• Title, Summary, Keyword: Osteoarthritis of knee

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A Study on Osteoarthritis of the Knee (슬관절(膝關節)의 퇴행성 관절염에 대한 고찰)

  • Jang Jun-Huk;Kim Kyeng-Ho
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.493-509
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    • 1998
  • Osteoarthritis(degenerative joint disease), the most common arthropathy affecting the aged people, is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage with proliferation and remodeling of subchondral bone. Osteoarthritis of the knee, which probably has greater social cost and more associated disability than osteoarthritis of any other joint, prevalence is known to increase with age, and females have higher rates than males; radiographic abnormalities are present in more than 30% of persons more than 65 years old, with approximately 40% of these persons symptomatic. Though the etiology of osteoarthritis is not entirely understood, much information is available regarding risk factors for the development of knee osteoarthritis that permit some reasonable guideline for preventive strategies. Traumatic damage or occupational or recreational overuse of knee joint may result in osteoarthritis, and obesity also is related to osteoarthritis of the knee. A variety of other possible risk factors for the development of knee osteoarthritis have been proposed, including increased bone mass, smoking, diseases such as diabetes or elevated serum uric acid, and some metabolic factors, but the contribustions of these and other factors such as smoking or race and diseases such as diabetes are as yet undetermined. The usual clinical manifestations include pain, stiffnesss, crepitus and loss of function. In oriental medicine, osteoarthritis of the knee is very similar to diseases such as Bijung(痺症), Haksulpung(鶴膝風), Youkjeolpung(歷節風) in symptoms. The diseases such as Bijung(痺症), Haksuipung(鶴膝風), Youkjeolpung(歷節風) is related to the of function liver(肝) and kidney(腎) and risk factors are regarded as Pung(風), Han(寒), sub(濕). The diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee has often been based on radiographic appearance and clinical manifestations. The acupuncture therapy of osteoarthritis of the knee has often been based on Stomach meridian(ST), Spleen meridian(SP), Kidney meridian(KI), Liver meridian(LR).

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Pain Evaluation in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis (퇴행성슬관절염 환자의 통증에 대한 연구)

  • Yoon, Dae-Yeon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.715-720
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    • 2011
  • We performed this study to assess pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Participants were 120 Patients(men 26 and women 94) with knee osteoarthritis. Pain evaluations were conducted using survey composed of 12 items by interview with oriental medicine doctor. Collected data were analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0. Women were 3.8 times more than men(21.7% vs 78.3%). Approximately 80% of participants were overweight and obesity. Descending stair is most painful action for knee osteoarthritis patients. The average degree of knee pain was more than moderate. 5. People diagnosed as arthritis before had the much higher knee pain than never diagnosed before. This study showed female gender, overweight and obesity were associated with the risk of knee arthritis and participants complained knee pain more than moderate. It is hoped that our findings provide information that help the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

Prevalence and Related Factors of Knee Osteoarthritis in Rural Woman (농촌지역 여성들의 무릎 골관절염 유병률 및 관련요인)

  • Kang, Pock-Soo;Kim, Seok-Beom;Lee, Kyeong-Soo;Yun, Sung-Ho
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.331-336
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : To assess the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis through proper diagnosis in a rural community and to elucidate the relevant factors of this health problem in order to develop educational methods for the prevention of female knee osteoarthritis as well to provide basic data for prospective research. Methods : Over a period of three months starting from August, 2000, 432 women over the age of 40 and living in a rural area were selected by a multistage cluster sampling method in order to investigate the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis and the related factors. The study utilized interviews and radiological examination. The criteria of knee osteoarthritis used was the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for osteoarthritis of the knee(1995). Results : The adjusted prevalence of knee osteoarthritis among the subjects was 55.0%, and multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratio(OR) of knee osteoarthritis among subjects 50-59 years of age and subjects older than 60 years of age as compared to subjects 40-49 years of age were 2.43(95% CI: 1.30-4.70) and 4.40(95% CI: 2.47-7.83), respectively. The OR of knee osteoarthritis among factory workers or farmers as compared to others was 1.79(95% CI: 1.03-3.12). The OR of knee osteoarthritis among subjects who had a family history and subjects who had knee injury or surgical history against those subjects had neither were 2.56(95% CI: 1.42-4.03) and 4.70(95% CI:1.45-15.19), respectively. The OR of knee osteoarthritis among smokers against non smokers was 0.47(95% CI: 0.22-0.97). Conclusions : Related factors of knee osteoarthritis included age, occupation, family history, smoking, knee injury and history of surgery In order to prevent knee osteoarthritis in high risked rural woman, education concerning self-care methods and safety guideline must be provided at the work place by the public and private health sectors. Additionally, these women should be continually encouraged to exercise, including jogging and swimming regularly.

