selected by stratified sampling according to oral health education experiences. Out of them, 123 students received oral health education, and 212 students didn't. Results: There were differences between the two groups in oral health knowledge and oral health behavior according to oral health education. As for the necessity of oral health education, 98.4 percent felt the need for that. Conclusions: Oral health education exerts an influence on oral health knowledge and behavior, and appropriate educational methods and media should be developed to motivate patients to receive oral health education.

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Influences of oral health behaviors according to oral health education experiences in middle school students (중학생들의 구강보건교육경험 유무에 따른 구강건강증진행위의 영향)

  • Cho, Mi-Sook;Park, Min-Kyung;Jang, Kyeung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.639-644
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to investigate the influencing factors of oral health behaviors according to oral health education experiences in middle school students. Methods : The subjects were 301 middle school students who lived in Gimhae and Jinhae. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. Results : The group with oral health education experience had higher scores in oral health knowledge(p<.01) than the group without oral health education. The group with oral health education experience has higher scores in oral health behavior (p<.01) than the group without oral health education. The group with oral health education experience has higher scores in self-efficiency (p<.01) than the group without oral health education. The experience of oral health education shows positive correlation with oral health knowledge(r=0.184), oral health behavior(r=0.199) and self-efficiency(r=0.199). There existed a positive correlation between oral health knowledge and self-efficiency(r=0.351). Conclusions : It is necessary to provide oral health promotion program in middle school students. The importance of oral health care is closely related to oral health knowledge.

Effects of oral health knowledge, attitude, and behavior on oral health impact profile of metabolic syndrome patients (대사증후군 환자의 구강보건지식, 태도, 행위가 구강건강영향지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Mi-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1079-1090
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aims to provide fundamental data on seeking more effective programs for metabolic syndrome patients' oral health by researching their knowledge, attitude and behaviors on oral health and considering the effects each factor has on the oral health impact profile. Methods: The research was conducted on 155 patients with metabolic syndrome who visited the metabolic syndrome center of S district between July $19^{th}$, 2016 and August 27th, 2016. Results: When the subjects had experiences of oral treatment within the past year, which indicated lower quality of life in relation to oral health. Oral health knowledge had a positive correlation with oral health attitude (0.241) and oral health behaviors (0.362), had a negative correlation with oral health impact profile (-0.283). Oral health attitude showed a positive correlation with oral health behaviors (0.476) (p<0.001). Conclusions: By conducting a oral health promotion business among metabolic syndrome patients including a oral care and treatment program which aim to enhance the oral knowledge, attitude and behaviors and comprehensively manage the oral health education program, it is expected that their quality of life related to oral health could be further improved.

The Effect of Subjective Oral Health Knowledge and Oral Health Behavior on Personal Oral Hygiene Management Ability (주관적 구강보건지식과 구강건강행태가 개인구강위생관리능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jung-Mi;Lee, Eun-Ju;Kwon, Su-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.221-232
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    • 2014
  • This research aims to improve oral health knowledge through oral health education by investigating and analyzing the effect of subjective oral health knowledge and oral health behavior on personal oral hygiene management ability targeted for adults who visited a dental hygiene laboratory at B University in Busan for comprehensive dental hygiene management and procedure from September 23, 2013 to December 12, 2013, and provide basic data to improve adults' personal oral hygiene management ability by inducing behavior on oral health. Results derived from the research are as follows. Oral health education is a prerequisite to improve personal oral hygiene management ability through improvement in oral health knowledge and oral health behavior, which leads to improved personal oral health and furthermore promotion of national oral health through not just simply transmitting oral health knowledge, but desirable change in oral health behavior based on oral health knowledge.

Necessity of oral health education for students major in early childhood education (유아교육 관련 학과 학생의 구강보건교육 필요도에 관한 연구)

  • Goo, Hyo-Jin;Lee, Myeong-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Dental Hygiene Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2018
  • This research is intended to develop oral health education program that can improve quality of oral health of infants by investigating the actual condition of oral health education provided to students major in early childhood education and contents and method of oral health education that they needed. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 427 students enrolled in related departments such as the Early Childhood Education Division and the Early Childhood Education Department at five universities in Gyeongsangnam-do. Questionnaires consisted of general characteristics, awareness of oral health, presence of experience in oral health education, necessity of oral health education, preference for oral health education method, oral health education contents. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS(Statistical Package for the Social Science) Ver 20.0. 1. Presence of experience in oral health education based on the general characteristics showed statistically significant differences only concerning the 'school system' and the 'school year' (p<0.05), and subjective awareness of oral health based on the presence of oral health education experiences showed statistically significant differences concerning the 'interest in oral health' and the 'importance of oral health' (p<0.05). 2. Necessity of oral health education based on the subjective awareness of oral health showed statistically significant differences concerning the 'interest in oral health' and the 'importance of oral health' (p<0.05). 3. Necessity of oral health education based on the preference for oral health education method showed statistically significant differences concerning the 'intention to participate in oral health education' and the 'oral health education cycle' (p<0.05). 4. The most necessary information for oral health education is proper toothbrushing method 4.24, cause of tooth decay and prevention method 4.13, helpful food and poor food for tooth 3.97, toothbrush selection and storage method 3.85. Fluoride application and fissure sealant were lowest 3.38. As a result of this research, necessity of oral health education was large regardless of general characteristics, experience in oral health education, subjective awareness of oral health, and preference for oral health education. Also the more the 'interest in oral health' in 'subjective awareness of oral health', the more the 'necessity of oral health education' and 'intention to participate in oral health education'. Therefore it is necessary to develop systematic and repetitive oral health education for students major in early childhood education.

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Relations between oral health status and subjective oral health recognition in Korean adolescents (한국 청소년의 구강건강 실태와 주관적 구강건강인식의 관련성)

  • Lee, Dong-Geon;Yoo, Wang-Keun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.593-602
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relations between oral health status and subjective oral health recognition in Korean adolescents. Methods: The survey data were extracted from the 2012 Korea National Oral Health Survey from June to November, 2012. The survey consisted of oral checkup data and the oral health interviewing data of 9,981 adolescents(5,335 male, 4,646 female) by proportional distribution. The questionnaire included general objective oral health status and subjective oral health recognition. The subjective oral health recognition consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, oral health status, oral health behavior, and subjective oral health recognition. Results: According to multiple regression analysis for the relations between general characteristics and subjective oral health recognition, subjective health recognition, the influencing factors were gender, age, the number of tooth brushing per day, intake of snacks and carbonated drinks, regular oral examination, decayed teeth (DT), missing teeth (MT,) and DMFT. Conclusions: The routine oral checkup is the most important method to improve the oral health management in the adolescents. The continuing oral health improvement project must be implemented based on the law and will keep the adolescents in good oral health status.