• Title, Summary, Keyword: Orius strigicollis

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Development and oviposition of Orius strigicollis (Poppius) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) reared on three different insect preys (먹이 곤충에 따른 Orius strigicollis(Poppius)의 발육과 산란)

  • 김정환;한만위;이건형;김용헌;이정운;인치종
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.166-171
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    • 1997
  • To find out an alternative prey of Orius strigicollis Poppius in the laboratory continuous rearing system, cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii), two spotted spider mite (Tetmnychus urticae) and mold mite (Tyrophagus putrescenriae) were tested as alternative prey. Development and oviposition of 0. strigicollis were observed at 25f l0C, RH 60-80% and 16L:8D. Survival rate and developmental period of the nymphal stages of 0. strigicollis was 81. 6% and 11.6 days when fed on cotton aphid, 56.796, 14.6 days, 42.3% and 16.5 days when fed on two spotted spider mite and mold mite, respectively. Total oviposition of 0. strigicollis was 68.5 eggslfemaie fed on cotton aphid, 46.1 and 26.5 eggsifemale fed on two spotted spider mite and mold mite, respectively. Cotton aphid seems to be most suitable prey for rearing 0 . strigicollis among the three prey species tested.

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Effects of Minute Pirate Bug, Orius strigicollis (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on Control of Thrips on Hot Pepper in Greenhouse (하우스고추에서 Orius strigicollis Poppius를 이용한 총채벌레류 방제효과)

  • 송정흡;강상훈;이광석;한원탁
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.253-258
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    • 2001
  • Biological control of thrips with Orius strigicollis Poppius was evaluated in a hot pepper greenhouse. To study the biological control strategy of thrips on hot pepper grown in greenhouse, three plots were established: natural enemy removed plot(CNT), pesticide treated plot(PAT) and O. strigicollis released plot with no pesticide application (NRT). The nymphs of O. strigicollis were found on the leaves of lower stratum in CNT and NRT at 13 days after the first release. The density of thrips was suddenly dropped and maintained at low level since 15 day after transplanting in NRT. The densities of thrips on hot pepper flowers was also maintained at much less level in NRT than in CNT. The thrips and O. strigicollis, which were aggregated in flowers, may have resulted in improved predator searching. Average damage indices of CNT, PAT and NRT were 0.31, 0.05 and 0.08 and the percentage of damaged fruit were 80.0, 17.1 and 24.8% respectively. The damage index and percentage of damaged fruit of NRT was slightly higher than PAT, but very lower than CNT. The introduction of the adults of O. strigicollis, which was the biological control agent for the control of thrips, was effective on hot pepper.

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Determination of Optimum Conditions for Mass Rearing of Minute Pirate Bug, Orius strigicollis (Orius strigicollis의 증식 최적화 조건 탐색)

  • 송정흡;강상훈;강애숙;이광석;한원탁
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.111-115
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    • 2001
  • Orius strigicollis Poppies is an indigenous natural enemy of thrips pests in Korea To develop an efficient mass rearing system for Ο. strigicollis, effects of hatchability, egg numbers and egg harvesting time of Ο. strigicollis were measured in cylindrical cage (251 ㎤) under the conditions of photoperiod 16L : 8D, $55\pm$10% RH and $25\pm$$2^{\circ}C$. The hatchability and developmental period of eggs were 88.5% and 5.7 days, respectively. The highest emergence rate (50.8%) was achieved when the number of eggs laid was ranged from 50 to 100 per arena. The proper harvesting time of newly produced adults was 17 days postoviposition. Relationship between the number of resulting adults per female and the number of female adults per arena was Y : -10.7971n (X) +44.659 ($R^2$=0.7619). The generation time (T), the net reproductive rate ($R_{0}$ ) and the intrinsic rate of natural increase ($r_{m}$ ) were 26.5 days, 6.18 and 0.0687, respectively.

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Biological Control of Thrips with Orius strigicollis (Poppius) (Hemiptera:Anthocoridae) and Amblyseius cucumeris (Oudemans) (Acari:Phytoseiidae) on Greenhouse Green pepper, Sweet pepper and Cucumber (시설작물에서 으뜸애꽃노린재(Orius strigicollis)와 오이이리응애(Amblyseius cucumeris)에 의한 총채벌레 밀도억제 효과)

