• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oriental medicine sludge

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Medium development of Flammulina velutipes by using herb medicine refuse (폐 한방슬러지를 이용한 팽이버섯의 배지개발)

  • Seo, Kwon-Il;Kim, Chul-Ho;Seo, Dong-Cheol;Yee, Sung-Tae;Park, Kyung-Wuk;Lee, Chang-Yun;Lee, Sang-Won
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2014
  • pH of oriental medicine sludge was 5.3, which was similar to 5.2 of the main ingredient, corncob. Its sugar content, however, was 4.8 mg/g, which was 2.5 times higher than concorb's 1.9 mg/g. According to the addition content analysis of oriental medicine sludge by using blood agar plate, the experimental group showed much more robust growth than the control group. 10% of oriental medicine sludge was added to corncob and pine tree sawdust for test-tube culture. Then they were cultivated at $25^{\circ}C$ for 6 days after inoculating Flammulina velutipes liquid spawn. The control group and experimental group showed 2.2~3.4 and 5.8~6.4 cm hypae growths respectively. At the field test for 10% herbal medicine refuse, mushroom yield dropped by 5% compared to the control group. However, it had distinctively lower number of deformity and the 2nd grade products. An economic analysis was conducted based on the cultivation facility that produces 160,000 mushrooms per day. The analysis demonstrated that the facility can save 50,000,000 won in the starting year and 130,000,000 won in the following years from the unit cost of production excluding labour and operation cost.

A Case Report of Abdominal Pain with Pseudo-mass of the Gallbladder treated by Oriental Internal Medicine (가성담낭종물(假性膽囊腫物)을 동반한 복통(腹痛)환자 1례(例) 보고(報告))

  • Lim, Hee-Yong;Oh, Jung-Han;Kim, Dong-Woo;Choi, Bin-Hye;Park, Song-Ki;Byun, Joon-Seok;Shim, Yun-Seub;Kim, Guk-Bum;Han, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Sun-Hong;Kim, Eun-Gon;Kim, Sang-Uk;Seong, Ki-Won;Kim, Bong-Suk
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2004
  • There are different kinds of the pseudo-mass of the gallbladder(GB) such as GB stones, GB polyps, GB sludge, and these can be differentiated by simple-ultrasonogram(USG). The most common symptoms of GB polyps are abdominal pain(RUQ), dyspepsia, jaundice, but usually there are no symptoms. GB polyps are commonly treated with a cholecystectomy if 10 mm or more in diameter. Pseudo-mass of the GB is regarded as products of stagnation of the Liver Ki in Oriental Medicine. The patient suffered from mild fever. abdominal pain(RUQ), and jaundice. He was diagnosed with a GB polyp(10 mm), liver cyst(12 mm) by simple USG. We treated him with Acupuncture, Herbal Medicine(Hoinsamgum-tang). After three days of treatment, the symptoms improved, and after one month the GB polyp was removed on the follow up of USG.

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A Study of Substrate Removal in Wastewater Flow Variations by Submerged Biofilm Reactor (浸漬型 生物膜反應槽에 의한 負荷變動에서의 基質除去에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Chul-Hyun;Park, Jong-Woong
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 1987
  • The objective of this study is to review the basic theories related substrate removal in wastewater flow variations using submerged biofilm reactor. An aerated biofilm reactor is that in which influent organic substrates are aerobically oxidized by the microorganisms of biofilm grown on the surface of submerged media. No sludge is returned, and oxygen is supplied by diffusers. Three types of aerated biofilm reactor are one stage-central aeration, one stageup flow aeration and two stage-side aeration. The orders of substrate removal capacity in wastewater flow variations showed two stage-side aeration, one stage-upflow aeration and one stage-central aeration. The phenonmenon of nonclosing volid in upflow aeration type was superior to these in central-side aeration type. Attached biofilm masses in case of upflow, side and central aeration reactor were 1.0mg/cm$^2$, 4.1 mg/cm$^2$ and 0.93 mg/cm$^2$, respectively. Yield coefficient for biofilm was 0.31 to 0.48. Especially, removal efficiency can be increased remarkably according to the number of biofilm reactor and the packed condition of media.

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Medium Development of Pleurotus Ostreatus by Using Korean Herb Medicine Materials (한방재료를 이용한 느타리버섯의 배지개발)

  • Jeong, Ju-Gyo;Lee, Chang-Yun;Lee, Sang-Won
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.650-656
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    • 2012
  • To reduce the production cost of $Pleurotus$ $ostreatus$, discarded medicinal sludge was collected from oriental medical clinics to develop the $Pleurotus$ $ostreatus$ culture medium. According to the analysis of the proximate composition of the materials used in Korean herb medicine, the crude ash contents of $Carthamus$ $tinctrius$ L stem and $Acanthopanax$ $chiisanensis$ were 11.6% and 10.1% respectively, which were relatively higher than the 9.6% of the control medium, waste cotton. Crude protein was detected in 9.8% of the waste cotton medium, whereas it was detected in 14.9%, 13.9%, 13.4%, and 11.5%, of wild mugwort, $Acanthopanax$ $\underline{chiisanensis}$, medicinal sludge, and $Carthamus$ $tinctrius$ L stem, respectively, which are all higher than the control. The pH of medicinal sludges, wild mugwort, and $Aacanthopanax$ $chiisanenses$ ranged from 5.27 to 5.72, which was similar to the 5.70 pH value of waste cotton. In the case of addition concentration of each Korean herb medicine material influencing mycelial growth of the $Pleurotus$ $ostreatus$, the 9% concentration was more favorable compared to that of 3% and 6%. However, the addition of Korean herb medicine materials did not significantly affect the growth of $P.$ $tolaassi$ and $Trichoderma$ $sp.$ According to a field experiment that added 9% of medicinal sludge into the waste cotton medium, the mycelial growth of mushrooms was facilitated by approximately 2 days, and the mushroom yield was increased by 10~15%. Furthermore, pileus and stipe of the mushrooms were even and superior in quality.