• Title, Summary, Keyword: Osteogenesis

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DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS IN PATIENTS WITH HEMIFACIAL MICROSOMIA (반안면 왜소증 환자에서의 골신장술)

  • Baek, Jin-A
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.526-531
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    • 2005
  • Distraction osteogenesis is a technique of bone lengthening by gradual movement and subsequent remodeling. Distraction forces applied to bone also create tension in the surrounding soft tissues, distraction histiogenesis. Distraction osteogenesis is used to correct facial asymmetry, such as patients with hemifacial microsomia, maxillary or mandibular retrusion, cleft lip & palate, alveolar defect and craniofacial deficiency. Hemifacial microsomia is characterized by unilateral facial hypoplasia, often with unilateral shortening of the mandible and subsequent malocclusion. This report describes two cases of hemifacial microsomia(type IIB). In these two cases, distraction osteogenesis was used to correct a facial asymmetry. Two patients underwent unilateral mandibular distraction osteogenesis of ascending ramus of the mandible with extraoral devices. Successful distraction osteogenesis was achieved in the patients with hemifacial microsomia.

임상가를 위한 특집 2 - 선천성 기형환자에서의 악교정수술 적용과 수술 증례 분석

  • Jung, Hwi-Dong;Jung, Young-Soo
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.50 no.11
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    • pp.670-676
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    • 2012
  • Distraction osteogenesis and orthognathic surgery are the widely used surgical methods for treating hemifacial microsomia and cleft lip and palate, the representative forms of congenital deformity. Distraction osteogenesis is an outstanding treatment of choice when more traction is needed than what can be achieved by general orthognathic surgery. However, the stability of distraction osteogenesis has not yet been established, and in most of the cases, additional orthognathic surgery is mandatory. Moreover, the difficulty in precise control of the traction directions is another disadvantage of distraction osteogenesis. Therefore, it would be desirable not to conduct distraction osteogenesis when the patient is suitable for an orthognathic surgery. Also, distraction osteogenesis should be recognized as an accessorial method of treatment, and be used restrictively.

Osteogenesis imperfecta and combined orthodontics and orthognathic surgery: a case report on two siblings

  • Kim, Dong-Young;Baik, Unbong;Jeon, Ju-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2020
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta is a heterogeneous group of connective tissue diseases that is predominantly characterized by bone fragility and skeletal deformity. Two siblings with undiagnosed type I osteogenesis imperfecta underwent orthognathic surgery for the treatment of facial asymmetry and mandibular prognathism. The authors report two cases of combined orthodontics and orthognathic surgery in patients with type I osteogenesis imperfecta, mandibular prognathism, and facial asymmetry.

Distraction Osteogenesis Update : Introduction of Multidirectional Cranial Distraction Osteogenesis

  • Gomi, Akira;Sunaga, Ataru;Kamochi, Hideaki;Oguma, Hirofumi;Sugawara, Yasushi
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 2016
  • In this review, we discuss in detail our current procedure for treating craniosynostosis using multidirectional cranial distraction osteogenesis (MCDO). The MCDO method allows all phenotypes of skull deformity to be reshaped by distraction osteogenesis, except in patients who are 5 months of age or younger and patients with posterior cranial vault problems. We report the results of clinical data of 36 children with craniosynostosis who underwent MCDO between 2005 and 2014 in our institute. This method has the following benefits, such as a high flexibility of reshaping, shorter treatment period and less invasive secondary intervention. We also discuss the other distraction osteogenesis techniques that are used to treat craniosynostosis and compare them with MCDO. The preferred procedure for correction of craniosynostosis may depend on the patient's age, the extent of deformity, and the extent of correction achievable by surgery. We can arrange the combinations of various methods according to the advantage and disadvantage of each technique.

