• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oral ulcer

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Effect of Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor(DWP 401) on Gastric Secretion and Ulcers in Rats (재조합 인간 상피세포 성장인자(DWP 401)의 흰쥐 위액분비 및 궤양에의 작용)

  • Lee, Eun-Bang;Cheon, Seon-A;Lee, Eun-Sim;Kim, Ok-Gyeong
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.456-461
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    • 1996
  • The effects of human epidermal growth factor(EGF) which was produced by recombinant DNA technique was investigated on gastric secretion, gastric lesion and ulcer models in rats. The EGF showed significant inhibition of secretion of gastric juice and total acid output, at 0.4mg/kg, id and also inhibited Shay ulceration at 0.4mg/kg, id in rats. The lesion induced by absolute ethanol was significantly reduced by oral administration of EGF at 0.4mg/kg. Likewise, EGF caused significant inhibition of indomethacin induced gastric ulcer at oral doses of 0.2 and 0.4mg/kg. The EGF produced dose-dependent inhibition of gastric ulcer induced by acidified aspirin, but showed no significant inhibition at oral doses of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4mg/kg. The chronic gastric ulcer induced by injection of 20% acetic acid solution was significantly reduced by oral doses of 0.1 and 0.4mg/kg of EGF. Duodenal ulcer induced by mepirizole was dose-dependently inhibited by oral doses of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4mg/kg of EGF. These data suggest that EGF possesses pronounced inhibitory action in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer of rats.

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A Study on the Relationship between Recurrent Aphthous Ulcer and Oral Mucosal Keratinization (재발성 아프타성 궤양과 구강점막 각화도의 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Yu-Kyung Lee;Woo-Cheon Kee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.449-459
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    • 1995
  • To investigate the relationship between recurrent aphthous ulcer and oral mucosal keratinization, exfoliative cytology in buccal mucosa, lip mucosa, tongue mucosa were performed on 25 recurrent aphthous ulcer patients and 25 controls whose age ranged from 10 to 65. Keratinization cell ratio was then measured. The results were as follows : 1. Yellow cell ratio in the control group was more than that in the patient group in buccal mucosa, lip mucosa, tongue mucosa. Red cell ratio in the control group was more than that in the patient group in lip mucosa. Blue cell ratio in the patient group was more than that in control group in all regions( p(0.01) 2. In the comparison by sex, the patient group showed no significant difference in all site but, the control group showed different results according to the site; males were more than females in yellow cell, but less than females in red cell Females were more than males in yellow cell, but less than males in red cell. 3. In the comparison by age, patient group showed no significant difference in all site, but the control group showed significantly high yellow cell ratio in buccal and tongue mucosa over the age of 50. In conclusion, there was close relationship between recurrent aphthous ulcer and decreased oral mucosal keratinization. In other words, reduced oral mucosal keratinization must be recommended for prevention of recurrent aphthous ulcer.

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Ulcerative Conditions of Oral Mucosa (임상가를 위한 특집 2 - 구강점막의 궤양성 병소)

  • Kim, Hyun Sil
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.50 no.12
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    • pp.727-731
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    • 2012
  • An ulcer is defined as loss of epithelium. Although many oral ulcers have similar clinical appearances, their etiologies encompass many disorders, including trauma, infection, immunologic disease, and malignant oral cancer. Oral squamous cell carcinoma(SCC) occupying about 90% of oral cancer, usually manifests as unhealed ulcer over 2 weeks. Oral SCC can metastasize to the cervical neck lymph node, and therefore the surgical therapeutic modality for oral SCC could encompass the neck node dissection as well as wide excision for primary lesions, which should leave the post-operative complication of functional damage like dysphagia and facial deformity. Therefore, it is important to discriminate oral SCC from other ulcerative conditions to make a prompt management. The knowledge for the pathogenesis of the ulcerative lesions could help the clinicians to understand the differences of clinical features and to practice an appropriate therapeutics.

Etiology and Pathogenesis of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (재발성 아프타성 궤양의 원인과 기전)

  • Suh, Bong-Jik;Lee, Kyung-Eun
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2008
  • Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is common oral disease in the world. It is characterized by multiple, recurrent, painful ulcer with circumscribed margins, erythematous haloes and yellow or grey floors. Patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis suffer from its painful ulcer. But unfortunately, its etiology and pathogenesis is not clear and still unknown. So we review etiology and pathogenesis of recurrent aphthous ulcer and wish to propose direction of the future study.