  • Kim Jeong-Hwan;Byeon Young-Woong;Kim Yong-Heon;Park Chang-Gyu
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2006
  • Effectiveness of Orius strigicollis (Poppius) and Amblyseius cucumeris (Oudemans) as natural enemies against thrips were evaluated on greenhouse green pepper, sweet pepper and cucumber respectively. Control efficacy was calculated by the formula, $(D_{control}-D_{treatment})/D_{control}{\times}100$, where $D_{control}$ is the average density of thrips on the plots in which any natural enemy was not released and $D_{treatment}$ is the average density of thrips on the plots in which natural enemies were released respectively. As a result, control efficacies of O. strigicollis against Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) on green pepper and sweet pepper were $14.3{\sim}99.5%$ and $21.6{\sim}98.3%$, respectively. In addition, control efficacy of it against Thrips palmi Kany on cucumber was 61.2-74.4%. Control efficacies of A. cucumeris against F. occidentalis on green pepper and sweet pepper were $12.9{\sim}38.3%$ and $17.1{\sim}87.0%$, respectively. Control efficacy of it against T. palmi on cucumber was $90.4{\sim}97.4%$. Field evaluation showed that the prompt applications of natural enemies were effective to reduce the density of thrips. In detail, to control F. occidentalis effectively on green pepper and sweet pepper in spring season, five to six individuals of O. strigicollis per crops should be released three to six times continuously. To control T. palmi effectively on cucumber in autumn, more than 100 individuals of A. cucumeris per crop should be released four times repeatedly.

Toxicity of Pesticides to Minute Pirate Bug, Orius strigicollis Poppius (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), a Predator of Thrips (총채벌레의 천적인 으뜸애꽃노린재에 대한 농약 독성)

  • Ahn Ki-Su;Lee Ki-Yeol;Kang Hyu-Jung;Park Sung-Kyu;Kim Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.257-262
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    • 2004
  • Toxicities of 51 pesticides (25 insecticides, 11, acaricides, 11 fungicides and 4 adjuvants) commonly used to control greenhouse insect, mite, and disease pests were evaluated to minute pirate bug, Orius strigicollis nymphs and adults at the recommended concentration. Among 25 insecticides tested, fipronil, lufenuron, acetamiprid+fipronil, $\alpha$-cypermethrin+flufenoxuron and buprofezin + amitraz showed low toxicity to O. strigicollis. Among acaricides, acequinocyl, bifenazate, chlorfenapyr, etoxazole, fenpyroximate, flufenoxuron, milbemectin, spirodiclofen and tebufenpyrad showed low toxicity to O. strigicollis. All fungicides and adjuvants tested were very low toxicity. It may be suggested from these results that five insecticides, nine acaricides, eleven fungicides and four adjuvants could be incorporated into the integrated thrips management system with O. strigicollis in greenhouses.

Effect of Temperature on the Development and Oviposition of Minute Pirate Bug, Orius strigicollis (Hemiptera:Anthocoridae) (Orius strigicollis Poppius (Hemiptera:Anthocoridae)의 발육과 산란에 미치는 온도의 영향)

  • 김정환;김용헌;한만위;이관석;이정운
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 1999
  • Orius strgicollis Poppius is an endemic natural enemy of thrips recently found. To estimatethe optimum temperature for rearing in laboratory, development and oviposition of 0. strigicollis wasstudied at 15, 20, 25 and 30$^{\circ}$C with a 16L : 8D photoperiod and 60-80% RH. Cotton aphid, Aphisgossipyii, was supplied as prey. Total number of eggs laid per female ranged from 39.1 to 68.5 with thehighest at 25$^{\circ}$C. Adult longevity decreased as temperature increased, and the reverse was true for eggsurvivorship. Survivorship of larvae was 26.7,43.3, 76.7 and 46.7% at 15, 20, 25 and 30$^{\circ}$C, respectively.Duration of eggs and larvae at tested temperatures ranged from 3.4 days to 18.9 days and from 9.4 days to45.6 days, respectively. A linear regression model could describe development of the predator as afunction of temperature (R2=0.949-0.997). The lower developmental threshold temperatures for egg,larvae, and total immature stage were estimated to be 12.4, 11.4, and 11.6"C, respectively.6"C, respectively.vely.

