• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oral malodor

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The subjective recognition of oral malodor and oral malodor self test (일부지역의 주관적인 구취에 대한 인식 및 구취 자가진단에 관한 연구)

  • Chun, Ju-Yeon;Lee, Kyeong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.871-879
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the appropriate management and implementation of the oral malodor prevention for the general people. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 420 subjects in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province from March to October, 2013. Except 19 copies, 401 copies were analyzed. The instrument of subjective oral malodor awareness and status was adapted from Yoon and Youn and partly modified. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics(4 questions), oral malodor awareness(3 questions), oral malodor related characteristics(3 questions), self-diagnostic test of oral malodor(5 questions), and subjective oral malodor and health status(3 questions). Self-diagnostic test of oral malodor was score as yes(1 point) and no(0 point). The subjective oral malodor and health status scoring was done by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach alpha was 0.713 in the self-diagnostic test of oral malodor. Results: The self-recognition rate of oral malodor was 0.8%. When the level of oral malodor increased to 1 point, the self-test of oral malodor increased as the rate of 0.033(p<0.05). Conclusions: There existed no close correlation between subjective recognition of oral malodor and oral malodor self-test. Therefore, oral malodor should be measured by an expert counseling to make an accurate diagnosis. It is important to establish the appropriate oral malodor prevention program for the general people.

Epidemiologic Study on Oral Malodor for Korean (한국인 구취발생 빈도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Moon-Soo;Kim, Young-Ku;Chung, Sung-Chang;Lee, Sung-Woo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2001
  • Oral malodor is a problem that traverses history, culture, race and sex. But, up to the present the study on prevalence of oral malodor in normal popualtion is short, especially there is no study on oral malodor prevalence in Korean. In our study, we investigated self-evaluation of oral malodor, self-rating intensity of oral malodor, patients efforts for curing their oral malodor, and degree of satisfaction with their efforts. Investigation was carried out on 368 public Koreans resident in a big city(174 males, 194 females), by method of self-reporting to prepared questionnaire. There was no difference in self-reporting prevalence of oral malodor in sexes(57.5% in male, 58.8% in female), and the prevalence rate was increased with aging. Self-rating intensity of oral malodor in oral malodor patients group(by self-reporting) was ranked in order of slight, weak, middle, strong in both sexes, but the number of self-rating strong female group is significantly larger than that of self-rating strong male group(9.3% in male, 17.9% in female). In question on duration of oral malodor, most subjects answered that their oral malodor was developed in certain circumstances(61.3% in male, 76.3% in female), and oral malodor-developing circumstances was ranked in order of in the early morning, in hunger state, in fatigue, in stressful situations. Subjects effort for curing their oral malodor was ranked in order of more tooth brushing, gum chewing, use of commercial product for oral hygiene, visit dental clinic, and rates of no effort subjects were 15.3% in males and 10.7% in females. The degree of satisfaction with their efforts for curing their oral malodor was very low, only 5.6% of males and 6.6% of females were answered that there were satisfactory improvement in their oral malodor. Collectively, our result revealed that prevalence of oral malodor in public Koreans and their interest in oral malodor were much higher than our anticipation, and that patients satisfaction with improvement in oral malodor was short of their expectations. Considering the life quality of patients suffering from oral malodor, we conclude that developments of more improved diagnostic tools and treatment methods for oral malodor is indispensable in future.

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Correlation between oral malodor and related factors in visitors to preventive dentistry practice lab (일개 대학 예방치과실습실 방문자의 구취와 요인 간의 상관관계 연구)

  • Jung, Eun-Ju;Park, In-Suk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.383-390
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between oral malodor and related factors in visitors to preventive dentistry practice lab. Methods: The subjects were selected from 71 visitors to preventive dentistry practice lab in a department of dental hygiene. The subjects were from twenty to twenty nine years old and had no systemic diseases or symptoms. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics, oral malodor concentration, oral health status, oral health behavior, and self-rated oral malodor. Results: The mean concentration of the oral cavity gas was 50.80. The score of 50.80 was a weak smell by the selected judgement criteria. The oral malodor prevalence rate accounted for 39.1 percent and a weak smell was detected in 40 points. Those having higher oral malodor concentration tended to have lower self-rated oral health status(p<0.05). Conclusions: The results can not be generalized to determine the cause of oral malodor, but self-rated oral health status can be linked to systemic disease control. More investigation should be taken in order to analyzed the correlation between oral malodor and systemic diseases.