CURRENT REVIEW OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY IN DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS (신연 골형성술에 있어서의 분자생물학적 최신 지견)

  • Jee, Yu-Jin;Song, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Yeo-Gab;Kim, Jin;Kim, Chang-Hyen
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.456-463
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    • 2002
  • Distraction osteogenesis is a well-established clinical treatment for limb length discrepancy and skeletal deformities. Appropriate mechanical tension-stress is believed not to break the callus but rather to stimulate osteogenesis. In contrast to fracture healing, the mode of bone formation in distraction osteogenesis is primarily intramembranous ossification. Although the biomechanical, histological, and ultrastructural changes associated with distraction osteogenesis have been widely described, the basic biology of the process is still not well known. Moreover, the molecular mechanisms in distraction osteogenesis remain largely unclear. Recent studies have implicated the growth factor cascade is likely to play an important role in distraction. And current reserch suggested that mechanical tension-stress modulates cell shape and phenotype, and stimulates the expression of the mRNA for bone matrix proteins. This article presents the hypotheses and current research that have furthered knowledge of the molecular biology that govern distraction osteogenesis. The gene regulation of growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins during distraction osteogenesis are discussed in this article. It is believed that understanding the biomolecular mechanisms that mediate distraction osteogenesis may guide the development of targeted strategies designed to improve distraction osteogenesis and accelerate bone healing.

EXPRESSION OF OSTEOGENESIS RELATED FACTORS ACCORDING TO DISTRACTION RATE IN THE DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS (신연 골형성술시 신연속도에 따른 골형성 관여 인자의 발현)

  • Jee, Yu-Jin;Kim, Yeo-Gab
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.250-265
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    • 2008
  • Distraction osteogenesis is a well-established clinical treatment for limb length discrepancy and skeletal deformities. Appropriate mechanical tension-stress is believed not to break the callus but rather to stimulate osteogenesis. In contrast to fracture healing, the mode of bone formation in distraction osteogenesis is primarily intramembranous ossification. Although the biomechanical, histological, and ultrastructural changes associated with distraction osteogenesis have been widely described, the basic biology of the process is still not well known. Moreover, the molecular mechanisms in distraction osteogenesis remain largely unclear. Recent studies have implicated the growth factor cascade is likely to play an important role in distraction. And current reserch suggested that mechanical tension-stress modulates cell shape and phenotype, and stimulates the expression of the mRNA for bone matrix proteins. The purpose of this study is to examine the pattern of expression of growth factors($TGF-{\beta}1$, IGF-I, bFGF) and extracellular matrix proteins(osteoclacin, osteonectin) related to osteogenesis by osteodistraction of the mandible in rabbits. 24 rabbits is used for this experiment. Experimental group are gradual distraction(0.7mm, twice/day), acute distraction(1.4mm, twice/day) and control group is only osteotomized. After 5 days latency, osteotomic site is distracted for each 7 days and 3.5 days. Consolidation period is 28 days. The animal is sacrificed at the 3th, 7th, 14th, 28th. The distracted bone is examined by immunohistochemical analysis and RT-PCR analysis. The results obtained from this study were as follow : No significant difference was found on clinical examination according to distraction rate, but gradual distraction was shown to improve regenerate bone formation on radiographic and histologic examination. Growth factors and extracelluar matrix proteins expression increased in distraction group than control group. From these results, it could be stated that graudal distraction is shown to improve and accelerate bone formation and mechanical stress like distraction has considerable effects on osteogenesis related factors. And rabbit is the most appropriate animal model for further reseach on the molecular mechanisms that mediate osteodistraction. It is believed that understanding the biomolecular mechanisms that mediate distraction osteogenesis may guide the development of targeted strategies designed to improve distraction osteogenesis and accelerate bone healing.

Characteristics of contact and distance osteogenesis around modified implant surfaces in rabbit tibiae