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Species Composition of Orius spp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) and Their Seasonal Occurrence on Several Plants in Korea (애꽃노린재류(Orius spp.)의 종류와 몇가지 식물에서 발생소장)

  • 김정환;이관석;김용헌;유재기
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.211-217
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    • 2001
  • Field survey for Orius spp., predacious natural enemies of thrips pests, on several plants by beating or sweeping method revealed that O. sauteri, O. strigicollis, O. minutus, and O. nagaii habituated in open fields or in greenhouses of Korea. Among them, O. sauteri was the most dominant species at all areas (83.0~92.5%), followed by O. strigicollis and O. minutus. Especially, O. sauteri exclusively dominated on the economically important crops such as soybean, red pepper, and watermelon. On the other hand, O. strigicallis and O. nagaii occurred mainly on ornamental plants including chrysanthemum and rose and on rice, respectively, during summer-autumn season. The seasonal occurrence varied depending on the plant. Initial population of Orius spp. was first observed on white clover in late May, followed by on soybean, red pepper, an buck wheat in early June, indcating that movement of Orius spp. relates to the flowering time of the plant. Peak of Orius spp. abundance was found first in July and secondly in August or September. On white clover and buck wheat the first peak of abundance was one week earlier than on soybean and red pepper. Therefore, we suppose that wild plants such as white clover can serve as a reservoir for Orius spp. after overwintering.

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Biological Characteristics of Two Natural Enemies of Thrips, Orius strigicollis (Poppius) and O. laevigatus (Fieber) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) (총채벌레 천적 으뜸애꽃노린재(Orius strigicollis)와 미끌애꽃노린재(Orius laevigatus)의 생물학적 특성 비교)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Hwang-Yong;Byoun, Young-Woong;Kim, Yong-Heon
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.421-428
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    • 2008
  • With the comparison of native Orius strigicollis (Poppius) to European O. laevigatus (Fieber), we investigated biological characteristics such as developmental period, fecundity, life span, predation ability, and augmentation after release. Experiments were carried out at five temperature condition, $15^{\circ}C\;20^{\circ}C,\;25^{\circ}C\;30^{\circ}C$, and $35^{\circ}C$. In the case of O. strigicollis, egg period was $3.1{\sim}14.9$ days (hatchability: $46.7{\sim}88.2%$), and developmental period of nymphs was $9.4{\sim}42.8$ days (survival rate: $2.4{\sim}96.5%$). Fecundity at each temperature was 28.1, 107.9, 123.6, 127.3, and 18.1, respectively. Life span of adults was 63.4, 40.1, 22.1, 18.3, and 11.0 days, respectively. In the case of O. laevigatus, egg period was $3.1{\sim}13.5$ days (hatchability: $65.0{\sim}89.9%$), and developmental period of nymphs was $9.3{\sim}42.0$ (survival rate: $4.3{\sim}80.6%$) days. Fecundity at each temperature was 101.8, 218.6, 224.5, 219.5, and 15.7. Life span of adults was 70.6, 66.4, 32.6, 34.5, and 7.3 days, respectively. In long-day condition (16L:8D), fecundity of O. strigicollis and O. laevigatus was 105.8 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}142.4(25^{\circ}C)$ and 109.5 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}191.5(25^{\circ}C)$, respectively. In short-day condition (10L:14D), fecundity of them was 1.0 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}31.8(25^{\circ}C)$ and 63.0 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}198.8(25^{\circ}C)$, respectively. Daily prey consumption of second instar Frankliniella occidentalis was 14.3 and 10.9, respectively. In greenhouse, density of O. strigicollis begins to increase from mid May and peaked about early July (1.8 individual/flower), while that of O. laevigatus begins to increase from mid March and peaked about early June (6.6 individual/flower).

Evaluation of Low Toxic and Residual Toxicity of Pesticides Registrated on Sweet Pepper Greenhouse to Orius strigicollis (으뜸애꽃노린재 성충에 대한 착색단고추에 등록된 농약의 저독성 및 잔류독성 평가)

  • Choi, Byeong-Ryeol;Park, Hyung-Man;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Si-Woo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2007
  • For the development of integrated pest management system by harmonizing biological and chemical control, some experiments were carried out to select low toxic pesticides and to evaluate residual toxicity to natural enemies. Leaf dipping method and body dipping method were set up for evaluating toxicity to minute pirate bug, Orius strigicollis adult. We had tested 52 kinds of pesticides (33 insecticides, 19 fungicides) commonly used to control greenhouse insects, mites, and disease pests to natural enemies at the recommended concentration. Fourteen insecticides by body dipping method, 12 insecticides by leaf dipping method and 19 fungicides were selected as low toxic pesticides to O. strigicollis adult. After insecticide spraying at recommending dose on the sweet pepper plant, we examined residual effect of insecticides by introducing natural enemies on different days. Safety interval for introduction of O. strigicollis adult was established according to residual toxicity of pesticides. Safety insecticides at one day after treatment were pyraclofos, methomyl, thiodicarb, esfenvalerate bifenthrin, alpha-cypermethrin, etofenprox, fenvalerate, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, abamectin, emamectin benzoate, spinosad, indoxacarb. However, residual toxicity of nee-nicotinoids last up to 21 days to O. strigicollis adults.