Research study on the grade of subjective symptom and recognition of oral malodor of women's college students or co-eds (여대생의 구취자각정도와 인지에 관한 조사 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Sook;Lee, Eun-Sook;So, Mi-Hyun;Woo, Hee-Sun;Jun, Soo-Gyeong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2008
  • I investigated the situation of self-realization for oral malodor and real occurrence of it and researched the situation of coincidence by self-administrated questionnaire and real oral malodor of dental hygiene students in Kyeonggi province and Kyeongbuk province to use as a reference data on prevention and treatment of oral malodor. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Concerning the grade of the subjective symptom of oral odor, a little bit oral malodor was the highest by reaching 77.6%, and no oral malodor was 20%. 2. The time when one feels the oral malodor highest was revealed immediately after awakening from the sleep by running up to 88.2%. 3. Concerning the extent of aversion during the occurrence of oral malodor from other people, 57.6% expressed as unpleasant, and 3.5% showed no aversion. 4. Concerning the intention to participate in the prevention program against the oral malodor, 51.8% had intention of it. 5. Hydrogen sulfide 7.61V19.30, methyl mercaptan 9.53V67.90, dimethyl sulfide 58.31V121.37(pF0.05) marked as causing factors in the 132 respondents who answered that they had a little bit oral malodor in comparison with the grade of subjective symptom and the measurement of actual oral malodor. As the above-mentioned results were obtained by limited subjects, the more diversified and precise comparative study is considered to be needed through the classification of various levels of research subjects.

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Dryness of Mouth: A More Valuable Predisposing Factor of Self-perceived Bad Breath than Mechanical Cleansing in Dental Students

  • Ok, Soo-Min;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Heo, Jun-Young;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Jeong, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.41-46
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was performed to investigate a correlation among oral hygiene habits, dryness of mouth, and self-perceived oral malodor and therefore to find out self-care methods which could be a help to reduce oral malodor. Methods: A survey of 296 dental undergraduate students of School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, who wrote consents voluntarily and participated in this study, was conducted using a questionnaire consisting of 17 questions and analyzed to investigate a correlation among oral hygiene habits (frequency of tooth brushing, water gargling, and drinking water, etc.), dryness of mouth indicating the amount of salivary secretion, and self-perceived oral malodor. Results: There was no significant correlation between mechanical cleaning factors and self-perceived oral malodor. The factor showing a strong correlation with severe self-perceived oral malodor was dryness of mouth (p=0.000). Conclusions: There was no correlation between mechanical cleaning habits and self-perceived oral malodor. Participants who felt self-perceived oral malodor more tended to have rather good mechanical cleaning habits. The factor showing a strong correlation with severe self-perceived oral malodor was dryness of mouth. Therefore trying to increase salivary secretion is considered to be a help to reduce self-perceived halitosis.

Symptoms of Oral Mucosal Diseases and Vocational Preference Inventory

  • Park, Hye Sook
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of vocational interest and personality with oral mucosal diseases. Methods: Three hundred and fifty eight college students in Gyeonggi-do completed Vocational Preference Inventory L form and a questionnaire and collected data were analyzed by R program. Results: The prevalence of symptoms of oral mucosal diseases showed no significant difference among six vocational personality types. Compared to subjects with good or fair general health status, a significantly increased percentage of subjects with bad general health status showed herpetic stomatitis (p<0.01), oral malodor (p<0.01), and glossodynia (p<0.0001). Prevalence of taste disturbance increased significantly as the score of emotional instability (${\beta}=0.0438$, p=0.0082), anxiety (${\beta}=0.038$, p=0.0174), angry hostility (${\beta}=0.0398$, p=0.0061), depression (${\beta}=0.0443$, p=0.0035), and impulsiveness (${\beta}=0.0358$, p=0.0186) increased. Subjects who strongly felt oral malodor revealed significantly higher mean scales of scores of anxiety and angry hostility than subjects who did not feel oral malodor (p<0.05). Subjects who strongly felt oral malodor manifested significantly higher mean scales of scores of anxiety than subjects who slightly felt oral malodor (p<0.05). Conclusions: Taste disturbance was affected by emotional instability, anxiety, angry hostility, depression, and impulsiveness. Oral malodor was related to anxiety and angry hostility. Therefore, psychological aspects of taste disturbance and oral malodor could be evaluated by Vocational Preference Inventory L form.

Perceived oral malodor and need for dental care among visitors receiving dental prophylaxis (치면세마 실습실 방문자의 구취에 대한 주관적 자각정도와 관심)

  • Jeong, Mi-Kyoung;Jang, Gye-Won;Kang, Yong-Ju
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.843-852
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The aims of the study were to examine perceived oral malodor and self-reported need for oral and dental care among patients receiving oral prophylaxis services and provide guidelines for developing educational programs(toothbrushing method and tongue cleaning) for oral hygiene and oral malodor prevention. Methods : The survey was administered to a sample of 462 receiving voluntary oral prophylaxis service in a dental laboratory at the J School of Public Health in Korea. The subjects were asked a range of questions related to the degrees of perceived oral malodor and concern for oral health status, as well as their demographic information and need for oral and dental treatment. Univariate analyses using Chi-square and T-test with a P-value of .05 were performed using SPSS Version 12.0 for Windows. Results : 1. Male participants reported "moderately concerned for bad breath and smell" and "I don't care bad breath and smell" 39.1% and 26.2% respectively, while more female participants were concerned for oral malodor. "moderately concerned for malodor" and" highly concerned for malodor" 41.1% and 28.5%(p<.05). a significant difference among age groups was found. 19% of young adults (less than or equal to 29 years of age) reported "highly concerned for bad breath and smell" while 36.4% of older adults (greater than or equal to 50 years of age) reported "highly concerned for bad breath and smell"(p<.05). 2. 12 non-smoking participants (3.7%) and 15 smoking participants (10.8%) reported that they have perceived bad breadth and smell (p<.05). 3. Smoking participants reported a higher degree of need for oral malodor treatment than that of non-smoking participants 88.5% and 82% respectively(p<.05). 4. The participants who did regular toothbrushing more than 3 times a day reported "no malodor", 77 % as compared to 66.7% of the participants who did regular toothbrushing 2 times a day. Toothbrushing 2 times a day reported either "moderate malodor" or "sever malodor"(p<.01). Participants with more frequent toothbrushing reported less oral and breath odor as compared participants with less frequent toothbrushing. Conclusions : The study suggested that there is a need to oral prophylaxis for prevention and toothbrushing and tongue cleaning method oral malodor care and oral health status.