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Isokinetic Test and the Effect of Exercise Therapy of Ipsilateral Knee Osteoarthritis (일측성 슬관절염에 대한 등속성 근기능 평가 및 운동치료의 효과)

  • Kang, Jung-Hoon;Na, Jung-Yub;Jang, Jae-Huyk;Lee, Kyoung-II;Kim, Kweon-Young
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2010
  • Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent arthritis that weakens the muscles. This study focused on evaluating muscular functionality of knee osteoarthritis subjects. Muscular strengths of muscles around knee and hip joints of middle-aged female subjects aged over 40 suffering from knee osteoarthritis were evaluated by isokinetic dynanometer. Also, relation between the observed muscle imbalance in knee and hip joints and visual analogue scale was investigated. Subjects performed 8-weeks exercise on weakened muscles - particularly on knee extensors and hip abductors - and had their isokinetic muscular functionalities analyzed again. After the 8-weeks exercise, subjects' thigh circumferences were increased, accompanied with muscular strength improvements and decrease in visual analogue scale. Hence we emphasize the importance of exercise for muscular strength enhancement of knee extensors and hip abductors, in rehabilitation programs for knee osteoarthritis.

The Correlation Between Foot and Knee Posture Characteristics in Knee Osteoarthritis People (무릎관절 뼈관절염 환자의 발과 무릎관절 자세 특성간의 상관관계)

  • Kim, Seong-Hwan;Kim, Suhn-Yeop;Kim, Ho-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.433-442
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    • 2012
  • PURPOSE: This study investigated to correlation between foot and knee posture characteristics in knee osteoarthritis patients. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 103 patients with clinically and radiographically-confirmed knee osteoarthritis was investigated using the quadriceps angle (QA), distance of both knee (DBK), ankle dorsiflexion angle (ADA), navicular drop (ND). One-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation were used to investigate the correlation between foot and knee posture measurements. All of whom agreed to participate in the study. In order to assure the statistical significance of the results, we used for SPSS ver. 18.0 for windows. RESULTS: The results of this study were as follows : 1) There were statistically significant difference in the correlation between QA and DBK. 2) There were statistically significant difference in the correlation between DBK and ADA. CONCLUSION: According the results of this study, patients with osteoarthritis exhibit more genu varus knee posture. Moreover patients with osteoarthritis were not correlation between foot and knee Posture characteristics.

Muscle Strength Ratio and Q-angle in Patients With Osteoarthritis of The Knee: A Comparative Study With Healthy Persons (슬관절 골관절염 환자의 슬관절 주위근의 근력비와 Q-각과의 관계)

  • Kim, Suhn-Yeop
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2005
  • The quadriceps-angle (Q-angle) and the ratio of hamstring/quadriceps (H/Q) are important for the stability of the knee and for protection from excessive stress. The aim of this study was to examine the association between Q-angle and H/Q ratio with and without knee osteoarthritis. We compared knee osteoarthritis patients with symptom-free women. The mean age of the patients in the arthritis group (25 women, osteoarthritis) was 59.7 years. The non-arthritis group consisted of 25 women with a mean age of 55.2 years. Of the 25 women with osteoarthritis, 5 had the condition in their left knee, 5 had it in their right knee, and 15 had it on both sides. There was no significant difference in the knee Q-angle of the left and right knees of the arthritis group and the non-arthritis-group (p>.05). The strength of all the muscles around the involved right knee in the arthritis group was significantly weaker than that of the non-arthritis group (p<.05). However, in the left knee, only the strength of the knee extensors and internal rotators was significantly weaker than that of the non-arthritis group (p<.05). The Q-angle was not associated with the H/Q ratio and internal rotators/external rotators ratio of the involved knee in the arthritis group (p>.05). Neither was the Q-angle associated with the pain level of an involved knee in the arthritis group (p>.05). The knee pain was not associated with the H/Q ratio of the involved knee in the arthritis group (p>.05). The Q-angle was not associated with the ratio of H/Q and pain level of the involved knee in the osteoarthritis women.

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Effect of a Telerehabilitation Exercise Program on the Gait, Knee function and Quality of life In Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis (원격재활 운동프로그램이 무릎골관절염 환자의 근 기능과 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jae-Yun;Lee, Dong-Woo;Jeong, Mo-Beom
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2020
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of videoconferencing-based telerehabilitation exercise program on the gait, knee function, and quality of life of patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Forty-eight subjects, who were diagnosed with osteoarthritis of the knee by the radiologic findings, history, and a physical examination, were assigned randomly to a Control group, Experiment group I, and Experiment group II. The control group did not perform any exercise program and were educated in understanding and managing the disease of knee osteoarthritis for only one hour. Experimental groups I and II were provided with an exercise guidelines book for knee osteoarthritis, and the same exercise programs were conducted by face-to-face visits and non-face-to-face using telerehabilitation for eight weeks, respectively. To verify the effectiveness of each exercise program, the gait speed, knee disability index, and health related quality of life were measured. All assessments were conducted twice before and after the intervention. RESULTS: The participants who underwent both face-to-face and telerehabilitation exercise programs showed an improved gait speed, knee function, and health-related quality of life. In particular, there was no significant difference between the telerehabilitation exercise group and the direct face-to-face exercise group in improving the knee joint function and health related quality of life. CONCLUSION: A these findings the telerehabilitation exercise program for patients with knee osteoarthritis can alternate or supplement the face-to-face exercise program. Therefore, the telerehabilitation exercise program should be used not only as a substitute supplement program but also as an intervention for various diseases.