Antigastritic and Antiulcerative Effect of Pulmuone Healthy Aloe Gel (생약복합제 Pulmuone Healthy Aloe Gel의 위장질환 개선 효과)

  • Kang MinHee;Cho SoYean;Kim HyunSu;Kim DongHyun;Jeong ChoonSik
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2005
  • Present study was performed for the development of a new supplementary product with gastroprotective effect. The preliminary screening were conducted for the effects of HCl-ethanol-induced gastric lesions in rats. Samples were aloe gel, active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) mentioned that have GI protective property and pulmuone healthy aloe gel (PHAG) that mixture of natural products from Pulmuone company. Aloe gel significantly inhibited HCl-ethanol-induced gastric lesions at the oral dose of 5 ml/kg. AHCC showed the strongest effectiveness at the oral dose of 1,200 mg/kg. PHAG also showed the significant effects at the oral dose of 10, 20 g/kg. In pylorus ligated rats, the treatments of aloe gel, AHCC and PHAG showed decrease in the volume of gastric secretion and acid output. And aloe gel, AHCC and PHAG significantly suppressed the aspirin-induced ulcer and chronic ulcer in pylorus ligated rats. The treatments of aloe gel and PHAG significantly reduced acetic acid-induced ulcer at the oral dose of 5 ml/kg and 10 g/kg for 12 days. In this study; we have found that PHAG had significant improvement in acute gastritis and ulcer at the dose of 20 g/kg and in chronic gastritis and ulcer at the dose of 10 g/kg. Also we evaluated the anti-bacterial activity against H. pylori treated with aloe gel, AHCC and PHAG. PHAG had a equivalent anti bacterial activity with ampicillin against H. pylori at the dose of 1 g/kg.

Antigastritic and Antiulcerative Activities of Water Extracts Derived from Scutellaria baicalensis

  • Cho, So-Yean;Lim, Duk-Yun;Kang, Min-Hee;Yoon, Hye-Ran;Kim, Gun-Hee;Lee, Yong-Soo;Jeong, Choon-Sik
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2006
  • Gastritis and gastric ulcer were known to be induced by gastic acid, stress, ethanol, Helicobacter pylori and free radical, etc. This study was performed for the development of a new drug or nutraceutical from medicinal plants or natural products with anti-gastritis, anti-ulcerative and gastroprotective activities. The water extract of Scutellaria baicalensis was exhibited potent inhibition in HCl ethanol-induced gastric lesion, acetic acid-induced and Shay ulcers, indicating the effects on gastric lesion and ulcer in rats. The water extract of Scutellaria baicalensis significantly inhibited HCl ethanol-induced gastric lesions at the oral dose of 300, 500 mg/kg. In pylorus ligated rats, the treatments of the water extract from Scutellaria baicalensis showed decrease in the volume of gastric secretion and acid output and increase pH at oral dose of 300, 500 mg/kg. And significantly reduced acetic acid-induced ulcer at the oral dose of 500 mg/kg for 12 days. In this study, we have found that the water extract from Scutellaria baicalensis had significant improvement in acute gastritis and ulcer at the dose of 300, 500 mg/kg and in chronic gastritis and ulcer at the dose of 500 mg/kg. Also we evaluated the antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori treated with Scutellaria baicalensis. Scutellaria baicalensis had a equivalent antibacterial activity with ampicilin against H. pylori at the dose of $100\;{\mu}/ml$. In histological examination, the water extract of Scutellaria baicalensis drastically restored gastric damages induced by HCl ethanol solution, pylorus- ligature and acetic acid. Therefore, we may use the water extract from Scutellaria baicalensis as antigastritic and antiulcerative agent for the purpose of the improvement or treatment of gastritis and gastric ulcer.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma presenting as an ulcer on the floor of the mouth: a rare case report

  • Khan, Saba;Agwani, Khalid;Bhargava, Puneet;Kumar, Sreeja P.
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.253-257
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    • 2014
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare epithelial tumour, and comprises about 1% of all malignant tumours of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is a malignant tumour which may develop in the trachea, bronchus, lungs or mammary glands, in addition to the head and neck region. Occurrences in the head and neck are mostly detected in the major salivary gland, oral cavity, pharynx and paranasal sinus where it presents as a slow growing firm nodular swelling. The aim of the article is to highlight the unique presentation of adenoid cystic carcinoma as a solitary ulcer on the floor of the mouth.