  • Choi, Jung-Yoo;Sim, Jae-Hyuk;Yeo, In-Sung Luke
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.182-192
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Contact and distance osteogenesis occur around all endosseous dental implants. However, the mechanisms underlying these processes have not been fully elucidated. We hypothesized that these processes occur independently of each other. To test this, we used titanium (Ti) tubes to physically separate contact and distance osteogenesis, thus allowing contact osteogenesis to be measured in the absence of possible triggers from distance osteogenesis. Methods: Sandblasted and acid-etched (SLA) and modified SLA (modSLA) implants were used. Both types had been sandblasted with large grit and then etched with acid. The modSLA implants then underwent additional treatment to increase hydrophilicity. The implants were implanted into rabbit tibiae, and half were implanted within Ti tubes. The bone-to-implant contact (BIC) ratio was calculated for each implant. Immunohistochemical analyses of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 expression and new bone formation (Masson trichrome stain) were performed. Results: The implants outside of Ti tubes were associated with good bone formation along the implant surface. Implantation within a Ti tube significantly reduced the BIC ratio (P<0.001). Compared with the modSLA implants, the SLA implants were associated with significantly higher BIC ratios, regardless of the presence or absence of Ti tubes (P=0.043). In the absence of Ti tubes, the bone adjacent to the implant had areas of new bone formation that expressed BMP-2 at high levels. Conclusions: This study disproved the null hypothesis and suggested that contact osteogenesis is initiated by signals from the old bone that undergoes distance osteogenesis after drilling. This signal may be BMP-2.

EXPERIPENTAL STUDY OF ROLE OF COMPRESSION FORCES ON DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS ON THE RAT MANDIBLE (백서 하악골에서 신연골형성술시 압축력의 효능에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kang, Hang-Rip;Kim, Cheol-Hun;Shin, Sang-Hoon;Chung, In-Kyo;Kim, Uk-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.368-379
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    • 2004
  • Distraction osteogenesis is a biologic process of new bone formation between the surfaces of bone segments that are gradually separated by incremental traction. Distraction osteogenesis is clinically applied as a new treatment modality of mandibular hypoplasia or bony defect area in maxillofacial area by many studies of distraction devices and method. But disadvantage of distraction osteogenesis shows unfavorably long consolidation period and relapse tendency. Therefore. this experiment was designed to investigate the effectiveness of combined application of distraction and compression force for improving of bone quality and shortening of treatment period during distraction osteogenesis. Twenty-one Sprague-Dawley rats with $300{\sim}350gm$ were used. These were divided into two group as distraction group and combination group was applied with compression force in the consolidation period. The rat were sacrificed for gross finding, radiographic and histologic findings. at 2, 4 weeks after distraction. The result were follow : 1. On radiographic finding, all experimental groups appeared more radiopacity than control groups both at 2, 4 weeks after distraction. 2. On histologic finding, trabeculae of bone and mature lamellar bone were showed increasingly in experimental group. Ossification occured rapidly. From this study, we may suggest that compression force application in consolidation period during distraction osteogenesis can be useful method improve bone quality and to shorten the treatment period. But more experimental and clinical studis are necessitated on effects of compression force application during distraction osteogenesis.

Treatment of Brachymetatarsia by Distraction Osteogenesis (중족골 단축증의 신연 골형성술 치료)

  • Oh, Hyun-Chul;Lee, Yun-Tae;Ha, Joong-Won;Park, Yung;Choi, Yun-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of distraction osteogenesis for fourth brachymetatarsia. Materials and Methods: Seven patients (10 cases) who were treated by distraction osteogenesis for fourth brachymetatarsia from March 2000 to December 2003 were reviewed retrospectively. Results: The average length gain of fourth metatarsus was 16.6 mm (37%) and the average healing index was 50 days/cm. The final results according to AOFAS functional scale were excellent in 8 cases and good in 2 cases. Conclusion: Distraction osteogenesis is an effective treatment for fourth brachymetatarsia in spite of some minor complications.

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Management of obstructive sleep apnea in a Treacher Collins syndrome patient using distraction osteogenesis of the mandible

  • Damlar, Ibrahim;Altan, Ahmet;Turgay, Berk;Kilic, Soydan
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.388-392
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we present the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in a child with Treacher Collins syndrome. A 10-year-old girl with a past history of Treacher Collins syndrome presented to our clinic with her parents for respiratory distress and insomnia. The patient was referred to a sleep laboratory where she was diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, which was a consequence of her Treacher Collins syndrome. The patient underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis under general anesthesia. The mandible was expanded by 15 mm using internal bilateral distractors. After distraction osteogenesis, the patient's respiratory problems resolved, and she was able to sleep comfortably. Distraction osteogenesis was an effective method of advancing the mandible, increasing the upper airway space and ultimately preventing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in patients with Treacher Collins syndrome.