Evaluation of Oral Malodor for Patients Visiting A Dental Clinic (일 치과의원 내원환자의 구취에 대한 평가)

  • Kim, Hyun-Dae;Cho, Young-Ha
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.461-467
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the degree of self-consciousness of oral malodor, the status of oral hygiene care, some oral examination factors, and measurement values of malodor compounds through conduction oral examination and questionnaire survey, and measuring volatile malodor compounds by instrumental analysis. The data were collected from 155 patients visiting a dental clinic by using a self-administered questionnaire, conducting oral examination for halitosis, and measuring malodor compounds with Oral Chroma. The rate of recognizing their breath as 'somewhat bad' were 80.0% for the female patients and 74.3% for the male, and, however, 14.3% of the male recognized their breath as 'very bad' while 18.8% of the female did not recognized oral malodor, showing statistically significant difference between gender(p=0.004). The average concentrations of volatile sulfur compounds measured by Oral Chroma were 1.65 ng/10 ml for hydrogen sulfide, 1.71 ng/10 ml for methyl mercaptan and 1.66 ng/10 ml for dimethyl sulfide, on the average, respectively, exceeding malodor threshold levels of all 3 compounds, and were significantly higher in the male group than those in the female, also exceeding all threshold levels except hydrogen sulfide values of the female group. The type of oral malodor was the most prevalent for Type I as 23.2%, followed by Type V, Type IV, Type II whileas Type I and Type IV in the female as 30.6% and 25.9% respectively, showing statistically significant difference by gender(p=0.006). The correlations among oral examination indices was the highest between tongue fur score and simplified oral hygiene index, followed by a significant reverse correlation between the number of fixed prosthodontic teeth and the number of dental caries(p=0.000).

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Self-perceived oral malodor symptoms and associated factors among adults in metropolitan area (수도권 지역 일부 성인의 구취자각증상과 관련요인)

  • Han, Gyeong-Soon
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.475-480
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to analyze self-perceived oral malodor symptoms and associated factors among adults in metropolitan area. Methods : This research was based on self-perceived oral malodor symptoms survey in 413 adults from March 5 to May 7, 2012. Data were analyzed with chi-square test, and stepwise multiple regression analysis using SPSS WIN 12.0 program and significance level was set at p<0.05. Results : The prevalence rate of self-perceived oral malodor symptoms was 62.7%. The most influencing factors of self-perceived oral malodor symptoms was age. The other factors were self-perception stress level, exercise, and periodontitis in the order. Conclusions : In order to reduce self-perceived oral malodor symptoms, it is necessary to maintain mental and physical soundness basically.

Relationship between oral health status and subjective oral malodor in public health students (보건계열 학생들의 구강건강상태와 주관적인 구취자각과의 관련성)

  • Han, Yeo-Jung;Moon, Sang-Eun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1195-1206
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze relationship between oral health status and subjective oral malodor awareness of public health students. Furthermore, this study aimed to recognize the importance of prevention and treatment of internal and external factors and to contribute to the correct oral health management behavior. Methods: The study subjects were 500 students from 5 health departments of 2 universities located in Jeollanamdo who participated in self-administered survey from September 1 to 15, 2014. For statistical analysis, SPSS 21.0 for Windows was used. Descriptive analysis and a Chi-square test were conducted to investigate the effects of general characteristics, health behavior, oral health behavior, and oral health status on subjective oral malodor awareness. Finally, to investigate the relationship between oral health status and subjective oral malodor awareness logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: Subjective oral malodor awareness was significantly higher in the group requiring dental care with the score of 1.63 (95% CI 1.00-2.65) compared to the group not requiring dental care. Subjective oral malodor awareness was significantly higher in the severe coated tongue group with the score of 5.31 (95% CI 1.45-19.40) and significantly higher in the moderate coated tongue group with the score of 2.56 (95% CI 1.61-4.08). Subjective oral malodor awareness was significantly higher in the often mouth breathing group with the score of 2.13 (95% CI 1.02-4.47) and significantly higher in the sometimes mouth breathing group with the score of 2.66 (95% CI 1.65-4.29). Conclusions: In order to prevent oral malodor, it is emphasized that regular dental checkups, proper brushing after the meal, and brushing of the tongue are necessary to remove the coated tongue. In addition, the use of supplementary oral care products is considered to be a meaningful oral health behavior.