Salivary Immunoglobulin A Concentrations in Patients with Oral Ulcer (구강궤양 환자의 타액내 면역 글로블린 A의 농도)

  • Geun-Chun Ryu;Chang-Lyuk Yoon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 1994
  • Parotid and whole saliva were collected from 27 healthy adults, from 25 years of age to 30, and from 27 patients with oral ulcer, from 23 years of age to 61. The amount of each Salivary immunoglobulin A was measured by single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) technique. Results were as follows : 1. There was no significant difference between the normal group and the disease group in the concentration of immunoglobulin A in whole saliva. 2. The concentration of immunoglobulin A in parotid saliva of the normal group was higher than the disease group and the difference was statistically significant between the two groups. (p<0.01) 3. The concentration of immunoglobulin A of the parotid saliva in both groups was higher than that of the whole saliva.

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Anti-ulcer and wound healing activity of Ruta graveolens

  • Somchit, Nhareet;Rahman, Shamima A.;Ahmad, Zuraini;Abdullah, Abdul Salam
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.147-150
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    • 2003
  • The effects of ethanol extract of Ruta graveolens on ulceration induced by ethanol and wound healing properties were investigated in mice. Oral administration of the extract reduced the incidence of ulcer, ulcer index and ulcer length produced by ethanol. The gastroprotective effects of R. graveolens were observed in a dose-dependent manner. However, this activity was statistically less potent than the anti-ulcer drug, omeprazole. When the extract applied on the wound, it promoted wound healing in mice. The wound contraction was faster in these mice when compared to untreated wounds. Based on these present findings, R. graveolens possesses anti-ulcer activity and promotes incision wound healing in mice.

A Study on the Effects of Local Factors on the Oral Ulcers Observed in Behcet s Disease (베체트 병의 구강궤양에 대한 국소인자의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Myoung-Chan Kim;Chong-Youl Kim
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 1992
  • Of the many first-occuring major manifestations of Behcet's disease, the oral ulcer is most frequently observed, shows the highest mean recurrence rate, and the longest mean duration period. A study of the relationship between mechanical irritation buy local factors and the recurrence of oral ulcers was carried out to see if there is a correlation. The subjects chosen for the study were 81 patients who were referred to the Department of Oral Diagnosis at Yonsei University Dental Hospital from the Behcet clinic of Severace Hospital after being diagnosed as Behcet's disease patients. 1. By Shimuzu's classification, possible type was the most numerous with 55.55% ; while suspected type was 19.76% ; incomplete type, 17,28% ; and complete type, 7.41% were observed in that order. The male to female ration was 1 to 1.61, and the average age of onset was 17.63 years. 2. Oral ulcers developed most frequently on the tongue (48.28%), and lip(23.15%), buccal mucosa (20.69%), palate\pharynx(4.43%), and gingiva(3.45%) also showed ulceration. 3. 38.27% of the patients were HSV positive : 27.16% were CRP positive ; 12.34% were ASO positive ; 9.87% were RF positive ; and 3.7% were ANA positive. 4. According to the answers to the survey, fatigue(85.18%) was most frequently associated with Behcet's diseage. Trauma by tooth brushing (22.22%), un specified reasons (20.98%), hard food chewing (12.35%), and irritation by dentition and/or prosthesis (13.58%) were observed in association with Behcet's disease. 23.46% had a history of tonsilitis. 5. Oral ulcers on the anterior part of tongue and buccal mucosa were associated with local irritatants. 6. Oral ulcers on the lip and posterior portion of tongue were not associated with local irritants. Local irritation by dentition and oral ulcer on the anterior part of tongue and buccal mucosa was observed to coexit with one another : in other words, lo9cal factors can act to cause of recurrence of an oral ulcer and to delay the healing process in Behcet's disease. Therefore, elimination of local factors along with systemic therapy must be recommended when treating oral ulcers.

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