Effect of Joint Mobilization and Kinesio Taping on Pain, Range of Motion, and Knee Function in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Park, Shin-Jun;Lee, Ju-Hwan
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.279-285
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of joint mobilization and kinesio taping on pain, range of motion and knee function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: Thirty subjects were selected and divided into three groups: group 1 was treated with joint mobilization, group 2 was treated with kinesio taping and group 3 was treated with joint mobilization and kinesio taping. Joint mobilization was performed for 20 minutes three times a week for a period of 4 weeks, after which tape was applied for the same period of time and it was not exceeded 24 hours. Pain, range of motion and knee function were then assessed to identify the effectiveness. A visual analog scale (VAS) was used for pain assessment, while active and passive range of motion (AROM, PROM) were assessed using smart phones application, and knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) was used to assess knee function. Results: After intervention, the joint mobilization group and kinesio taping group showed significant improvements in VAS, AROM, PROM and KOOS (Symptom, Pain, ADL, QOL), whereas no significant difference was found in sport/recreation. The joint mobilization with kinesio taping group showed significant improvements in all items, and a significant increase was found in AROM and PROM compared to the other two groups. Conclusion: We found that joint mobilization and kinesio taping effectively improved pain, range of motion and knee function in patients with knee osteoarthritis, but that application of joint mobilization with kinesio taping was most effective.

Biomechanical Effect on Knee Adduction Moment by Lateral Wedge Insole in Transfemoral Amputee (외측웨지인솔이 대퇴절단자의 무릎내전모멘트에 미치는 영향)

  • Chang, Yun-Hee;Lee, Wan-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2012
  • The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis was higher people with lower limb amputation. This was identified that transfemoral amputees have a greater external knee adduction moment than ablebodied subjects by biomechanical studies. Therefore, they need rehabilitative intervention for prevention and reduction of knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of lateral wedge insole used in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. This study was participated in fourteen unilateral transfemoral amputees and we were analyzed the difference gait variables between without lateral wedge insole and with $5^{\circ}$ and $10^{\circ}$ lateral wedge insole during gait. Our results showed that step length ratio was more symmetrical and, hip adduction and ankle inversion angle were more close to normal value, and knee adduction moment was decreased as the wedge angle increases. We proposed that these data would be utilized conservative treatment of knee osteoarthritis in lower limb amputees.

Prevalence and Related Factors of Knee Osteoarthritis in Rural Women (농촌여성의 무릎 골관절염 유병률 및 관련요인)

  • Seo, Joong-Hwan;Kang, Pock-Soo;Lee, Kyeong-Soo;Yun, Sung-Ho;Hwang, Tae-Yoon;Park, Jong-Seo
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.167-182
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis according to the criteria of diagnosing knee osteoarthritis in rural women and the factors related with this disease. Methods: The data obtained from 200 women older than 40 years of age residing in 5 Ri's in Goryeong-gun. Gyeongsanbuk-do by random cluster sampling from September to October 2002. Knee osteoarthritis was determined positive according to the Kellgren and Lawrence classification and knee pain. Results: Among these subjects, 71.0% showed more than grade 2 in radiologic finding and the rate of knee pain according to the survey was 67.0%. The rate of subjects meeting the criteria of knee osteoarthritis was 54.0%. According to univariate analysis, the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis increased with age and those farming people and people working in household industry was significantly high at 58.9% compared with others. The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis showed a significant relationship with the family history and past history of knee injury and knee surgery(p<0.01), and diabetes mellitus(p<0.05). The score of ADL was significantly different in the subjects with knee osteoarthritis compared with normal group(p<0.05). When the presence of knee osteoarthritis and the period of the life style of seating down on the floor were compared, a significant difference was present between the osteoarthritis group and normal group. As for metabolic factors, the blood sugar level, bone density, and body mass index(BMI) were significantly different in the osteoarthritis group compared with normal group. When multiple logistic regression analysis was performed with the presence of knee osteoarthritis as the dependent variable, the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis was significantly affected by older age, subjects farming or working in household industry, the history of knee injury, the history of surgery, higher blood sugar level, and higher BMI. Conclusions: These subjects need an intervention through self-care programs such as exercise for preventing osteoarthritis, weight control programs, other exercise programs strengthening knee joints, and guidelines when working in vinyl houses.

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